US 1539997 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 2, I925. 1,539,991
A. FENICHEL FIREMAN S vHAT Filed Sept. 20, 4
INVENTOR w 2 8 72111 .7 am Z ATTORNEYS .and useful Improvements Patented June 2, 1925.
UNITED STATES v V M 1,599,997 PATENT OFFICE.
ARTHUR FENICHEL, OF OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA.
FIREMAN S HAT.
Application filed September 20, 1924. Serial No. 738,855.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ARTHUR FENIOHEL, a citizen of Poland, and a resident of Oakland, in the county of Alameda, in the State of California, have invented certain new in Firemens Hats, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates generally to improvements in hats, more particularly to a hat of a class which comprises helmets adapted to be worn by firemen, and consists in the combinations, constructions and ar rangements herein described and claimed.
An object of the invention is to provide a hat of relatively light weight which will protect the head of the wearer from water, flying embers and the like, and which is made of relatively few separate pieces.
A further object of the invention is to provide a hat of the character described having a lining spaced from the crown piece of the hat to provide an air space between the head of the wearer and the main crown piece and to secure a comfortable fit of the hat on the head of the wearer.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a hat of the character described which is economical to manufacture and very practical commercially.
Other objects and advantages will be apparent from the following description, considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which,
Figure 1 is a side elevation of the improved hat,
Figure 2 is a longitudinal vertical section through the hat.
The hat embodying the invention comprises a crown piece 1 which is a single piece of waterproof fiber formed in any suitable known manner to be substantially parabolic in shape. A brim piece 2 comprises a single piece of fiber or like material which is relatively stifl and is waterproof. The brim piece 2 has any desired configuration, preferably being substantially elliptical in outline as shown and can be with or without edge binding. The brim piece 2 is provided with an opening 3 which is located somewhat nearer to one end of the brim piece than to the other end thereof and midway between side edges of the brim piece. The marginal edge portion of the crown piece 1 fits closely in the opening 3. A connecting band 4 encircles the crown piece 1 at the upper end of the opening 0 and has an end portion thereof secured by stitching 5 to the crown piece, the band 4t then being turned downwardly over the attached upper end portion thereof so that the lower end portion of the band 4: overlaps the portion of the brim 2 that margins the opening 3. The lower end portion of the connecting and securing band 4 is attached to the brim 2 by stitching 6.
A lining 7 conforms substantially in shape to the crown piece 1 but has the upper portion thereof curved transversely and longitudinally in arcs of circles struck by radii of less length than thosewhich are used'to strike arcs of circles with which the crown piece 1 coincides. The upper portion of the lining 7 therefore will be spaced from the corresponding portion of the crown piece 1 when the brim portion of the lining is se-' cured to the corresponding portion of the crown piece 1 by stitching 8. The rim portion of the lining 7 may extent underneath the portion of the brim 2 that margins the opening 3 and may be secured to the latter by the stitching 6 or other fastening means, if desired.
A main comb piece extends on the crown 1 longitudinally of the latter and comprises a single strip of leather or like flexible material which is bent longitudinally intermediate its side edges to provide an upstanding ridge or crest 9 and a pair of attaching flanges as at 10 which extend laterally at opposite sides of the base of the ridge. The sides of the ridge 9 are secured together by a row of stitching 11 and the attaching flanges 10 are secured to the crown piece 1 by rows of stitching 12. The ends of the main comb piece are attached to the rim portion of the crown 1 in overlapping or underlapping relation to the band 4 at diametrically opposite points by stitching as at 13. Additional comb pieces extend radially on the crown piece 1 and each is formed of flexible material folded longi-- tudinally intermediate its side edges to provide an upstanding ridge 14: and a pair of lateral attaching flanges 15 at the base of the ridge. The additional comb pieces converge at the apex of the crown and extend at their lower ends to the juncture of the crown piece 1 and the brim 2, the attaching flanges 15 beingsecured to the crown piece by rows of stitching 16. A plate 17 in the form of a shield may be attached to usual.
the crown piece 1 of the hat and an ornamental figure or emblem 18 may extend between the upper side of the plate 17 and the upper portion of the crown 1 and may be shaped to blend into the latter as in the case of the head portion of an eagle as shown in the drawings, both the plate and the emblem or ornamental figure being attached to each other and to the crown piece 1 of the hat by rivets or any other suitable fastening devices.
From the foregoing desoriptionof the various parts of the device, the operation thereof will be readily understood. The brim may be turned up at the side edges as shown and the relatively long end portion of the brim positioned at the back, as is The lining 7 is of a relatively soft and flexible material and the crown piece 1 therefore is supported in spaced relation to the headof the wearer, thus making for comfort. The material of which the brim 2 and the crown piece 1 are formed is relatively stifl' andis heat resistant and waterproof. The band 4 when attached to the brim and the crown piece 1 in the manner described will prevent any appreciable relative movement between these parts of the hat and will also seal the joint between the brim and the crown piece against the en-- trance of water. It will be manifest that brim made in a single piece an comb pieces of various designs may be placed on the crown piece without departing from the spirit and scope of theinvention.
Obviously, the invention is susceptible of embodiment in various forms other than the crown, and a band encircling the crown and overlapping the brim, said band being attached to the crown and the brim. W
2. A hat of the character described comprising a crown made in a sin 1e piece, a having an opening receiving the rim portion of the crown, a band encircling the crown at the upper end ofthe opening in the brim, said band having the upper end portionrthereof secured to the crown and then being folded downwardly upon itself so that the lower end portion thereof overla s said brim, the lower endportion of sai band being attached to saidzbrim;