US 1517555 A
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Dec. 2, 1924 1,517,555
L. V. GRAHAM STANCE INDICATOR FOR GOLF Filed 90%.. 2, 1922 Patented er. 2, 1824.
LYIVIAN V. GRAHAM, OF KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI.
STANCE INDICATOR FOR GOLF.
Application filed October 2, 1922.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, LYMAN V. GRAHAM, a citizen of the United States, and resident of Kansas City, county of Jackson, State of Missouri, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Stance Indicators for Golf, of which the following is a complete specification.
This invention relates to golf stance indicators to indicate the correct placing ofthe feet with regard to the position of the-ball in the teaching of golf, and may also be used for practice purposes in learning the'exact stance for the most satisfactory results in playing any particular shot.
A further obj ect is to produce a golf stance indicator of such nature that it may be used to accurately follow out written instructions as to the correct position for the feet in playing a particular stroke with a particular club. I
A still further object is to produce a device ofthe character set forth which may be readily'and easily dismantled'for storage or transport.
The chief objects are accomplished, as will hereinafter appear, by accurately determining the exact position of the feet of the player and'the ball with regard to the angle of flight or direction in which it is intended to drive the ball.
With the objects named in view, the inven tion consists in certain novel and useful features of construction and organization of parts as hereinafter described and claimed; and in order that it may be fully understood, reference is to be had to 'the accompanying drawing, in which :-f
Figure 1 isaperspective view of a golf stance indicator embodying the invention;
Figure 2 is a side elevation of thesame Figure 3 isan enlarged top plan view of the head of-the device partlybroken away to disclose parts otherwise hidden;
Figure 4: is. an enlarged top plan view of the connection between one of the sliding arms of the stem of the device; r
Figure 6 's a section on theline V-V of Figure4;and c Figure 6 is a perspective view ofa modifled form of the device. i
In the said drawing, where likereference characters identify corresponding parts in all,of the figures, 1 indicates the stem or main indicating member of the stance indicator and said stem is numbered consecutive Serial No. 591,854.
ly in inches or other units from one end to the other. Rigidly secured at the end of the stem where the graduations begin is a T- shaped head 2 held in position by means of rivets 3 and securely braced by means of downwardly and inwardly extending flanges 4 partially embracing the stem, as clearly shown by the drawing. The free ends of the cross head 2 are formed with downwardly and inwardly extending flanges 5 for a purpose which will hereinafter appear.
The extremity of the stem is recessed for the reception of a sprin catch 6 formed with a lug 7 and held in position at one end by means of a screw 8, the other end being free for sliding movement in the recess. The catch 6 is adapted to'lock a transverse cross head 9 in position on" the end of the stem by coming into locking engagement with a recess 10 formed midway the length of the inner edge of the cross head, as will be readily understood, said cross headbeing slidingly received within the flanges 5 of the member 2. The cross head 9 is consecutively numbered from the left to the right in the same units as that of the stem.
A pair of parallel longitudinal slots 11 are formed in the upper face of the stem, and the lower face is provided with similar slots 12. Adapted for sliding longitudinal movement along the stem and projecting in opposite directions area pair of T-shaped members 13 provided with suitable flanged extremities 14- and 15 for engagement with the slots 11. and 12 respectively, the free ends of the members 13 being bent downwardly and imvard ly to form flanges 16, and being cut away centrally and the cut out portionsbent downwardly and inwardly to form flanges 17.
Fitted within the flanges 16 and 17 of each of the T-shaped members 13 are oppositely projecting arms 18 held rigidly in position by means of rivets 19. Each of the arms 18 is consecutively numbered from the stem out wardly in the same units as said stem, and may he slid longitudinally of the stem and independently of the other arm as found desirable, as will hereinafter appear.
From the'construction above described it will be apparent that when itis desired to dismantle the devicefor storage or transportation, the head member 9 may be removed from position and that the wings 18 may be slid longitudinally of the stem until disengaged.
device as indicated by Figure 6 is v preferably made of small tubes and is provided with a single arm 18 which may be rotated around the stem to either side thereof for indicating the position oi the right or left foot, as will hereinafter appear. It is otherwise similarin all respects to the device above described.
The use of a devicetor the teaching of a correct stance is as follows :For example, the following directions are given :Ball 6, Left 16-1 l, Right 211l, which interpreted, means that the ball shall be placed in the position indicated by the arrow opposite the 6 oi the head piece, the toe of the left toot must be placed in the position indicated by the arrow opposite the 14 of the left wing, and the toe of the right foot opposite the 11 of the right wing, it being understood that the wings will be preliminarily positioned opposite the 16 and 21 respectively of the stem.
.For use in practice in the correction of faults, the player can make use of'the indicator for determining his common position which results in a slice, for example, and then through experimentation with the device may determine the exact stance he should assume for the correction of the fault.
In the use of the device as illustrated in Figure 6, it will be apparent that the player must determine and mark the :position of one foot and then rotate the arm 18 and carry outthe operation withthe other foot.
W hen the player using the stance indicator is actually going 'to attempt aipractice drive or play, the position of the ball and the toe of each foot will be indicated'on the ground by means of a mark or a match laid on the ground, the indicator is now removed and the player tees his ball and takes his stance in accordance with the points preliminarily determined, as will 'be readily imderstood.
, The above examples are given merely as indioatory of'some of the uses to which the indicator may be put, but it willbe evident that it maybeused in manydillerent ways by an experienced player. i
In connection with the use of the invention, it is highly important that the cross-piece of the stem shall always be placed coinciding with the line of fiight or direction'in which'it is desired to drive the ballpas in giving directions for'the use of the instrument, the predetermined lin'e of flight will alwaysbe employed as t-he basis tor the computation of the relative positions of the ball and feet oftheplayer.
From the above description, it will be apparent that 1 haveproduced a "device of the character set forth Which possesses all of the features of advantage set forth as des rable, and while I have described and claimed the preferred embodiment of the same, I reserve the right to make changes properly falling Within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
1. A stance indicator, comprising a stem having linear measurement indicated thereon, said graduations commencing at one end of said stem and serving as a guide for the user in assuming a position the required distance from the said end of the stem; a cross head secured to the said end of the stem at rigl it angles thereto, and provided with measuren'ient marks as a guide in filocating a golf ball relative to said cross head and stem, and an arm paralleling the cross head and slidably connected to thestem for adjustment laterally toward and from 5 1s cross head, and provided With measurement marks as a guide for the positioning of a foot of the user at the distance desired from the stem.
2. A stance indicator, comprising a stem having linear measurement indicated there on, aid graduations'commencing at one end of said stem and serving as a guide forthe user in assuming a position the'requireddistan'ce from the said end of the stem; a cross head secured to the said end of the stem at right angles thereto, and provided with measurement marks as a guide in locating a golf ball relative to said cross head and stem, ana'rm palallelingthe cross head and slidably connected to the stem for adjustment laterally toward and from the cross head, and provided with measurement marks -'as a guide for the :po'sitioning o'f a foot of the user at=thedis1tance desired from the stem, and a second arm paralleling the cross head and slidably connected to the stem and projecting laterallytherefrom .in the opposite directiontothe first-named arm and independently'slidable on'the stem, and provided *with measurement marks as guidefor the positioning ofthe other foot of 1 the user.
3. stance indicator, comprising a stem having linear measurement indicated thereon, said graduations commencing at one'end of said'stem and serving as a guideforl-the user'inassuming a position the required. distance from the said end of the stennacross head detachably secured at an intermediate point inits length, to said stem an'dextending at right angles'tothe latter, and provided with measum nent marks as a guide in locating the desiredposition for a golf ball, relative to the cross head and stem, and an armparalleling theic'rossfhead and slidably connected to 'the stemfor adjustment laterally toward and from the cross head, and provided with Lnieasurement marks as a guide for-the positioning ol foot of the user thedistanceldesired'from the stein.
- 4:. Astance indicator, comprising a stem havnng linear measurement indicated thereon, saidgraduations commencing at one end of said stem and serving as a guide for the user in assuming a position the required distance from the said end of the stem, a cross head detachably secured to the said end of the stem at right angles thereto, and provided with measurement marks as a guide in locating the desired position fora golf ball relative to said cross head and stem, an arm paralleling the cross head and projecting laterally from and mounted slidably on the stern for movement toward and from the cross head, and a second arm parallel to the cross head and slidably secured to the stem for movement toward and from the cross head and projecting in the opposite direction from the said stem to the first-named arm, said arms having measurement marks as a guide for the positioning of the feet of the user at the requisite distance from and at opposite sides of said stem.
In witness whereof I hereunto afiix my signature.
LYMAN V. GRAHAM.