|Publication number||US1537992 A|
|Publication date||May 19, 1925|
|Filing date||Feb 16, 1923|
|Publication number||US 1537992 A, US 1537992A, US-A-1537992, US1537992 A, US1537992A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (10), Classifications (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
May 19, 1925.
E. GEARoN MEDIcA'ToR Filed Feb. 16. 1.9235` Cil Patented May 19, 1925.
1,537,992 PATENT OFFICE.
EDWARD-Granen, or CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
' Application led February 1i`6, 1923. Serial No. 619,525.
To' all @cham it may concern:
Be it known that I, EDWARD GERON, a
citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented new and usefulImprovenients in Medicators, of which the following is a specification.
My. invention relates to medieators off' the suppository type, the invention having for its primary object the provision of an improved device of this kind which is particmedicator for more painless insertion into ularly adaptedfor insertion -into the rectal or pelvic passages of the body and which will assure a highly etlicient diffusion of a medicament throughout the surrounding tlssues of the passage. v
Another important object of the invention to provide a medicator of the character set forth which is designed to conform itself in use to the natural or unnatural positions of the passages in which it is inserted, and which will thus be made adaptable to the individual anatomical and physiological requirements of each user.
A. further object of the invention is to furnish a novel and improved means for reducing the diametrical dimensions of the the passage to be treated, and whereby communication islpermitted through the medicator after it has been positioned in the passage.
lVit-h the above and other objects in view, as will become more apparent as the description proceeds, the invention comprises a novel combination and arrangement of parts to be. hereinafter described and claimed, and in order that the same may be better understood, reference is had to the accompanying drawing forming a part of this speciieation.
In the drawing,
Figure 1 is an elevation showing the application of the invention;
Fig. 2 is a central longitudinal section through the medicator illustrating. my improved suppository for compressing the same;
Fig. 3 is a side elevation of the medicator with the suppository removed;
Fig. 4 is a central longitudinal section through the medicator-compressing suppository;
Fig. 5 is a section on the line 5-5 of Fig. 3;
Fig. 6 is a similar view taken on the line' 6 6 of Fig. 2, and
Fig. 7 is an end elevation of the medicator.
Referring specifically to the drawing, wherein like referenceA numerals designate like parts throughout the several views, numeral 8 denotes my improved medicator as a whole, the same being formed of rubber or other' similar pliable vulcanizable Ina-. teria] whiclris composed of two elongated concavo-convex f sections 9 and l1 as best shown inV Fig. 5, which latter are provided with raised threaded portions 10 and 10l respectively.' These threaded sections 1() and 10a of the sections 9 and 11 are molded lirm so asio maintain the arcuate shape of said opposed sections under pressure, and the section 11 is smaller in width and thicker than the section 9 fora purpose Vwhich ywill presently appear. Connecting these opposed arcuate portions 9 and 11 are substantially plane flexible Walls 12 running throughout the length of said sections. Between the adjacent threaded portions of the sections 9 and 11 are intervening elastic portions, the purpose of which is to permit Hexing of the medicator to conform it to the passage into which it is inserted. Upon the lower end of the medicator 8 there is formed adjacent its extremity, a concavo-convex circumferential projection 18, which is formed of rubber or other flexible substance, being vulcanized to the body of the medicator, the end of which projects through the center of the circumferential projection 13, which latter is provided with radial supporting ribs 13a for yieldably maintainingits contour.
The end of the medicator 8 is provided with substantially wedge shaped apertures 15 for the reception of cotton, gauze or other material for carrying hygienic or antiseptic dressings that may be utilized. Upon this extension 14 of the medicator 8 is carried a cord 16 theend of which carries a ring 17, the purpose of the cord and ring being to better facilitate withdrawal of the medicator fromthe passage.
My improved suppository for compressing the medicator to reduce its diametrieal dimensions to facilitate insertion comprises a body portion of substantially cylindrical configuration, which is provided with a central longitudinal concavity 19'as shown in Fig. 4, this latter being internally threaded as shown at 20, the purpose of this construction being to permit the medicator to be screwed within the suppository.
Upon reference to Figs. 2 and 4. it will be noted that the body portionof the suppository is formed with a plurality of annular conca-vo-convex portions 18 which are convex upon their upper surfaces. to facilitate insertion of suppository, the lower sur-' faces being .concave to retard'the downward movement-of the medicator and suppository and to prevent them from being dislodged from the proper position in the passage, by means other than those provided therefor.
The suppositfioy will be formed of a suitable medicament r treating t-he passage, and will be made soluble by the heat in the passage. The lower end of the suppository is of substantially cup-like form asv shown at 22 forcompressing the circumferential projection 13 of the medicator to permit its insertion withinthe passage. The upper end of the suppository is reduced and formed with a radual convex slope as shown at 2l `to facilitate its insertion into the passage.
.and rolling the edges ofthe section 9 upwardly and inwardly, the walls 12, by reason of their flexibility will be 'folded outwardly' 'and downwardlyvas shown in Fig. 6, thus compressing the medicator to give it a cylindrical cross section and reducing its diametrical dimensions. .The arcuate formation of thesection 11 will 'be maintained by reason of the thickened and relatively rigid construction thereof and a longitudinal channel or opening 24 will be,l maintained through the medicator when `the'suppository is in place, as clearly shown in Fig. 2. After the end of the medicatorv 8 `has been compressed and started, in the threads of the concavity 19 of the suppository, the remaining longitudinal portion thereof may be screwed therein, in an obvious manner until the circum-ferential projection 13 has been receivedand compressed within the. cup-like portion 22 of the suppository: as previously de- The. channelv 24 permits the 'introduction of a medicament therethrough after the medicator with its suppository has been posltioned in the passage, and this construction also permits the escape of liquids and gases from the passage while the lnedicator 1s still in place. Electrical treatment of theportion of the passage beyond the upper end offthe medicator may also be had, the electrode beingintrodueed through the passage 24.
' In'usingl the medicator, the suppository is screwed thereon as he-reinbefore described,
until the cup-like end of the suppositorjv 22 i sage to be treated. As will be evident from an inspection of Figs. 1 and 2, the weakened construction of the Walls of the supposito'ry by reason of the'annular grooves23 therein permits t-he breaking thereof upon fleet-ion of the medicator togconform `tothe cause of the passage. The suppository having been broken into disk like sections 18 las shown in Fig. .1, may now be flexed and will follow the vcourse of the passage. It will be understood that the walls 12 of the medicator have suiicient elasticity to normally strive to return to 'their original positions. Therefore, after the insertion of the suppository into the passageway and the subsequent melting thereof, thewalls 12 of the medicator will be forced out-wardlyto their normal positions thus spreading the portions of the suppository to the surrounding tissues and insuring a. more beneficial effect therefrom. The circumferential projection 13 of the medicator serves to cooperate with the lower end of the rectum'or othe-r passage to prevent withdrawal of the medicator therefrom. The flexible constructionof both medicator and suppository when in use permits their passage around irregular' growths or obstructions which might be met in the rectum or other passage being treated. I have found that beneficial results may be derived. inv using this medicator from the effects of the gentle dilating pressures which it exerts when it has been released from compression, these dilating pressures having a corrective effect on strictures and other irregularities in the walls of the rectum.
Another vital improvement-of this medicator is that when in use i-n the rectum, it allows the sphincter muscles to fiex and relax naturally arid there is no part of the medicatorl surrounded by or -dist'ending the muscles of the orifice of the anus, except thel fine cord 16 which is almost imperceptible to the user. muscles and the promotion of restwhich is essential in curing piles, fissure, fistula and other diseases of the rectum will be assured. While I- have illustrated the invention for treatment off the rectum, yet it will be understood that the medicator and suppository may be made of different dimensions for use in medicating the vagina and the genital passages adjacent to it, and also for inedicatingthe urethra of males or females, and the nasal, aural, and throat passages.
While I have described and illustrated the preferred embodiment of the invention as required by the patent statutes, it will be distinctly understood that I do not mean to limit myself strictly thereto, since various Complete relaxation of these changes and modifications wmay be made -therein within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
I claimz- 1. The combination-with a iiiedicator having a hollow partially-collapsible body; of a means for compressing said collapsible body I for reducing the `diaineti'ic dimensions thereof, and means associated with said body portion for maintaining a concavity therein upon reduction of its diametric dimensions.
2. "lhe combination with a medicator hav-4 ing a hollow partially-collapsible body; vof a means for compressing said collapsible bodyfor reducing the diametric 'dimensions l concavity extending therethrough, threads molded upon the ,outer surface of the 'medicatoifbody portion, and said concavity of said suppository being internally threaded to receive the threads of said body portionto permit screwing of the iiiedicator in the suppository. 4. The combinationwith a medicator havi ing a hollow resilient body portion; of a means for compressingsaid body portion for reducing the diametric dimensions thereof, said means comprising a normally hard and solublesuppository having a longitudinalI v y, ,l
9. The combinationwith a medicator havconcavity extending therethrough, threads molded upon the outer surface of the medicatorbody, and said supposit'ory being internally threaded. tol receive the threads of said body portion to permit screwing of the inedicatoii into the suppository.
5. The combination With a. medicator coinrising av relatively flexible and elongated ody portion, said body portion comprising tw'o opposed walls having concave inner surfaces, one of said walls being narrower than the other and being depress'ible to .a'jpoint with its edges in proximity to the concave surface of the. other wall, elastic Walls for joining said opposed walls, a laterally spaced reinforcing portions extending transverselyof each of said -opposed walls for maintainingrthe'interior contour thereof, said elastic walls being foldable upon the inner concave surface of the other ,opposed wall upon depression of the narrower opposed wa'll; of a .soluble medicament jacket for receiving' and compressing said -medicaton t Y 6. The combination with a medicator having ahollow elongated body prtionof plurality of elastic material, two opposed walls thereof having concave .interior surfaces, spaced transverse reinforcements arranged upon each of said opposed walls, one of said walls being compressible with its longitudinal edges inproximity to the concave surface of thebther wall for reducing the diametiic dimension of said medicator, and said transverse reinforcements preserving a concavity throughout the length ofsaid medicator; of
a soluble inedicainentjacket for receiving and' compressing said medicator.
7 A medicatorcomprising a relatively flexible and elongated body portion,` said body portion comprising two opposed walls having concave inner surfaces, one of said walls being narrower tliantl'ie other and being depressible to a point with its edges in proximity to the concave surface of the other wall, elastic walls for joining said opposedwalls, a plurality of laterally spaced reinforcing portions extending transversely of each of said opposed Walls for maintain'- .ing ,the interior contour thereof, aid said elastic walls being foldable upon the inner concave surface of the other opposedV wall upon depression ofthe narroweioppesed wall.
8. A medicator having a'holldw elongated body portion of elastic material, two opposed Walls thereof having concave interior surfaces, spaced transverse reinforcements arranged upon each of said opposed walls, one of said Walls being compressible with its 4longitudinal edges in proximity to the concave surface -o'f the4 other Wall for reducing 'H the diametric dimensions of saidmedicator,
and said transverse reinforcements preserving a conc'avity throughout the length of said medicator.
verse threaded sections upon lthe exterior.
surface thereof; of'a means for reducing the diametricL dimension of -said medicator, said means comprising a soluble jacket, said jacket 'being interiorly .threaded to engage the threadedsections of said 'medicaton 10. The combination with a medicator having a hollow partially-collapsibley body, and a iexible lateral extension ycarried -by said body; lof a means for compressing said body for reducing the diametric dimensions' thereof and 'compressing said fiexible lateral extension, saidmcaiis comprising a normally hard and soluble suppository having .a longitudinal concavity extending therethrough.
11. The combination with a medicutor having" anv elongated flexible vbody lportion; of a normally hard and soluble suppository having a longitudinal 'concavity therein for the vreception of 'said' medicator, and .said
' suppository having spacedtransverse weakened Aportions breakable upon flection off said medicator.
12. The combination with a medicator having an elongated flexible body portion;
-o'f anormally hard and soliible-suppository having a longitudinal concavity therein for the reception of said medic-atei', said suppository having spaced circumferential inwardly and obliqiiely directed grooves inclined toward the iippeigend of said siippository, and said siippositoi'y being separable at said igrooves into disks upon lection of said medicator. i
X 13. 'lli-e. combination with a medicator having an elongated flexible body portion and a flexible lateral extension projecting therefrom; of anorinally hard and soluble suppository having a longitudinal concavity therein for the reception vof said medicator, said siippository having spaced circumferential inwardly and obliqiiely directed grooves inclined toward the upper end of said suppository, and said siippository being sepa` 4rable at said grooves into eoncavo convex condition, and said medicator being siibstan' tally annular in cross-section when in tially collapsed condition.
1.6. A medicator coi'iiprisinga resilient parpai'tially-collapsible hol-low' body portion, means 'for maintaining the hollow character of said body portion in relatively reduced form when vsaid medicator is in partially-collapsed condition, saidinedicator being substantially annular in cross-section when in partially-collapsed condition, and a lateral flexible projection carried by said body portion intermediateits ends.
17. A medicator comprising` a resilient partially-collapsible hollow body portion, means for maintaining the hollow character of said body portion in relatively reduced form when said medicator is in partially- ,collapsed condition, said medicator being siil'istantially annular in' cross-section when in partially-collapsed condition, and a-lateral flexible projection carried by said body portion intermediate its ends, said body portion having' gauze ,retaining reeesses'between said lateral flexible projection and the proxi- 4 mate end of saidI body portion.
18. The combination of a inedicator comprisin a resilient partially-collapsible liollow body portion, means residing in the eonstruction of opposite walls of said body portion for maintaining the hollow character thereof in relatively reduced form when in partially-collapsei'l condition, and a. dissoluble medicament for maintaining said medicator in partially-collapsed condition.
19. The combination ol a medicator comprising a flexible partially collapsible body portion, each of the sidewalls of which have portions foldable together when the medieator is compressed, and means insert-ible upon said body portion when partially compressed whereby thersaine will be so maintained. y
In testimony whereof I allix my siwnature.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2763265 *||Dec 14, 1954||Sep 18, 1956||Waters Edward G||Gynecological instrument|
|US3840010 *||Sep 25, 1972||Oct 8, 1974||Giglio F||Suppository|
|US5192266 *||Jul 23, 1992||Mar 9, 1993||Wilk Peter J||Device and related method for reducing swelling of hemorrhoidal tissues|
|US5263926 *||Oct 2, 1992||Nov 23, 1993||Wilk Peter J||Device and related method for reducing swelling of hemorrhoidal tissues|
|US5584827 *||Aug 24, 1994||Dec 17, 1996||Ultracell Medical Technologies, Inc||Nasal-packing article|
|US6319238 *||May 12, 1999||Nov 20, 2001||Mcneil-Ppc, Inc.||Absorbent interlabial article|
|US7267670 *||Aug 30, 2001||Sep 11, 2007||Mulholland S Grant||Reinforced urethral suppository|
|US20030050612 *||Aug 30, 2001||Mar 13, 2003||Mulholland S. Grant||Reinforced urethral suppository|
|WO1993015788A1 *||Feb 17, 1993||Aug 19, 1993||Wilk Peter J||Reduction of swelling in hemorrhoidal tissues|
|WO2000015165A1 *||Sep 2, 1999||Mar 23, 2000||Ultracell Medical Technologies Of Connecticut, Inc.||Absorbent article and insertion means for body cavities|