US 1536842 A
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' 1,536,842 M. P. HALBERT WEATHER STRIP FOR DOORS AND wnmows Fi-ljlkbfil 18, 19 i9- 2/ WEN \ "mm. I 51 ma- .4 V
,3; 17108211137} ifiary 1 Ifauoe 'li Patented May 5, 1 925.
MARY 2. manner. on ST. PAUL, Minnesota.
WEATHER STRIP FOR DOORS AND WINDOWS.
Application filed April 18, 1922.. Serial No. 554.,945.
T 0 all wkmn z't may concern:
Be itknown that I. MARY P. HALennn a citizen of the United States. residing at St. Paul, inthe county of Ramsev-and State of Minnesota, have invented a new. and useful W'eather Stripfor Doors and \Vindows, of which the followingis a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in weather strips for hinged windows and doors. I Its principal object isto provide a and durable device: of this kinddesigned to be readily applied to a door or window and.
framework therefor, said. device including a guard and automatic actuating neans to cause said guard to seal the joint at the bot tom of'the window or door, when closed,
also to, cause said guard to clear the adjacent sill, amb or floor, when the window or door is opened.
with the fore oin and other ob'ects in 1 View, whichwill appear in the "following description, theinventionresidesin the novel combinationand arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, Fig. 1 is a view in;elevation illustrating an embodimentot' my invention as applied to casement or Frcnch window. the window sash being closed against its stool o n the sill and the guard held in position sealing the joint between said sash and sill Fig; 2 is a similar view, the sash being swung back suiticiently to lift and latch the guard in elevate ed position; Fig.v 3 is a front View illustrating companion casement sashes supplied.
with my improved device, portions thereof being broken away to illustrate parts otherwise concealed; Fig. 4 is a' sectional view taken on the line 44 of Fig. 3; Fig. 5 is a similar View taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 1; Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 1, showing my improvement as applied to a door and Fig. 7 is a view of the structure shown in Fig.6, said view corresponding generally with that shown in Fig. 2.
In the drawings, A indicates a closure and B a frame therefor. In'Figs. l to 5 inclusive, the closure A is awindow sash of a casement or French window, while the frame B includes the window sill 10 and stool 11 thereon. In Figs. 6 and 7 the closureA is a door and the frame 13 the floor overwhich thedoor swings. A guard 12 weather proof hinge 1 rest outside of-the outer surface of the closurey as shown in Figs. 1. 2, 3 and 4, or may be housed within groove .15 in the closure,
simple v by means of screws 16.
with said guard thus @lQVEUtQCl.
suspended from a hanger 13 on the closure A seals the oiut between closure and frame.
'lhe guard 12 and hanger 18 are sheet metal strips, the adj cent margins thereof being.
curled, one within the other, toform a Thls hinge may as shown in Figs. 6 and 7. The hanger 13 is conveniently anchoredto the closure A, as The hanger 13 is formed at its ends with downturned lips 1'7 embracing the ends of the curled margin of the guard 12, said lips being supplied to prevent endwise displacement ofthe guard 12 on its hanger A longitudinal rib 18 rolled or pressed in the guard 12 supplies a groove or catch 19 at the rear thereof and,
ether with the curled margin of said guard, lends strength against warping or bending. finabutment'C. mounted on the into theform of a combined U and inverted V-shaped structure. said abutment comprising base members 2) for attachmentto the frame B and spaced, upright tripping mem- .3 attached 13 Y means of screws 24 to the 7 I p v closure A, comprises a combined guard actuating and latch arm 25 and a trip arm 26. In opening the closure A, the tr1p-arm 26 of said dog D is swung forwardby engage- .ment with the tripping member-21 of the abutment C, said movement being imparted to the actuating arm 25., Wll1Cl1 swings the guard 12 into position (Fig. 2) clearing the I guard 12raised ,upon the initial opening movement of the closure A, said closure is free to swing throughout its'major sweep Upon the final closing movement of the closure A. the trip-arm 26 of the dog D engages the tripping member 22 of the. abutment C and is swung downward to initial position between the said'tripping members 21 and 22. .his downward swing of the trip-arm 26 is 110 companied by a similar movement of the no tuating arm 25., which movement of said. arm results, first, in disengaging the same from frame B, consists of a strip of metal bent hers 21 and 22. dog D. pivoted on a plate the catch 19 in the guard and, finally, in withdrawing said arm from guard elevating position.
In some instances, instead of depending upon gravity to lower the guard 12 into sealing relation, I supply a spring 27 for that purpose. This spring is conveniently arranged in a hole 28 in the closure A near the plate 23, said spring being caught at its inner end over a plate anchoring screw 2% and at its outer end in an eye 29 attached to the guard 12. This spring 27, in addition to lowering the guard 12, bars the unre stricted upward throw of said guard, upon a quick opening swing of the closure A, and prevents the consequent failure of engag ment between the actuating arm 25 and catch 19. The action of the spring 27, or of gravity, or both, in holding the guard l in sealing relation, is, in some instances, supl'demented by means of a second catch arranged on the guard 12 and engaged by the actuating arm 25 of the. dog D. Said catch includes a lug 3O bent rearward from the guard 12, said lug having an inturned lip 31 reaching behind the actuating arm 25. Upon the final closing swing of the closure A and after said actuating a 111 has been released from the catch 19 in the guard said arm 25, passes in front of the lip 31 and by the engagement of its rear edge with said lip causes the guard 12 to be drawn into and locked in sealing relation.
I prefer, especially in applying my improvement to doors (Figs. 6 and 7) to supply the lower edge of the guard 12 with a yielding abutment strip 82 of rubber or other suitable material. The use of such a strip results in a positive, final sealing movement of the guard 12 and provides a selfadjusting seal to accord with irregularities in the surface of the frame 13.
Changes in the specific form of my invention, as herein disclosed, may be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of my invention.
Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:
1. In combination with a hinged closure and frame therefor, a guard hinged on said closure, two catches on said guard, a spring operating to yieldingly draw the guard into operative position sealing the joint between said closure and frame, an abutment on the frame, a dog mounted on the closure and comprising a trip-arm, co-operating with the abutment, and a combined guard actuating and latch arm, said dog serving, during the initial stage of the opening swing of the closure, to lift the guard :li'rom sealing position, through the guard actuating arm, said arm co-operating with one of said catches to hold the guard elevated, said dog serving, further, during the final stage of the closing swing of the closure, to first release said arm from said catch and then engage said arm with the second catch and thereby lock the guard in sealing position.
2. In combination with a hinged closure and frame thereit'or, a guard hinged on said closure and arranged to normally hang in position with its lowermost edge sealing the joint between said closure and frame, an actuating abutment on the frame, and a dog pivoted on the closure to swing on an axis beneath the pivotal axis of the guard, said dog co-operating with said abutment and guard and serving, during the initial stage of the opening swing of said closure, to shift and hold the guard in elevated inoperative position and, during the final stage of the closing swing of said closure, to free said guard and permit of its return to depending operative position.
In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification.
MARY I HALBERI.