US 1520719 A
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Dec. 1 1 (5205719 Y G. J. PILKINTQN I TENT STRUCTURE Filed Dec. 9, 1922 A TTORNEY oeil "30, 1924. 1,520,719
I I G. J. PILKINTON TENT STRUCTURE 7 Filed Dec. 9, 1922 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVEN TOR.
fig Emmi ATTORNEY Dec. 30, 1924. 1,520,719
Y G. J PILKINTON TENT STRUCTURE Filed Dec. 9, 1922 '3 Sheets-Sweet 5 I v ATTORNEY Patented Dec. 30, 1924.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
GEORGE J. PILKINTON, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR T UNITED STATES TENT & AWNING COMPANY, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A CORPORATION OF ILLINOIS.
Application filed December 9, 1922.
To all whom it may concern.
Be it known that I, GEORGE J. PILKINTON, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Chicago, county of Cook, and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Tent Structures, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates generally to improvements in tent structures but relates more particularly to improvements in collapsible tent structures.
The general object of my invention is to provide a tent structure that can be quickly and easily collapsed so that it can be packed in a relatively small space, and as easily opened or restored to usable position.
Another object of my invention is to provide a collapsible tent structure that can be made at low cost and which shall be of a strong and durable character.
My invention consists generally in a device of the form, arrangement, construction and coaction of the parts thereof, whereby the above named objects, together with others that will appear hereinafter, are attainable; and my invention will be more readily understood by reference to the accompanying drawings, which illustrate what I consider to be the preferred embodiment thereof.
In said drawings:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the apparatus, the tent being shown by means of dotted lines.
Fig. 2 shows the pole with the tent braces collapsed.
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the bracing structure.
Fig. 4 is a top view of one of the end portions of one of the braces.
Fig. 5 is a view at right angles showing the same portion; and
Figs. 6 and 7 are respectively, a top view and a side view on an enlarged scale of a central part of the structure.
The tent 1, is shown only by means of dotted lines in Fig. 1 in order better to illus trate the construction of the supporting structure. Therein 2 represents the center pole which as here shown is of sectional construction, the section being united as at 3. Surrounding the pole 2 will be found a number of metal members 4., 5, 6 and 7 which are curved to correspond generally to the curvature of the pole. Said pieces are Serial No. 605,928.
provided with finger-like extensions 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 13 and 14 which are so arranged as to provide slots or spaces 15, 16, 17 and 18. The slots accommodate the reduced inner ends 19, 20, 21 and 22 of radially disposed arms 23, 24:, 25 and 26. Rivets 27, 2S and 2.) secure three of the arms to the pieces 4, 5, 6 and 7 and the remaining arm is held in place by the bolt 30 and wing nut- 31. The arms are, therefore, all adapted to be swung from a substantially radially disposed position to a position substantially parallel to the pole as shown in Fig. 2.
The outer ends of the various arms are all alike so that a description of one will suflice for all. Thus the arm terminates in a threaded portion 32 on which is a nut 33 and threaded socket member 3 1 that is provided with an eye portion 35. The canvas 36 of the tent is provided with gromets 37 of a size adapted to receive the threaded portion 32. By means of the nut 33 the gromet can be firmly locked in place, i. e., held against the tip 34. The canvas of the tent, it will be understood is on the inner side of the tips at so that the guy rope 38 can be attached to the member 35 for holdmg purposes.
lVhen the tent is set up the guy ropes are of course made tau-t and the supporting arms are held in place at the proper height on the pole by tightening the thumb screw 31 which clamps the parts 1, 5, 6 and 7 upon the pole. To collapse the tent the guy ropes are released and the thumb screw 31 backed away. This permits the parts 4, 5, 6 and 7 to be moved along the pole. In the present instance to collapse they have been moved upwardly, but if desired they could be moved downwardly. The loose tent material permits the arms toassume a substantially narallel position with respect to the pole which, of course, greatly reduces the size of the tent. To further reduce the size, the tent material is wrapped around the collapsed supporting structure. Obviously to set the tent up the operations described are reversed.
The extremely simple, durable and practical advantages of my tent will be apparent to those skilled in this art, without further comment.
I claim 1. A tent of the kind described, e1nbodying therein, a pole, a split collar longitudinally adjustable on said pole, a plurality of arms pivotally connected to the collar, and means for drawing the collar together at the split to'clai'np the collar 'to the pole.
2. A't'ent of the kind described embodying therein, a pole, a collar comprising a plurality of parts each including outwardly extending lingers, with the fingers of adjacent parts spaced from each other, and a plurality of arms having their inner ends disposed between andpivotally connected 'to adjacent fingers,'at least two of said adjacentffirrgersbeing capable of being drawn together to clani'p the collar'upon said pole.
3. A tent of'the kind described einbodying therein, a pole, :a collar 'con'iprisingja plurality of parts each including outwardly extending fingers, with the, fingers of 'ad- --jacent parts spaced 'flOlll each. other,a plurality of ar ns, each having its inner end disposed between the adjacent fingers, and means providing a, pivotal connection be tween each arm and its associated fingers,
one otsaid nieans being capable of being actuated to clamp the collar upon the pole. 4-,. ,A tent ofthe kind described, embodying therein, a pole, a-plurality of arins extending therefrom, lTlQtIHS'fOl holding the inner ends of said arms at any desired position on the pole, the outer end of each arm extending throughagroinet in the tent fabric and terminating in an eyelet, and means providing a longitudinally adjustable shoulder on the outer end of each arm with clamped in the desired position thereon, a
plurality of radially disposed arms pivotally connected at their inner ends to said collar, the outer end of each arm having a nut threaded thereon to provide an adjustable shoulder, groinets in the tent fabric, with the outer end of each arm extending through a groniet which "engages with the nut on'said arm and a locking nut including an eye also threaded on said arm end and adapted to clamp the groinet against said nut. I
In testimony whereofll have hereunto set my hand, this 6th day of Dec, 1922. I
GEORGE J. PILKII TON,