US 1525051 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 3, 1925. 1,525,051
J. N. SMITH SAFETY BARRETTE Filed Aug. 29, 1924 ATTORNEY Patented Feb. 3, 1925.
ITED STATES JULIA N. SMITH, or WHEA'JJON, ILLINOIS.
Application filed August 29, 1924. Serial No. 734,898.
7'0 7! whomit may concern:
Be it known that I, JULIA N. SMITH, a citizen of the United States, residing at Wheaton, in the county of Dupage and State of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Safety Barrette, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to articles used by ladies for dressing the hair and particularly to that class known as barrettes.
The object is to provide a device of this class to be used in connection with an ornamental comb commonly used at the back of the head and known as a Spanish comb, the said device having means for engagement with the teeth of the comb so as to prevent the latter from accidently fallingout of the hair.
Another object is to provide a barrette which may be easily applied in position at the back of the head with the ornamental. part thereof exposed to view, the holding or clamping means being readily inserted through the strands of the hair to engage with the teeth of the comb, to clamp the latter and to clamp the hair without disturbing the position of either, and leaving the ornamental portions of both the comb and the barrette uncovered to enhance the appearance of the hair; the said device fur-' ther serving to retain in position on the outermost teeth of the comb, switches or braids or other artificial hair which may be wrapped about the head or otherwise draped or arranged to further add tothe attractive ness of the coiifure.
A full and complete understanding of the invention may be obtained from a consideration of the following detailed description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawing forming a part of this specification; it being understood that while the drawing shows a practical form of the invention, the latter is not to be confined to strict conformity with the showing thereof, but may be changed or modified, so long as such changes or modifications mark no material departure from the salient features of the invention, as specifically pointed out in the appended claims.
In the drawing, in which similar reference characters designate corresponding parts throughout the several figures:
Figure 1 is an elevation of an ornamental comb for the back hair having opposite switches or braids attached to the teeth thereof and the improved barrette clamped thereon as when in applied position.
Figure 2 is a horizontal section through the teeth of the comb and showing the man ner of clamping the barrette to the same.
Figure 3 is a detail perspective view of the barrette removed from the comb.
The present improvements are designed to be used in connection with full suits of hair, or on bobbed heads where the hair has been cut off to a greater or lesser degree and the person is desirous of fastening artificial hair in the form of switches, braids, rats, transformations, etc., etc., to give the appearance of a full suit of hair, or to ornament the head and to beautify the coiffure.
The invention is designed to be used in connection with the well-known form of hair comb 1, known as a Spanish comb and adapted to be inserted in the hair at the back of the head. The elongated teeth 2 of the comb may be inserted into the hair, whether the latter is long or short and, by means of the improved barrette, may be securely held therein withoutdanger of accidently falling out.
The barrette consists of an elongated body member 3 which may be formed of any desirable material, such as gold or silver for the more expensive grades or of some baser metal suitably plated or washed, or the said body member may be formed of other material such as horn, tortoise-shell, hone, ivory or celluloid, and in either event is capable of great variety in size, shape, design and in the manner of embellishing or ornamenting the same.
The body member 3 is U-shaped' in cross section and is preferably curved throughout its length, as clearly shown in Figure 2 of the drawing. The upper and lower walls defined by such U-shaped formation are pro vided with arcuate recesses or seats 4 in aline-ment with each other transversely of the body member, said seats extending throughout the major portion of the length of said walls and adapted to receive the teeth 2 of the comb 1.
At one end of the body member, the Walls are formed into spaced alined eyes 5 for the reception of a pivot pin 6, upon which is swivelled one end of a clamping bar or pin 7, which has a terminal eye or loop for this purpose. The clamping bar or pin is normally curved to conform to the shape of the body member, and the free end 8 of the same is pointed for facilitating its passage through the hair, and is adapted to be engaged in the hook or keeper 9 formed at the opposite terminal of one of the said walls, the other wall being cut away, as shown at 10, in order to allow the said point to enter the hook or keeper. The pointed end 8 of the bar or pin 7 extends somewhat beyond the keeper 9, so that it may be engaged by the finger nail to free the same from the keeper when it is desired to remove the bar rette from the comb. v
The comb is intended to be placed in the hair in the same manner as heretofore, with the upper, ornamental portion thereof exposed and the pointed ends of the teeth hidden in the, hair, when the pointed end 8 of the clamping bar of the barrette which is now open, is inserted beneath the hair and passed through the same and behind the teeth of the comb, the ornamental body member thereof lying entirely on the outside of the hair, when the free end of the clamping bar or pin may be engaged by the finger or nail and placed within the keeper 9, thereby clamping the strands of hair thus engaged and also securely fastening the barrette tot-he teeth of the comb. The comb and the barrette may thus be fastened to either long or short hair and add greatly to the appearance of the same.
VVhe-n it is desired to add to the bulk of hair on the wearers head, a pair of switches 11, having their ends formed into loops or eyes 12 are secured to the comb 1 by passing the outermost teeth of the latter through said eyes 12 before the comb is applied to the hair, the latter is then inserted in the hair, as before, and the barrette applied, when the said switches may then be passed around the head in the desired manner and secured at their free ends by an ordinary hair pin. The switches may be curled, waved, braided or otherwise formed or treated, and the same arranged on the head in a great variety of ways to suit the individual.
From the foregoing it will be seen that a simple means has been provided for securing ornamental combs in the hair, whet-her the same isshort or long, and that neither the comb nor the barrette may become accidently loosened, the combination of the two members affording excellent anchoring or supporting means for additional switches, braids or the like to increase the amount of hair on the wearers head and to permit the same to be artistically arranged.
lVhat is claimed is: V
1. In combination with a hair comb having a plurality of spaced teeth, a barrette having a length greater than the width of the teeth and provided with recesses on the inner side thereof, one for each tooth of the comb, and a clamping means extending across the outside of tl e teeth to clamp the same in the said recesses. V v
2. In combination with a hair comb having a plurality of spaced teeth, a barrette having a length greater than the width of the teeth and provided with a recess on the rear side thereof for each of said teeth, a clamping pin pivoted at one end of the barrette and adapted to engage a. hook at the other end and to extend acrossthe teeth and clamp the same in the said recesses. 3. A barrette adapted to be used in connection with a hair comb, said barre-t te being U-shaped in cross section with the spaced edges each provided with a series of recesses or sea-ts adapted to receive the teeth of the comb, a resilient pin pivoted at one end to one end of the barrette, and an open hook formed at the other end of the latter and adapted to engage the free end of the pin to clamp against the rear sides of the. teeth and hold the comb in the hair of the wearer, with the outer, ornamental side of the barrette exposed to view.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own, I have hereto affixed my signaturc.
Mas. JULIA. N. SMITH.