US 1538681 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May'l9, 1925. l y 1,538,681
C. BUCKHOUT WALL CONSTRUCTION Filed May 3, 1923 To all who/m, it may concern.'
of plastic material plates in a plastic thereto.
Patented May 19, 1925.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE winrar: c. nucxuou'r, or YoNxEss, NEW Yoax.
' WALL coNsraUcTI-ON.
' applicati@ mea nay' s,
Be it known that I, WILLIAM C. BUCK- HoUr, a citizen of the United States and a resident of Yonkers, in the county of Westl chester and State of New York, have invented a new and Improved Wall Construction, of which the following isa full, clear, and exact description.
This invention has relation to wall structures and a method of erecting the same and has particular reference to walls constructed the same being in the nature of an improvement over a prior invention set forth in Letters Patent of the United States No. 1368109, granted to me on February 8, 1921.
. ne of the outstanding objects of the pres- -ent invention .consists -in employing parallel spaced foramlnous surface4 defining and re- 0 inforcing members for the wall structure whereby the plastic filling material, when in plastic. condltion, will ooze through said members to form an outer coating or covering therefor'to present a roughened surface 25 upon which a finishing coating or layer may be vreadily imposed.
As a further object the invention contemwall structure provided with vents or passages therein, vent or passage-#forming elements constructed in units andil Such a manner that said units may `be .y properlyconnected or associated with each 1 otherffand supported andV maintained in positlompriorto the lpouring' .or filling in of the plastic materia r 4Thezgin'vention further contemplates a method of erecting walls of plastic material without the use o forms or molds, thereby greatly reducing the expense incident With the above l`recited and other objects in view, the invention resides in the novel construction set forth in the following speciieation, particularly pointed out in the appended claims and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, it being understood that the right is' reserved to embodiments other than those actually illustrated herein to the full extent indicated by the general meaning of the terms in which'the claims are expressed.
In the drawing- Figure 1 is a'v fragmentary perspective viev i of a wall structure l"terial' of jthis character leas. serial No. 636,499.
prior to the pouring or introduction of the plastic material.
Fig. 2 is through. K
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary side view of the passage or vent forming elements, parts bemg broken away and shown in section.
Fig. 4 is a horizontal sectional view therethrough taken approximately on the line 4 4 of Fig. 3. y
Fig. 5 is a detail fragmentarycross 'sectional view through the completed wall structure, illustratmgf the intake assage leading to the vent or passa'ge in t e wall structure. ,l
Referring to the drawing 'by characters of reference designates a cornerpost preferably of cement, concrete or other cementitious or plastic material between a pair of which the wall is to be\erected `-to `form `a homogeneous part ther f. To the confronting faces Aof each pair of posts, a wooden strip or plank 11 isvbolted or otherwise secured said plank width than t e width o post. Wires l2 are initially vstrung from post` to post with the ends secured as at 13 raminous surface definingy `and i reinforcin members llwhich l metal 'la-thing or any ot wires 12 to define there 14 being anchored against displacement by retaining or binding free ends of the legs ber 16 are retained against spreadin locking devices 19 which wireand formed at their devices 18. The upper by are preferab y of he wall further inclu es passage tions of porous material such as cardboard a cross sectional view therebeing of lesser .l post and disposed-ap roxiare referably-"zof pullleA f erforammeu between'espacefor the reception of the fillingv of IcementA or` p other plastic'm'ateriah In OrdrftQ. Prevent f permanent AU- of the U-shaped mem-A opposite extremities with e es 2O receiving the up er ends of the legs. 'l
or vent defining means which consist of seceach unit are brought together in face to face relation they produce vertical cylindrical passages orrvents 25 and transverse communicating vents or passages 26. The opposite ends of the sections of adjacent units are designed to overlap due to the fact that the end webs 27 and 28 of the confronting V sections are of different lengths. The Sections of the units are slitted as at 29 adjacent the opposite ends `of the portions 22 at their juncture with the webs 21 whereby superposed units are assembled' by sleeve 30. The lowermost row 'of units are engaged with sleeves 31 of a longitudinal manifold pipe 32 of which the sleeves 31 are preferably an integral part. The opposite ends of the manifold pipe 32 lead into a box 33 which has a right angularly disposed collar 34 extending through the cutout portion in the member 14. Adjacent the ceiling of each room, a laterally projecting pipe section 35 extends through the member 14 at its outer end and at its inner end communicates with the passage or vent forming unit.
The passage orvent forming units are set up'as illustrated in Fig. 1 and are centered and retained in place by transverse members and reinforcing devices 36 formed with terminal hooks 37 engaged in the interstices of the members 14 and formed with central web engaging offsets 38. The offsets 38 engage over the upper edges of the webs 21. Additional bracing and reinforcing vdevices .39
- ingsA in -provided with hooked terminals 40 may be employed which are forced through openthe webs and engaged at opposite ends :in the interstices of the members 14. Removable inverted U-shaped clamps 41 are employed, the legs 42 of which embrace and lie against the outer sides of the members 14. vThe llegs lare preferably formed with keepers k43 1n which longitudinal bars 44 are engaged. iVhengthus set up, the filling 15 of plastic material is introduced between the members 14 and around the passage defining units and element. A portion of this plastic material w ill ooze through the interstices of the members 14- and form a coating on the outer face of the members 14 to provide a roughened outer surface for the wall which facilitates the application of a finishing coating such as plaster for the innenside of the wall and stucco or the like for the outer side of the wall. After the filling has the removable clamps 41 and set sufficiently,
, bars 44 are knocked down and removed.
The members 14 thus constitute a surface defining member as well vas reinforcing means while the wires 12, U-shaped'braces 16 and the cross braces 36 and 39 go to make up reinforcing means structure. The assage defining sections and unitswill form 1n the wall an interior venting system which facilitates the rapid drying out of the wall and later serves as aventilation promoting means for the rooms of thebuilding. The cheapness of the structure is apparent, due to the fact that the necessity of employing forms of the ordinary type which are later knocked down and destroyed, is eliminated; that expensive molded plastic slabs are eliminated and in lieu thereof the foraminous members 14 are employed which are preferably of pulled metal lathing through which the ooze of the filling percolates to provide a roughened outer surface to the wall when finished. It should be furwall structure of great strength and dura-` bility.
I claim: v
1. A wall structure including .upright end posts, vertically spaced orizontal wires connected to the opposite sides of and. stretched longitudinally posts, foraminous stri s of material securedk to the wires to provi e spaced parallel surface defining and reinforcing elements, per-l manent U-shaped braces arranged transversely between the strips and having a bight portion and' vertical legs formed with corrugations on their outer sides for the reception of the horizontal wires, binding devices tying ythe leg corrugations, transverse braces engaging the free terminals of the legs to prevent spreadin thereof, transverse tie elements having o set hooked terminals engageable in the interstices of the foraminous strips to brace the same against bulging and a plastic filling between said strips extending through the interstices thereof and coating the outer surfaces of the same. y
2. A wall structure including upright end posts vertically spaced horizontal wires connected to the opposite sides of and stretched longitudinally between the end posts, foraminous strips of material secured to the wires to provide spaced .parallel surface defining and reinforcing elements, permanent U-shaped braces arranged transversely between the strips and having a bight portion and vertical legs formed with corrugations on their outer sides for the reception of the horizontal wires,- binding devices tying the wires within the leg corrugations, transverse braces engaging the free terminals ofthe legs to prevent spreading thereof, transverse tie elements having offset hooked terminals engageable in the interstices of the foraminos strips to brace the same against bulging and a plastic fillfor the complete Wall K between the ending between said strips extending surface of the same,
cured to the wires to provide spaced parallel surface defining and reinforcing ele.- ments, permanent U-shaped braces arranged transversely between the strips and havlng a bight portion and vertical legs formed with corrugations on .their outer sides for the reception of the horizontal wires, binding devices tying the wires within the leg corrugationsf transverse braces engaging the free terminals of the legs to -prevent spreading thereof, transverse tie elements having offset hooked terminals engageable in the intersti'ces of the foralinous strips to brace the` same against bulging and a' plastic filling between said strips .extending .through the interstices thereof and coating the outer surface ofthe same, in'combination .with a plurality of centrally arranged hollow porous vventila- .end posts,
tion and drainage defining members separating the plastic filling, certain of the cross tie elements being-centrally offset tol engage with and maintain the ventilationl and drainage defining members-in juxtaposition to the surface definin and reinforcing elements during the borm'g and setting of the plastic filling.
4. A wall structure including upright facing planks secured thereto,
vertically spaced horizontal wires con- .nccted to the opposite sides of the facing planks and stretched vlongitudinally between the same, foraminous strips of material secured to the wires to provide spaced parallel surface defining and reinforcing elements, U-shaped braces arranged transversely between the strips, binding devices securing the strips to `the legs of the U-shaped braces, transwrse tie elements engageable in the 'interstices of fthe-strips, centrally arrangedhollow poro-us ventilation and drainage defining members positioned between the surface defining .reinforcing eleme-nts and a plastic filling` be'- tween said strips extending through the interstices thereof and coating the outer. surface .of the same whereby to provide separatedvinner and outer wall layers.
WILLIAM C. BUCKHOUT.