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Publication numberUS1538562 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 19, 1925
Filing dateAug 18, 1922
Priority dateAug 18, 1922
Publication numberUS 1538562 A, US 1538562A, US-A-1538562, US1538562 A, US1538562A
InventorsCharles Koshalko
Original AssigneeCharles Koshalko
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Air-operated toy
US 1538562 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 19, 1925. I 1,538,562

- c. KOSHALKO AIR OPERATED TOY Filed A1191. 18, 922

Patented May 19, 1925.




To all whom it may concern:

Be it knowxi that I, CHARLES KosmLKo, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, have invented certainnew and useful Improvements in Air-Operated Toys, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to an air-operated toy which is an improvement on the toy set forth in my Patent-No. 1,251,673, dated January 1., 1918.

The present improvements provide a sim- I ple, inexpensive and durable air-propeller operated device of novel construction and operation adapted for attachment to a flag pole, cap of an automobile-radiator. or to any holder, embodying a mechanical movement for operating movable parts of a figure, the latter being shown as the simulation of an eagle having movable wings, preferably carrying flags, although it is to be understood that the representation of the figure may be varied as desired.

The present improvements provide mech-- anism which is simpler, more durable, and much less expensive than the operating mechanism of my Patent No. 1,251,673 and, in addition thereto, there is provided novel means for automatically applying a braking action when the air velocity becomes too great.

The embodiments of the invention set forth hereinafter are susceptible of modification and the disclosure is to be considered as illustrative, rather than restrictive, of the scope thereof.

In the accompanying drawings:

Figure 1 is a front 'elevation.

Fig. 2 is a rear elevation;

Fig. 3 is a side elevation; and

Fig. 4 is a detail view of a modified operating device.

The upright 1 is formed of a single piece of sheet metal which is shaped to represent any suitable figure. As shown, the figure is that of the body of an eagle which is provided with a vertical slot 2.

Pivoted at 3 to the body are the wings 4 which have slots 5.

Preferably. the wings 4 are provided with fabric flags 6, the pins or stafls 7 of which are frict-ionally held in struck-up loops 8 of the wings 4, said wings being of metal. By reason of this construction substitute flags can be employed whenever desirzrl.

Projecting from the body is a bracket 1 and in this bracket and the body there is journaled a shaft 11 carrying a propeller 12 and a pinion 13.

Suitably journaled at 14 to the body is a gear 15. A connecting link or member 16 which is pivoted to the gear at 17, has a pin 18 which extends through the slots 2 and 5 so that as the gear turns, when driven by the rotation of the. propeller, the wings 4 are raised and lowered, thus simulating the appearance of the flapping of wings and also causing the flags to be waved up and down. As the flags are fabric, they can also fly in the breeze, presenting an attractive and pleasing appearance to the eye.

The shaft 11 is inclined and adapted for a limited sliding movement. Mounted on the shaft 11 is a friction washer 19 which normally remains out of contact with the upright 1 due to the inclination of the shaft. When the wind pressure or velocity becomes too great, the shaft 11 slides and the collar 20 then forces the washer 19 against the upright 1. resulting in a braking action which slows down the number of revolutions of shaft 11 so that the device will neither become injured from too rapid operation nor operate so fast as to mar the pleasing appearance of the movement of the Wings and ass.

In Fig. 5 I have shown modified means for operating the wings comprising a pair of links 21, 22, both pivoted to the gear 15 at 23 and. respectivelv. pivoted to the wings at 24, 25. In this form, the pin- 18 and slots 2 and 5 are omitted.

I claim: a

'1. In an air-o erated toy, the combination with an upright having a slot, of a pair of rockable members pivoted to the upright and having slots, a wheel, a link pivoted to. and driven by the wheel having a pin. said pin operating in the slots of the rockable members and slot of the upright, and airoperated means for driving said wheel.

2. In an air-operated toy, the combination with a slidable shaft. and figure members operated by said shaft, of bodily shiftable air-operated means for turning said shaft which is adapted to cause the shaft to slide when the air pressure on said means becomes sutficient for that purpose, and a brake which is operated when saidshaft slides as aforesaid.

In an airsonerated toy, the combination with an inclined slidable shaft, and figure members-operated by said shaft, of bodily shiftable air-operated means for turning said shaft which also causes the shaft to slide when the air pressure on said means becomes sufiicient for that purpose, and a brake which is operated when said shaft slides, said shaft, due to its inclination, normall ture.

remaining in a position to prevent lace.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2503707 *Apr 8, 1946Apr 11, 1950Braman William TConvertible toy
US2504567 *May 20, 1947Apr 18, 1950Morgan Harold BToy ornithopter
US2545801 *Nov 17, 1947Mar 20, 1951Peter WrazenOrnamental rotatable bird, including rotatable wings
US2637937 *Jun 10, 1949May 12, 1953Eugene Polk WilliamFlapping wing toy
US2637938 *Jun 15, 1949May 12, 1953Eugene Polk WilliamFlapping wing toy
US3153871 *May 18, 1962Oct 27, 1964Marx & Co LouisBird toy
US5121646 *Oct 4, 1990Jun 16, 1992New Wonder Company LimitedDriving mechanism of multi-action doll
US6280804Jul 15, 1999Aug 28, 2001Allen P. AkridgeNovelty windmill
US6360474 *Mar 16, 2000Mar 26, 2002Douglas P. WurlitzerWind-powered apparatus including animated figure
US6733357 *Aug 21, 2003May 11, 2004Exhart Environmental Systems, Inc.Garden novelty with upright wing supports
US6773331Aug 21, 2003Aug 10, 2004Exhart Environmental Systems, Inc.Novelty with incorporated fan
US6843702Jun 9, 2003Jan 18, 2005Exhart Environmental Systems, Inc.Spring novelty with rotating appendage and removable securing portion
US7033240Oct 25, 2004Apr 25, 2006Exhart Environmental Systems, Inc.Spring novelty with rotating appendage and removable securing portion
US20110219660 *May 26, 2011Sep 15, 2011Willard BrestalDecoy method and system
U.S. Classification446/201, 40/218, 40/417, D21/458, 40/413, 451/259, 248/513
International ClassificationA63H33/00, A63H33/40
Cooperative ClassificationA63H33/40
European ClassificationA63H33/40