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Publication numberUS1540316 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 2, 1925
Filing dateMar 10, 1924
Priority dateMar 10, 1924
Publication numberUS 1540316 A, US 1540316A, US-A-1540316, US1540316 A, US1540316A
InventorsClement Joseph N O
Original AssigneeClement Joseph N O
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combination dining and billiard table
US 1540316 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 192 1,540,316

J. N. O. CLEMENT COMBINATION DINING AND BILLIARD TABLE Filed March 10, 1924 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Attorney June 2, 1925. 7 J. N. o. CLEMENT COMBINATION DINING AND BILLIARD TABLE ile Mar h 10, 1924 3 Sheets-Sheet. 2

Inventor Q .1)? 07/287 (k/22ers! t mm N N A 5 NU I NW NMW Nu bww Attorney J. .N. o. CLEMENT COMBINATION DINING AND BILLIARD TABLE V Filed March 1 6, 1924 s Sheets-Sheet a W) I I g1 I I 0' 0' E .l 2-82 I h m i J N V N) I M W: K s

V II I Q2 H s r; \N W i o 9 3 3g i Inventor may? flew a" v Attorn ey Patented June 2, 1925. 1

UNITED STATES JOSEPH N. O. CLEMENT, OF THREE RIVERS, QUEBEC, CANADA COMBINATION DINING AND BILLIARD TABLE.

Application filed March. 10, 1924. Serial No. 698,314.

'I '0 aZZ whom it may 007166771.

Be it known that I, Josnrn N. O CLEM- mm, a subject of the King of Great Britain, residing at Three Rivers Province of Quebec, Canada, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Combination Dining and Billiard Tables; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enableothers skilled in the art to which itappertains 'to make and use the same.

The present invention pertainsto a novel table which may be used either as a dining table or for playing billiards.

The object of the invention is the provision of a device of this character which may readily be converted to either use. In the accomplishment of this object, the top of the table proper is finished with a sur face suitable to the playing, of billiards. The top is surrounded by a cushion frame which may be supported so that the tops of the cushions lie in the same plane with r the top of the table, in which position the device may be used as a dining table. A suitable mechanismis provided for raising the cushion frame so that the cushionsbear the proper relation to the table top for the playing of billiards.

The corners of the top are formed with recesses adapted to serve aspockets. Asso-' mated with these recesses are plugs for closing them when the device is to be used as a dining table. These plugs areplvotally connected to the table frame and are further Figure 1 is a perspective view of the device with the cushions lowered;

Figure 2 is a similar view showing the cushions raised; 1

Figure 3 is a section through the lower end of one of the" legs;

Figure 1 is a section through the topof the table; k

Figure 5 is a fragmentary longitudinal section showing the cushions lowered and an additional section inserted;

Figure 6 is a similar view showing the cushions raised;

Figure"? is a fragmentary longitudinal section showing an extension applied to one of the ends; T

Figure 8 is a fragmentary transverse sec tion showing the cushions lowered;

Figure 9 is a similar section showing the cushions raised;

Figure 10 is an elevation on the line 1010 of Figure 8;

Figure 11 is an elevation partly in section on the line 1111 of Figure 8; V

Figure 12 is a fragmentary plan view at one of the corners; and,

Figure 13'is a side elevation corresponding to Figure 12 with the corner piece and end rail removed.

Reference will now be had to these views by means of like characters which are em ployed to designate corresponding partsthroughout. 7

The table comprises a substantially rectangular frame consistingof side boards 1 and end boards 2' supported on legs 3'at the corners. The lower end of each leg contains an internally threaded sleeve 4. which receives a screw 5 having a head at its externalend. The lower end of the screw is engaged by a castor bearing 7 which rests on the head and carries a castor wheel 8. The screw'is provided with a knurled disc 9 so that its position within the sleeve may be adjusted. By means of such devices pro vided with each leg, the table can be levelled to compensate for any irregularities in the floor upon which it rests. I

The boards 1 and 2 support a table top which comprises a body 10 of hard wood. Upon this is laid a covering 11 of asbestos fibre which serves the function of the slate of a billiard table of usual construction. Obviously slate may be employed instead of the asbestos fibre. with felt cloth 12 in the usual manner.

The side boards l'are each formed with a plurality of recesses 13, and cross bars 11 are passed through the alined recesses of both boards. In the lower ends of the The layer 11 is covered recesses are fixed supporting blocks for a purpose pointed out below.

The table frame 1, 2 is surrounded by a similarly shaped cushion frame consisting of longitudinal or side rails 16 and transverse or end rails 17. At the corners of the said frame are disposed rounded inserts 16 of a more durable material which is better suited as a backing for the pockets referred to below. The inner surfaces of these rails are engaged by strips 18 upon whichare supported the cushions 19. The inner edges 20 of the cushions form a rectangle equal in size to the rectangle formed by the outer edges of the table top so that engagement between these members is attained when the cushions are lowered as shown in Figures 5 and 8. In this position the tops of the cushions lie in' the same plane as the table top.

The cross bars 14 extend outwardly through theside boards 1, and the side rails 16 are secured to these exposed ends as shown in Figures 8 and 9. Near the inner faces of the side boards 1 the cross bars 14 are formed with apertures 21 over which are laid bearings 22. Links 23 are-passed through the apertures and have the one end thereof journaled in a bearing 22. To each block 15 is pivoted a crank or end lever 24 at a fixed point 25; The lower end of each link 2-3 is pivoted as at 26 to'one of the members 24. All the members 24 disposed at a given side of the table are joined by means of a connecting rod 27 at the pivot points 28. The members 24 at one end of the table are provided with stems or extensions 29 which are connected by means of a cross bar 30, as shown in Figures 5, 6, 8 and 9. IVhen the crossbar 30 is pulled downwardly in the direction indicated by i the arrow applied to Figure 5, the extended members 24 are turned on their pivots 25, whereby the pivot points 26 are raised, as may be seenby a comparison of Figures 5 and 6. Consequently, the remaining members 24 are actuated in the same manner due to their interconnection by the rod 27. The links 23 are raised with the points 26, thus moving the cross bars 14 upwardly. Since the cushion frame 16-19 is supported by these bars, it is likewise raised to operative position with reference to the felt top 12. The levers 24 are limited in their raising movement by stop pins 24 carried by the plugs 15. I

Each corner of the table top is formed with a circular cavity 31 constituting a' pocket when the device is used as a billiard table. In order to close the cavities when the rail frame is lowered, there are provided 'a plurality of plugs 32 each of which has an arm 33 extending from its lower surface. Bearing members 34 are secured to the end boards 2 and have the arms 33 intermediately pivoted thereto as indicated by the numeral 35 in Figures 12 and 13. The free ends of the arms each carry a pin 36 which is connected to an end rail 17, as shown in Figure 12. Due to this construction when the rail frame is raised, the pins 36 are likewise raised whereby the plugs 32 are lowered tothe position shown in Figure 13, thus opening the corner pockets.

Each end rail 17 is raised as indicated by the mimeral 37 in Figures 1 and 2 for the accommodation of a tray 38 which passes through an opening 39 formed in the corre sponding end board 2. The inner end of each tray is formed with a groove 40 adapted to receive a corner of the adjacent cross bar 14 whenthe cushion frame is lowered, as shown in Figure 5. In this position the forward wall 41 of the tray engages the low er edge of the corresponding rail 17; When the cushion frame is raised, the forward wall 41 may be reached and drawn to the inclined position shown in Figure 6. A link 42 connecting the tray to the table top prevents the former from dropping out.

Each pair of corner pockets is placed in communication with the intermediate tray 38 by means of a pair of chutes 43, so that the balls 44 entering the pocketsare delivered to the tray. Normally the weight of the ballsis sufiicient to bring tlie'tra-y to-the position shown in Figure 6 when the rail frame is released from contact therewith.

The longitudinal sides-of the table may be provided with drawers 45 adapted to contain various accessories to the game.

In Figures 5 and 6 is shown a modification whereinthe table is split transversely through the centre as at 46, and an additional section 47 inserted after the two original sections are separated. The additional section 47 comprises side boards 1 upon which is laid a top 48 similar to that described withreference to Figure 4. Through the top are cut a pair of recesses 49 forming side pockets, oneof which is shown in Figures 5 and 6. Each pocket is adapted to be closed by means of a plug 50 from the lower surface of which extends an arm 51 pivot-- ed as at 52 to the adjacent board 1". A slot 53 is cut through the extremity of' thearm, and a pin 54 passes 'therethrough and also through a slot- 55 cut through the adjacent board 1. This pin is finally attached tothe side rail 16 disposed adjacent the board 1 through which it passes. Thus, when the cushion frame is raised, the inner ends of the arms 51 are likewise raised and the plugs are lowered to the position shown in Figure 6 whereby the pockets are opened. The boards 1 serve to support a tray 56 which is engaged by the plugs when thelatter are lowered, so that the balls driven nto the pockets 49 are delivered to the tray.

The additional section 47 isheld in place with reference to the original sections by means of spring clips 57 provided at the contacting edges thereof. The additional section is further provided .withlegs 58 for support.

The table may be provided with end e pansions of the type shown in Figure 7, so that the surface thereof may be enlarged for use as a dining table. In this position, the cushion rail 16-19 is adjusted so that the tops of the cushions lie in the same planeas the table top. The extensions each comprise board 59 having an arm 60 extending from the lower surface. The end board 2 is formed with an opening 61 through which the arm is adapted to pass. The inner end of the arm is notched as at 62 for engagement with the end cross bar 1-1, and is also provided with a bearing plate 63 engaging the lower surface of the member 14.

The longitudinal rails 16 of the cushion frame are preferably provided with spaced b 'ackets 65 supporting a rack 66 formed in its upper surface with grooves 67 The grooves are tapered to conform to the shape of cues 68 which they contain, and preferably the two grooves taper in opposite directions so that the handle of one one may lie adjacent the tip of the other one as shown in Figures 8 and 9.

To the outer surface of the longitudinal boards 1 may be attached similar brackets 69 supporting the rack 70 constructed in the same manner as the rack 66. Access to the racks may be obtained only when the cushion frame is raised, as shown in Figure 9. When the cushion frame is lowered, the cues cannot be reached, as is apparent from Figure 8.

The inner surface of the boards 1 carries a pair of brackets 71 adapted to support a roller 72 for smoothing the surface of the felt cloth 12. This member may be reached by passing the hands into the area determined by the table frame boards 1 and 2.

lVhile specific embodiments of the invention have been illustrated and described, it is to be understood that various alterations in the details of construction may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention as indicated by the appended claims.

Having thus fully described the invention, what I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is 1. A combined dining and billiard table comprising a table frame, legs for supporting said frame, a top mounted on said frame, cross bars slidably mounted in said frame, a cushion frame supported on said cross bars, and means for actuating said bars.

2. A combined dining and billiard table comprising a table top, a cushion frame surrounding said top, means for adjusting said frame with reference to the top, said top having recesses cut in its corners, and movable plugs adapted to close said recesses, said plugs beingoperatively connected to the cushion frame.

-23- A combined dining and billiard table comprising a table frame, legs for supporting said frame, a top mounted on said frame, cross bars slidably mounted in said frame, a cushion frame supported on said cross bars, means for actuating said bars, said top having recesses cut in its corners. and movable plugs adapted to close said recesses, said plugs being operatively connected to the cushion frame.

4.. A combined dining and billiard table comprising a table frame, legs for supporting said frame, a top mounted on said frame, cross bars slidably mounted in said frame, a cushion frame supported on said cross bars, means for actuating said bars, and one racks carried by said table frame and cushion frame.

5. A combined dining and billiard table comprising a table frame, legs for supporting said frame, a top mounted on said frame, cross bars slidably mounted in said frame, a cushion frame supported on said cross bars, means for actuating said bars, cue racks carried by said table frame and cushion frame, said top having recesses cut in its corners, and movable plugs adapted to close said recesses, said plugs being operatively connected to the cushion frame.

6. A combined dining and billiard table comprising a table frame, legs for support ing said frame, a top mounted on said frame, cross bars slidably supported in said frame, a cushion frame surrounding said top and supported on said cross bars, cam levers pivoted to said frame, link connections between said levers and cross bars, and means for actuating said levers.

7 A combined dining and billiard table comprising a table frame, legs for supportting said frame, a top mounted on said frame, cross bars slidably supported in said frame, a cushion frame surrounding said top and supported on said cross bars, cam levers pivoted to said frame, link connections between said levers and cross bars, connecting rods attached to said levers, eX- tensions provided with a pair of said levers for actuating the same, and a connecting member between said extensions.

8. A combined dining and billiard table comprising a table frame, legs for supporting said frame, a top mounted on said frame, cross bars slidably supported in said frame, a cushion frame surrounding said top, and supported on said cross bars, cam levers pivoted to said frame, link connections between said levers and cross bars, means for actuating said levers, and cue racks carried by said table frame and cushion frame.

9. A combined dining and billiard table comprising a table frame, legs for support.- ing said frame, a top mounted on said frame, cross bars slidably supported in said' means for actuating said 1evers,'cue racks carriedeby said table frame and cushion frame, connecting rods attached to said levers, extensions providedwith a pair of said levers for actuating the same, and a connecting member between said extensions.

In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand. I

JOSEPH N. O. CLEMENT. Witnesses YVETTE BI JLAND,

J. E. GUILLET.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3156467 *Aug 17, 1962Nov 10, 1964Rucker Leonard SChangeable target disk game
US3871655 *Aug 8, 1973Mar 18, 1975Coleco Ind IncConvertible game table assembly
US3941378 *Jan 20, 1975Mar 2, 1976Armac Enterprises, Inc.Convertible pool-dining table with retractable ball box
US6659879 *Oct 12, 2001Dec 9, 2003Thomas CartwrightConvertible table assembly
US6712711May 31, 2002Mar 30, 2004James SkeltonEntertaining system
US6962535Dec 9, 2003Nov 8, 2005Thomas CartwrightConvertible table assembly
US7156745 *Oct 7, 2004Jan 2, 2007Fahmie Richard BCombination pool table/ping pong table
US7229360Nov 5, 2004Jun 12, 2007Etablissements ChevillotteTable which can be converted into a billiard table
US7601070 *Jun 19, 2007Oct 13, 2009Schmidt Kurt TCovered billiard table with high side clearance
US7749090 *Jul 6, 2010Brunswick Bowling & Billiards CorporationBilliard table and billiard ball storage compartment with mating connectors
US7753802 *Sep 24, 2007Jul 13, 2010Brunswick Bowling & Billiards CorporationBilliard table with movable apron that conceals/exposes a storage compartment
US20040171429 *Dec 9, 2003Sep 2, 2004Thomas CartwrightConvertible table assembly
US20050096578 *Oct 28, 2004May 5, 2005Wolfgang KleinekofortMethod and device for determining blood flow in a vascular access
US20050221903 *Apr 6, 2004Oct 6, 2005Pai Li Business Co., Ltd.Billiard table with a cabinet
US20050255928 *Aug 9, 2005Nov 17, 2005Michael NallyGame table storage
US20070219006 *Mar 14, 2006Sep 20, 2007Jan ZajacDual-function table
US20080318696 *Jun 19, 2007Dec 25, 2008Schmidt Kurt TCovered billiard table with high side clearance
US20090082119 *Sep 24, 2007Mar 26, 2009Mccormick William RBilliard Table with Movable Apron that Conceals/Exposes a Storage Compartment
US20090176589 *Jan 3, 2008Jul 9, 2009Theodore CaronBilliard table and billiard ball storage compartment with mating connectors
US20100173718 *Jun 20, 2008Jul 8, 2010Saluc Technologies S.A.Convertible dining / billiard table
WO2009131552A1 *Mar 26, 2009Oct 29, 2009Koralturk Bilardo Salonlari Ve Agac Sanayi Ticaret Limited SirketiMulti purpose table
Classifications
U.S. Classification473/11
International ClassificationA63D15/00, A63D15/04
Cooperative ClassificationA63D15/04
European ClassificationA63D15/04