US 1514418 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 4, 1924. 1,514,418
- J. N. BATTENFELD COMBINED FOLDING TABLE AND SEAT Filed Oct. 22. 1923 Patented New. 4, 1924..
nurse stares JOE- IN IN. BATTENFELD, OF KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI.
COMBINED FOLDING TABLE AND SEAT.
Application filed. October 22, 1923. Serial No. 669,971.
7 '0 all whom itmaqy concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN N. BATTENFELD, a citizen of the United States, residing at Kansas City, in the county of Jackson and State of Missouri. have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Combined Folding Tables and Seats; and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the figures of reference mark-ed there on, whichform a part of this specification.
This invention relates to a combined table and seat and the primary object thereof is to provide a combined table and seat which will be of the knock down type so that when the device is not in use, it may be folded so as to occupy a comparatvely small space, thus rendering it especially adapted for use by tourists, because its susceptibility to be folded and confined in a small space makes it readily portable. While the device is particularly designed for tourists. thus rendering it ideal as an automobile equipment, it is obviously not necessarily limited to such use. 7 v
The novel construction of the device permits the use of commercial metal shapes, for
example angle bars, this being an important feature since the cost of production may be kept at a minimum.
When the device is set up it is adapted to seat persons on both sides of the table, its capacity being limited solely by the lengths of the seats and the lengths of the table leaves or boards.
. The'various novel parts of construction will be clearly apparent by reference to the following description in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which- Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the device 'set up for use, parts being .broken away to better illustrate certain other parts.
. Fig. 2 is a fragmentaryv perspective view of one of the table legs and one of the seat supporting braces, the braces being shown in position ready to engage a part on the leg.
Fig. 3. is a sectional view through one of the supports for the boards, either the seat or the table board.
Fig. 4 is a disassociated fragmentary perspective view of one of the table board supports, the upper end of one of the legs and one end of one of the cross braces.
Fig. 5 is a sectional view on the line 55 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of one of the end frame members and braces in partly collapsed or knocked down position.
. In carrying out my invention I provide a table and seat supporting structure comprising two end frames connected by cross bars. One end frame consists of the two oppositely inclined bars 1 and 2, preferably angle bars, pivoted intermediate their ends by a rivet 3. The lower portion ofthe bars constitute legs and the upper portions of the bars carrying a table board of leaf supporting member 4, also preferably angular having a lower horizontal flange 5 upon which the table boards or leaves 6 rest and the vertical flange 7 forming an edge aligning member for the boards 6, the flange 5 being provided with upstanding lugs 8 which are adapted to be received in the sleeves or ferrules 9 in the boards 6 (see Figs 1 and 3). The seat members to be referred to hereinafter are constructed substantially like the table supporting members. The bar 1 carries a pivoted angle member 10, which comprises a set support and when set up it will be held in horizontal position by a seat supporting member brace 11 pivoted to it and having bifurcated lower end 12 adapted to straddle a headed pin 13 on the bar 1. A similar seat supporting member 14 is pivoted to the bar 2 and it is braced by a brace 15 corresponding to the brace 11 and engaging a headed pin 16 corresponding to the headed pin 13. The structure just described constitutes one end frame, a similar end frame cooperating with it, the complementary end frame consisting of the bars 17 and 18 pivoted at 19 and carrying at their upper ends a table leaf or supporting member 20 corresponding to the member 4. The bar 17 carries a seat supporting member 21 and a brace 22 corresponding to the seat supporting member 10 and thebrace 11 and the bar- 18 carries a seat supporting member 23 and a I brace 24 corresponding to the seat supporting member 10 and the brace 11. The table leaf supporting angle bars 4 and 20 are pivoted to one leg of each end frame bar for example the members 4 and 29 may be pivoted to the bars 1 and 17,-the1r opposlte ends being provided with headed studsllke 25 (Fig. 4) to engage a notched or blfurcated portion 26 on the ends of the bars 2.
and 18 so that when the structure is set up the legs 1 and 2 and 17 and 18 will be held againstspreading'or collapsing and in order to brace the structure the bars 2 and 17 are provided with pivoted cross bars or braces 27 and 28, each havingone end notched as at 29 (Fig. 4) to engage a stud 30 on one of the bars on a complementary end frame for example the bar 27 is shown as pivoted to the bar 2 and its notched portion 29 engages a stud 30 on the bar 18, the cross bar 28 is pivoted to 17 and it has a notched por tion corresponding to 29 which engages a stud (not shown) corresponding to the stud 30 on the bar 1, thus the upper ends of the bars 1,2, 17 and 18 are all tied in and braced by the members at and 20 and by the cross braces 27 and 28. The loweren'ds of the complementary legs or supporting bars 1, 2, 17 and 18 are tied in and braced by the lower brace members 31 and 32, the member 31 is pivoted to the lower end of the member '1 and it isprovided with a notch 33 to engage a headed stud on the lower end of the member 17. The cross brace 32 may be pivoted at 34 to the lower end of the bar 18 and its opposite end may be notched to engage the headed stud 35 on the end of the member 2, As heretofore intimated the construction of the seat boards 36 and 37 corresponds to the construction of the leaves 6 and they engage upstanding studs on the angle member 10 14, 21 and 23, one stud 38 being shown in Fig.1, it being obvious that each member 10, 1 1, 21 and 23 are provided with seat board engaging studs 38 to hold the seats in place.
The arrangement of the parts when the device is set up will be clearly apparent by reference to Fig. 1. T/Vhen it is desired tocollap'se the structure for storage or for disposition it will be necessary only to disconnect one end of each cross brace 27 and 28, one end of each member 4 and 20 from its stud and one end of-each brace 31 and 32 from its stud, then the members 1 and 2, and 117 and l8may be swung'about the pivots 3 and 19 to cause the complementary members 1 and 2 or 17 and 18 to lie substantially parallel. The braces 11, 15, 22 and 2 1 having been disconnected from their studs, may be folded against the seat supporting members 10, 14, 21 and 23 respectively and the seat supporting members can be swung down against the legs which carry them so that the two end frames collapsed will appear as shown in Fig. 6, the boards 6, 36 and 37 being piled one upon the other and tied together may be combinedwith the collapsed two separable end frames,
members and stored away until required for further use. 7
that I claim and desire to secure by Let- 'ters Patent is:
, 1. A combined table and seat comprising means removably connecting the end frames in spaced relation, table leaf supporting means carried by the end frames, seat supportingmeans on the end frames, table leaves removably supported by the table leaf supporting means and removable seat members removably supported by the said'supporting means, the end frames being normally independently collapsed when notin functional position with the removable connecting means fastened to one end frame folded upon that end frame so that the two end frames can be arranged side by side to be placed in a knock down condition within a small compass 2. A combined table and seat comprising two separate-end frames, latch bars removably connecting the end frames in spaced relation, table leaf supporting means car ried by the end frames when the end frames are in functional position, the table leaf supporting means also serving-as braces to holdthe respective end frames in functional position and seat supporting means carried by the end frames and foldable thereon, the two end frames with their connecting means, table leaf supporting means and seat supporting means being independently collapsible so that the two end frames can be brought together to be stored in a relatively small space.
3. A collapsible combined table and seat comprising two independently foldable end frames, means for removably and temporarily connecting the two end frames in spaced relation, table leaf supporting means carried by the respective end frames, the
table leaf supporting means holding the having means for removably engaging the complementary end of a complementary bar of that frame so that eachend. frame can beset up independently of the other, means for connecting the end frames, one to the other in spaced relation and seat supporting means being collapsible on its end frame independent of the complementary seat supporting means on the other end frame.
5. A combined table and seat comprising two end frames, each consisting of two bars pivotally connected together, table leaf supporting means pivoted to one bar of each end frame and having means for removably engaging the complementary end of a complementary bar of that frame, means for connecting the end frames in spaced relation and seat supporting means carried by each end frame, each seat supporting means comprising a bar pivoted to one of the first named bars and a brace pivoted to the second mentioned bar and removably engaging one of the first named bars.
6. A combined folding table and seat comprising two independently collapsible end frame members, each member consisting of pivoted bars adapted to be extended so that one bar, inclined in one direction and the other bar in the opposite direction, separably folding bracing and tying members for connecting complementary bars for the two end frames to provide a rigid structure, table supporting means carriedv by the end of one bar of one end frame and removably engaging the other bar of that end frame tohold the two bars rigid, one with the other and seat supporting means carried by the respective bars.
'7. A collapsible combined table and seat comprising two independently foldable end frame members each consisting of pivoted bars adapted to be extended so that one bar is inclined in one direction and the other bar in the opposite direction, bracing and tying members for connecting complementary bars for the two end frames to provide a rigid structure, table supporting means carried by the end of one bar of an end frame and removably engaging the other bar, seat supporting means carried by the pivoted bars, comprising horizontal bars pivoted to the first bars and verticalvjoints carried by the second mentioned pivoted bars and removably engaging the first mentioned pivoted bars. a
8. A combined table and seat comprising two end frames, each end frame consisting of pivoted leg members and bars connected to the upper end of one leg member of each end frame and removably engaging the other leg member of that frame, tying-in bars connecting the respective end frames in spaced relation, the tying-in bars each being pivotally connected to one end frame and removably engaging the other end frame and seat supporting means carried by the end frames.
9. A combined table and seat comprising two end frames, each end frame consisting of pivoted leg members and bars connected to the upper end of one leg member of each end frame and removably engaging the other leg member of that frame, tying-in bars connecting the respective end frames in spaced relation, the tying-in bars each being pivotally connected to one end frame and removably engaging the other end frame and seat supporting means carried by the end frames, each seat supporting means comprising pivoted angle bar to receive a seat board and a brace pivoted to the angle bar removably engaging one of the legs.
10. A collapsible combined table and seat comprising independently foldable end frames consisting of pivoted angle bars, pivoted table boards supporting angle bars carried by one of the first named angle bars and having a notch engaging a beam on the other angle bar of each frame, seat supporting angle bars carried by the first named angle bars and braces for connecting the seat supporting angle bars to the first named angle bars.
In testimony whereof I afix my signature.
JOHN N. BATTENFELD,