US 1538311 A
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Patented May 19, 1925.
imam l IcE.
l ALFRED ANTIcKNARoE TORONTO, ONTARIO, CANADA.
' Application fneaiune 2,
- To all io/zoem it may concern: f
` Be it known that I, ALFRED ANTIGKNAP, a subject of the King of GreatLBritain, and residentof 193 Simcoe St., in the city of Toronto, county of York, Province of Ontario, in the Dominion of Canada, have invented certain new and useful Improvements `in Collapsible Bathhouses, of which the followingy is a specification.
Theinvention relates to improvements in collapsible bath houses as described in the present specification and shown in the accompanying drawings that form a part of the same. l
The invention consists essentially of the novel construction and arrangementk of parts whereby-a bath house is constructed of a plurality of interfitting sections adapted to be keyed together for 'erection and having a cover of flexible material detachably secured thereto.
The objects of the invention are. to provide a bath house which `may be readily collapsed to occupy a comparatively small space for transportation purposes, and generally to provide a collapsible bath house which will be simple and cheap of construction, easy'to erect and durable. f
In the drawings Figure 1 is a perspective view ofthe house inits crectedcondition, a portion of the enclosing` wall being broken away for illustrative purposes.
Figure 2 is a perspective detail of the frame work in its erected condition.
Figure 3 is a perspective detail of one of the sand pegs. f
Figure 4 is a cross sectional view taken on the line A--A of Figure 2 to show the means vfor locking the sand pegs to the main upriglits. y
Figure 5 is a. vertical sectional view taken on the line B-B of Figure 2 showing the manner in which the sections of the main uprights are locked together.
Figure 6l is a vertical sectional view taken on the line C-C of Figure 2 showing the connection between the transverse connecting pieces, the top and thel main uprights. F igure 7 1s a perspective view of the container.
Like numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts in the various figures.
Referring to the drawings A represents the main uprights of which there are four, each of which comprises two or more interlocking sections l and 2, of right angular 192i. serial No. 474,415.
`cross section, the lower section l having its edges turned inwardly as at 3 and forming a slideway for the upper `section 2 which is adapted to be locked to said lower section to prevent longitudinal movement by means of a wedge 4 of right angular cross section adapted to be forced downwardly between the section 2 and the backwardly turned edgesy 3 of the section 1, said wedge or key preferably being securely fastened to the sectiony 2 by means of a chain or other member 5. f
To the inner side of each of the sections '2 adjacent to the upper end thereof is rigidly secured a retaining plate G, said plate being right angular in cross section with thesides thereof extending parallel with the sides of vsaid sections 2 and spaced slightly therefrom to permit of the insertion of the cross members as will be described hereinafter.
7 arethe fillers of right angular cross section inserted between the plate 6 and the ysections 2 and forming stops to prevent downward movementof the cross members.
8 and 9 are the individual sections of the cross members of the frame which are adapted vto connect the top ends of the uprights, the side edges of the respective sections 8 being turned baclrwardly for a portion of their length similarly to the edges of the sections 1 to form slideways for the reception of the sections 9, said sections being locked in their extended positions in relation to one another by means of wedges 4 and having their ends adapted for insertion in the spaces lbetween the corresponding sides of the sections 2 and the retaining plates 6 respectively with the lower edges thereof resting on the fillers 7, and then their top orv horizontal surfaces in overlapping arrangement, said overlapping portions being provided with' openings therethrough for the reception of fastening pins 10.
11, 12, 13 and 14 are the individual sections of the coverframe, said sections being of right angle design in cross section and at their inner ends being pivotally secured in lugs 15 from a collar 16 and at their outerends cut away to permit of the remaining side extending over the overlapping portions of the sections8 and 9 as at 17 and being adapted to be locked in position by the. pins 10. n
18 are extensible legs pointed at their lower ends and slidably arranged in the sections 1 of the uprights A and held by the pins 19 in the desired position.
20 is an envelope or covering which may be constructed of canvas or any other suitable material and which is fastened to the frame by the pins 21 that also hold the frame parts together.
2,2 is a canopy for the top of the frame, said canopy being provided on its inner side with fastening pins of any desirable design adapted to be secured to the frame or to the side covering 20.
23' is a telescopic casing adapted to receive the bath house in its collapsed condition, said casing being, adapted to form a seat upon the erection of the house.
In the use of this invention the top section of the uprights are telescoped into the top ends of the lower sections and the wedge members 4 are then inserted between said top sectionsand the flanges 3 of the lower sections thus lirmly wedging together the overlapping portions of said top and lower sections againstl longitudinal movement. If desirable the sand pegs 18 may be placed in position on the lower ends of the sections 1 when the device is to be erected in deep sand.` rI he sections of'the cross members are then telescopically arranged in relation to one another and wedged together and the ends thereof inserted between the respective retaining `plates 6 and the top ends of the corresponding` sections 2 and secured together and to said sections 2 by means of the fastening pins 10. The cover frame is then placed in position with the ends thereof projecting` over the outer ends of the sections 8 and 9 and adapted to be secured to said sections bymeans of the pins10 extending through suitable openings therein. rlhe envelope `or covering is then placed around the frame work and secured in position by means of the pins 10 extendingV therethrough and also through the openings il in the framework. The canopy 22 is then placed over the cover frame and secured by any desi able form of fasteners to the framework or to the envelope as desired.
It will thus be apparent that the present invention provides a form of bath house which is very simple of erection and which may be collapsed to occupy al very small space for transportation or other purposes and which is comparatively inexpensive of construction thus bringing the pleasure and advantages of bathing within the reach of persons who would otherwise be prohibited from the enjoyment through lack of proper facilities.
WThat l claim isz- A collapsible bath house comprising a main frame having uprights in individual sections or right angle formation in cross section, the lower individual sections having flanges forming slideways for the upper individual sections, wedge membersof right angle cross section adapted for wedging said upper and lower individual sections in their extended position, locking plates carried by said upper individual sections, cross members in telescopic sections connecting said uprights limiting the downward movement of said cross pieces, a cover frame adapted for inte-rlitting engagement with said uprights and said cross pieces, and a flexible enclosing member carrying fasteners constituting auxiliary locking means for said cover frame and adapted for fastening said enclosing member to the various sections of said main frame.
Signed at the city of rloronto, Province of Ontario this 28th day of May, 1921.
Witnesses lV. Gr. HAMMOND, Gr. T. MURPHY.