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Publication numberUS1520765 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 30, 1924
Filing dateMar 22, 1923
Priority dateMar 22, 1923
Publication numberUS 1520765 A, US 1520765A, US-A-1520765, US1520765 A, US1520765A
InventorsLewis C Norton
Original AssigneeNorton Door Closer Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Door-closing device and doorcheck
US 1520765 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 30, 1924. 1,520,765

| .fc. NORTON DOOR CLOSING DEVICE AND DOORCHECK Filed March 22, 1923 2 Sheets-Sheet l l i W Dec. 30, 1924. 1,520,765 L. C.v NORTO N DOOR CLOSING DEVICE AND DOORCHECK Filed March 2.2, 1923 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 d? F 6l/066' L ELU/6 C /VOfJfO/v Patented Dec. 30, 1924.




Application filed March 22, 1923. Serial No. 626,738.

' tioned within the floor beneath the door associated therewith.

An object of this invention is the pro vision of a door check accompanied by spring` door closing means of such construction that the increased tension of the spring upon opening thedoor will be more than compensated for, thus permitting the door to be opened by al gradually decreasing pull exerted upon the edge of the door.

A further aim of the structure embodying this invention is to provide a compact device possessing the above stated spring tension compensating means and which at the same time is designed to -readily permit the door to be opened through an angle as great as 180 degrees.

The structure embodying this invention is further particularly designed to provide a compactand durable means for retaining the door in open position, such means being adjustable to permit the door to be retained at any particular position desired.

A `further object of the invention is to provide a structure of the character indicated which may be readily installed and adjusted in connection with the door with which it is to be used and .to provide such.

a structure which has a relatively small number of parts assembled in a very compact arrangement.

Other objects and advantages of this invention will become apparent from the following' description, the accompanying illustrations and the appended claims.

For the purpose of illustration and description, one specic embodiment of this invention is shown in the accompanying drawings, in whichy Figure 1 illustrates a structure embodying my invention and installed in operative position in relation to a door;

Fig. 2 is a to plan view showing the housing of the evice comprising my invention;

Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken substantially upon line 3-3 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken upon the line 4 4 of Fig. 3, showing parts of the mechanism in the positions which they assume when the door is closed;

F ig. 5 is a a view similar to that of Fig. 4 but showing in dotted lines parts of the mechanism in their proper positions when the door is opened through an angle of 90 degrees and showing in full lines their positions when the door is opened through an angle of 180 degrees;

Fig. 6 is a sectional view taken substantially upon line G-G of Fig. 4;

Fig. 7 is a detail perspective view showing the construction of a valve member; and,

Fig. 8 is a detail sectional view taken on line 8 8 of Fig. 3.

Referring especially to Figs. 1 and 3 for a general description of the essential elements of the device comprising my invention, 10 is a housing member formed preferably of cast iron or the like'which may be inserted in the floor 11 beneath a door 12 in connection with which it is intended to use the door closing device. A top or cover portion 13 of the -housing may be installed flush with the floor or flush with the surface of the threshold'if one is used. An oscillatable pivoting shaft 14 is mounted at one end of the housing 10 and serves as the lower support for the door 12 through the medium of a hinge 15..

A dash-pot cylinder 16 is positioned at the opposite end of the housing 10. A piston 17 anda door closing spring 18 are enclosed within the cylinder 1G and are operatively connected with the oscillatable shaft 14 through a special form of link and lever mechanism 19, hereinafter described. The oscillatable .shaft v14 is provided at its lower end with an adjustable friction plate mechanism 2O for holding the door at any predetermined open position.

The various parts of the structure will now be described in further detail.

The shaft 14 is mounted at its upper end in a bearing piece 21 which is removably fixed to vthehousing 10 by screws 22. The lower end of the shaft 14 restsupona bearing at 23, which comprises a cylindrical post 24 extending up from the base'of the housing and provided at its upper end with an anti-friction device, such as a .ball `25 upon which the weight of the shaft and the attached door rest.

The shaft 14 is provided-with a crank'arm 26 -to which isattached a curved. link' 28 by a. pivoting screw 27i, as shown vin Fig. 4. A bell crank 29 ispivotallyfmountedupon a p'ost'30 at one side fof-'the housingl 10 and is =p1ovidedewith a short curved arm 31 Vfor connection with the piston 17 through the medium ofa piston. rod'32, whichfis pivoted to the arm 31by'ascre'w- 33. The bell crank 29 isialso providedl with a longer curved arm 34 attached to the` link 28 by a pivoting screw 35. The piston rod 3231nay be pivoted to the piston 17, by a'pin 36. rEhe piston rod 32. may preferably be formed in the double curve shape asillustratedi which at all ftimes insures al wide clearance 'with the post30and` the variousiparts of the-dash.- pot cylinder..` The fact 'that the two ends of the piston'rodv may thusbe made alike greatly facilitates the rapid manufacture oithisfpart as well as the rapid: assembly. of this portion of the door closer.

The dash-pot: cylinder '16 maybe provided atl itsv sides `with, transverse slots as `at 37 and 38, which are engaged by corresponding lugs 39# and 40, respectively, formed. upon the housing 10, as appears in Fig.' 4i. After thet'dash-pot cylinder 'has beenkplaced in position4 in reference tofthese lugs,git maybe retained in this positionbyv screws 41 and-42,

which .pass :respectively through lugsl 43V and 414, formed upon. the'dash-pot cylinder and then extendl into 1threaded openings `in the lugs: 39and- 40. The; above described struc'- ture serves asa convenient means for se curely. but removably fixing the dash-pot cylinder within the housing 1'0. Suchl a structurefurther 'enablesL the cylinder and housing -tobe constructed 'as-separate units thus permit-ting'fa very accurate finishing of their various working parts.

rlhe door closing spring 18 is shown: in the formofa spiral compression spring exert- 111g pressure between lthe .piston 1,7 and a cylinder cap 45, which sthreaded upon the cylinder T16. The spring 18 may 'prefer ablybe 'formed fromv spring rod having a.

rectangular cross section, as illustratedthus permitting .the adjacent."turnsA to be compressed very closely together. fihis-cles-gn accordingly results in a more eficient use of the available space in the dash-pot cylinder than would a spring formed of spring rod of circular cross section. The tension within the spring 18 may be rconveniently adjusted by turning the cylinder cap 45 onto oroii from the cylinder 16, the cap being .provided with wrench openings -46.acces sible through anv opening 4.7L formed in the cover member 13. A central openingv 48 is formed 'in the cap member 45 to permit the free movement therethrough of the piston rod 32.

During the operation of the device, the housing 10 is adapted to `be iilled with a suitable fluid, such as oil', and' as'the-door is opened and closed the cylinder 16becomes successively filled with and emptied'l of the fluid. Asthe door is-opened, the piston `17 will be drawn to the right in Fig. 3 and. the liquid will be permitted toflow. past the piston through a balli check valve `at 49, 'thus iilling the dash-pot cylinder. 1f the door is then released, the spring '18 will tend to move the piston tothe left in. Fig. 3, thus tending to close the door.

The speed with which the door is permitted to close will be determined by the rate at which the liquid is permitted to flow out of the dash-pot cylinder through a valve mechanism 50, shown iny Figs. 3, 7 and 8; rlihe particular valve mechanism-y here shown isofv a typesuchthat the door'may be adjusted tovpartly close at'one speed and to complete its closing movementnat` another speed since a double closing-movement ofthis character is highly desirable Ain many instances, asis well known inthe art.


wall ofthe cylinder 16v is provided-with a pair of' transverse openings 51 and 52; in which valve members 53 andi 54 are rotatiably positioned. A passageway '55 connects-the openings 51 and 52. Any outlet 56 fromfthe opening. 52 extends toa peripheral groove or enlargedi'bore 56 at the end of the dash-pot cylinder a-nd thus serves as a discharge opening for Vthe' fluid to-.pass from the front to therear of the pistonl as the doorbecomes closed.

Valve `outlets corresponding to vthat as shown at 56 have heretofore commonly been made to open out to a point upon or above the surface or the iiuid within the door check housing. The fluid escaping fromv such an opening lhas been found? to cause an 'excessivev churning of theI fluid: within the container Yandl thev resultingv` powerful; currents of i'luid soon Ytear away the packe ing glands of the housing. Y In. order to avoid this unsatisfactory design, 'I have located the outlet 56 in` ay position such that the discharge of fluid" at allv times will be well beneath the normal surface'o/the'luid within the housing. When 4the supply of fluid Within thehousing is'sutlicient.y to prop erly fill the dash-pot cylinder, the supply is consequently also sufficient to cover all parts of the peripheral groove 56 thus insuring the submergence of the outlet 56.

The valve members 53 and 54 are formed with cut-out portions as at 57 at their lower ends, and may be adjusted by turning these cut-out portions into the desired relationship with the passageway and the outlet 56. The valve members 53 and 54 extend upwardly7 through the cover 13 to the eX- terior of the housing 1() where they may be provided with screw slots as at 58 for receiving a screw driver' or similar tool to permit making of t-he desired angular adjustments thereto by turning. The valve members 53 and 54 may furthermore be formed with disc shaped flanges 59 and 60 respectively, which bear between packing glands as at 61 and 62, thus rendering the cover 13 substantially liquid tight at the points where the valve members pass therethrough.

In adjusting the valve members 53 and 54, if a rapid initial closing movement of the door is desired then the opening at the rvalve 54 should be adjusted to cause as little restriction as possible to the flow of fluid past this point. If it is desired to make the final closing movement comparatively slow then the valve 53 should be adjusted to restrict the flow of fluid past this valve. Converselyif itis desired to make the initial closing movement slow then the opening from the valve 54 to the outlet 56 should be made comparatively small, thus restrictii'igthe flow of fluid through the outlet 56. lf it is desired then to have the fina-l closing movement more rapid, the openings at the valve 53 and from the valve 54 to the interior of the cylinder 16 should be adjusted to offer-less restriction to the How of the fluid.

As is indicated in Fig. 5, the link mechanism 19 offers a very compact and comparatively simple means of connecting the dashpot piston with the oscillatable sha-ft 14. The various parts of this mechanism are so `formed and are of the proper proportions to permit the door to be lopened through an angle of 180 degrees and at the same time the piston rod 32 will-be drawn out very closely in direct line with the line of travel of the piston 17, thus permitting the piston 17 and the spring 18 to effectively `fulfill their functions throughout the entire movement of the door. In other words, the particular position and angle at which the bell crank arm 31 is located, together with its curved shape allows the piston rod to be drawn out nearly in a straight line thereby enabling the dash-pot to check the movement of the door during its entire travel with practically the same efficiency as does the well known rack and pinion mechanism as used in door checks. The structure as shown and as' above described, however, being essentially composed of a system of pivoted levers and links is much more durable and easily assembled and is more susceptible to quantity production than the rack and pinion type of mechanism.

A further important advantage of the link mechanism 19 as herein illustrated resides in the fact that as the door is opened the leverage against the eliort of the spring` 18 is increased sufliciently to overcome the increasing spring tension as the spring becomes more and more c-on'ipressed. The effective length of the arm 34 of the bell crank which is connected with the crank arm 26 increases as the door is opened and at the same time the effective lever arm of the crank arm 26 decreases practically continually as the door is rotated from its closed position to an open position, through an angle of substantially 180 degrees. The link mechanism as shown is in fact sufficient to more than compensate for the increased spring tension and thus permits the door to be opened by a gradually decreasing pull exerted at its outer edge.

The friction plate mechanism at 29 for retaining the door in its open positions will now be described in detail.

The oscillatable shaft 14 may be provided at its lower end with two threaded portions 63 and 64, which may be provided respectively with right and left hand threads for receiving friction discs 65 and 66. The disc 66 after having been properly adjusted in place on the shaft 14 is held against further rotary movement by a lug 6T extending up from the bottom 'of the housing 1U. The disc 66 may be provided at its periphery with gear teeth 68, as. shown, for meshing with a pinion 69. The pinion 69 serves the double purpose of providing a means for rotarily adjusting the disc 65 and of retaining this disc in the desired adjusted position. The pinion 69 may be mounted upon a shaft 70 bearing within a lug 71 extending up from the base of the housing 10. The shaft 7 O may furthermore extend upwardlv through a stuffing box 71 and through the cover 13 to the exterior of the-housing where it may be provided with a screw slot .for effecting its proper adjustment by turning.

lli/*hen adjusting the friction disc mechanism to retain the door at a predetermined open position, it is merely necessary to open the door to the desired position and then rotate the shaft 70 with the attached pinion 69, which results in the turning of the disc 65. This disc should be turned until its lower face 72 firmly contacts with the upper face 73 of the disc 66. The frictional resistance between the surfaces T2 and 73 will then serve to retain the door in the desired open position. The door may be readily closed by a slight thrust suiiicient to overcome this resistance. After' the disc 65 has been rotated to the desired adjustment, the pinion 69 will serve to retain it in this position since the friction of the shaft 70 within its bearings is sufficient to prevent any unintended rota'- tion of the shaft. Accordingly, since the two discs 65 and 66 become fixed against rotation in vthe manner describedl and are threaded upon the shaft 14 by right and left hand threads respectively, when the shaft 14 is turned by opening the door the discs will longitudinally move toward each other upon the shaft and if the door is opened sufficiently the discs will come into frictional engagement preventing further opening of the door and also retaining the door in the open position.

A finishing plate 74 composed ofI brass or similar metal of desirable appearance can be placed over the cover 13.

1t will be noted that the shaft 14 with the attached. crank arm 26 and the hinge l5 are so arranged that the housing 10 may be coinpletely installed in the floor in the proper position. Then the door may be fitted to its opening and without removing the door, the hinges may be bolted in placev without further cutting or adjustments to the door. Such an arrangement of the structure permits the use of a very accurate and rapid method for installing the door closer and for hanging the door.

While l have shown and described one specific embodiment of the structure comprising my invention, it is to be understood that do not desire to limit myself to this particular construction since many changes and modifications may be made therein without departure from the scope of the following claims.

Having thus described my invention, what l claim as new and desire-to secure by Letters Patent in the United States, is

1. A door check construction comprising a shaft on which the door is mounted, mechanism for checking the movement of the'door. connections between the shaft and said mechanism, and friction means for holding the door in open position comprising a friction plate having a threaded engagement with said shaft, and provided with means to prevent it from rotating with said shaft, whereby as the shaft is oscillated, the friction plate will be moved longitudinally of the shaft.

2. A door check construction comprising an oscillatable'shaft onwhich the door is mounted,'mechanism for checking the closing movement of the door, connections between said mechanismy and said shaft, and friction means for holding the door in open position, comprising a friction plate having a threaded engagement with said shaft, andineans for holdin-g said friction plate from rotating with saidl shaft and for adjusting said friction plate rotarily about the axis of said shaft, whereby when saidshaft is oscillated said friction plate will be moved longitudinally of the shaft, and whereby Vsaid plate may be adjusted to hold th-edoor in different open positions.

3. A .door check construction comprisingan oscillatable shaft on which the dooi is mounted, mechanism for checking the movements of the door, connections betweensaid mechanism and said shaft, and-means for holding the door in different openv positions comprising a friction plate having ya thread-ed engagement with said shaft and )rovidedv with a O'ear ortion and a inion meshing with said gear portion.

4. A door check construction, comprising an oscillatable shaft on which the door is mounted, mechanism'for checking themovements of the door, connectionsv between said mechanism and said shaft, and means for holding the door in open positiony compris ing a pair of friction plates, one of said friction plates'having a rightshand threaded engagement with said oscillatable' shaft, and

the other plate having a left-hand threaded one of said friction plate-s having a right-y hand threaded enga-gement with said shaft, and the other having a left-hand threaded engagement with said shaft, means for preventing said plates from turning with said shaft, and for adjusting one of'said plates rotarily with respect to said shaft.`

In witnesswhereof, have hereunto subscribed my name.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2971212 *Oct 17, 1956Feb 14, 1961Ver Baubeschlag Gretsch CoDoor closing apparatus
US3576046 *Jan 9, 1969Apr 27, 1971RixonDoor control means
US3760455 *Jun 3, 1970Sep 25, 1973Ver Appliquees Soc EtDoor check
US7971316Apr 24, 2008Jul 5, 2011Yale Security Inc.Door closer assembly
US8011064Nov 25, 2008Sep 6, 2011Whirlpool CorporationRefrigerator hinge cover
US8109038Feb 3, 2009Feb 7, 2012Yale Security Inc.Door operator
US8415902Apr 16, 2010Apr 9, 2013Yale Security Inc.Door closer with calibration mode
US8499495Dec 30, 2011Aug 6, 2013Yale Security Inc.Door operator
US8527101Apr 16, 2010Sep 3, 2013Yale Security Inc.Door closer assembly
US8547046Apr 16, 2010Oct 1, 2013Yale Security Inc.Door closer with self-powered control unit
US8564235Apr 16, 2010Oct 22, 2013Yale Security Inc.Self-adjusting door closer
US8600567Mar 25, 2011Dec 3, 2013Yale Security Inc.Door closer assembly
US8773237Apr 16, 2010Jul 8, 2014Yale Security Inc.Door closer with teach mode
US8779713Apr 16, 2010Jul 15, 2014Yale Security Inc.Door closer with dynamically adjustable latch region parameters
US9163446Mar 17, 2010Oct 20, 2015Yale Security Inc.Door control apparatus
US20060021189 *Jul 30, 2004Feb 2, 2006Johnson Loring MDoor closer
US20090093913 *Apr 24, 2008Apr 9, 2009Copeland Ii David JamesDoor closer assembly
US20100125970 *Nov 25, 2008May 27, 2010Whirlpool CorporationRefrigerator hinge cover
US20110231023 *Sep 22, 2011Yale Security Inc.Door closer assembly
DE1041834B *Oct 18, 1955Oct 23, 1958Ver Baubeschlag Gretsch CoSchliesser fuer einseitig aufgehende Fluegel von Tueren
U.S. Classification16/52, 16/DIG.900, 16/55
International ClassificationE05F3/10
Cooperative ClassificationE05F3/106, Y10S16/09
European ClassificationE05F3/10D