US 1533244 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 14, 1925.
A. GODEFROID COIN ASSORTING APPARATUS Filed Jan. 14, 1924 6 SheeLS-Sheet 1 April 14, 1925.
AA. Gom-:FROID com AssoRTING APPARATUS File'd Jan. 14, 1924 6 Sheets-Sheet 2 April 14, 1925. c
` A. GODEFROD COIN ASSORTING APPARATUS Filed Jan. 14, 1924 6 Sheets-Sheet 3 April 14, 1925.
A. GODEFROID COIN ASSORTING .APPARATUS Filed Jan. 14, 1924 6 Sheets-Sheet 4 April V14, 1925.
. D 1,533,244 A, GODEF'ROID l com ASSORTING APPARATUS.
Filed Jan. 14.y 1924 sheets-sheet 5 April 14, 1925.
6 Sheets-Sheet 6 Filed Jan. 14, 1924 Patented Apr. 14, 1925.
ARMAND Gonna-nein, or BERLIN, GERMANY.
Application lei January 14, 1924, Serial No. 686,193.
TQQZZ 1v1/tom t 11mg/ concern. p
Be it known that l, ARMAND Gimnrnom. a citizen of Germany, residing in Berlin lV. 30-, vHohenstaufenstrasse 50, Grermany-J have invented new and useful Improvements in and Relating to Coin-Assorting Apparatus-7 Vofwwhich the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in `cash registers, and more particularly to the coin asserting.apparatus therefor comprising' a counting board adapted to receive the coins paid by the customer and to be tilted igor dropping the coins on a travelling tape divided into compartments and moving be vlon7V a transparent plate permitting for a certain length ot time the inspection or' the coins `by the cashier andthe customer5 said tape delivering the coins to an asserting apparatus adapted to' convey he coins into compartments of the drawer' of the cash register.
The object of the improvements is to provide an asserting apparatus of this type, by means of which a fa'ultless distribution ot the coins to the individual compartments et the drawer is insured, and which is not subject to obstruction by the coins. lVith this object in view my invention consists in providing a plurality of asserting chutes or gutters having` their inlet 'ends located in position for receiving the coins from the tape.y so that Vwhen tilting thev countingV board 'for dropping' the coins on the tape each gutter or chute receives 'one 'or at the mosttwo coins` Therefore in each gutter only one coin passes at a time alone` the assin'tingr openings provided in the wall el the gutter and it not possible that a small coin is prevented from dropping through the proper discharge opening' by a larger coin obstructing the said opening. In the practical con'- structionot' the apparatus I prefer to direct the asserting' gutters from the ch'utes to opposite sides.A the gutters connected to the right hand chutes leading` to the left hand side of the cash register', and vice versa; However, in this construction it is imposq sible directly to convey the coins discharged 'from the. different chutes into the proper compartments of the drawer-7 be lanse similar coins are discharged at opposite sides of the cash register. Therefore another feature ot' my invention consists in providing means 'for conveying the coins discharged 4from the :is--
sorting `.e'utters to the correct compartments of the drawer. Inordcr that my invention be more clearly understood several examples embodying' the same have been shown in the accompanying' drawings7 in which the same reference characters have been used in all the views to indi 'ate correspondil'lg parts. ln Ysaid drawings'- Fig. llwl", is a plan view olf a coin assorting` apparatus ot a cash register7 in which the member `t'or conveying the coins to the compartments 'of the gutter is in the `form of a horizontal stationary disk dividedinto annular guide ways and cooperatingl with n rotary coin sweeper 'toi' conveying the coins tothe proper compartments or' the drawer.
Fig. 2, is an elevation partly in seition on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1-1 b, the chutes ot' the asserting gutters being shown in a diagrani-V matical way, I i A F ig. 3, is an elevation looking from the right in Fig'. 2 and showing the nsaid chutes in a diagrammatical way,
Fig. 4L, is a detail view showingr one ot the chutes,
Fig. 5, is a longitudinal section on the line 5-5 of Fig. 4.. y
Fig. 6V is a plan view showing a moditica= tion oi' the coin conveying member. the coins being' conveyed to the individual compart ments of therdrawer by means of a rotary disk divided into annular guide ways, Y
Fig'. 7. is a cross section taken on the line 7-7 ot Fig. 6,
Fig'. S, is n detail view showing one ol.E the gates ol the conveying member and the grate oiierntinp; mechanism.
Fig. 9. is av plan view showing another modification ot the conveying' member, the coins being conveyed to the individual compartments of the drawer by means of a rotary disk divided into sector-like compartments7 Fig'. 10, is an elevation partly in section taken on the line 10--10 oi' F ig. 9-7 and Figs. 11 to 13, are detail views showing' different parts oil the mechanism shown in Figs. 9 and l0.
In the example shown in Figs. 1n to 5 the asserting mechanism comprises a counting board l the breadth ot which taken in the direction from the customer to the cashier is such that ust a coin ot' the largest diai'neter can be placed thereon. The length of the counting board is such that a suitable number of coins of like or different diameters can be placed thereon one behind the other. I
The counting board 1 is formed with two trunnions 2 mounted in the side walls 3 of the cash register, so that the counting board can be rocked about its front edge disposed at the side of the cashier. At the discharge side of the counting board thei'e is an endless conveying tape et divided by transverse bars 5 into transverse compartments of equal area and adapted to be moved with its top part in the direction towards the cashier. The said compartments are adapted to receive Y the coins discharged from the counting board when rocking the saine, and it is adapted to be operated by the cashier depressing the crank v6 for operating the 'rocking mechanism for the counting' board. Any suitable means may be provided for operating the tape. As shown the mechanism consists of an arm 8 keyed to permit the discharge of the coins from the counting board 1 to the tape. By the mech- 'anism 8,y 9, 10 intermittent movement is imparted to the tape, and the coins` discharged into the compartments can be inspected by the customer as well as by the cashier so that any disagreement as to the amount paid by the customer can be settled before the coins are distributed. When a compartment containing coins arrives in the lowerinost or front position, and the tape is further moved one step the coins drop into chutes 12, each chute receiving only one or at the most two coins. In' the construction shown in the ligures four chutes 12 are provided. Each of the chutes is connected with an asserting gutter 13 providing a beveled guide way and having its side walls slightly inclined to one side in transverse direction,
as is shown in Figs. 2 and 3. The chutes.
12 are disposed one beside the other and in close relation one to the other and they extend each over one fourth of the breadth of the tape, so that each chute can take up at a time only one or at the most two coins located 'on the tape. By reason of the small number of coins to be distributed at a time by each chute, the apparatus can not be obstructed, and it is impossible, that several coins more through the apparatus one beside the other so as to prevent the discharge of a coin through the proper assorting opening.
To reduce the breadth of the cash register as far as possible I prefer to dispose the which taken from the bottom of the gutter is successively increased according to the diameters of the individual coins to be assorted, so thatfroni the coin rolling downwardly within the gutter at first the smallest one, thereafter the median ones and finally the largest ones are assorted by dropping through thel openings 14. At their outer ends the gutters 13 are open in order that a coin rolling by accident along the corresponding opening 14: is discharged from the gutter and intoareceptacle for non-assorted coins. This part of the construction is iniportant because otherwise the coins passing the openings 14 would obstruct the lower part of the gutter. Each of the openings 1-1- discharges into a chute 15 having the construction shown in Figs. land 5, Figsg and 3 showing the said chutes only in a diagrammatical Way.
By providing crossing asserting gutters 13 like coins are discharged at the righthand side and at the left hand side of the cash register, the coins of larger diameters being discharged at points which are a considerable distance away from each other. Therefore means must be provided to ronvey the coins discharged from the individual asserting gutters to the proper compartments of the drawer, so that the similar coins are all discharged into the same compartment of the gutter.
In the construction shown in Fig. 3 the said conveying apparatus consists of a stationary disk 16 disposed in the frameJ 1T of the cash register and divided by circular partition walls 18 into annular compartments of different breadths corresponding to the diameters of the coins. rlhe chutes 15 of the individual gutters 13 are disposed so that the discharges of the chutes of equal` sizes are disposed on circles exactly above the corresponding annular compartments of the disk '16. There-fore like coins discharged from one or the other of 'thel gutters 13 all get into the same annular compartment of the disk 16. For conveying the coins contained within the said annular compartments to the correspondingI rempartments of the drawer 19 disposed immediately below the disk 16 the said coins are advanced on the bottom of the compartments, until they get to openings 2O made in the bot-tom ot the disk and immediately above the corresponding compartments 'of the drawer 19. As shown in Figs. 1fL tol 3 be tween the discharges ot the chutes 15 and the conveying disk 16 a sweeping apparatus is provided which `as shown in Figs. 1a to 3 consists of a rotary member Q1 disposed above the disk 16 and rotatably mounted by means of an anti-friction bearing or the like above the conveying disk 16, 18, which member is provided at both sides with sweepers 23 -in the form of brushes or arms one tor each compartment and projecting to the bottoni of the compartments and adapted upon rotation of the member 21 to' shit't the coins discharged from the chutes 15 into the compartments to the openings 20 and into the corresponding compartments ot' the drawer 19 The sweeper 21 is operated by opening and closing the drawen As shown the drawer has a rack 24 secured to one ot its side walls and engaging in a spur gear 25 keyed to a vertical shaft and adapted to transmit rotary movement imparted thereto by the drawer through pulleys 2 and 29 and a rope 28 to the vertical axis 30 ot' the arm 21.l The length of the rack 24 is such that the rotation of the member 21, 28 is automatically interrupted as soon as the rear wall of the drawer 19 passes the opening 2O when retracting the same from the cash register. When closing the drawer the sweeping member is operated in the 'opposite direction without acting on any coins.
In Figs. 6-8 I have shown a modification in which the conveying apparatus consists of a disk 31 divided into annular compart- `ments and rotatably mounted by means ot' its vaxis 32 and adapted to be rotated from the drawer 19 through the intermediaryot mechanism similar to the one described with reterence to Figs. 1 to 3 and likewise 1ndi Cil cated by the reference characters 25h29. The bottoms ot the annular compartments are provided each with a number oit openings disposed radially to each other, as
is shown in Fig. 6. lThe openings 33 are normally closed by gates 3 4 providedat the bottom side on the disk and rockingly mounted at 34. Each of the gates is formed with an upwardly projecting arm 35, and
it is normally heldin closing position by means of a weight 36 or a spring. Above the diskil and at right angles to the direction ot' the movement ot' the drawer 19 a bar 37 is secured to the side walls of the apparatus, and to the bottom side of the said bar brushes or arms 38 two for each of the compartments are secured, which brushes are so disposed on the bar 37 that they pass into the annular con'ipartments ot the disk 31 directly above the corresponding compartments of the. drawer 19` then rotating the disk 31 the Icoins contained within the annular compartments are successively brought into engagement with the brushes 38 and held back thereby7 until one oi the openings 33 passes below thc same. Now the arm ot' the corresponding gate 34 en'- gages the bar 37, and it is rocked thereby in a direction opposite to the direction ot the rotation of the disk 31, so that it is opened and the coin drops through the opening into the correct compartment ot the drawer 1t). In this construction of the conveying apparatus the disk 81 rotates always in the saine direction indicated, in Fig. t by the arrow and the operating mechanism 24, 25. 26, 27. Q8, 29 is provided at any suitable point with a clutch permitting transmission of the movement o t the drawer 1f) only when closing the same, it being inoperative when opening the same.
In the modification shown in Figs. 9-153 the conveying apparatus for distributing the coins to the compartments ot the drawer 14 comprises a rotary traine 41 divided by radial partition walls 42 into compartments in the form ot sectors. The bottom oi each of the said compartments consists ot a gate in the form ot a sector 43 rockingly mounted on a radial axis 44. The axis 44 projects beyond the outer circumference of the traine and the projecting ends 44 are different in length and they are cranked downwardly, the downwardly lient arms 46 being likewise different in length, The arms 46 carry weights 47 tending to hold the gates 43 iii horizontal positions t'or closing the sectorsliaped compartments of the trame.
In this inodiication the drawer is not divided into longitudinal coiiipartinents. but intoa number ot compartments disposed one beside the other and one behind the other as is shown in Fig. i), the dimensions ot the compartments being such that they can receive all the coins confined in one coiiipartment ot the disk.
In order to discharge the compartnlents ot' the 'frame into the proper conipartnients ot the drawer the compartinents ot the drawer are provided with stop members 48 ot differentlengths, and each ot the said stop members is adapted for cooperation with the crank arm 46 ot one of the shafts 44, which cooperation is possible only when the said compartment ot the drawer is exactly in position below the corresponding compartment ot the frame 4l. By the stop member 48 the crank arm 46 is rocked so as to set the gate 43 in vertical or inclined position for permitting the discharge of the coins into the compartment ot the drawer.
In the etample. shown in the iigurcs the iframe 4l is operated by means ot gearing comprising a rack 49 secured to one side ot collecting the said coins.v
arms 48 are inoperative withv reference tol the drawer, two spur gears 51 and 52 keyed to a shaft 50, a circularrack secured to the circumferential Wall of the frame, and a clutch (not shown) permitting the transmission of power in one direction only.
ln constructions of the type shown in Figs. 9 to 13, in which ythe coins are supplied to the compartments of the drawer by means of a frame having compartments in the form of sectors,` the coins'must be retained within the chutes 15, until the proper compartment of the 'frame'41 is in position below the corresponding chute. For this purpose the chutes 15 are normallyrclosed at their bottom ends by gates 54 formed with downwardly directed arms 55 and normally closed by means of springs 56. From thc partitions 42 there rise arms 57, and the radial distance of the said arms from the center of the frame 31 is diiferentin all the partitions. rlhe said arms 57 are disposed so that the circles described thereby upon rotation of the frame are exactly below the chutes containing the coins corresponding to the arms. lf now one of the arms 57 engages the arm 55 of the gate 54 of the chute 415 correspondingthereto, the lever 55 is rocked against the tension of the spring 56, and the gate 54 is opened, so that thecoins confined within the chute drop into the corresponding compartment of the 'frame 41 disposed below the same. The saine operation is repeated with the other chutes, which therefore discharge the coins each into the corresponding compartment of the frame. If now upon rotation of the frame 41 the downwardly directed end 46 of the axis 44 corresponding to the said compartment engages the .corresponding arm 48 of the drawer 40, the crank arm 46 is rocked and the bottom 43 isturned about its axis, so that the coins confined within the correspondingcompartment drop into the compartment of the drawer 40 designed foi1l But the other the said crank arm 46, so that above the other compartments of the drawer 4() thc bottom 43 is not rocked and the coins confined in the compartments are not discharged into the drawer. f
lt will be understood that instead of the conveying apparatus described above chutes may be provided for conveying the coins discharged from the gutters 13 to the proper compartments of the drawer 19. However such chutes must be inclined at comparatively'large angles, because the coins dis'- charged from the asserting opening 14 drop on the said chutes inflat positions, so that they do not roll on the said chutes, and sliding of the coins requires a strong inclination of the chutes. Therefore in such constructions the height of the asserting gutters above the drawer and that of the cash reg ister is large. Therefore I prefer the conveying apparatus comprising a horizontal disk or frame.
While in describing the invention reference has been made to particular examples embodying the same l wislr it to be understood that my invention is. not limited to the constructions shown in the drawings, and that various changes may be made in the general arrangement `ot the apparatus and the construction of its parts without departing from the invention.
l. ln a coin asserting apparatus, a plurality of aligned hoppers, a coin chute connected to each hopper, the coin chutes from a pluralityof said hoppers extending in one direction andl diverging from each other, the coin chutes of anotherl plurality of said hoppers extending in the opposite direction and diverging from each other, each coin chute being provided -with means to assort the different coins supplied thereto.`
2. In a coin asserting apparatus, the combination, with a plurality of coin assorting devices each adapted to assort different coins supplied thereto, saidy asserting devices being so rdisposed as to cross each other, of means common to all of said assorting devices for supplying coins thereto.
3. ln a coin assorting apparatus, the com bination, with a plurality of coin assorting devices each adapted to assort different coins supplied thereto, said asserting devices being so disposed as to cross each other, of means common to all of said asserting devices for supplying coins thereto, and means to collect like coins discharged from said assorting devices.
4. In a coin assorting apparatus, the corubination, with a coin conveying apparatus divided into compartments adapted to convey a plurality of coins, of a plurality of asserting devices in position for receiving each a part `of the coins conveyed by said compartments.
5. In a coin asserting apparatus, the coinbination, with a coin conveying apparfdus dividedinto compartments, adapted to convey a plurality of coins, of a plurality of assorting devices in position for receiving each a part of the coins conveyed by said compartments, and means to collect like coins discharged from said asserting devices.
6. In a coin assorting apparatus, the combination, with a coin conveying apparatus divided into compartments adapted to convey a plurality of coins` of a plurality of asserting gutters in position for receiving` each a part of the coins conveyed by said compartments, said gutters being disposed so as to extend respectively from one side of the conveying apparatus to the opposite one.
7. In a coin assorting` apparatus, the combination, with a plurality of coin assorting lll) o Irl devices each adapted to assort different coins supplied thereto, of means common to all of said assorting devices for supplying coins thereto, a coin conveyingdisk having annular compartments each in position for collect/ing like coins from said devices, and means to collect the coins deposited in said compartments.
8. In a coin assorting apparatus, the combination, with a plurality of coin asserting devices, each adapted to assort different coins supplied thereto, of means common to all of said asserting devices for supplying coins thereto, a stationary conveying disk having annular compartments each in position for (collecting like'coins from said devices, and a rotary sweeping member adapted to collect the coins deposited in said compartments.
9. In a coin assortingI appa "attrs, the combination, with a plurality of coin assorting devices each adapted to assort different coins supplied thereto, of means common to all of said assorting devices for supplying coins thereto, a drawer havingl compartments for different coins, a coin conveying disk having annular compartments, each in position for collecting' like coins from said devices, and means to convey the coins deposited in the compartments of the disk into corresponding compartments of the drawer.
10. In a coin assorting apparatus, the conibination, with a plurality oi coin assorting devices each adapted to assort different coins supplied thereto, of means common to all of rsaid assorting devices for supplying coins thereto, a drawer having compartments for different coins, a coin conveying' disk having annular compartments each in position for collecting like coins from said devices and conveying the same into said compartments of the drawer, and means operated by the movement of said drawer to convey the coins deposited in the compartments of the disk into corresponding compartments of the drawer.
1l. In a coin assorting apparatus, the combination with a plurality of coin asserting devices each adapted to assort different coins supplied thereto. ot means common to all ot said asserting devices t'or supplying` coins thereto, a coin receiving member having annular compartments each in position for collecting like coins from said devices, each compartment having a bottom discharge, a sweeping1 member adapted upon rotation of one of said members to shift the coins centained within said compartments to said discharges, and means for rotating one of said members.
l2. In a coin asserting apparatus, the combination with a plurality of coin assorting devices each adapted to assort different coins supplied thereto, and containers for collectingrr the coins assorted by the devices, ot means common to all ot' said asserting devices for supplying coins thereto, a member divided into a number of compartments positioned to receive coins from said containers, each compartment having a bottom discharge, means for causing the coins deposited in said compartments to be discharged from the bottom ot' the compartments, and separate chambers to receive the coins dis charged from said compartments.
13. A coin assort-ing apparatus includinga coin display device .having a positively moved elemjent for shifting the coins within view of the operator, aligned hoppers arranged to receive coins from said element, diverging chutes arranged` to receive the coins from the hoppers, one chute being associated with each hopper, each chute havingopenings to discharge coins of differentsizes, and a set of spouts associated with the openings of each chute for discharging as sorted coins from the chutes. 'i
In testimony whereof I hereunto allix signature in the presence of the witness.
ARB/Ii ND GODIGFROII).
INitness EMIL Korrnnrrson.