US 1536518 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 5, 1925. 1,536,518
E. T. OSBORN EXTENSIBLE WALL CABINET FiledMay 15, 1924 INVENTOR 4QTIQBNEXUUM.7.
Patented May 5,1925.
EDWARD THOMAS OiElBOBLlT, OF SEATTLE, WASHINGTON.
EXTENSIBLE WALL CABINET.
Application filed May 13, 1924. Serial No. 712,985.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, EDWARD THOMAS Osnoun, a subject of Great Britain, residing at Seattle, in the county of King and State of Washington, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Extensible Wall Cabinets, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to wall cabinets, and more especially, to improvements in the type of cabinet illustrated and described in U. S. Patent No. 1,329,994 issued to me February 3, 1920.
The object of the present invention, generally, is the perfectlng of constructions of 'the character above referred to to extend the usefulness thereof and render the same more eficient in operation.
A further object is to provide an extensihis cabinet adapted to contain a water-closet or other plumbing utensil and having a movable ceiling and doors which act as, movable walls and cooperating means which will prevent odors escaping from the cabinot into the adjoining room.
Other objects and advantages pertaining to details of construction and operation will appear in the following specification.
The invention consists in the novel construction, adaptation and combination of devices hereinafter described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawing,--
Figure 1 is a horizontal sectional view taken through the walls of a building and illustrating in plan a cabinet embodying my invention. said cabinet being shown in its contracted position. Fig. 2 is a similar view with the cabinet extended, and with a portion of its ceiling member broken away. Fig. 3 is avertical sectional view taken substantially .on line 33 of Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing a modified form of the invention and illustrating by broken lines the positions of the doors when the cabinet is in its enlarged condition; and Fig. 5 is a fragmentary vertical section on line 5-5 of Fig. 4.
Referring to Figs. 1, 2 and 3, the numeral 10 denotes a cabinet compartmentcommu nicating through an opening 11 in the wall.
12 with a room, indicated by R, and having side walls 13, 14 and a rear wall 15.
As illustrated, within said compartment is a water-closet 16 for which is provided, as in the wall 13, a vent fine 17.
Hingedly connected at 18 to a strip 32 is a door 19 which in its Fig. 1 position serves as a closurefor the wall opening 11. 20 represents a second door which is hingedly connected at 22 with a strip 38 secured to the wall 13 at a distance of approximately the width of the door from the plane of the wall 12.
The doors 19 and 20 when swung into their Fig. 2 positions extend into the room is pivotally connected at 25 to the door 19.
adjacent the free end thereof. The ceiling 21 when in its protruded position rests upon both of said doors and is provided with depending flanges 26 whichserve as stops to.
unit the outward swinging movements of the respective doors, and also serving to close any aperture between the doors and the ceiling. At the front and rear edges of the ceiling are provided upwardly directed flanges 27 and 28, respectively.
The flange 28 serves as an abutment with respect to the wall 12 to limit the outward movement of the ceiling and also affords a closure for the opening above the ceiling in the wall 12 when the ceiling is in'the position in which it is represented in Fig. 3.
The flange 27, in like manner, serves to close the opening above the ceiling when the latter is in its Fig. 1 position as indicated by dotted lines 21 in Fig. 8.
29 represents a strip secured to the door 19 and serving as an abutment which is engageable by the door 20 as shown in Fig. 2.
In the operation of the embodiment of the invention above described, when it is desired to extend the compartment 10, the door 19 is first swung outwardly from its Fig. 1 position to the position in which it is shown in Fig. 2.
The door 19 'in being'thus regulated, by means of the rod connection with the ceiling, causes the latter to be simultaneously proected from its normal concealed position ig. 1) into its operative position in which it is shown in Figs. 2-and 3.
In such regulation of the ceiling, the ceil ing flange 28 is brought into contact with the wall 12, see Fig. 3, thereby limiting the outward projection of the ceiling with re spect to the wall 12. ihe door 20 is then swung from its Fig. 1 position into the position in which shown in Figs. 2 and 3, whereby there is provided the space S which communicates through the wall opening 11 with the compartment 10 to increase, in effeet, the size of the same.
In adjusting the doors as explained above, the flange 26 of the ceiling and the strip 29 of the door 19 act as stops to limit the outward swinging movement of the door 20, while permitting the inward opening of the door 20 for the passage of a person into or For the opening 11 is a door 19 hinged at 18 and for the other opening 11 is a door 20 which is hinged at 22 in order to permit the respective doors being swung outwardly to occupy their dotted line positions 19 and 20, Fig. 4:- With the doors thus arranged there is set ofi from the room 11 a space S complementary to the compartment 10 affording together an enlarged compartment of a substantially square shape in horizontal section. In the form now being considered there is provided a ceiling 21 for the space S afforded by the doors when the same are in their dotted line positions in Fig. 4. The ceiling 21 is desirably of a rectangular shape and is secured at one of its sides upon the top of the door 19 and is supported in a horizontal position as by means or brackets 35 which are secured to such door. The ceiling is carried by the door as the latter is swung into its open and closed positions with respect to the wall opening 11 Protruding upwardly from the ceiling are flanges 28 adapted to engage the walls above the openings 11 and 11 for limiting the outward swing of the door 19 to its position indicated by dot-ted lines 19* in 4 and by full lines in Fig. 5.
36 represents a stop secured to the top of the door 20 and engageable by the ceiling 21 when in its outermost position to close the opening between the top oi such door and the ceiling. 37 represents a. stop secured to the free end oi the door 20 and is en gageable by the other door 19 whenthe oors occupy the relative positions indicated by 19 and 20 in Fig. 4.
The operation of the devices as illustrated in Figs. 4 and 5 will, it is believed, he understood from the above description.
It may be mentioned, however, the door 20 is swung into its open position 2O prior to the swinging of the door 19 into its l9 position, and that the ceiling which in this case is rigid with the door is carried by the latter into position to provide a closure for the space S enclosed by the doors.
In restoring the doors into the closed positions with respect to the wall openings 11 and 11 the ceiling is swung by the door 19 into position to be concealed within the compartment 10 While I have illustrated and described two embodiments of the invention, it is to be understood that I do not wish to confine myself specifically thereto except as limited by the following claims.
What I claim, is,-
1. The combination with a room and a compartment in one of the walls thereof, of a structure comprising members hingedly connected to adjacent walls of said room so as to be swung into the room to enclose a space therein coextensive with the compartment, a ceiling member for said space, and means controlled by one of said doors to effect movement of the ceiling member to and from a concealed position within the compartment. I
2. The combination with a wall compartment having an opening communicating with a room, of a structure providing an extension for said compartment comprising two complementary doors, one of said doors servin as a closure for said opening, and a member controlled by the last named door to provide a ceiling for said extension when the doors are suitably regulated.
3. In a building having a room and a compartment at the corner thereof, said compartment communicating with the room through an opening in one of the room walls, a door for said opening and hingedly connected to said wall, a ,second'door hingedly connected to the room wall adjacent to the aforesaid wall, said doors being adapted to be swung into said room to provide an em closed space coextensive with the compartment, and a ceiling member for said space, said member being connected to one of said doors so as to be movable therewith into operative position within the room and also outwardly therefrom into the room to provide an extension to said compartment, a
ceiling member, guides provided in the compartment for supporting said ceiling, and means connecting one of said movable walls with said ceiling for efiecting the inward and outward movements of the latter with respect to the compartment.
5. In an extension for a wall compartment, two movable wall members, a ceiling member connected to one of said members for movement into and out of operative positio'n with respect to the wall members, said wall members and the ceiling member being provided with stop devices for closing 15 EDWARD THOMAS OSBORN.
Witness I Pmmm BARNES.