US 1514698 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 11 1924.
J. G. HAMPTON WATE R SYSTEM Filed Feb. 15. 1923 mm mf w w g a w w m /6 grii 5 5: =55? :5 5i; ,nz: n iit E ,M in rrrilutf 52 :55:
Patented Nov. 11, 1924i JAMES G. HAMPTON, F LAEONTAINE, KANSAS.
Application filed February T 0 all whom it may concern: I Be it known that I, JAMES G, HAMPTON, a citizen of the United States, residing at Lafontaine, in the county of Nilson and State of Kansas, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in a ater System, of which the following is a specification.
This invention has reference to water systems whereby to furnish a house or other building with water for use, air pressure being employed to force the water to the desired. height which represents a greater height than the Water storage tank.
In accordance with the invention, there is provided atank of compressed air, connected to a supply of water so thatthe level of the water supply may be raised to the desired height to supply the demands for water. i I
The invention will be best understood "from a consideration of the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, forming part of this specification, with the understanding however that the invention is not confined to any strict conformity with the showing of the drawing, but may -e changed and modified so long as such changes and modiiications mark no material departure from the salient features of the invention as expressed in the appended claims.
In the drawing: I
Figure 1 represents awater elevating and distributing system utilizing compressed air as the power element.
Fig. 2 is a view showing a somewhat moditied form of the structure of Fig. 1';
deferring to th drawing, there is shown a system having a well 1 assumed to contain a supply of water which, however, is not un der pressure and is supposed to contain a sufiicient supply of the water to be utilized.
Within the well 1, there is located a tank 2 of suitable size for the purposes of the invention. i
This tank 2 is assumed to be ametal tank closed on all sides and provided at the lower end with a check valve 3 which is surrounded by to 'aminous material to serve as a strainer so that all contaminating material is prevented from entrance into the tank 2.
At any convenient point which may be as high above the surface of the ground as de- 15, 1923. Serial No. 619,199.
sired,"tl1ere located another tank -l de-- signed to contain a supply of air under pres sure. p
In order to supply the tank 1 with air under pressure, the said tank is provided with an air inlet pipe'o having a one-way valve 6 attached thereto.
Leading out of the tank 1 is another pipe 7 including a valve 8 supplied with a suit: able manipulating member 9 so that the compressed air contents of the tank l may be utilized at will. a
The pipe 7 leads into the Well 1 and communicates with the top portion of the tank 2 lodged in the well and the pipe 7 also is providedwitl'i a three-way valve 10 by means of which the compressed air from the tank 4 may be fed directly to the tank 2. Leading from the lower portion of the tank 2 is another pipe 12 containing a check valve13 near its point of junctionwith the tank 2 and this pipe 12 rises above the ground level to as great a height circumstances will. permit and opens at its upper end into the lower portion of a closed storage tank 13 having a top closure 1-1.
l/Vithinthe tank 13 there is located a pie-- ton 15 connected to the lower end. of an up right piston rod 16 rising above the cover 14; and through a guide bar 17 carried by the upright posts 18 of a frame structure mount ed on the cover 14:.
The posts 18 carry above the guide 17, a cross arm 19 carrying set screws 20 by means of which the cross arm 17 may be adjusted toward and from the cover 1 1.
Surrounding th rod 16 between the cross arm 17 and a transverse pin or stop 21, extending through the piston rod 16', is a spring 22. j i
Enecuredat spaced points on the piston rod 16, are stop lugs23 in the path of a lever 24 pivotally mounted on the cover 14-. and connected at one end by a link to the valve 10.
Also connected to the valve 10 is a gravity member 26 having a normal tendency to hold. the valve 10 at one limit of its movement.
Coupled to one side of the tank 13 is a pipe 27 to which is connected an outlet valve or faucet 28.
Rising from the tank 27 near its point of juncture with the valve 28 is another pipe 29 ermitting the water delivered into the tank 13 to rise to any desired height under the pressure established in the tank 13 through the pipe 12.
Leading from the tank 13 at a point above the piston 15 is an escape pipe permitting any accumulation of pressure occurring in the tank 13 to escape.
When the apparatus thus far described, is established in the well 1, water will flow through the valve 3 into the tank 2 and fill the latter, and air pressure established in the tank 4 and flowing through the pipe 7 will also be established in the tank 2 tending to force water through the pipe ,12 into the tank 13 thereby raising the piston 15 and raise the piston rod 16 until the valve 10 is moved so as to cut ofi the straightthrough course of pressure from the tank 4 and allowing surplus pressure, to escape through the exterior passage 11, this condition being brought about by the engagement of the lowerstop 23 with the lever 24 and ultimately compressing the upper spring 22.
WVhen the water in the tank 13 has become exhausted, the piston 15 falls, ultimately allowing the upper stop 23 to come in'con tact with the lever 24 moving the valve 10 to its first position or opening the port to connect the air line from air tank to water tank 2.
In Fig. 2, there is shown a very simple system. There is shown a tank 4 with an inlet 5 for air under pressure and from the other side of the tank 4 is a pipe 31yhav1ng branch pipes 32, 33 having respective valves 34, 35 connected with the pipe 31 and leading together to the pipe 7, while another pipe 12 leads from the tank 2 to a water draw-off valve 38.
The pipes 7 and 12 may be connected up with the tank 2 to receive air under pressure from the tank 4 as described in reference to Fig. 1.
When the water is all forced out of the tank 2, the air will follow the water through the pipe 12. Then close the valve 34 and open the valve 35, exhausting the air from the tank 2 and allowing it to refill, after which close the valve 35 and reopen the valve 34 permitting the compressed air in tank 4 to flow to tank 2, again forcing the water in tank 2 upwardly through the pipe 12.
The valve 5 is a one-way valve for supplying the tank 4 with compressed air. Fig. 2 represents a simple system in which there is all that is necessary for ordinary house use, but if desired for some other purpose, and where a continuous suply of air to keep the tank 4 supplied is convenient, the attachment shown in Fig. 2 may be used.
The spring 22 is to store up'the pressure of the water in the reserve tank 13. The action of the water compresses or pushes the spring back and when the air pressure is cut off by the valve 10 and the piston 15 has reached its height, the spring then forces or crowds the piston down on the water giving it a pressure to raise the water toa greater height above the regulator.
The opening 23 in the cover of the tank 13 must admit the stop 23 to allow it to pass freely into and out of the chamber between the cylinder head 14 and the cross head 17. The air in this chamber must not be compressed but passes freely in and out. The spring 22 preserves the pressure.
What is claimed is 1. A water supply system comprising, a compressed air receptacle, a water collecting vessel arranged in a source of supply and receiving water therefrom, a conduit between said receptacle and vessel and providing means whereby water will be forced from the vessel on the supply of compressed air from said receptacle, a controlling valve for said conduit, a vertical tank independent of said conduit and receptacle and provided with a piston operated upwardly on a supply of water to said tank, a spring controlled piston rod for operating the piston in the opposite direction, said rod extended from the tank and provided with a pair of spaced trips, a trip mechanism pivota'lly supported upon the tank and having one end arranged in the path 'of'sa-id trips and its other end connected to said valve and operated to close the valve on the upward movement of the piston and to open the valve when the piston lowers, and a draw-olf cock at the lower end of the tank.
2. In a water supply system of the class set forth, a compressed air supply controlling valve, a water storage tank provided with a vertically movable piston operated in one direction on the supply of water to the tank, a piston rod extending upwardly from the tank, a controlling spring carried by the rod, a combined abutment and adjustable tensioning means for said spring, said means supported by the tank, a pair of spaced trips carried by the rod,'and a trip mechanism for opening and closing said valve, said mechanism having one end. pivotally supported upon the tank and arranged in the path of said trips and its other end connected to said valve.
In testimony whereof, I aliix my signature hereto.
JAMES G. HAMPTON.