US 1517433 A
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2v Sheets-Sheet 1 Dec, Z, 1924.
H. A. KELLY GAME Filed Aug. 6, 1924l llllll.. llllllilllllllllll Illlllll l l. Ils
2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented V2,` 1924.
mien A. mun or .massiv cIrY., new l GAME.
. Application .mea August s, ,191114.y sem-nL no', y'massa new-and useful Improvements in a Game, of;y
which the followin is a specification.V i
This invention re ates to a game. i
One of the'most popular games is baseball. k Various'forms have been invented to simu-` late the game of baseball with boards and vpieces for yplayers for amusing individual players indoors, but such games general` ly require a board for a playing eld, l5 pieces to represent the men, and somev forms of chance de vice to govern the movef ment. of the pieces and are generally objeotionable in that the simulationto the original game of baseball is not carried out by reason ofthe fact that larger scores of .runs occur than in thereal game of baseball. ,One of the objects ofthis invention is to rovide a game that simulates the lgame of baseball. Another object of this invention is to provide a game that can be played by from two to eighteen individuals. Still another object of this invention is to provide a game l that can be manufactured at small cost and.
have the sameinterest that the game of base- ,130 ball has for the player. Still anotherl object of this' invention is to provide a game of baseball wherein the runs, hits, strlkes and Iother ineidentsfoccur inthe' same proportion and with 'the same likelihood as they occur *l a in Ythe original game.v
Referring to the drawings: f l
,'Fiy rel is a view in elevation of an in ydicatlng4 or s'core keeping device for the ,game l' y f f -'Figure 2 is a cross section of Figure' 1,
alongthe line 2, 2, looking inthe direction of .the arrows: o
1 Figure 3 isk a top plan view of the dice emvplo ed in the game. e ri' Y. lgurei is a projection view of one side `of Flgure 3'. p v -Figure `5`is a'bottomplan view of ther dice. i Figure 6 is a projection side view of Figf `ure 5.
i. 150" f Figure 7 is a top view of a modified form of` dlce.
` Figure 8 is the bottom viewof a ymodified form of dice. j
I proposelto provide a dice and a score `15| keepmg device made of any well k npo wn materlal Such as 'ee11u1o1d,compos1t1on, paper the'v ront piece 2 `and bac 'players and are adapted to re or metal with which tokeep a record of the p lays and the batting order. The dice carries ln'soribed on the faces thereoff'the `various events that occur in 'a baseball game suchasstrike, foul, etc. The number of'faces s required forthe dice toeompletely record all the events that occur in a game of base# ball have been found to ybe 18, although by eliminating lfour .of the minor events it is possible to still play the gamewith a fourteen sided dice, but this latter is not the desired form vsince not only are some of thek events omitted but also becauseof the design` of the dice the; proportionof the happening ofthe events when used in playing arel not as close in approximation to the average' happening of events in a game of baseball as with the eighteen sideddice. i It will be noted thatk the number of timesthat an event is in-` scribed on the'faces of the dice and on the particularface were determined by an analysis of the records of the baseball leagues in connection with ya mathematical and experimental study of variousl forms of dice and the necessary numbers of repetition to have'certain of thegevents happen'more frequently lthan others.'l AFor instance, the twok events that 'coeur most frequently in a ball game arestrikes and balls and-1t has been found that these events require yrepetition r2 thereof arev cut out portions 4' and to make v visible the batting order cut out fromv `the news apery reports and slipped in between pocket formed therefor by. fastening pins .6 or individual pictures :of players may also device 1 i'stfo'rmed of a from' andare placed"l on'thef largest faces of the be inserted in place of batting order. `Be- 'y tween 'the openings 4l'and'5 on front piece2,
I provide a playin diamond 7vwh1ch has openings 8,9, 10 an 11, [representing respectively home plate, `first base, second ase and Y third base.y Between" the'front-piece`2 and 'i back kpiece 3' andpivoted to rotate are disks 12 and 13 which protrude between-'the edges of the frontfpiece 2 and the back piece 3. These disks 12 and 13contain pictures ofthe tated 4with the o enmgs 7 an 9.@ Slides 14 and llikewise ave pictures of the vrplayers ster-when ro- At each end' of the scoring device, I provide .Spectively number of innings and outs. TheA numbers on the disks conform to the requiref .gris
ythe edges of the front and backrpieces. Disks 16 and 17, respectively represent'the runs 0b'- tained by the home team and the visitors; disks '18 and 19 represent respectively balls and strikes; disks 20 and 21 represent rements of the game, for instance, disk 21 contains only three numbers 1, 2 and 3, and like? wise disk 19 contains only three numbersl,
. 2 and 3, whereas disk number 18 contains four numbers 1, 2, 3 and 4, etc.
The preferred form of dice 22, has eighteen faces, two of which are comparatively llarge squares, to wit, faces 23 and 24 which have inscribed thereon respectively ball andstrike. Four of the eighteen yfaces are smaller faces in theform of hexagons,l
these faces 25, 26, 27 and 28, having inscribed thereon respectively ball, strike, foul strike, ily out-,advance runner, and in addition there are four smallrectangular faces 29, 30, 31 and 32 which also havey inscribed thereon respectively passed ball, hit by pitched ball, triple, home run, and the balance of the eighteen faces are made up of eight quadrilaterals 33,34, 35, 36,37, .38, 39 and 40,y having inscribed respectively thereon fly yout-no advance, bunt-outrunners advance, double play, error-batter -safe on first, double, single, stoleny base, single. l n H `It kwill be noted that the events thatvoccur the most frequently are ball and strike Yand therefore these happenings are inscribed on the larger square faces and again on two of the vnext largest faces, the hexagons. y As yfouly strike and yout occur vnext ,mostfrequently inv theuorderiof the events after rball and strike they too are inscribedV on the hexagons. On the next small faces, the
small quadrilaterals, are inscribed the events that occur next in greatest proportion and on the last four Smallrectangular faces thc events that occur the least. Of course it will be understood that some of the events ink thesedifferent divisions'occur more frequently than others in the samedivision `in the average of the actual games played over aseason-butv of course it is ,impossible to have a form of dice with eighteen sizes of faces and the arrangement herein shown gives results that are almost identical with anactual game of baseball. v l
The dice as shown in Figures 4 and 6,
appear to have been made from a rectanlgu ar block and not from afcube butlthat l 1s occaslonedby the fact that they are shown` in projection in order to show all the faces onthel sides. A
In playing the game the batting order is inserted in openings 4 and 5 and I propose to provide slides 4 and 5', turned over at top and bottom to hold the batting lists. All of the disks are then turned to zero and the player who represents the visitors takes dice 22 and throws the same. Is he throws a strike disk 19 is turned to one. If he throws a ball disk 18 is turned to one and if he throws out at ffirst disk 21 is turned to one and disks 18 and 19y are turned back to naught. The players continue to throw until disk 21 registers 3 out when the opposing player or players take the dice and it is his 0r their tllIIl to throw. All runs are scored by disks 16, 17.
Should more than Atwo' play, then, the,
players are divided into two teams andeach member of each team throws until he is on base, or put out, when the next'member of his team throws, etc., until the side isretired by three out.
It will thus be seen that the rules of thegame and the scoring are exactly the same as the' game of baseball so that` any one familiar with the play this game. y
Of course lmodifications of both thev dice and the scoring device may be made and still fall within the scope of my invention game lof baseball `can and I have shown a modification of thedice wherein thedice is fourteen sided l.and of course the events may be inscribed on'the kfaces thereof by the first letters of the words instead of writing the eventk 'out in full.
The modified form is notas desirable as certain of the events areomitted and there is not a sufficient number 'of varyingsizes yof faces to permit of a properr graduation of events to closelyksimulate the game of baseball.' But, however, the fourteen sided It will thus be Iseen that I provide a gamey that may be played by from two to eighteen players that is `similar to the game of baseball, having the variousevents occurring in about the same proportion and withv about the same likelihood as in the actual game y and one that is cheap to manufacture, easily transportable and readily understood.
What I claim is: 'y 1. Forv a game, the combination of a scoring device and a die, said die having quadrilateral faces, rectangular faces, hexagonal faces and square faces and each of said faces having an event occurring in baseball inscribed thereon, said events being inscribed on said faces in accordance with the area of the face and with respect to the degree of probable occurrence in a ball game.
2. yFor a game, the combination of a scoring device and a die, said die having oups of faces, of different areas, each of sai faces having inscribed thereon an event occurringin the game of baseball, the said faces of lar er areas having the events that occur most equeiitly and the smaller faces having the events that occur the least.
3., For a game of baseball, a die having eighteen faces, said faces comprisin two large squares, for hexagons, four sma l rectangles and eight quadrilatrals.
4. For a game of baseball, a die having eighteen faces, said faces comprising two large square faces, four hexagonal faces, four rectangular faces and eight quadrilateral faces, and said faces each having inl scribed thereon an event occurring in baselarge square faces, four hexagonal faces,
eight quadrilateral faces, four small rectangular faces, one of said large square faces having inscribed thereon the w'ord ball and the other of said large s uare faces havin inscribed thereon the wor strike, said four exagonal faces having inscribed respectivelg7 thereon ball, strike, foul strike, y out-a vance runner, said eight quadrilateral faces having inscribed respectively thereon ily out no advance, bunt outrunners advance, double play, error-batter safe on first, double,-single, stolen base, single` and said four rectangular faces having inscribed respectively thereon tri le, home run, hit by pitched ball, asse ball.
vSigned at ersey City, in the county of Hudson and State of New Jersey', this 5th day of August, A. D. 1924.
' HUGH A.` KELLY.