US 1525771 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 10, 1925. 1,525,771
A. FALCONER HAIR DRESSING SHIELD FiledM 15,194
Patented Feb. 10, 1925.
ALEXANDER FALCONER, O'F LARCHMON'I', NEW YORK.
Application filed May 15, 1924. Serial No. 713,536.
To all whom it may concern. Be it known that ALEXANDER FALCONEB, a citizen of the United States, residing at Larchmont, in the county ofWestchester and the State of New York, has invented certain new and useful Improvements in Hairdressing Shields, of which the following I is a specification.
My invention relates to toilet devices and particularly to improvements in protective shields for-use in hair dressing.
In cases where the hair is worn bobbed it difiicult to dress the hair Without infiict-' ing injury on the skin and flesh bordering the hair. This is particularly true in re- .gard to the operation of curling the hair when a heated iron or implement is used,
and which so frequently inflicts burns on the neck and other portions ofthe body adjacent the hair on the head. This is largely due to the fact that the shortness of the hairlimits the freedom of action with the curling iron which is possible in the case of long hair, when the curling iron can be applied to the hair at a safe distance from the skin. The curling iron must necessarily be applied to the hair Very close to the skin, and as a result the iron too fretedious and difficult tHSk quently comes into contact with the skin or in such close proximity thereto as to be uncomfortable. These things make the act of curling bobbed hair an extremely While in the case of long-hair which permits of the iron being used at a safe distance from the skin generally, yet it is sometimes desirous to apply the iron close to the skin when the same dangers and difliculties as in the case of bobbed hair are present. Againit is sometimes desirous to treat the hair with a fluid detrimental or injurious to the beauty of the skin. A
An important object of the present invention is to provide a device which willovercomethe foregoing objections by shielding the skin while curling or treating the hair.
I conveniently applied, adjusted and secured in position to snugly cover the portions of the skin adjacent the hair on the head during treatment or while dressing the hair.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent during the course of the following description, throughout which reference is made to the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification, and in which,
Figure 1, is a view showing the device applied for use;
-Figure 2, is. apla-n View of a device embodying the invention;
Figure 3, is a sectional view taken ap-: proximately on the line 38 of Fig. 2; and
Figure 4,, is a fragmentary view showing a modification.
Referring to the drawings, wherein for the purpose of illustration are shown the preferred embodiments of the invention, the numeral 5 indicates a collar-like body comprising two sections 6 and 7. Each of the said sections has a relatively narrow end 8, and a broader opposite end 9. The ends 8 fit under the chin of a person, and their upper edges 10 gradually incline upwardly to afford a snug fit under the jaw of the wearer. The upper edges of the ends 9 also incline upwardly to meet the edges 10, and thus form the projection 11 which is adapted to fit behind the ears of the wearer as shown in Fig. 1. The lower edges of the sections are slightly cut away at a point approximately in the center of each section to form the arches 12 which fit over the muscle extending from the neck to the shoulder for the purpose of comfort and to obtain a snug fit.
For the purpose of securing the device in position I have illustrated flexible tie members 13 secured to the ends 8 for engagement under the chin. A. similar tie member is secured to the end 9 of the sec tion 7, as designated by the numeral 14, and another tie member 15 is secured to the through which the member 14 is threaded before engagen'ient with the member 15 to tightly hold the ends 9 together in overlapped position. By this arrangement I attain a broad portion of double thickness at the back of the neck at which point it is most diflicult to successfully manipulate a hot curling iron without burning the skin.
By reference to Fig. 3 it will be observed that the preferred embodiment illustrated comprises a piece of heat resisting material 17, such as asbestos, or any other suitable substance or material, which is cut to the desired shape and then covered by some thin material 18, such as cloth. I have also illustrated a binding 19 secured around the edges of the cloth l8 and heat resist ing material 17 for the purposes of durability, appearance and comfort.
In 4: I have illustrated a modification inwliicli the projections 11 are of suflicient length and so inclined as to afford a covering for the entire ear and the exposed portion in back of the ear.
In placing the device in use the projections 11 are first placed at the proper points at the back of the ears, which causes the ends 9 to overlap at the back of the neck under the hair. This arrangement permits the same device beingused for different sized heads. The member 14L is threaded thru the loop 16 and then tied to the member 15. It is obvious that this tying can be done in any convenient position, and that once the proper adjustment to the size of the neck and head is obtained that the device can be left so adjusted for subsequent use. All that remains to be done is to tie the members 13 together to bring the ends 8 together and thus bringing the projections 11 and the rear ends 9 snugly and securely over the exposed portions of the neck and head bordering the hair. When the embodiment shown in Fig. 4: is used the operation is the same with the exception that instead of placing the projections behind the ears, the projections 11 are placed over the ears to obtain the proper size.
It is readily apparent that with my device in position one can manipulate a hot curling iron with the utmost confidence, and without fear of burning the skin bordering the hair. It is also apparent that the portion formed by the overlapping ends 9 affords a rest for the curling iron and thus greatly facilitates the use of the same. My device can be very tightly drawn to the skin so that it will afford a protection from fluids which may be, employed in dressing or treating the hair.
It is obvious that numerous slight changes and modifications can be resorted to and made without! departing from the spirit of the invention as disclosed in the foregoing description and drawings, or the scope of the appended claims. For instance there might be changes in the size, shape and material, and instead of making the device in two sections it might be stamped or cut from one piece, or more than two sections employed. Likewise the covering and binding can be omitted, and any material of sufficient thickness used to constitute the body. It is also within the spirit of the invention and scope of the claims to employ a sliding adjustment at the point where the ends 9 overlap, and to employ catches, hooks, snaps or other fastening means instead of the flexible tie members.
I claim as my invention:
1, A hair dressing shield comprising a body of heat resisting material to cover the portions of the head bordering the hair thereon.
2. A hair dressing shield comprising a flexible body of heat resisting material to be applied to the neck.
3. A hair dressing shield comprising a collar-like body shaped to conform with the portions of the head and neck bordering the hair on the head to cover said portions when applied to the neck.
4. A hair dressing shield comprising a collar-like body having relatively narrow ends to fit under the chin, projections extending upwardly adjacent the ears, and a relatively broad portion at the rear between said projections.
5. A hair dressing shield comprising a collar-like body formed of two sections, each section having a relatively narrow end to fit under the jaw and chin, a projection extending upwardly at a point distant from said narrow end, and a broader opposite end to besecured at the rear of the head.
6. A hair dressing shield comprising an adjustable collar-like body formed of two sections, each of said sections having overlapping ends at the rear of the head, projections at the side of the head, opposite ends inclined downwardly from said projections to fit under the jaw and chin, and means for securing said collar-like body in adjusted position.
'1'. A hair dressing shield comprising an adjustable collar-like body having upwardly extending projections thereon, and arches in its lower edge to be applied to the neck.
8. A hairdressing shield comprising a. body shaped substantially to the configuration of the neck and portions of the head bordering the hair, and adjustable to cover said parts when applied.
9. A hair dressing shield comprising a collar-like body formed of a plurality of sections. to be adjustably associated for application to the neck and head to cover the portions of the neck and head bordering the hair.
10. A hair dressing shield comprising a collar-like body formed of tWo sections, t'ion at the back of the head, and projections each section having a forward end to fit extending upwardly from said sections to under the chin, interengageable fastening cover the portions of the sides of the head 10 means secured to each of said forward adjacent the hair.
5 ends, a rear end to fit under the hair at the In testimony whereof I affix my signature.
back of the head, interengageable means for securing said rear ends in overlapped posi- ALEXANDER FALCONER.