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Publication numberUS1529305 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 10, 1925
Filing dateJun 5, 1924
Priority dateJun 5, 1924
Publication numberUS 1529305 A, US 1529305A, US-A-1529305, US1529305 A, US1529305A
InventorsGatke Thomas L
Original AssigneeGatke Thomas L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Golf club
US 1529305 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Margh 10, 1925. 1,529,305


GOLF CLUB Filed June 5. 1924 Patented Mar. 10, 1925.



Application filed June 5,

T 0 all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, THOMAS L. GATKE, a citizen of the United States, and resident of Chicago, county of Cook, and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Golf Clubs, of which the following is a specification, and which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, forming a part thereof.

This invention relates to golf, and has for its principal object to promote the perfection of the players stroke by showing errors or imperfections as they occur .in the different parts thereof. I

Further objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent as the disclosure proceeds, and the description is read in connection with the accompanying drawing illustrating selected embodiments of the invention, in which Figs. 1, 2 and 3 are perspective views of different" forms embodying the invention;

Figs. 4 and 5 are views of a player and a club, illustrating how errors in the stroke are shown in the use of the club;

Fig. 6 is a perspective view illustrating how the extent of the error may be indicated and the effect may-be preserved to permit the player to see for himself; and

Figs. 7, 8 and 9 are detail views i lIustrat ing a ratchet mechanism by which the result shown in Fig. 6 may be accomplished.

Referring to the drawings it will be seen that the club includes a head 10, and a grip 11, which may be of the usual or any suitable form or .construction. The shaft 12con-- necting the head at the grip may be, to a greater or less extent, also ofthe usual or any preferred form or construction. However, it differs from the ordinary shaft in being sufficiently flexible in the plane of the stroke to bend under an improper movement, while retaining suflicient rigidity in a plane transverse to the stroke to support the head in proper relation to the grip.

This is accomplished in the form shown in Fig. 1, by replacing an intermediate portion of the shaft with a spring 13, here shown as a fiat strip with its shortest dimension-lying in the plane of the stroke and its Y width lying" transverse to that plane. The

ends of the spring may be inserted in suitable slotsin the adjacent end portions of the shaft, and secured in place by pins or rivets 14 passing through the. ferrules 15, which enclose the end portions of the shaft.

1924 Serial No. 717,915.

Springs of this form can be made with a great variety of degrees of flexibility, so that in'this respect a club may be varied quite widely to meet the requirements of particular cases and the preferences of individuals, while at the same time the springs will be sufficiently rigid transverse to the stroke to prevent the head from droo ing, and also sufliciently resistant to torsional strains to prevent twisting.

Similar results may be obtained by reduc ing the intermediate portion '16 of the shaft, as shown in Fig. 2. to produce a thin section that may be readily flexed in the plane of the stroke, but will resist flexure transverse to that plane and also torsion.

An intermediate portion of the shaft may also be replaced by a spring hinge 17, with its pivotal axis 18 arranged transverse to the plane of the stroke so as to readily permit flexure in that plane and resist flexure transverse to that plane and torsion, as in the other cases.

These forms will serve to indicate the nature of the invention and the variety of ways in which it may be embodied to accomplish the objects set forth.

In some cases it will be found desirable to provide means for indicating the amount of flexure that takes place in the shaft, or to hold the shaft in its flexed condition, as shown in Fig. 6. This may be accomplished as illustrated in Figs. 7, 8 and9, by providing the upper portion of the shaft, that is, the portion above the point where the flexure is allowed, with a segment, or the like,

along which the spring or the lower portion of a shaft may move, and trace a record of the flexure that may be preservedin the form of a mark, or by engagement of ratchet teeth, or the like, to prevent straightening of the club until a study of the error is completed. There is a segment, 19 at each side of the shaft, having converging arms 20 terminating in a shank 21 lying along the end portion of the upper section of the shaft and secured thereto in any suitable manner.

The inner faces of the segments are equipped with ratchet teeth 22, 23, on opposite s1des of the middle, which teeth face in opposite directions, as best shown. in Fig. 9. For such an arrangement it is" obvious that upon flexure of the club the-spring 13, or other. portion of the shaft, moves freely over the adjacent faces of the segments'under the flexing force, but will be prevented from I assuming its normal position by engagement with the ratchet teeth, thus preserving the club in substantially the form it as 'sumes and thereby indicating the extent tude inthis respect.

Figs. 4 and 5 illustrate the indicated errors occurring in different parts of the stroke with a driver. In the back or upward swing the club should begin to gain speed when the swing isabout half made, or not much before that, and should gradually increase until the top of the stroke.

Too much speed at the beginning of theback swing, or a jerk at any point, spoils the stroke and renders an effective drive greatly improbable. In Fi 4 position A illustrates the flexure of the e ub that may be causedby starting too fast, or bya jerk, in the early art of the back swin that is, when'the iiead of the club woul with the ordinary shaft, be at B, regardless of the correctness or inc'orrectness of form, the head will actually trail behind in some suchposition as A when the club made according to this invention is being used. Thus, not only is the error indicated at the part of the stroke where it occurs, but the extent of the error is also shown, thereby enabling the player to determine the proper correction both as to place and amount.

I The back swing should blend into the forward-swing at theturning point with hardly an appreciable-pause, but there must be. no jerk. Fig. 5 shows how such an error is indicated, the dotted position C illustrating where the head of the club would be following a jerk when the ordinary shaft is used, and the solid position D illustrating where the head might be with aclub made according to this invention.

The club would gradually gain in speed fromthe moment of the turn until it is in contact with the ball, and after the impact the club head should follow the ball straightin the line of the flag as far as the arms will let it go, after which the club swings out at the other side of the shoulder from which the down swing began. A faulty followthrough is indicated by the dotted position E in Fig. 4. The entire movement should be perfectly'smooth and rhythmical, and

this can only be had by eliminating even the invention to be used without infringe-- ment.,

I claim as my 1nvent1on- 1. In a golf club, a shaft equippedat one D.

end with a grip and at the other end with ahead, said shaft being sufficiently flexible in the plane of the stroke to bend under an improper movement and sufiiciently rigid in a plane at ri ht angles to the stroke to support the hen in proper relationto-the grip, and means to indicate the flexure of the shaft.

2. In a. golf club, a shaft equipped at one end with a grip and at the other end with a head, said shaft being sufiicientlyfiexible in the plane of the stroke to ben'dunder an improper movement and sufficiently rigid ina plane at right angles to the stroke to support the head in proper relation to the grip, and means to restrain the straightening of the shaft after it has been flexed.

3. In a golf club, a shaft "equipped at one end with a grip and at the other end with a head, said shaft being sufficiently flexible in the plane of the stroke to bend under an improper movement and sufliciently rigid in a plane at right angles to-the stroke to support the head in proper relation to the grip, and ratchet means tohold the shaft flexed.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2457177 *Oct 17, 1944Dec 28, 1948Reach Milton BGolf club
US2497237 *Mar 22, 1948Feb 14, 1950William ReinekingPractice type golf club
US3317211 *Dec 8, 1960May 2, 1967Debski Merrill MWeighted practice golf club including improper swing sensing means
US3519270 *Mar 4, 1968Jul 7, 1970Baymiller John WFlexible shaft putter
US3791654 *Oct 24, 1972Feb 12, 1974Lupinacci GMethod of developing a proper golf club swing
US4343473 *Jul 11, 1980Aug 10, 1982Laursen Paul DGolf swing trainer
US4367871 *Jul 25, 1980Jan 11, 1983Schiefer William EArticulable training device for racquet sports and the like
US4854585 *Jan 21, 1988Aug 8, 1989Koch Alfred EGolf swing training device
US4878673 *Jan 19, 1988Nov 7, 1989Objective Golf, Inc.Golf club swing training method
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US8915793 *Mar 1, 2013Dec 23, 2014Wen-Sun HouGolf club swing training apparatus
US9126091Feb 28, 2014Sep 8, 2015Best Swing One, LlcSimplified golf club swing training apparatus
US9387383Apr 17, 2015Jul 12, 2016Best Swing One, LlcBaseball bat swing training apparatus
US20130237341 *Mar 8, 2013Sep 12, 2013Thomas Bobby SMITHPutting training device
US20140248969 *Mar 1, 2013Sep 4, 2014Wen-Sun HouGolf Club Swing Training Apparatus
US20160096092 *Oct 2, 2015Apr 7, 2016Ogosport LlcBall Launching, Hitting, and Catching Toy
WO1993013834A1 *Jan 20, 1993Jul 22, 1993Robert Metals, Inc.Golf swing training device
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U.S. Classification473/232, D21/757
International ClassificationA63B59/00, A63B69/36
Cooperative ClassificationA63B2059/0081, A63B69/3632
European ClassificationA63B69/36D2