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Publication numberUS1516096 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 18, 1924
Filing dateSep 7, 1918
Priority dateSep 7, 1918
Publication numberUS 1516096 A, US 1516096A, US-A-1516096, US1516096 A, US1516096A
InventorsHahn Frank R
Original AssigneeClark Ag, W P Landon
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building construction
US 1516096 A
Abstract  available in
Images(5)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 18, 1924.l

F. R. HAHN BUILDING CONSTRUCTION 5 Sheets-Sheetl 1 Filed Sept. '7. 1918 Nov. 18 1924 F. R. HAHN BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Sept. '7. 1919 5 Sheets-Sheet L2 F. R. HAHN BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed sept. v. 191s 5 sheets-sheet '5 Nov. 18, 1924 l'1,516,096

F. R. HAHN BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Sept. 7. 191B 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 INYENTEE.

AT TYE Patented Nov. 18, i924.

PATE

FRANK n. HAHN, or nncATUn, ILLrNors, AssIofNon or METEEN Pme CENT 'ro A. c. CLARK, or s'r. PAUL, nuNNnso'rA, AND straw-ONE AND rw'o-TI-rrnns rnn CENT To w. r. LANDON, on ROCHELLE, rLLINoIs.

:BUILDING CONSTRUCTION.

Apptlcation filed September '7, 1918.v Serial No. 252,989.

To all whom t may concern.'

Be it known that I, FRANK R. HAHN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Decatur, in the county of Macon and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful improvements in Building Constructions, of whichV the following is a specification.

My invention relates to improvements in building structures and the principal `object of this invention is the provision of such a structure which is composed entirely of units or elements which may be molded or cast of cement or other suitable plastic material.

' Other objects of this invention include the provision of an improved form of foundation, an improved wall construction, an improved roof construction and suitable bracing means therefor, and means permitting the securing of the usual wooden base boards, door and window frames, plate racks and the like, in position.

To the accomplishment of the foregoing and such other objects as may hereinafter appear, my invention consists in the construction, combination and arrangementof parts hereinafter described and then sought to be defined in the `appended claims, `reference being had to the accompanyingl drawings forming a part hereof and'which show merely for the purpose of illustrative disclosure, a preferred embodiment of myinvention, it being expressly understood, however, that various changes may be made in practice within the scope of the claims without digressing from my inventive idea.

In the drawings, j A

Figure 1 represents a perspective view of a. wall constructed of units or elements embodying different features of my invention;

Figure 2 is a perspective view of one of the units or elements having provision for securing base boards; door and window frames or plate racks and the like, thereto;

Figure 3 isa perspective view of one of the vertical studs or supports; j

Figure 4 is a lperspective view of a slightly different form of wall construction; also showing the method of assembling and the corner construction;

Figure 5 is a cross section of one form of securing means;

Figure 6 is a perspective view of the upper portion of a wall and part of the roof,

constructed so as to embody various features of my invention;

Figure 7 is a longitudinal cross section through part of the roof;

Figure 8 is a lateral cross section through several of the rooting slabs or elements;

Figure 9 is a transverse cross section through the upper portion of the wall showing the rafter and joist in longitudinal cross section, and the roofing slabsor elements in end elevation.

Figure 10 is an elevation and cross section of an extensible joint member for the roof; Figure 11 is a perspective view of a wall using my two-part slabs or elements;

Figure 12 is a perspective view'of a wall or partition showing the center column construction with the re-inforcedcross beams or girders, parts being shownin section to facilitate the disclosure;

Figure 13 is a perspective view ofthe base or bottom of the pilaster formation showing the interlocking slab members for forming the bases of the walls or partitions;

Figure 14 is a perspective view of another form of wall construction showing a somewhat different forni of supporting means for supporting kthe transverse joists orbeams, parts being shown in section to facilitate disclosure;

Figure 15 is a cross section through the floor and ceiling construction;

Figure 16 isl a perspective view lof al slightly modified form of the j oists or beams having a wood or composition insert to which the flooring may be secured;

Figure 17 is a perspective view of the base member for building tip-partitions to divide the large room or space into a plurality of rooms. Y

Referring now to the drawings and at first, to Figures l to 5, inclusive, the nu` meral 1 designates the foundation which 1s cast of cement orfother suitable material in the form shown, being provided withvthe groove or recess 2 toreceive the reduced end 3 of the vertical stud or supporting post 4. Cement or other plastic material may be cast into this groove or recess'to securely hold the studs or posts in position. This stud or post 4 is substantially rectangular in cross section and is provided with *the plurality of cut out portions or recesses forming shoulders 6 which support the enlarged longitudinal units or elements 7, the smaller or facing units or elements 8 being arranged therebetween. These units or elements have the interfitting tongue and groove construction 9 and certain of them are cast with the slab of wood 10 therein. This slab or piece of wood varies in size according to its position in the unit or element and serves as a means to receive the nails or other securing means by which the base boards, door and window frames, plate racks and the like, are secured to the walls. rlhe top plate or head piece 11 is positioned on top of the upper unit or element, as shown.

In Figure 4 l disclose a slightly different form of wall construction, and also the corner construction comprising' a single wall instead of the double wall, as shown in Figure 1. The elements or units 12 are subi" stantially thicker than the elements or units 7 and 8 and have the interlocking end portions 13. These parts are supported in similar vertical studs or posts 14, as shown.

ln order to assemble these wall constructions I provide the apertures 15 through the reduced portions of the vertical studs or supports so as to receive the locking means shown in Figure 5, which includes the sleeve 16, telescopically receiving the smaller sleeves 17 having the cup shaped heads 18 and through which pass the securingbolts 19 having the adjustingnuts 20. Of course the heads of the nuts are concealed by putty or any other suitable substance, but the securing means are arranged so that convenient access may be had thereto for taking down the structure, if desired. Referring to Figure 4, it is seen that 1 may provide the posts or studs with the vertical grooves 14 to receive cement or other plastic material after assembling to increase the strength of the posts. I also use the corner facing elements 15 to make the structure more pleasing and finished in appearance Referring now to Figures 6, 7, 8 and 9, the wall shown is substantially as that shown iu Figure 1, including the top plate or head piece 11, which is provided with longitudinally extending groove or recess 21 to receive a corresponding head 22 on the ceiling joist 23, which extends across the building from wall to wall, as is well understood. The top of the top plate or head piece 11 is of pyramidal shape and supports the rafter 24 which has a recess cutout to fit the top plate or head piece. This rafter is provided with the centrally located recess 25 leading into the trough 26 formed in the end of the overhanging extension 27. This trough actually forms a supporting means for the usual gutter trough.

28 designates the roofing slabs, the ends of which are of substantially S-shape so as to interfit as at 29, and the side edges are provided with the lugs or flanges 30 which rest in the groove or recess 25 of the rafter with a slight space therebetween to receive the joint member 31, which has the overhanging top 32, thereby forming a tight joint. If, however, the joint should leak, the leakage will pass into the recess or groove 25 down into the gutter. 'lo provide for variation in lengths, I merely make this joint member telescopic or extensible, as shown in detail in Figure 10, including` the base 33 and the top 34 slidable thereon.

In Figure 11, l show a somewhat different form of slab or unit construction, previouslv patented by me. Fach slab or unit is composed of two similar parts 35 having the tongue ends 36 which fit into the corresponding recesses 37 in the longitudinal supporting units or elements 7.

Attention is now directed to Figures 12 and 13, in which 38 designates the supporting post or pilaster which is formed of a plurality of pre-cast units 39 having tne recesses 40 formed therein and having their top faces tapered or inclined inwardly as at 41 so as to permit the concrete or cement to fill up the joints from the inside when poured into the column. These recesses 40 in the units are for the purpose of receiving the interlocking ends 42 of the partition forming slab members 43 which may extend therefrom in any of the four directions shown and which are of substantially the same construction as previously described, having the interlocking end portions and the groove and flange construction on the top and bottom for interfitting purposes.

The girder 44 which rests on top of the pilaster and the partition includes the spaced side members 45 having the inturned bottoni portions 46 with the enlarged end portions 47 to receive the interlocking bottom slab member 48. These side members have their adjacent ends of interlocking construction as indicated at .49, and are provided with the bolt or other securing means 50 for holding the same in assembled position. After these side and bottom members are assembled, the form is filled with cement or other suitable plastic materia-l 5l which is re-inforced as at 52, if desired.

The side edges' of the side members 45 project above the mass of cement so as to fit in the groove 53 provided in the joists or beams 54. These oists or beams are provided with the groove 55 in the top thereof to receive the end flanges 56 of the floor slabs 57. lf desired, a suitable piece of wood or other nailing composition may be positioned therebetween. If desired, the grooves 55 may be filled with the wooden or suitable composition strip 59 for nailing purposes. 'lhese joists or beams 54 may be suitably reinforced as indicated at GO, Figure 15, and are provided with the side flanges 61 on their lower portions to receive the ceiling plates 62, as

clearly shown in Fig. 15. It islto be noted that the reinforcement6() extends into these lateral extensions 61 so as to strengthen thei sufficiently to perform the required wor In Figure 14, I illustratesubstantially the wall construction shown in Figure 1 of the drawing, with the exception that the studs l are provided with the recess 63 in the reduced extremity 6ft, this recess being for the purpose of receiving the supporting member 65 which extends from one stud or post to the next. This supporting member is cross-shaped in cross section, having vertical members 66 and the horizontal members 67, the horizontal members 67 `resting on the enlarged longitudinal units -or elements 7 and one vertical member restingin the slot or groove 63 and the other in the slot or groove' in the `ioist or bea-m 54. rIhe purposey of this member is to `securely support the various parts of 'the building together. The extensions for the upper walls are supported in the saine manner therefrom.

Figure 17 illustrates a means for dividing a room or space into a plurality of rooms, including the base partition members 68 which have the interlocking end portion 69 .and interfit at their intermediate portions 70. Of course it is understood that the units or slabs forming the partitions are built up on this base member.

It is, therefore, evident that I have provided a plurality of elements or units which may be pre-cast and assembled to construct a building or other structure, being so made that the structure will 'be `securely and conveniently assembled. Sufficient variation in the size, arrangement and construction of the parts is provided so as to provide a structure for any reasonable purpose.

IVhat I claim is 1. A construction of the character described including in combination, the following units cast of plastic material, a foundation unit having a longitudinally extending recess formed therein, a plurality of vertical studs each having a reduced `p0rtion at its lower end adapted to fit into said recess and having a plurality of cut out portions providing shoulders at various places throughout its length, a plurality of longitudinally extending supporting members adapted to fit in the horizontally aligned cut out portions of the studs and slab units resting upon said supporting members and positioned therebetween.

2. A construction of the character described including in combination, the following units cast of plastic material, a foun dation unit having a longitudinally extending recess formed therein, a. plurality of vertical studs each having a reduced portion at its lower end adapted to tit into said revertical studs each having a reduced portion at its lower end adapted to ftit into said recessv and having a plurality of cut out portions providingshoulders, a pluralityof longitudinally extending supporting members adapted to fit in said cut out portions of the studs and slab units resting thereon and positioned therebetween, certain of' said slab units having pieces of fibrous material vcast therein,

4. A construction `of the .character de- -i scribed including in combination, a foundation unit having a recess formed therein, vertical studs each having a .reduced vportion at its lower end adapted to fit into Asaid recessand having a plurality of cut out portions providing shoulders, a plurality of longitudinally extending supporting memvbers adapted to 'fit in said cutout portions of the studs and slab units resting thereon and positioned therebetween, certain of said `slab unitsk having pieces of wood .cast therein. y

5. A constructionof the character described including in combination, a foundation unit yhaving a `recess formed therein, vertical studs each having a :reduced portion at itslower end adapted to fit into said recess and having a plurality vofcut out portions providing shoulders, a plurality of longitudinally extending supporting members-adapted to lit in 4said cut out portions of the studs and slab units resting .thereon and positioned therebetween, certain ofthe slab units having means therein to permit the reception of the securing means for securing door and window frames, base boards, plate racks and the like thereto.

6. A construction of the character vdescribed including in combination, the following units cast of plastic material, a foundation unit having a longitudinally exh tendingrecess formed therein, a. plurality of vertical studs each having a reduced ,portion at 'its lower endadaptedlto lit into said recess and having a plurality of cut out1portionsproviding shoulders at various places throughout its length, a plurality of longitudinally extending supporting members adapted to fit -in the horizontally aligned out out portions of the :studs and slab -units liitl resting upon said supporting members and positioned therebetween, and means for securing said longitudinally extending supporting members to the studs.

7 A construction of the character described including in combination, a foundation unit having a recess formed therein, vertical studs each having a reduced portion at its lower end adapted to fit into said recess and having a plurality of cut out portions providing` shoulders, a plurality of longitudinally extending supporting members adapted to fit in said cut out portions of the studs and slab units resting thereon and positioned therebetween, and means for securing said longitudinally extending supporting members to said studs, said means being detachable and including a sleeve cast in the stud, other sleeve members positioned in the longitudinally extending supporting member and adapted to fit within said first mentioned sleeve, and a bolt passing through said telescoping sleeves.

8. A construction of the character described including in combination, a foundation unit having a recess formed therein, vertical studs each having a reduced pontion at its lower end adapted to fit into said recess and having a plurality of cut out portions providing shoulders, a plurality of longitudinally extending supporting members adapted to fit in said cut out portions of the studs and slab units resting thereon and positioned therebetween, a top or head piece positioned on top of said studs and units, a plurality of rafters mounted on said top or head piece, roong slab units resting on the rafters and joint members for covering the joint between the roofing slab units.

9. A construction of the character described including in combination, a foundation unit having a rece-ss formed therein, vertical studs each having a reduced porltion at its lower end adapted to fit into said recess and having a plurality of cut out portions providing shoulders, a plurality of longitudinally extending supporting members adapted to fit in said cut out portions of the studs and slab units resting lthereon and positioned therebetween, a top or head piece positioned on top of said studs and units, a plurality of rafters mounted on said top or head piece, roofing slab units resting on the rafters and joint members for covering the joint between the roofing slab units, said roofing slab units having interlocking edges.

10. A construction of the character described including in combination, a foundation unit having a recess formed therein, vertical studs each having a. reduced portion at itts lower end adapted to t into said recess and having a plurality of cut out portions providing shoulders, a plurality of longitudinally extending supporting members adapted to fit in said cut out portions of the studs and slab units resting thereon and positioned therebetween, a topor head piece positioned on top of said studs and units, a plurality of rafters mounted on said top or iead piece, roofing slab units resting on the rafters and joint members for covering the joint between the roofing slab units, said roofing slab units having interlocking edges, and having a space between the ends thereof, said joint members having a portion fitting in said space and also a portion covering the end edge portions thereof,

ll. A construction of the character described including in combination, the following elements cast of plastic material, a foundation, a plurality o-f vertical supports, a plurality of facing slabs supported thereon, a head piece on top thereof, ceiling j oists connected thereto, a plurality of rafters supported on said head piece, each having a longitudinally extending recess, a plurality of roofing slab units extending between adjacent rafters and having end flanges adapted to fit into said recess, said roofing slab units having interlocking edge portions, and joint members for covering the joints between the ends thereof.

12. A construction of the charac-ter described including in combination, the following elements cast of plastic material, a foundation, a plurality of vertical supports, a plurality of facing slabs supported thereon, a head piece on top thereof, :ceiling oists connected thereto, a plurality of rafters supported on said head piece, each having a longitudinally extending recess, a plurality of roofing slab units extending between adjacent rafters, and having end flanges adapted to fit into said recess, said roofing slab units having interlocking edge portions, and oint members for covering the. oints between the ends thereof, said rafters each having an extension provided with a curved supporting portion adapted to receive.a gutter section, the recesses being adapted to discharge the leakage into the gut-ter.

13. A construction of the cl'iaracter dcscribed, including in con'ibinaition, a foundation unit having a recess formed therein, vertical studs each having a reduced portion at its lower end adapted to fit into said recess and having a plurality of cutout portions providing shoulders, a plurality of longitudinally extending supporting members adapted to fit in said cutout portions of the studs and slab units resting thereon and positioned therebetween, a top or head piece positioned on top of said studs and units, a plurality of rafters mounted on said top or head piece, roofing slab units resting on the rafter, said roofing slab units having interlocking edges.

ln testimony whereof I hereunto subscribe my name.

FRANK R. HAHN.

liti

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2497287 *Jan 4, 1946Feb 14, 1950 Covering system
US2708846 *Jan 15, 1947May 24, 1955Louis CherryPrefabricated fireproof building construction
US2783721 *Sep 9, 1950Mar 5, 1957Molke Eric CWide span structures
US3058551 *Oct 16, 1959Oct 16, 1962Martin Jasper JBuilding construction and elements therefor
US3076286 *Jul 15, 1955Feb 5, 1963Stephen J CzecholinskiBuilding blocks
US5293725 *Oct 2, 1992Mar 15, 1994Matticks Richard BBuilding structure with interlocking components
US7658038Mar 28, 2005Feb 9, 2010Lifetime Products, Inc.System and method for constructing a modular enclosure
US7707783May 11, 2006May 4, 2010Lifetime Products, Inc.Modular enclosure
US7770334Mar 28, 2005Aug 10, 2010Lifetime Products, Inc.Door assembly for a modular enclosure
US7770337Mar 28, 2005Aug 10, 2010Lifetime Products, Inc.Modular enclosure with offset panels
US7770339 *Mar 28, 2005Aug 10, 2010Lifetime Products, Inc.Roof system for a modular enclosure
US7779579Mar 28, 2005Aug 24, 2010Lifetime Products, Inc.Packaging system for a modular enclosure
US7797885Mar 28, 2005Sep 21, 2010Lifetime Products, Inc.Modular enclosure
US7926227Mar 28, 2005Apr 19, 2011Lifetime Products, Inc.Modular enclosure with living hinges
US8020347May 11, 2006Sep 20, 2011Lifetime Products, Inc.Modular enclosure
US8051617Sep 20, 2010Nov 8, 2011Lifetime Products, Inc.Modular enclosure
US8091289Mar 28, 2005Jan 10, 2012Lifetime Products, Inc.Floor for a modular enclosure
US8132372Feb 8, 2010Mar 13, 2012Lifetime Products Inc.System and method for constructing a modular enclosure
US8161711Feb 1, 2010Apr 24, 2012Lifetime Products, Inc.Reinforced plastic panels and structures
WO2003031773A2 *Oct 4, 2002Apr 17, 2003Paton-Ash Gregory RoyLite mine roof support crib and method
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/293.1, 52/281, 52/592.6, 52/469, 52/276, 52/461, 52/92.1, 52/300, 52/11, 52/289, 52/439, 52/372, 52/553
International ClassificationE04B1/20
Cooperative ClassificationE04B1/20
European ClassificationE04B1/20