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Publication numberUS1514769 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 11, 1924
Filing dateJul 6, 1923
Priority dateJul 6, 1923
Publication numberUS 1514769 A, US 1514769A, US-A-1514769, US1514769 A, US1514769A
InventorsBoales Fred A, Johnston George A
Original AssigneeBoales Fred A, Johnston George A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Merchandise-handling apparatus
US 1514769 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 9 v G. A. JOHNSTON ET AL I MERCHANDISE HANDLING APPARATUS Filed July 6, 1923 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 JNVENTORS 6.11 Jblmslzm EA B00195 A TTORNEY.

- K firmmvsv.

Nov. 11 1924. 1,514,769

' G. A. JOHNSTON ET AL MERCHANDI SE HANDLING APPARATUS Filed July 6, 1923 2 $huet5heet 2 Patented Nov. 11, 1924.

1,514,769 rics.


MERCHANDISEJ-IANDLING APPARATUS' Application filed July 6, 1923. Serial No. 649,833.

To aZZ whom z't may concern.

Be it known that we, GEORGE A. JOHNSTON and FRED A. BoALns, citizensof the United States, residing at Portland, in the county of Multnomah and Stateot Oregon, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Merchandisellandling Apparatus, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to an apparatus for moving a body from a vertical to a horivide a device of this character including supporting rails, a carriage to receive the body to be handled and movable on the rails and arranged to be tilted relative to the rails,to transient-he body from a. horizontal to a vertical position or from a vertical to a horizontal position.

Another object of the invention is to provide a device of this character including supportingrails, a carriage to receive the body to be handled and movable on the rails and'arranged tobe tilted relative to the rails, to transfer the body from a'liorizontal to a vertical position or from a vertical to a horizontal position, and with means whereby the movement of the carriage is controlled. With these and other objects in view, the invention consists in certain novel features of construction as hereinafter shown and described and then specifically pointed outin the claims, and in the drawings illustrative of the preferred embodiment of the invention Figure l is an end elevation of the improved apparatus.

Fig. 2 is an enlarged plan view of the movable carriage with a portion broken away to show the structure of the guide rails and rollers. i Fig. 3 is a side View ofthe parts shown in Fig. 2, with portions broken away and with the main support in section on the line 33 of Fig. 2. I I I Fig. 4 is a detail on a reduced scale, illustrating the arrangement of themotion controlling combined air cylinder and spring.

Fig. 5 is an end elevation of the parts shown in Figs. 2 and3.

-Fig. 6 is a transverse section on the line 6'6 of Fig. 2, looking in the direction of I the arrow. 1 I

F 1g, 7 is an enlarged sectional detail of a portion or" the combined air cylinder and spring. I r The-improved apparatus may be employed in connection with a storage platform, a vehicle or truck, or the like, and adapted to handle various arti'cles, but is designed more particularly for handling large rolls of paper such as used by newspaper publishers and the like, and for the purpose of illustration is shown in Fig. 1, applied to a conventional truck'device, for transporting rolls of paper oi this'cla'ss, but it will be understood that it is not desired to limit the invention in any manner to the location of the'lowering and elevating device.

The improved apparatus includes spaced supporting members 10 which may be the side rails of a truck as representedin Fig. 1.

Rigidly attached to the upper faces of the side members 10 at some points thereon are spaced supports 11, of hardwood or metal as may be preferred and preferabliyextending at the ends beyond the members 10, as shown in Fig. 1.

Bearing upon each of the supports 11 is a guide rail 13, preferably of sections of I- beams as shown in Figs. 5and 6, and rigidly secured by any suitable means to the sup-i ports '10. 1'

By thismeans upwardly opening guide channels are presented extending in parallel spaced relation, as shown in F igs. 2, 4, 5 and 6. Extending between the uide rails 13 and mounted for rotation relative thereto therailsl is cut away as shown at 15, and i the axle 16 of the endroller 14 extends through the flanges of the rails and transversely of the recesses or cut away portions 15, theportions of the axle 16 between the sidles of the channelled rails. forming stop ro s.

Movably disposed upon the bearing rollers 14 is a carriage orcar to receive the body to be handled, andconsists of a base plate 17 with spaced bearing strips 18, beneath the side portions and bearing directly on the rollers 14, as shown in Figs. 3, 5 and 6.

against the outer tacesof the L-bars d opera-tes.

Attached, to the upper face of the plate 17 at the edges are L-bars 19, and bearing over the L -bars is a flcor member including ddtviituiii ed side 'p'ortioi'i's '20 bearing 19 and with the intermediate portion curving downwardly between the members 19, as, shown in Figs. 5 and 6.

a. 1 Attachedto the floor meinber at the tail 10 end is stop member :23, for illustration formed of a section of an L-bar as shown in eto a ,A ,a,cfhed to, thejlojiverfaces ot the hearing members 18 intermediate the ends and depending into the channel portions oi the guide rails 13 ,are open'stop hooks 2 1;ada-pto ;e'd ;t.o engage the stop rods 16 when the carrija' ejis moved into tilting position, and at ,1 tab edto the lower faces ofthe members 20 P18 atrthejfend farthest from the stop rods -:1 6,:are sfops 25,,operatin'g toprevent lateral displacement Oi the carriage. I n

Atotjafched to the inner face o'fone of the side members lOfis acylindei; 26 having a ,-piston =2'Zi;arf1d; a piston rod :28 m operating st lelfeinft-he cylinder being'open at onefend as shown in -Fig. :7, and closed'atthe-other endiexcept than open111gtor theipass'age f ,Qthejrod, the closed-end having astufii-ng box resented c; conventionally at 9' 7 through ,Thehipiston 27 is :provided with a small orrfice 3Q -and =anopenrn'g 31 over which an inward'ly operating valve 532 is connected as shoWninF1g7.

Connected at 33 to the piston headQ/Y is one end-of a spring 34, the other end-of the springbeing attachedat 35' to the adjacent fsideefnember :10. to

40'. e The spring operates? to hold the "piston head atone end of the'cylinder and Iiautomatically return it to initial position when released. i 1 ,7 4 V Attached at one'ehd at 36 to the outer end .lot the piston rod 28 is a, ,piill cable {H -leading o :theii'ce. over gLllClQtPllllYS '38 to a flexible coupling 'suc-lr'as chains 39 attached to the carriage at .7 In operatnig the improved" apparatus, for

unloading, thecarriage carrying the roll to be unloaded upon the floor 11,; is manually -movedalong the tracks 13 until the hooked catches Ztengage the stop rods and the gcarriagetilted into the-zposition shown in ;Fig, {1, whichjwill locate the ti ans verse; end stop 23. near the, floor or ground indicated at V 41.1 This movement of the carriage ,Will ,causethe-chains 39 -a1id cable 37 to draw the pistofn 27itoward the closed end of -the cylinder 26, against the resistance of the spring compressing the air Within the; cylinder,

-.-the orifice 30 Within the piston-head permittingfthe air-tosloiwly escape fro nbehindthe piston head, thus allowing the carriage car rying roll to slowly assume a vertical position. The roll may then be'shiit'ed'from the supporting stop 23, to the floor i1.

lhe carriage 1s then'manually tilted into horizontal position and'inoved along the tra s13 and over the rollers 14:, into its 211 positionfthe reaction of the spring assisting in the movement, While the orifice 31, and the inwardly operating valve permits the air gfz to rapidly re-enter the cylinder, thus allowing the carriage to quickly assume a position for reception of a 7 new roll.

TWhen the carriage has been. re-

I turned to horizontal position, anotherroll of paper maybe rolled the member 10 and onto the carr age, and/the carriageagam actuated to lower another body 12 in anupright position to the floor tl, and 'th eoperaf tion repeated until the truck is empty. a

If the traokslg are located intermediate the ends; of the members 310, the rolls 4 2 will be moved from each end frame the carriage,

but it the tracks re locat'edtat 118' the "of the members 10, then the load v vill be rolled in one direction only to the carriage.

If thestoragerplace for the elevated'rol1s is a Warehouse or the like, the/members 10 .Will erely e at s k o} supp rt. t rolls, or other object elevated by the coac'tion of the tracks and carriage.

The improved device is; construct on, can'be manufactured of any suitable material and of any suitable and capacity, and adapted ,vvithout structural change tothe elevation ofvarious objects or bodies as before stated, I, p I

The preferred embodimentof the invention is disclosed in the drawings and 'set forth in the specification, "but it lvvillfi be understood that modifications vvithin fthe scope of the claims may be-madein the construction Without departing from th'evprinci- =ple of the invention or sacrificing any of its advantages. 4 p

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new is l p 1. In an apparatusoi' the class described, guide rails in spaced ,parallel relation, said rails being formed vithupvvardly; opening longitudinal channels, stop rods extending transversely of the; channels of said'iguide 1 aw i e ora leo mera ds and open hooks attached tofsaid carriage intermediate the jends thereot and depending into the channels of the rails and fguidin-g the carriage relative thereto and' 'adapted to engage the stop rods of the guide rails when the carriage is moved into a predetermined position to enable the carriage to he tilted toward a vertical position.

2. In an apparatus of theola-ss described, guide rails in spaced parallel relation and formed of channel IDQHIlJGIS'WltlI the side webs extended beyond the bottom Web, stop rods extending through the extending side Webs of the guide rails, a carriage movable on said rails, and open hooks attached to said carriage intermediate the ends thereof and depending into the channels of therails and guiding the carriage relative thereto and adapted to engage the stop rods of theguide rails and extending into the cavity formed by the extensions of the side Webs When the carriage is tilted toward a vertical position.

In testimony whereof, We afiix our signatures hereto.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2454840 *Oct 2, 1946Nov 30, 1948Warren W RyanFighter airplane bomb lift
US2565740 *Aug 18, 1947Aug 28, 1951Textile Handling Equipment CoApparatus for handling rolls of sheet material
US3937027 *Jan 22, 1975Feb 10, 1976Brown And Root, Inc.Method and apparatus for transporting and launching an offshore tower
US4015737 *May 19, 1975Apr 5, 1977Scranton Manufacturing Company, Inc.Bale mover
US4087014 *Apr 21, 1977May 2, 1978Schadle Eugene JBoat loading and launching carrier
US4131104 *Apr 21, 1977Dec 26, 1978Hydraform Products Corp.Log-burning stove
US4621972 *Feb 19, 1985Nov 11, 1986Grotte Walter DSilo mover
US5090773 *Apr 15, 1991Feb 25, 1992Bernard GuillaumeDump truck with interfitting polygonal dump body and supporting cradle
U.S. Classification414/728, 414/546, 298/17.00R
International ClassificationB60P1/64
Cooperative ClassificationB60P1/6472
European ClassificationB60P1/64C6