US 1534141 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 21, 1925.
Filed April 14, 1920 6 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR.
April 21, 1925.
O. ROESEN STAPLING MECHANISM Filed April 14 1920 6 Sheets-Sheet '2 INVENTOR ATTORNEYS Apri121, 1925. 1,534,141
O. ROESEN STAPLING MECHANI SM April 21, 1925. 1,534,141
O. ROESEN STAPLING MECHANISM Filed April 14 1920 6 Sheets-Sheet 4 April 2L 1925.
O. ROESEN STAPLING MECHANISM Filed April 14 1920 6 Sheets sheet 5 April 21, 1925. 1,534,141
' o. RoEsEN STAPLING MECHANISM 4 'Filed April 14. 1920 6 sheets-sheet e Patented Apr. 2li, 1925.l
` i UNITED .STATES PATENT OFFICE.
OSCAR ROESEN, F BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR. T0 R. HOE AND C0., OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OF'NEW YORK.
Application led Aprill 14, 1920. Serial No. 373,687.
To all whom 'it may concern:
\Be it known that I, OSCAR Ronsmr, a citizenof theUnited States, residing at Brooklyn, county of Kings, and State of YNew I York,have invented certain new and useful' Improvements in Stapling Mechanism, fully described and represented in the following specification and the accompanying drawings, forming a part of the same.
This invention relates to Acertain improve- \ments in stapling or stitching mechanism, and particularly to stapling or stitching mechanism employed with printing machines. Y
In printing machines and particularly rotary printing machinestheprinted product may be produced with the columns running around the printing cy1inder, orrunning- 'transversely across or arallel with the axis of,- the printing cylin er depending on the product desired This causes the fold line to extend transversely to the run of the product or longitudinally thereto. When products of this class are tov be stapled or Lstitched either the product has to be turned or separate stapling mechanisms mustbe employed, both of which involve diticulties and expense in construction.
It is the especial object yof the invention be positioned and operated to insert a staple or a line of staples in a product either trans'- versely to the run of the roduct as itis fed to the stapler or longitudinally ofthe run of the product so that the same mechanism may be used to staple a product printed with its fold line either transverse or longitudinally of its run.
' Itis a further object ofthe invention to produce a stapling mechanism for effecting this object which shall be simple in construction und'of few parts,A so that itV will occupy small space in the machine and which may be readily movedffrom one stapling position to the other without changing the mechanisms for feeding or delivering the product. A
It `is a further object of the invention to provide such a mechanism in combination 5U with meansV for forwarding a web or associatedV webs from aprinting machine, cutting the web into sheets` collecting the sheets and stapling the collected product either to produce a stapling mechanism which may' longitudinally of its run or transversely thereto.
The invention consists in certain novel parts and combinations which will now be fully described in connection withthe accompanying' drawings and then pointed o-ut in the annexed claims.
In these drawings-y Figure 1 is a diagrammatic side elevation, partly broken away, of the improved staplin mechanism shown as employed with the olding end of a' printing machine, the stapling mechanism being shown positioned vto insert a line of staples longitudinally of the run ofthe product;
Figure Qis a side elevation on an enlarged scale partly broken away and partly in section showing in detail the stapling mechanism illustrated in Fig. l, the view being taken" in the direction of arrow 2 of Fig. l,
the parts being in the position occupiedwhen` stapling longitudinally of the run of the product;
Figure 3 is a srde elevation partly broken .awayiand partly in section of the construction sho-wn in Fig. 2, the stapling mecha-A nism being shown turned at right angles to the position shown in Fig'. 2, and in the position the parts occupy when stapling transversely of the run of the product;
Figure 4 is a side View of the construction shown' in Figure 3, the view" being taken in the direction of arrow 4 'of that ligure;
.Figure 5 is 'a detail sectional view taken onthe line 5-5 of Figure 8, showing the mounting of one of the driving'miters for the staple clinchmg mechanism;
Figure 6 is a sectional View, partly broken away,taken on the line 6-6 of Figure 8,
showing the clinching operating mechanism and thedevices for registering the product. Figure 7 is a plan View partly in section taken on line 7-7 of Figure 4,' showing the frame for supporting the stapling mechanism and the means for swinging the frame;
Figure 8 is a detailplanAV View partly in section taken on line 8-8 of Figure 3, showing the staple clinching mechanism and the registering devices forv registering the product and the operating mechanism therefor;
Figure 9 is a detail view partly broken away and partly in section taken on line 9-9 of Figure 8 illustrating one of the f registering devices and the mechanism for operating it; and
Figure 10 1s a sectional detail showing mounting of the cams for operatlng certain of the registering devices.
Referring now to these drawings, the stapling mechanism is shown in connection with the folder end of a printing machine, one printing couple of which is diagrammatically illustrated as including a form cylinder F and an impression cylinder I. The product to b e stapled may be either an associated or collectedfproduct as it co'mes from the machine or it may be. a web which is cut into sheets and the sheets associated or collected for sta-pling. In the particular^r mechanism illustrated there is shown a web W which is cut into sheets by a pair of cutting cylinders 1, 2 suitably supported in side frames 3 of the machine, these cuttin cylinders being provided with the usua knives 4 and cutting woods 5, the web being forwarded to the cutting cylinders by the usual forwarding rollers 6. Where, as in the machine illustrated, a singlev or associated web or webs is cut into sheets, these sheets are directed by guides 7 to the usual collecting cylinder 8, this cylinder 8 being suitably mounted in the frame 3, and provided with sheet taking devices as grippers 9. From the cylinder 8 the product is forwarded to the stapling mechanism. l As shown it is taken by a suitable sheet taking device as jaws 10 on a cylinder 11 suitably mounted in the side frames from which it is delivered to upper and lower tapes 12, 13. The product is carried by these tapes through the stapling mechanism. and to and through the folding mechanism to the final delivery.
These tapes may be supported and driven in any suitable manner. The upper tapes 12 are or may be driven from a roll 14 driven from the cylinder 11, before referred to and assing over suitable tension rolls 15 and guide roll 16. The lower tapes 13 are driven fromtne cylinder 11, passing over this cylinder and being held-in proper position by tension roll 17 and guide roll 18.
In machines embodying the invention there is provided a stapling mechanism to which the product is forwarded which is so constructed that it may be positioned to insert a-lin'e of staples longitudinallyL of the run of the product or transversely thereto;
'depending on the character of fold the final product is to have, and this stapling mechamsm is so designed that it may be readily placed 1n either position without altering or requiring any changes in the other mechanisms of the machine with which it is to be used except the rethreading of the tapes.
- The specific construction of this stapling mechanism and the means for mounting it so that 1t maybe moved into required. position may be widely varied. In the best constructions, however, this stapling mechanism will be mounted in a frame which may be swung from one position to a position at right angles thereto, and this frame will carry the means for forming and inserting staples and for positioning the product with respect to the stapling mechanism in either position. In the particular construction illustrated there are provided four uprights '19, 19', 20, 20 (see Figs. 2, 3). These uprights, at their upper ends, support a fixed frame 21 and their lower ends rise from a bed or base 22 rigidly supported inthe side frames 3 of the machine before referred to. Mounted so as to have a rotary or turning movement, between the frames 21, 22, is
supported what will be termeda carrying frame indicated generally by the numeral 23, which frame carries and supports the stapling and registering mechanisms. This frame includes top and bottom members 223, 224 and side members 225, and is mounted ivotally in upper and `lower bearings (see 4ig. 4) marked 24, 25. In` machines embodying the invention this frame is mounted so that it can be given a swinging'or turning movement ron its pivots and so that this movement can be given the frame without necessitating any changes or adjustments iny the mechanisms for inserting the staples and positioning the product in proper relation to the stapling mechanism, this movement bein a movement of 90 degrees. In the partic'ulasr construction illustrated the lower fixed frame 22 is provided with a hollow hub 26 which forms an inner bearing for the 'lower frame pivot 25 before referred to.
Thishub forms an outer bearing on which rotates a miter gear having upper and lower .driving faces 28, 29. vThe lower driving face 29 yengages with a miter gear 30 on a short shaft 31 suitably journalled in the machine frame, through which shaft the miter is driven, this miter in turn driving the stapling ymechanism through connections hereinafter described. This short shaft 31 L'-(see Fig. 1) is driven in any suitable manner. In the particular construction shown (see Fig. 1) this shaft at one end has a miter Vgear 32 which meshes with a miter gear 33 on a sha-ft 34, this shaft being provided with a spur gear 35 meshing with a spur gear 36 on a shaft 37, this shaft 37 being driven through a suitable train of a of which'is squared as shown at 43 to permit the use of a tool for rotating it, though it may be rotated in any desired manner.
By the rotation of this shaft the carrying inserting mechanism, as more fully hereinafter referred to. in certain constructions it may be desirable that the product be stapled .on the run;
that is the sta 'lin r mechanism is Oiven a sit) movement corresponding to the speed of the product so that the staples are inserted in the moving product, and machines constructed in accordance with the invention may be provided with the devices for effectingthis. lWhile the particular construction may be varied, this construction will be such that the stapling devices may be given this travelling movement in either of the'stapling positions. in the particular construction illustrated (see Fig. 3)' the carrier frame 23 before referred to, is provided with an inner frame which has a-to and fro movement relatively to frame 23 in two opposite direc tions. This frame is generally marked 400 and is shown as comprising a top dei, bottom 45, and side member-S16." @he upper and lower members of this inner frame Ll-i, i are doge-tailed, as indicated at t? (Fig. 3) to slide on guides i8 formed on slides 49, these slitles 49 in turn sliding on bars 50 carried by the frames 223, as clearly shown in Figs. 3 andd. TWhen the mechanism is being operated to insert a staple transversely of the run ofl the product, the frame 400 slides on the slides i9, these slides 49, when the parts are thus operated being stationary relatively to the frame 23.4 ltf now the mechanism be turned so as to insert the staples longitudinally of the run of the product, as shown vinFig. ll, the slides 49 slide on the bars 5() and the upper and owgr members il. i5, of inner frame lt0() are stationary relatively to the slides 49.
lhese sliding movements may be given the fra-me and slides in any suitable manner.
' in the particular construction shown the lower frame piece l5 ofthe inner frame L100 is provided at each end with short racks 51,
52 suitably secured thereto as by bolts 53` and the slides 4:9 are provided with racks4 5t, one of which is show-n in Figure 3, it being understood that the slide 49 on the opposite Side is provided with a similar rack.
before referred to.
These racks are operated through connections which may be somewhat varied. -In the particular construction illustrated, referring first to the connection for sliding the frame 400, when the product is being stapled t'ansversely of its run, the racks 51, 52 are engaged with segment gears 56, 57, these gears being fast on a roc-l shaft 5S extending across the frame 400. One of these segment gears, as the gear 56, has secured thereto or integral therewith, an arm 59 shown `in Figure 2, this arm being carried on a hub 60. The arm 59 carriesrcam arm 6l provided at its lower end with 4a cam roll GQ which works in the groove of a cam 63 carried on a shaft 3T (see Fig. driven from shaft 3l through suitable connections not shown. tion therack and through the rack the frame member 45,.is given a reciprocating movement, the parts being timed to cause the forward movement or the movement in the direction of the travel of the product to be` at the same speed as that of the product.
iVhen the parts are given a 90 degree turn as before described to Yposition them to staple longitudinally of the run ofthe product, the arm 6l is disconnected from the hub so that the racks 51, 52 are not given any move. ment. lli/hen in this position the reciprocating movement of the stapling mechanism is effected through the slides 49 and racks 54 'lo effect this the racks engage with segment gears 64,' Get, one of which is shown in Figure 3, these gears being carried on a rock shaft 65 extending across the machines at an angle to the shaft 58 before referred to and one of these gears, as the gear 6st, is shown as provided with an arm 66 secured to or integral therewith, this arm being carried on a vhub 6T. This arm 56 is connected with an arm 68 shown in full lines in Figure 2, and this arm 68 at its lower end carries a cam roller 69 which runs in the groove of a cam similar to the cam before referred to, and likewise carried on the shaft 3i'. When the parts are to be operated to etfect stapling longitudinally of the run of the product, this arm 68 is connected with the hub GT, and as before stated, the arm 61 is -disconnected from the hub (S0, lWith this construction the reciprocating movement can be `given the frame 40() in either position of the parts, 'it being understood that the parts just referred to are rlhrough this connectimed to give the proper forward speed,
which is the speed of the product.,
in machines 'embodying the invention in its best form anti-friction devices will be provided for the frame :23 so that the turning movement of the frame as described may be easily and readily-effected. iiVliile these anti-friction devices may be of various forms. in the particular construction illustrated, the-bed or base 22 is formed (see Fig. 7 with a circular web 7l forming a track for anti-friction rolls 72, these rolls 79. being carried vin brackets 7 3 (see Figs. 'l and 3) depending from the lower part of the frame bottom, these rolls being provided in any sufficient number, four such rolls being illustrated.
The staple forming and inserting mechanism may' be of any usual or desired character, and preferably. will be such as to in- .sert a line of staples in the product and a mechanism for inserting two staples in line has been illustrated. As will be understood, this stapling mechanism is carried by the inner carrier frame 400, beforereferred to, and partakes of the movement of this frame,
t and the operating mechanism of the stapling devices is the same, no matter what position .the parts are in. -t
In the construction illustrated this staple inserting` mechanism is driven from the upper driving face 28 ofthe miter gear 27 before referred to, through a miter gear 73 (see Fig. 4) mounted on a shaft 74 supported from b 'ackets 7 5 depending from the4 lower part of the frame Q3. This shaft at its other end carries a miter gear 7G which meshes with a miter gear 7 7 on a vertical shaft78 mounted in bearings 79 supported from the frame 23 before referred to, this shaft 78 being the operating shaft for the staple inserting and clinching mechanisms and the registering devices.
Vhile thejconnections from this shaft for operating these parts may be somewhatl varied, such connections will, where the staple inserting mechanism is given a travelling movement with the product,vb e so constructed as to permit this movement and at the same time remain in driving connection with the shaft 78. In the particular construction illustrate'ch and referring first to the connections for operating the staple clinching mechanisms there are shown conventionally a pair of anvils 89, 81 (see Fig. 3) ar.- anged to insert two staples in line in the product. These anvils are carried on arms 8'2 which are operated in the'usual manner through cams 83 carried on shafts 84 slidably supported in bearings 84 depending from therupper member 44 of the frame 400 before referred to (see Figs. 3 and 4). These. shafts 84 are mounted to partake. of
the back and forth movement of the frame and at the Sametime remain in driving connection with the driving shaft 78 before referred to. As shown (sce Figs. 4 and 8) there is provided a shaft 85 supported in the carrier 23 extending across it, this shaft at one end being provided with a miter gear 86 (see Fig. 4) which engages with a miter gear 87-on the shaft 78. This shaft 85 is provided with a pair of miter gears l86 which are keyed as at 87 to slide on the shaft, this sliding being effected by means of `yokes 88 `Figures 1 and 4of various characters, in the stapler.4
taking in the. grooves of collars 89 on the shaft. 'lhe yokes 88 are secured in any suitable manner, as by bolts 90, to the upper frame member 44 before referred to. Meshing with the miter gears 8G are miter gears 91 on the shafts 84 before referred to and by y'hich the staple clinching mechanism is operated. lVith this construction theystaple clin'ching mechanism may be given a to and fro movement to keep up with the product, and when a longitudinal stapling is being effected thel connections as just described and as best shown in Figure. 8 are employed, the frame 400 and with it the gears 91 be ing reciprocated through the slides 49 and slide operating segment gears -64- as described.
)Vhen and the frames Q53, 400 are angles to the position shown in Fig. 2, the
miter gears 86 do not move on the shaft 85, but the frame 400 is reciprocated on the slidesv49 bythe segment gears 51, 52 before referred to. The driving miter gears 91 are, however,- held in driving connection with the miter gears 86 by the construction illustrated in detail in Figure 5. As there shown, each of the miters 91 is formed with a hollow hub 99. to which is keyed the shaft 84 before referred to so as to slide in the hub. This hub also forms a bearing on which one of the shaft bearings 84 of upper frame member 44 can slide; the slides 49 inthis instance heilig stationary, are provided With forks 93 taking into grooves indicated at 94 in the hubs as shown in Figure 8 which prevents the gears from sliding and holds them in mesh with driving gears 86. The same connections are employed for driving the staple forming mechanisms which are diagrannnatically illustrated in 2 and marked 95, 9G. `These staple forming mechanisms are ofthe usual form and are supplied with wire from spools 97 shown in Figure 1v through the usual draw off rollers 97 to the staple forming plungers indicated at 98. The staple forming mechanism-.is driven as shown in Figure 3 from a shaft 99 through mitres 100, 100', from shaft 78 in the same manner as that described for driving the staple clinching mechanism and a description thereof need not be further repeated.
ln machine, embodying the invention iu the best form, devices will be provided for registering the product in the correct sta-A pling position and while these devices may be i best form they will include means for frontv and side registering the 'product in either position oft-he These registering devices may be of any suitable character and operate in anyv desirable manner. ln the particular construction illustrated they are operated from the' shaft 99 before referred to, which at 6, to a link 125, this link being secured to a its outer endibeyond the frame 23 is provided with a spur gear 101 which meshes with afspur gear 102 on va. controller shaft 103, supported inthe side members 225 of the frame 23. `As shown. there iare provided v(see'Figs. 8 and 9) front Fregistering fingers 105, 106, a pair of side registering fingers 104, 104', and a pair of fingers 107, 108 which act as front registering fingers in one position of the staplin'g'mechanism and as side registering in another position. If the parts are in the transverse stapling position as shown in Figure 8 and a product is coming in in the direction of arrow X of that figure', the fingers107, 108- act to front register the product and the fingers 1 4,v 104 act to side-register the product, he fingers 105, 106, being silenced. If now the frame be swung to aposition atright angles to the position shown in Fig.` 8 to staple p a product longitudinally, then the fingers 107 y 108 act as side registering stops and the fingers 105, 106 act as front registering stops, the fingers 104, 104 being silenced.v The side registering is effected against suitable side stops 180, removably secured on the frame 400 and indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 8, these stops being transferred to an end of theframe when the parts have been turned Lfor longitudinal stapling. Means are provided for operating these stops to register the sheets, which means maybe of any suitable character. One such means is x that illustrated in Figure 9, in which an up and down and a trembling or juggling mo` tion is 'given the v'fingers and operating.
` mechanismfor the stops 107, 108 is shown.
0n a shaft 128 supported in vframe 400 and As there illustrated, the fingers, as finger 107', is carried on a bracket 107 pivoted on shaft 109. This shaft has also secured thereto an arm. 110 secured at one endto a link 111. This link at its-other end-'is secured to an arm 112' carried on a rock shaft 113. 0n this rock shaft is an arm 114 which has secured thereto one end of a cam fork 115, this cam forkhaving a cam roll 116 operating from a cam 117 shown in dotted lines in Fig. 9 and full lines in Fig. 8, this cam being keyedl on shaft 103 so as Ato have a sliding movement therealong. The fingers 104 and 104 are mounted on ashort shaft 119 supported in frame 400 andin a similar manner as the fingers 107, 108. This shaft 119 is operated from a cam- 120 keyed` on the shaft 103l before referred to, through a cam fork 121 having a cam roll, this cam fork at its other end being secured (see Fig. 4) ,to an arm'122on a rock shaft113, this rock shaft having an arm'124 Secured lever l(see Fig.l 8) 126 pivoted on a. stud 127 this lever .being connectedto thesh'aft 1l9carrying the fingers.
Fingers 105, 106 are similarlysupported vused' t tion of which is unnecessary.'
Theoperatlon of .the mechanism isuclear operated from a cam 129 on the shaft 103 5 before referred to throughl a cam fork 130 having a cam roll. This cam fork at its other end is secured to an arm 131 on a hub 132 rotatable -around the shaft 113. The other end of this hub carries an arm (see Fig. 6) 133 which arm is connectedto a link similar to the link 125 before referred to, which link is -connected to a lever 134. this lever operating the shaft 128 andI through it the fingers As these fingers and connections for operating them are carried by the frame 400 which as before stated has a reciprocating movement lrelatively to the frame 23 in either position of the latter, means are provided whereby the fingers may partake of these movements without becomingl discon.
tion shown in Fig. 8 and reciprocated, this movement is allowed by the provision of forks 137 fast on thereciprocating frame 400, yone of which is clearlyv shown in Fig. 4, the lever connections vbetween the cam rolls and the ,fingers taking up the movement.
'F rom th stapling mechanism the stapled product is, if deslred, forwarded by the tapes to a folding mechanism.
This folding mechanism may be of an desired character to produce the final pro uct required. When the product has been stapled longitudinally of its run it is folded by the usual chopper folder indicated in 1 by the numeral 1 40 driven by the usual lever and rod construction 141, the folder operating,--as is usual, to fold along the longitudinall inserted staples, and the product is led tirouglie this folder by theelts or tapesvlZ, 13 fore referred to.
Where the product is to be transversely of vits run, that is across, the product ma be delivered by the tapes to a cross fo der shown as a folding cylinder 142 having the usual folding blade 143 cooperatin with foldin olf rolls 144. When this fdlder is echopper folder 140 is silenced as by disconnecting operating rod 141.
`The variousmechanisms vmay be driven from the power shaft 39 through an usual gear or ot er connections, a detailed from Uh'e'above description. It will be unescrip- 'y l. derstood, however, that when the carrier -is vided by which in the same machine both nally of the run of the product.
cross and longitudinal Astapling of a product printed with the fold line running either across the printing cylinder or parallel with the axis of the cylinder is effected without requiring any changes in the cooperating mechanisms, which is convenient and easily accessible, and takes up little space in the machine. lrVhile the construction and arrangement of the parts, and the mechanisms for operating them is a preferred one and a wire stapler has been shown and described, it will be understood that various changes may be made in them and that other mechanisms may be employed for securing the prtoduct together without departing vfrom the invention.
What l claim is: i
l. The combination of means for forwarding a product, a stapling mechanism, and means tor` actuating the stapling'mechanism to insert a line of staples in the product Vonthe fold line either transversely 0r longitudinally of the run of the product.
2. rlhe combination of means for forwarding a product, a stapling mechanism movable to diderent positlons, and means for positioning the stapling mechanism to insert a line of staples in the product on its told line either transversely or longitudi- 3. rlhe combination of means for forwarding a. product, a stapling mechanism, means for positioning the stapling mechanism to insert a staple either transversely or longitudinally of the run of the product, and means for registering the product with respect to the stapling mechanlsm in either position.
4f. Thecombination o means for forwarding a product, a stapling mechanism, means for swinging the stapling mechanism to position it so that a staple may be inserted either transversely or longitudinally-of the run ofthe product, and means for registerthe product-with respect to the stapling mechanism in either position.
5. The combination with means for for- Werding a product, 'of a pivated support, a staple insert-ing mechanism carried by the support, and means for swinging the support to position the stapling mechanism so th'at it will insert a line of staples "on the fold line of the product either transversely or longitudinally of the run of the product.
6. The combination with means for forwarding a product in a lixed path, of a stapling mechanism, and means for manipulat` ing the stapling mechanism to insert a line of staples in the product on its fold line either transversely or longitudinally of the run of the product.
7. The combination with means for forwarding a product, of a stapling mechanism capacitated to insert a line of staples in the product either transversely or longitudinally of the run of the product, and means for moving the stapling mechanism with the product during the stapling opera- I 8. The combination with means for forwarding a product, of a stapling mechanism capacitated to insert a line of staples in the product Veither transversely or longitudinally of the run AYof the product, means for moving the stapling mechanism with the product during the stapling operation, and
means for registering the product with revspect to the stapling mechanism. u
9. The combination with a fixed support, a carrier :trame mounted to turn or swing thereon, staple inserting mechanism supried bythe carrier, and means for giving the stapling mechanism a reciprocating movement independent of the carrier.
11. The combination of a fixed frame, va carrier mounted thereon to have a swinging or turning movement, means for giving the carrier a swinging or turning movement, a staple inserting mechanism' capacitated to insert a line of staples in the product, and a frame carried by the carrier and swinging or turning therewith in which the stapling mechanism is mounted and having a recip-W' support.
'13. The'combination of a fixed support, a carrier pivoted lon the support, stapling mechanism mounted on the carrier, means for giving the carrier a rectilinear turning movement on its pivot, a power shaft, a gear supported from the carrier and rotatable .relatively thereto, driving connections from the shaft to the gear, a driving sha-ft carried from thecarrier, connections from the driving shaft to the gear, and connections from the driving shaft to the stapling mechanism.
15. The combinationv of a fixed support,
a carrier pivoted on the support, stapling mechanism mounted on the carrier, an oper- Y ating shaft having aworm, aworm wheel co.
operating with the'worm and keyed to one of the carrier pivots, a gear supported from the carrier and rotatable relatively thereto, a powershaft, driving connections from the pofswer shaft to the gear, and driving connections from the gear to the stapling mechanism. M
16. The combination of a fixed support,
y a carrier pivoted on the Support, stapling mechanism mounted on the carrier, means for giving the carrier a turning movementv on its pivots, a power shaft, a gear supported from the carrier, driving connections from the power shaft to the gear, a driving shaft, driving connections from the gear to the shaft, a second driving shaft driven froml the first drivingl shaft, andl gear coni lower face of the gear, a driving shaft supnections between the second driving shaft and the stapling mechanism.
17..'I`he combination of a fixed support, a carrier pivoted on the support, stapling mechanism mounted on the carrier, an operating shaft having a worm, a worm wheel fast-on one of the carrier pivots cooperating therewith, a gear mountedon the fixed support, upper and lower driving faces on said gear, a power shaft engaging with the ported from the carrier and in engagement with the upper driving face, a second driving shaft, and ear connections from the second shaft tot e stapling mechanism. 18.l The combination with a fixed support, of a carrier pivoted on the support, means f' giving the -carrier 'ai-swinging or turning movement, a frame mounted on the carrier, a stapling'mechanism supported from the frame, and means for givin the frame a reciprocating movement krelatively to the carrler.
19. The combination with a fixed support,
of a carrier pivoted on the support, means for giving the carrier arotary movement on its pivot, a frame mounted on the carrier and having a reciprocating movement relatively to the carrier, and a stapling mechanism supported from `the frame.
20. The combination with a fixed support, of a carrier pivoted on the support, means for giving the carrier a swinging or turning movement, a frame mounted on the carrier and having a reciprocating movement relatively to the carrier in either position thereof', stapling mechanism supported from the frame, a driving shaft supported from the carrier, gear connection between the driving shaft and the stapling mechanism, and means for preventing the gears from going out of mesh when the frame is given its reciprocating movement in either position of the carrier.
21. The combination with/a fixed support, of a carrier pivoted on the support, means for giving the carrier a swinging or turning movement, a :frame mounted on the carrier and having a sliding movementtherein, a stapling mechanism supported in the frame, means cooperating with the frame for giving it a sliding movement when the carrier is in one position, and means secured to the carrier for giving the frame av sliding movement when the Carr/ier is in its turned position.
for giving the carrier a turning or swinging movement, slides on the carrier, racks on the slides, a frame mounted on the carrier, racns on the frame, segment gears cooperating with the frame racks to Slide the frame on the carrier in one position of the carrier, and segment gears cooperating with the slides to cause the frame to reciprocate when the carrier is in its turned position.
23. The combination with a fixed support, of ya carrier frame mounted on the support so as to have a swinging or turning movement, a stapling mechanism supported on the carrier, and side and 'front registering devices carried from the carrier for registering the product with respect to the stapling mechanism in either position of the carrier.
24. The combination with a xed support, of a carrier mounted on the support so as to have a swinging or turning movement, a frame mounted on the carrier and movable relatively thereto, Astapling mechanism mounted on the frame, and side and lfront registering devices carried on the frame and partaking of the movements thereof relallO product transversely orlongitudinally of its run, and side and front registering devices carried from the carrier for side and front registering the product, one of said devices acting to front register a sheetiin one position of the carrier and side register a sheet in another position of the carrier.
26. The combination of a carrier, stapling mechanism `supported therefrom, means for positioning the carrier to insert a staple in a product transversely or longitudinally of its run, and sets of side and front registering lingers for side and front registering a product, one `set of fingers acting to front register a sheet in one vposition of the carrier and to side register a sheet in another position of the carrier.
27, The combination of a fixed support, a carrier mounted to turn or swing on the support, a frame having a reciprocating movement on the carrier, stapling mechanism on the frame, registering devices carried on the frame, means on the carrier for operating the registering devices, andmeans whereby the devices are kept in operating connection with their' operating means in any position of the carrier.
28. The combination of a fixed support, a ,carrier mounted to turn or giving on the support, a frame Y having a reciprocating movement on the carrier, stapling mechal n// n l Anism on the frame, registering devices carried on the frame, a controller shaft mounted in the carrier, cams mounted to slide ontheshaft, and connections from the cams vices-carried on the frame, means on the v carrier for operating the registering devices, and means whereby the devices are kept in operating connection with these operating means during the reciprocating movement of the frame.
30. The combinationof a xed support, a carrier mounted to turn or swing on the support, stapling kmechanism carried from the carrier and partakiig of its turning movement, and registering devices also mounted from the carrier and turning with the i stapling `mechanism.
ln testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand.