|Publication number||US1524146 A|
|Publication date||Jan 27, 1925|
|Filing date||Apr 30, 1923|
|Priority date||Apr 30, 1923|
|Publication number||US 1524146 A, US 1524146A, US-A-1524146, US1524146 A, US1524146A|
|Original Assignee||Murray Richard|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (19), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jdn, 27. 1 925.
'- R. MURRAY WALL CONSTRUCTION FOR BUILDINGS Fi le d April so, 1925 (l wwewcoz Wickarfl Murray 8513 his Patented 27, 1925.
nrcnaan mUnmY, or iwnw Yoax, N, Y.
WALL CONSTRUCTION BUILDINGS.
Application filed April so, 1923. Serial No. 685,486.
To all whom it may concern:
. Be it known thatI, RICHARD MURRAY, a
citizen of the United States, and residing at New York, in the county ofNew York and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful 'Im rovements in Wall Con:
st-ructionsfor Bui dings, of which the fol--- lowing is a specification, such as will enable thoseskilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates" to wall constructions for buildings and particularly to the use of improved building bricks or blocks in the construction of the walls of a building; and the object of the invention is to provide an improved building wall construction, and bricks for constructing such wall, whereby a plurality of vertical chambers or compartments may be formed in the walls of a building; a further object being to provide means whereby predetermined chambers of compartments formed in the wall may function for oses, for exa le as imneys, as means or permitting t e passage of wires ,cables or conduits through the wall, in the wiring of a building and further for the purpose of ventilating the walls of a building or for any other purpose of this class, and with these and other objects in view, the invention consists in anim roved wall construction of the class and or the purpose specified, which is constructed as hereinafter described and claimed. 7
The invention is fully disclosed in the following specification of which the accompanying drawing forms a part,in which invention, With the separate parts of my improvement are designated by suitable reference characters in each of the views,a1id in which Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a part of a wall construction made according to my parts of the wall broken away and in section, and diagrammatically illustratin -difierent methods of carrying my invention into effect.
Fig. 2 is a partial section on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1; and, I
Figs. 3, 4' and 5 are perspective detail views of difierent forms of blocks which I may employ.
'In carrying my invention into efiect and in the construction of a building wall of the class under consideration, I employ a predetermined number of building bricks or locks 10, the greater number of .said
predetermined purc the bores 12.
blocks employed being of the general form shown in Fig. 2 and being of any desired dimensions and proportionately said blocks being one foot high, one foot deep; and two foot long, and these blocks are provided at equally spaced intervals with vertical bores or passages 11, and in predetermined blocks one or more passages 12 may be formed therein, said passages opening into one or more of the bores 11 and outwardlythrough one side face of the blocks.
The blocks are placed one upon another and end to end in the same manner as the placement of usual building bricks. That is to say, the bricks placed upon one tier extend half-way over the bricks of the lower tier, and in this operation, the bores 11 of the separate bricks .or blocks are kept in common vertical alinement to form shafts or passages through the wall.
In constructing the wall or walls of a building, I may also employ bricks or blocks 13 shown in Fig. 3 of the drawing. These blocks are in the form of cubes, and
"if the blocks 10 be one foot high and one foot deep, the blocks 13 will be a foot cube. The bricks or blocks 13 are provided cen trally thereof with vertical bores 14 and predetermined bricks or blocks of this class may be provided with bores 15 similar to In-Fig. 5 of the drawing, I have shown another form of building brick or block 16.
which is substantially the same as the brick or block 10 shownin Fig.4 but is three feet long instead of two feet long, and is provided with three equally spaced bores 17 and with one or more bores 18, similar to the bores 15, and in the construction of the wall as diagrammatically illustrated in Fi 1, it will. be noted that one or more of eac of the blocks 10, 13 and 16 are shown.
It will be understood that the bricks or blocks 10, 13 and 16 are placed one upon another and end to' end to form throughout the entire wall, equally spaced vertical shafts or passages, and the majority of these passages will serve as chambers for ventiating the wall or walls of a building or for forming air spaces therein. I also preferably employ on the top of the walls, bricks or blocks 19 in'the form ofv copings, which form a finished facing for the wall or walls or the top bricks thereof provided with the bores therein. In the construction shown,-the copings 19 are made hollow the top 0 manner.
by chambers 20 extending longitudinally therethrough and opening through the bottom and ends thereof and at a predetermined point, I provide a specially constructed brick or block 21 having a longitudinal bore or passage 22 therethrough, which is adapted to register with the chambers 20 in the copings l9. Centrally of the block 21 is a vertical passage 23 which coinmunicates with the passa e 22, and the block 21 forms a ventilator block to provide an outlet for the air or ventilatingp'assages of the wall or walls of a building, andif desired any number of the blocks 21 maybe employed. The blocks 21 are also protected by closure plates 24 of stone or other material which are spaced above the top face of the block 21 by projections 25at the corner ortions of the block 21 or bricks mounte on said corner portions. The block 21 will prevent rain, snow and the like from enterin the passage 23 as will be apparent, an it Wlll be understood that othermeans than the plate 24. may be employed for accomplishing this result, if desired.
One or more of the shafts or passages of the wall or walls of a building may constitute a chimney passage 26, as diagrammatically illustrated in Fig. 1 of the drawin and this fpassage opens outwardly throug a chimney structure 27 formed at the top of the wall structure, and this chimney structure may be of the usual form and construction or constructed in any desired In the drawing I have shown a plate 28 mounted upon the top of the chimney and spaced therefrom by corner bricks or blocks. or their projecting members 29. One of the bricks 10 shown in Fig. 1 of the drawing which forms a art of the Ghimney shaft 26, is provided with one of the passages 12into which a flue pipe or the like 30 may be passed to direct the products of combustion from a stove, furnace or the like, upwardly through the'passage 26, and it will be understood that. the. brick 10 above referred to may be located at any desired or definite point in the building in which the chimney structure is formed.
The vertical shafts or passages formed in the wall or walls of a building mayalsoserve for many dther urposes; as for example, electric wires, ca les'or conduits may enter one of these shafts through an aperture or passage 12 or through one of the passages 15 and 18 as the case may be, and extend upwardly through a shaft such as indicated at 31 1n Fig. 1 of the drawing, and a plug-box, unction box, electric fixture or the like 32 may be mounted in thawall or in one of the passages 12, 15 and 18, and the electric wires or the wlres of a cable or conduit connected therewith, thus producing a very simple and yet very eflicient method of wiring a building. and as above stated, these shifts may be used for other purposes.
It will be understood that all but few of the bricks or blocks employed in the wall or walls of a building, will be plain on their inner and outer faces and only predetermined bricks or blocks will be provided with the apertures or passages 12, 15 and 18, and while I have shown certain details of construction for carr ing my invention into effect. andxhave' ascribed for illustrative purposes, certain combinations to the bricks or blocks employed, that I am not necessarily limited in these respects, and various changes in and modifications of the construction herein shown and described may be made within the scope-of the appended claims without departing from the spirit of my invention or sacrificing its advantages.
It will be understood that while I have shown but one of. the passages 12, 15 and 18 in the separate blocks 10, 13 and 16 and as opening -outwardly through one side face only of said blocks, that these passa es may open through both side faces of the lock if desired. It will also be understood that any suitable reinforcing or structural material may be employed in connection with the building bricks or blocks in the construction of the walls of a building in the usual manner. and especially in constructing buildings of morethan one-story and the floorin and roofing of the building may be mountead and constructed in the usual orany desired manner, and as the above described forms no part of my invention, it has not been shown in the accompanying drawing, the distinctive feature of my invention residing in the wall structure proper and the formation of the shafts or passages therein.
Having fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is 4 1. A building wall construction of the class described constructed from bricks or blocks having bores therein to form in the wallof a building, spaced vertical shafts or pass s, said shafts or passages forming air cham rs opening outwardly through the top of the wall structure, copings substantially U-shaped in form in cross section with" the channels thereof directed. downwardly to provide intercommunicating chambers therein with which said shafts or passages communicate.-
.mounted upon the top of the wall structure 2. A building wall construction of the class described constructed from bricks or blocks having bores therein to form in the wall of a building. spaced vertical shafts or passages, said shafts or passages forming air chambers o ning outwardly throu hthe top of the wal structure, copings su stantially U-shape'd in form in cross section munication with the chambers of said copm s.
n testimony that I claim the foregoing 19 as my invention I have signed my name this 27th day of April, 1923.
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|U.S. Classification||52/302.4, 52/300, 174/481, 52/218, D25/117, 52/607|
|International Classification||E04B2/02, E04B2/14|
|Cooperative Classification||E04B2/14, E04B2002/0295|