US 1525260 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 3, 1925.
- 1,525,260 P. A. H. ANDERSON SASH CONSTRUCTION Filed Feb. 27. 1923;
Patented Feb. 3, 1925.
was A- ANPEBSQN,
imm s L-Isms Application filed Febr uary 27, 1923. Serial No. 621 595 To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, PER A. H. AN ERSON,
a citizen off-the United States; residing at] 1 Q v 1. Improvements 1n Sash Constructions, of,
which the following is a full,clear, concise,
and-exact description, reference being bad to the accompanying drawing, forming a part of this specification.
'My invention relates to sash construction andniore particularly to the asseii bly'ofa window front wherein glass? retained in position by sash members, 'which areso'ar ranged that waterwill' drain"therefro1'n to the front of the sill member.
i It i's common' in' theconstructionof window fronts to provide'the sash'ineinbers, if they are made of wood, with sheet metal coverings in order to protectthem against rotting as the result ofbeooining"wet." It
is desirable toobt ain a permanent or lasting construction, and particularly one which admits of ad u'stment during 'its assembly,
' in'o rder that the positions of the glass en gagingsurfaces maybe varied to compensate for variations in the size of theparts, or theparts on which they are mounted; Heretofore, diflijculty was encountered in properly aranging for a drain which wouldf dispose of the water without causing the sash or sill members to become vagina in time rot or decay; Various means, of which those skilled in the art are well aware, have ee'n provided, such for example asp ipes leading from the inner to the outer sash member, which often re uired changing the design of the" sill member to thee'Xtent of making it complicatednnd expensiv to produce. i
An object of my invention, therefore, is to provide, in the above type of construe tion, an improved;arrangement whereby the water may drain fronibe'tween the sash and sill members without coming in contact with the exposed wooden surfaces thereof, but instead may flow over those portions only which are covered with sheet metal.
A further object of my invention is to so construct these members thatsulficient adjustment maybe had during their assembly,
to compensate for variations in the sizeof the parts'constituting the" mounting for the window front, or in the size of the'sasli members themselves, Without destroying the water drain provided by thesheet 'in'etal coverings.
A still further object is to provide an improved form ofdrain for the water and water of condensation flowing down the interior or exterior surfaces of the glass, and between the glass and the sash members from "where it is then permitted to flow along the sill memberjunde'r the outer sash member, and to the exterior through suitable oae'nings in'a's'ill eng ging edgeon the outer sash member, 7
Another object is to provide a sash construction which is exceedingly simple and inexpensive to manufacture,and which is of a permanent character, in' that the wooden parts are protected against rotting, and therefore, more durable and efficient.
In order 'to apprise those skilled iiithe art how to construct and practise my'inventio'n;
I shall now describe a preferred embodi ment thereof, taken'in connection with the accompanying drawings which form a part hereof;
In which Figure 1 is a fragmentary perspective view ofa corner of a windowfr'ontembodying my invention;
Fig.2 isa transverse sectional view taken throngh' the sill and-sash members;
Fig. 3 is a perspective view'of a portion of the sheet metal covering for the sill mem- H c c.
Fig. 4 is a view of the inner sash member illustrating the gutter formed directly above the glass engagingprojeetion and the depressions in this projection to permit drainage of water from the interior of the window; and,
Fig. 5Vis a similar View of the outer sash member, illustrating'tlie under side thereof and the metal covered engaging edge, in which openings are provided at intervals to allow the water to 'drain outwardly from all member and two sash members for clamping the glass in position. These sash members preferably comprise wooden cores having sheet metal coverings thereover to protect the wooden cores against the deteriorating elfects of water. The inner sash member is provided with a gutter adjacent to the inner surface of the glass, which gutter drains through openings also formed in this sash member, so that the drain water will drip upon the upper face of the sill member where it is allowed to flow to the exterior thereof, by flowing under the outer sash member. As will be later seen, the mounting of the outer sash member upon the sill member, which permits the drain water to flow thereunder and then to the exterior of the sill member without coming in contact with the wooden core of this outer sash member to cause decay or rotting thereof, is novel and distinguishes in many respects from the prior art structures.
In the embodiment of my invention shown in the drawings, sill member 5 has mounted thereon a pair of sash members 3 and 1, between which glass 6 is adapted to be clamped.
t is to be observed that glass 6 may be of various thicknesses, depending upon its use or the requirements of the job, and hence, adjustment between the glass engaging surfaces on the sash members is essential, in order that the sash may be employed without any limitation being placed thereon as to the thickness of the glass to be used.
This adjustment is accomplished by means of a recess 7, formed in the lower portion of the inner sash member 4, which recess is adapted to receive an upwardly turned lip 8 constituting one of the edges of a metal plate 9 employed to protect the sill member 5. In forming the recess 7, a projection 10 is provided to engage, in slidable relation, the upper surface of the metal plate 9, so that in moving the sash member 41 toward or away from the sash member 3, as the 00- casion may require, the positions of the glass engaging surfaces 11 and 12 may be varied as desired.
The wooden core 1 has drawn thereover a water or moisture protective covering 1 1, so that the wooden core will not rot or decay as the result of its surfaces becoming wet by water of condensation, which often forms onthe inner surfaces of glass, or by wash water. The protective covering l i is preferably of copper, and is securely held in position by its ends being turned inwardly to grip the sash member. A longitudinal groove 15 is cut in the outer vertical face of this core member. In forming the sheet metal about the core member, one end of the metal is turned inwardly and pressed against one of the sides of the groove 15. The opposite end of the metal is pressed about the projection 10 and has its edge abutting the upper face of recess 7. It will thus be seen that the projection 10 is covered by sheet metal,
and is thereby protected against the drain water dripping upon the metal plate 9, directly in front thereof, from between the glass and the engaging surfaces 11 and 12.
It Will be noted by referring to Fig. 2 that the upper surface of the sash member a is slightly inclined toward the glass (3. Adjacent to the glass, this surface has been re cessed to form a gutter 16, into which water of condensation and wash Water will run, and by means of openings 17 provided at spaced intervals along the glass engaging surface 11 this water may drain into the space directly below the glass, that is, the water may be permitted to flow or drip upon the metal plate 9 on the sill member 5 directly under the glass. The metal covered projection 10 causes the water flowing down openings 17 to drip upon plate 9 instead of flowing along the underside of ,sash member 1 and eventually reaching sill 5. The lip 8 serves to prevent water reaching the plate 9 from flowing off upon the sill 5, as well as prevent the edge 10 from disengaging the metal plate 9. Consequently, the water will tend to flow forwardly toward the outer sash member 3.
I shall now describe the mounting of this outer sash member 3 which allows the drain water to flow to the exterior or outside of the sill member. Mounted upon the metal plate 9 are a plurality of spacing members 18. These members 18 comprise apertured washers 19, secured to the metal plate 9 by punching holes in the latter and then swag ing the metal thereby extruded over the upper marginal edge of each aperture in the washers. The washers are preferably of soft metal, so that during the swaging operation the metal of the plate 9 is countersunk in the upper face of each of the washers in order to allow the sash member 3 to rest flatly thereon. By turning the metal of the plate 9 upwardly in the apertures of the washers 19, a water-tight joint is provided between the washers and the plate, and consequently, water is not permitted to leak between these members into the apertures, and thereby come in contact with the wooden sill member at these points.
Along the front side of the wooden core 3 of the outer sash member 3, a rib or projected engaging edge 21 is provided to rest upon the sill member. However, this engaging edge 21 is protected by a metal covering 2:2, preferably, but not necessarily, copper, as in the case of the metal covering 1 1 on the inner sash member. The metal covering 22 of shell like form is inexpensively and accurately applied to and made to conform to the surfaces of the wooden core 3, as well as in the case of the inner wooden core 1, by the action of drawing dies, which will: be readilyunderstood, the cores 3 and" 4 together with the copper coverings being passed through the dies. The metal covering 22 is turned over the core 3. adjacent the glass 6 so that the glass engaging. surface 12 then on the covering 22 wlll not decay or rot by contact with water. The covering 22 is then bent back at the lower end to lie against a sharp; pOintededge 23,- terminatingthereat and likewise providing a downwardly projecting sharp edge at this point to cause the water that may leak between the glass engaging surface 12 and the glass 6 to drip therefrom, and consequently, not run against and down the adjacent exposed side of the wooden core of the sash member In Fig, 5, I have. shown the outer sash member 3 tilted slightly to illustrate openings 25 formed in the engaging edge These openings are provided at intervals so that the water dripping upon the metal cover 9 from the edge 23 and through the openings 17, will be given passage to the exterior of the window front. Openings 1? and 25 are provided by cutting suitable notches in the wooden core a and the projection or rib 21 ofthe wooden core 3 before the metal is applied; But as soon as the metal isapplied and drawn over the cores 3 and a so as to conform to the surfaces of the same, it is pressed inwardly at these points by friction members engaging the metal in'such manner as to leave it in a finished appearance on the sides of the sash members exposed to view. I,
It is hei'e pointed out that the position of the openings in the sash m'embersis such as to hide them from View, this being par-- ticularly desirable in window front construetion, as these openings usually detract from the ornamental appearance and saleability thereof. Gutter 16 distinguishes;
;t'rom the devices now on the market by the fact that it is considerably depressed, with respect to the upper face of the inner sash member 4; and, it is by virtue of this considerable depression that openings 17 are somewhat concealed from View, to give the exposed portions of the inner sash membera much more desirable and pleasing appearance. Openings 25' are also l1'idde11 froh1 view to enhance the exterior appearance of the outer sash member 3, their disp 'osi tion further enhancing their utility by red; son of the fact that their edges are not so apt to be crushed or bent, while in use, to close up the openings. I
Both sash members are secured posi tion, with glass therebetween, by any suitable means. In Fig. 2, I havesh'own screws 27 and 28 passing through thesememb'ers and entering the sill member 5.; Screws" 27 are inserted at an angle and are adapted to pass through the apertures in the spacing members 18, so that water upon: the metal plate!) willn'otwork its way into the wooden sill' where these screws enter. In order to provide a water-tight lit between the screws and the sash members, tapered holes of a smaller diameter than the screws are drilled in the sash members before thescrew are inserted; These screws are first. dipped in paraffin, or some other similar substance, so that, when inserted, the paraffin. will be forced intothe wood, thereby serving as a preservative for the wood as well as a filling to in'crease. the fit between the screws and. tapered holes.
From the foregoing description, it will be observed that suitable adjustment may be obtained between-the sash and sill men ibers, inorder toaccoi'nmodiateglass of different thicknesses, without destroying the drain of the water along the metal covered surfaces. Go1 1sequently', the surfaces of the sash cores along which the water normally drains will be covered and thus the.,cores protected against decay. ands-0t. NVhen; the,water reaches the outside ledge 30 ofthe sill' mem r-' ber,,upon1 flowing through the openings 25 in the outer sash member, it will drain therefrom: by running over the edge and down the side of the ledge, where it will drip from a. pointed projection 31 formed by. turning the edge of the metal plate sharply up to form a knife-like projection and" then back to lie against the underside of the sill me'm b'ei-,,as;e1ear1y shownin Figs, 2' a d a.
lVithout' further elaboration, the foregoing will so fully explain the of my inventio'in that others may, by ap'plying current knowledge, readily adapt the same for use underlvaryi-ng conditions of service, with ut' eliminating certain featureswhich may properly be said to constitute the essential items of novelty involved, which items are intended to be delii'ied and secured to me the" following. claims.
I claim l lnfa' sashconstruction, asill liien' bei', having its surface exposedfto water ,co'i' 'erod by ema l plate, sash member also p'rovided with meta-1 covering for the surfa'ces'ex'pose'd to water, means for supportsaid sash member along its outer front sideon said metal sill plate, a plurality of apertured platespro'jecting from said metal sill plate for spacing'the rear side of the sash member from said plate, said metal sill plate having apertures aligning with the apertures ofsaid projecting plates, the
I extruded metal of said metal sill plate at said apertures being projected upy' ardly into the apertures of said p'roje plates and swaged to the outer marg n-1 edges thereof whe eby a" yater ti'ght joint is ob ta'in'ed beti een' saicl metal sillplate and said projecting apertur'ed plates. v v
2. In a sas'h' construction, a sill member l if) partly covered by sheet metal and having a sash member thereon, a rib along the front edge and on the underside of said sash member, a metal covering for said sash memher, said metal covering extending around said rib in order to prevent contact of the sash member with the sill member at this point, and spacing members for holding the rear side of said sash member out of contact with said sill member.
3. In a. sash construction, a. sash member and a metal covering for a portion of said member, said metal covering extending over said sash member at one side to form a glass engaging surface for the sash member, said metal covering locking against the under side of said sash member adjacent said glass engaging surface, said metal covering provided with a substantially downwardly projecting sharp edge for causing the water draining between the glass and said engaging surface to drip from said metal covering.
4L. In a sash construction, a sill member, a metal plate for protecting the surfaces of said sill member exposed to water, a sash member, a metal covered rib on the under side of said sash member, and projections on said metal plate disposed at the rear of said rib for supporting the inner portion of said sash member in raised relation upon said metal plate.
5. In a sash construction, a sill member, a metal plate for protecting the surfaces of said sill member exposed to water, a sash member, spaced projections on said metal plate upon which the rear of said sash member is mounted, said projections comprising apertured plates which are mounted upon said metal covering plate by punching holes in the latter and swaging the extruded metal against the outer marginal edge of the apertures in the plates.
(5. In a sash construction, a sill member, a metal plate for protecting the surfaces of said sill member exposed to water, a sash member, apertured projections on said metal plate for holding said sash member out of contact therewith, the apertures extending through said metal plate, and securing elements passing through said apertured projections for securing said sash member to said sill member, and means for fasten ing said projections to said plate member whereby a water tight connection is provided between these parts at a point where the apertures thereof meet,
'7. In a sash construction, a sill member, a metal plate for protecting the surfaces of said sill member exposed to water, a sash member, apertured projections on said metal plate for supporting the inner end only of said sash member, securing elements pass ing through said apertured projections for securing said sash member to said sill member, and means for fastening said projections on said plate whereby a water proof entrance is provided for said securing elements in said sill member.
8. In a sash construction, a sill member, a metal plate for protecting the surfaces of said sill member exposed to water, sash members having metal covered surfaces, a portion of said metal covered surfaces serving as glass engaging surfaces whereby these surfaces are entirely of metal, means for permitting water to drain between the glass engaging surface on one'of said sash members and the glass to a chamber below the glass, the other said sash member pro vided with apertures along its front side to permit the drain water to flow to the exterior of said sill member, one end of said metal plate extending in the direction of the first sash member to interconnect with an engaging edge thereof and thereby prohibit the flow of drain water off the metal plate at this end.
9. In a sash construction, a sill member, sash members mounted upon said sill member, a sheet metal covering for the outer edge of said sill member, a plurality of spacing elements between but separate from said sill member and the outer sash member, said outer sash member having an engaging edge resting upon said sill member, said engaging edge being disposed in front of said spacing elements, said spacing elements preventing said outer sash member from contacting with said sheet metal covering except along said engaging edge.
10. In a sash construction, a sill member, a pair of sash members having glass engaging surfaces for the glass inserted therebetween, sheet metal coverings for said sill and sash members, the sheet metal covering on said sill member extending inwardly to the inner sash member whereby the moisture draining between the glass and said sash members will drip upon this sheet metal covering, and means on but separate from said last sheet metal covering contacting only with the inner part of the outer sash member for supporting the same in raised relation to prevent the moisture from com ing in'contact therewith.
11. A sash construction comprising a sill member, a metal plate for protecting the surfaces of said sill member exposed to water, a sash member, spaced projections on but separate from said metal plate upon which said sash member is mounted, and a water-tight connection between said metal plate and said projections.
12. A sash construction comprising sash members having glass engaging surfaces thereon, one of said sash members being provided With a gutter of a considerable depression with respect to the upper face of the member and with openings in its glass engaging surface for draining said gutter,
the under side of one of said sash members, 10
said engaging rib having openings therein, said openings being hidden from View by an overhanging front edge on the sash member.
In Witness whereof I have hereunto sub- 15 scribed my name.
PER A. H. ANDERSON.