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Publication numberUS1540389 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 2, 1925
Filing dateOct 3, 1923
Priority dateOct 3, 1923
Publication numberUS 1540389 A, US 1540389A, US-A-1540389, US1540389 A, US1540389A
InventorsRobert Felton
Original AssigneeJacob E Hartle Jr
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Coin-controlled vending machine
US 1540389 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

june 2 lgs. R. FELTON .y

COIN CONTROLLED VENDING MACHINE Filed om.= 1925 3 sheets-sheet 3 IN V EN TOR.

ATToRNEYs.

Patented June 2, 1925.

ROBERT FELTON, OF NEW Yoan, n. Y., Assistme To meer imams, Je., on

NEWARK, nsw 3ER-snr.

ooIN-CoNTItoLLnn VENDTNG MACHINE.

Application filed ctober 3, 1923. Serial No. 666,354.

To Il ,iv/mm it may concern.'

Be it known that l, ROBERT FnL'roN, a citizen of the United States, residing at 534 il'. 159 St., New York, New York, have in- `vented nenv and useful improvement in a Coin-Controlled- Vending; Machine; andi do hereby declare the 'following to be a full, clear, and exact description ot the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art 'lo to which it appertains to malte anduse the same, reference beingl had to the accompanying drawings, and to characters ot retcrence marked thereon, which form a part of this specification. Y

lThis invention relates, generally, to improveniente in coin-controlled machines; and the present invention has reference, more particularly, to a novel and simply constructed, as Well as an eiiiciently operating mechanism, assembled in the term of a .i'endinc; machine, especially adapted tor the sale ot candy` chewing` gum, or other articles ot merchandise, With a view ot' providing` a mechanism, in which the depositing oiL a liz-st coin, will release the mechanism tor the delivery ot but one piece or article ot mer'- chandise, the depositing' ot a second coin will release the mechanism tor the delivery ot two pieces or articles ot merchandise, and the deposit-inc* ot a third coin releasing the mechanism tor the delivery ot three pieces or articles oit merchandise, after which, upon depositing' other coins, these operations are repeated in sequence, so that further pieces or aticles ot' merchandise may be delivered 'in the one-tWo-three order above stated.

'llhc invention, therefore. has Yfor its principal object to provide a coin-controlled apparatus or machine comprisins;v 'certain controlling' mechanisms and parts ot' the greneral character hereinafter more 'fully torth. and which co-operate with deposited coins to produce the above stated results ot' fleliverii 0; pieces or articles oit merchandise in the said onetivo-three order.

Other objects of the present invention not at this time more particularly enumerated will be clearly understood 'trom the tolloiving detailed description ot the present iure'nticn. Y

lVith the various objects of thepresent invention in view, the said invention consists, primarily, in the novel coin-controlled machine hereinafterI set forth `g and, the said invention consists, furthermore, in the novel arrangements and combinations ot the various devices and parts, as Well as in the details ot the construction ot the said parts, all ot which will be more fully described in the following; specilication, and thenlinally enibodied in they clauses of the claim Which are .appended to the said 'specification and which term an essential part of the same. u

The invention is clearlyv illustrated in the accompanying; drawings, in which Figur@ l is a Vtrontface view of a coin-- controlled mechanism in the rterm ot a candy or chewing' gum vending machine, lshowing one embodiment oft' the principles of the present invention; and Figure 2 is a horizontal section of the same, said section being taken online 2 2 i'n said Figure l. Figure 3 is a similar section of the apparatus, 'said section being taken on line 3;?? in said F igure l; and Figures is a vertical sectional representation of'the apparatus. Figure 5 is another horizontal section of the apparatus, saidisectionbeinp,` `taken on line 5 5 in said Figure l; and Figure 6 is aiplan view of the bottom of the coin-controlled mechanism, looking; in the direction of the arrovv y/ in said Figure l, with the lock-plate usually employed With-machines of this character omitted from said View.

Figure 7 is ardetail vertical sectional repf vresentation of a portion of the casina' or iframe otV the apparatus, showing; in elevation a pivoted detent orden', foractuating` a gear, preferablymade iny the form ot a star-Wheel; and Figures 8 and 9 are detail vertical sectional representations ot the coiny controlled means in the formof a resilient detent or tlat spring' for primarily locking4 the movable parts of the mechanism against movement, and secondarily releasingv the mechanism `tor movement ot the said parts.

Similar characters of reference are employed 'in all ot the said above described drawings to indicate corresponding parts.

Referring now to the several guresothe drawings, the reference-character 1 indicates a lower base or casing-member, and 2 an upper casing-member, upon which is suitably Vmounted the usual container 3, made of glass, these several main elements of the apparatus, as will be evident, being of the usual and well-known construction. As shown, the said lower base or casing-ineinber 1 is made with a top 4,` and in its lower portion is suitably arranged a lock-plate, as 5, all arranged so as to provide the usual coin-receiving chamber 6. In the top 4 of the said base or casing-member 1 .is a suitably formed depression, as 7 leading to a hole or opening 8 in said top 4, which opening communicates with a delivery chute 9, provided with a shelf 10 upon the front of and outside of the side-wall of the base or casing member 1.

The above-mentioned upper casing-member 2, which as has been stated is placed upon the lower base or casing-member 1, is detacliably secured to the said top 4, by means of any suitable fastening' device or means. The said upper casing-member 2 is also made with a suitable top, as 11, which is provided with a suitably shaped opening, as 12. In the front of the side-wall of the said casing-member 2 is the usual coin receiving slot or opening 13, and at a side it is made with a laterally extending leverreceiving slot 14. In addition, the top 11 of the said upper casing-member 2 is provided at a suitable location, upon its under surface, with a downwardly projecting lug or block 15, to which is suitably secured one end-portion of a resilient detent 16, in the form of a flat spring, substantially as shown in .Figures 2, 4, 8 and 9 of the drawings. As shown the top 4 of the lower base or casing member 1 is provided with a centrally disposed perforation 17, in which is oscillatorily disposed a stud or post 18, carrying a suitably shaped delivery-element or carriage 19. This elementor carriage which is of a cone-shaped configuration, the upper portion of which projects into and through the opening 12 in the top 11, is partially cut away, as at 20, and is provided with a concave delivery or conveying portion 2l, in which is formed an opening-22, normally located and movable-directly above the previously mentioned groove or depression 7 in the top 4 of the base or easing-member 1. [in operating handle oi' lever 23 extends from the side of said element or carriage 19, into and from the previously mentioned slot 14, and in which slot the said handle or lever is movably disposed'. A flange-portion, as 24, is also provided, said flange-'portion having asuitably shapedcoin-receiving box 25, normally located beneath and in registration with the coin-receiving slot or lipening 13 hereinabove mentioned. In close juxtaposition to the said coin-receiving boni 25 is an upwardly extending stop-lug or projection 26, with the surface 27 of which the free end-portion 28 of the previously mentioned detent or flat spring 16 is adapted to be brought into arresting engagement to normally prevent the delivery-movement of the said delivery-element or carriage 19. As soon, however, as a coin is deposited into the coin-receiving` slot or opening 13, this coin becomeslodged within the coin-receiving box 25, directly in front of the end-portion 28 of the detent or fiat spring 16, as indicated in Figure 8 of the drawings.

A pull of theoperating handle or lever 23, in the direction of the arrow shown in Figure 3 of the drawing, causes the end-portion 28 of the detent or fiat spring' 16 to ridel upon the circumferential edge of the coin, whereby the said detent or flat spring .is raised above the path of movement of the stop-lug or projection 26, as indicated in Figure 9, to thereby permit of the proper movement of the delivery-element or carriage 19, as will be clearly evident, this movement carrying the coin with it, by rolling' of the coin, directly above a slot or opening 29 in the top 4 of the base or casingmember 1.

Referring now more particularly to F are 4 of the drawings, it will be seen that the top 4 of the base or casing-member 1 is also provided with a properly located perforation, as 30, in which is rotatably disposed a post or Vstein 31 provided upon its upper end with a head or enlargemeni 32, and having suitably secured upon its shank, by means of a cotter-pin 33, or otherwise, a carrier-disc or washer 34 and a coilspring Suitably secured upon the said post or stem 31, between the upper surface 'of the said top 4 and the head or enlargement 32 .is a gear' or star-wheel 36, and

' likewise suitably secured upon the said post or stem 31, between the lower surface of the said top 4 and the upper end-portion of the spring 35 is a suitably-shaped coin-support which consists, essentially of a dat or disk-shaped body-member 37, formed with ra pair ofl oppositely extending wings 38 and 39, and the intermcdiately disposed cut away or openportions 4() and ell-42, substantially as shown in Figure 6 of the drawings, the wings 38 and 3'9 being nim'- ably disposed beneath the above-nieutioneil slot or opening 29, so that the deliveryopening of the said slotis adapted to hu intermittently opened and closed, the said wings and openings being` differently shaped and of such varying lengths, so that the delivery openingl of said slot 29 is intermittently opened and will remain open dif-v ferent lengths of time. Rotary moveinein of the post or stein 31, and consequently of the coin-support, iscaused bj, a pawl or dog 43, pivotally attached. as at 44, in

lll)

thev proper location4 to the innerii`i'a'll-p`oiI tion of the inovalile deliveryeleinent o'r cair-l H mz. v V

ruige 19, as representedV in Figure 7 of the rhawvings, the said dog,` or paivl'heing formed with a projection or nosing, as hi5, resting" pin i14- 'u'id having one of .its end-Lmembers lf? se( ed to the wall-portron o'l' the deliiferv-elei'iieiit or' carriage 19, and its' other owl-member 458' constantly hearing' doi-vnl u-pon 'the ui'iper edge 49 ofV the said do'iror paw'l ,43, as will be clearly' understood from" au inspection oi" said Figure 7'of`-tlie dra ings. Thus, it "ivi-ll he' evident.` that duri. in v 'forward ii'ioveinent oi the' coin-released .lelivery element or' carriage` 19, the projeclion` or nosing" of the dog or pavvl 4.3 is; moved afg'ainst one of the teeth of the .gear or stai'livheel 3G, so to` rotate the later, the sj'iringr-nieinlier eonneel'ed Willi @aid doe" or paivl, above' deserihed, per# i'niiting itsfreturn, Without elfe/cling tlie p'osition of the gear or star-'Wheel' 36', Wheii' a main -spif'ing'ill of t'lre usual' constriictioirv and arrangement, Figure returns the ilelivery-elenient or carriage' 19 to its nor-V nial initial position.A

l-ia'vin-g" in the' foregoing described the ejei'ieral e'oiistrncti'on of the` eoinroontrollled :ipp: both to its new` features and diese. which are oldin the arl', I Will n'oiv hifiefi'v set forth the workings of the deviee and pars of the same, for the deliver?,7 oi? one two', ard three' pieces of merchandise;

liet nsI suppose that Vthe movable' parts or' he inacliiiie aire in the positions indicated in iiyiures 2,- 3; 5 and G of the d-ravf'ine's, living lo'elied mi.. .inst movement by the de- As soon as a coinv L. or 'dat spring 1G', l ENposi'ed, the detent or {ietf-spring raised .y 7 the haf'idjle or lever operated; releasesihe delivory-element or carriage 19 from its zed position.y that the' saine' ea'n' he Vith the rotary' 'lf'orivard movement of the nien-t or carriage 19, the coin' also moves ahove the slot 29, and drojis downy into the main eohr-ie'ceiving' ernn'p'artm'enl' (3. Immediately also' an ai'ti'ele of nierchain-lise passes down through the opening; S' and pawef: e'pon the doli'\-'e'ryshel't` l0. .Du 5 tl time.` the dogg orpaivl lalso actuales lil; .ir or star-Wheel 36, and hp' inea-ns olf the post oi" stein 3l moves the g 15S beneathlhe slot Q9, soas to-pafrclose' the' i the inainspring 50 nino; the deliver'y-eleinent 129 to its norinal position, againi locked rainst Inoveinent by llre detent or dat spring' 16. lilith the ned if the del' carriage i9 is oneem-ore released o: moved.

ra ised rh'inaftions oig the various devices ai Without departing iroin the scope ol the in' upon the edge' of the coin. when i `for movement, in the' manner above stated.

and While being' operated flor the deliverv of an' article of merchandise, the' Wing' is again moved so as to entirely close` the slot 29; The main spring' 50 noiv being' perinittednto return the deliv ry-eleinent or earriag'e 19' to its normal initial position. the coin svh'icl'i vias prevented :from drop fing through the slot 29, also returns with the element or carriage 19, inainainii'lgr the position oi the de'ent or dat spring 16.

lVi'th the next forward movement olE the said e'leinent or carriage 19, al second 'piece ol merchandise is delivered', the wing` 32% moved past the slot 29, bringing' the omv away' portion or space Ll0 beneath the slot 2i and allowing" the Coin to pass down into the compartment 6. Upon its return to its .nori' al initial position, the` coin having' been removed, the del'ent or Hat spring` Will' again lock the del ivory element or cfu-ringe against movement, untilv another coin` is inserted for the release of said delivery element or cai"-` riage. Upon sueh depositing of a third coin, the above operations can be'repeziited. except that owing' to the length of tlfe` Wine' 39 and the ont away or open portion 4 the delivery element or' carriage i9 can operated three times in succession, for delivery of three pieces o'f merchandise', he; ifore the coinl finally passes through the slot' 29 intothe con'ipartinent 6.

,0f course it will be understood, that by changing the Wings, both as to shapes and positions, and h v changing" the lengths ou the ont away or open portions of the coins'upport, other delivery con'iliiinations oiV the articles or pieces of merchandise may he" made. 4

l ain also aware. that changes may he made in" the general arrangements and coniparts,

present invention as serl itoi'th in the toregoing specification', and as defined in the clauses oil' the claims which' are appended thereto. Hence, .l do' not liinitfinyA present invention rto the exact arrangements and,

combinations oft the sei'eral devices and partsv as described in the said so(- 'Q wrlion,

nor do I conline myself to the ci yt de ol' the construetimi of the seid parts, as illustrated in the aecon'ipanying drawings.

l. In' a coin-controlled machine, a casinoN nieniher provided with a inereh'andise-de livery means, and provided also with a top. a'. delivery-element oseillaorily 'disposed upon said top, and provided YWith means for conducting merchandise to the delivery means oi* said Casing-niieinlier, ineens for normally lool-ring said delivery element against inoi'eii'i'ent, but adapted he 'released by engagen'ie'nt of a deposited coin with said looking means, a Goin-retaining mea-ns Connected ivith said delivery-means, a coin-depositing opening in the top of said easing-member, a post rotatably disposed in the top oic said casing-member, a coin-supporting means mounted upon said post for opening and closing said coin-depositing opening, a gear also mounted upon said post, and meansearried by said deliveryelement for actuating said gear to cause said coin-supporting means to open and close said coin-depositing opening.

2. In a. coin-controlled machine, a easingmember provided with a merchandise-delivery means, and provided also with a top, a delivery-element oscillatorily disposed upon said top, 'and provided With means for conducting merchandise to the delivery means of said easing-member, means for normally looking said delivery element against movement, but Yadapted to be released by engagementof a deposited coin With said locking means, a coin-retaining means connected With said delivery-means, a coin-depositing opening in the top of said easing-member, a post rotatably disposed in the top of said casing-member, a Coin-supporting means mounted upon said post for opening and closing said coin-depositing opening, a gear also mounted upon said post, anda spring-controlled detent carried by said delivery-element for actuating said gear to cause said coin-supporting means to open and close said coin-depositing opening. i

3. In a coin-controlled machine, a casingmember provided with a merchandise-delivery means, and provided also with a top, a delivery-element oseillatorily disposed upon said top, and provided with means 'or conducting merchandise to the delivery means of said casing-member, a stop-lugcarried by said delivery-element, a springdetent in engagement with said stop-lug Jfor locking said delivery-element against movement, said spring-detent being adapted to be raised out of the pathv of movement of said stop-lug by engagement With said spring-detent ot a deposited coin, a eoinretaining means connected with said delivery means, a coin-depositing opening in the top oli said casing-member, a post rotatably disposed in the top oli said casiiig-member, :i coin-supporting means mounted upon said postfor opening and closing said coindepositing oipiening, a gear also mounted upon said post, and means Carried by said delivery-element for actuating said gear to cause said coin-supporting mea-ns to open and close said Coin-depositing` opening.

il. In a coin-controlled machine, a casingmember provided with a mechandise-delivery means, and provided also with a top, a delivery-element oscillatorily disposed upon said top, and provided vith means for conducting merchandise to the delivery means of said easing-member, a stop-lug carried by said delivery-element, a spring-detent in f engagement with said stop-lug for locking said delivery-element against movement, said spring-detent being adapted to be raised out of the path of movement of said stop-lug by engagement with said spring-detent of a deposited coin, a coin-retaining means connected with said delivery means, a coin-depositing opening in the top of said easingmember, a post rotatably disposed in the top of said casing-member, a coin-supporting means mounted upon said post for opening and closing said coin-depositing opening, a gear also mounted upon said post, anda spring-controlled detent carried by said delivery-element for `actuating said gear to cause said coin-supporting means to open and Close said coin-depositing opening.

5. In a coin-controlled machine, a easingmember provided With a merchandise-delivery means, and provided also with a top, a delivery-element oscillatorily' disposed upon said top, and provided with means for conducting merchandise to the delivery means of said easing-member, means for normally locking said delivery-element against movement, but adapted to be released by engagement of adeposited coin with said locking v means, a coin-retaining means Connected With said delivery-means, a coin-depositing opening in the top of said easing-member, a post rotatably disposed in the top of said easing-member, a coin-supporting dise mounted upon said post, said dise being provided With oppositely extending Wings and open portions intermediate of said Wings, for opening and Closing said coin-depositing opening, a gear also mounted upon said post, and means Carried by said delivery-element for actuating said gear to cause said coinsupporting dise to open and close-said coinoperating opening.

6. In a coin-controlled machine, a easingmember provided ivith a merchandise-delivery means, and provided also with a top, a delivery-element oscillatorily disposed upon said top, and provided with means `for conducting merehandise to the delivery means of said casing-member, means Jfor normally locking said delivery-element against movement, but adapted to be released by engagement ot a deposited coin with said lorking means, a coin-retaining means connected with said delivery-n'ieans, a coin-depositing opening in the top oit said easing-member, a post rotatably disposed in the top of said casing-member, a coin-supporting dise mounted upon said post, said disc being provided With oppositely extending Wings and open portions intermediate of said Wings, for opening and closing said coin-depositing opening, a gear also mounted upon said post,

a spring-controlled detent carried by said delivery-element for actuating said Agear to Cause said coin-supporting disc kto `open and olose ysaid coin-depositingopening.

T. n a eoin-eontrolled machine, a casinginomber provided `with a ,merchandisefdelivery means, and provided also with a top, a delivery-element oscillatorily disposed upon said top, and provided with means for conducting merchandise to the delivery-means of said casing-member, a stop-lug carried by said delivery-element, a spring-detent in engagement with said stop-lug for locking said delivery-element aga-inst movement,` said spring-detent being adapted to be raised out ot the path olf movement et said stop-lug by engagement with said spring-detent ot' a deposited coin, a coin-retaining means connected with said delivery mea-ns, a coindepositing opening in the top ol said casingmember, a post rotatably disposed in the top ot said casing-member, a coin-supporting dise mounted upon said post, said disc being provided with oppositely extending Wings and open portions intermediate of said Wings, for opening and closing said coindepositing opening, a gear also mounted upon said post, and means carried by said delivery-element for actuating said gear to cause said coin-supporting disc to open and close said coin-depositing opening.

8. In a. eoin-eontrolled machine, a easing-L member provided with a merchandise-delivery means, and provided also with a top, a delivery-element oseillatorily disposed upon said top, and provided with means for conducting merchandise to the deliverymeans ot' said casing-member, a stop-lug carried by said delivery-element, a springdetent in engagement with said stop-lug for locking said delivery-element against movement, said spii'ingedetent being adapted to be raised out ot the path oiE movement of said stop-lug by engagement with said sl'iring-detent of a deposited coin, a coinre'laining means Connected with said delivery means, a coin-depositing opening in the top oi" `said casing member, a

post rotatably disposed in thetop oft said casing-member, a eoin-supiiiort-ing disc mounted upon said post, said disc being provided with oppositely extending Wings and open portions intermediate of said Wings, for opening and closing said coin-depositing opening, a gear also mounted upon said post, and a spring-controlled detent carried by said delivery-element for actuating said gear to cause said coin-supporting disc to open and close said coindepositing opening.

9. In a coin-controlled machine, a casingmember provided With a merchandise-delivery means, and provided also with a top, a delivery-element oscillatorily disposed upon said top, and provided with means for conducting merehamlise to the deliverymoans ,oft .said `casing-,ineniil.ier, a stop-lug Vcaniiied .by said delivery-element, a spinne `be Jjaised 4out o'l.l vthe path `ofi? movement `of .said ,stop-lug 'by engagement with said spring-detent ot'a depositediiedm, a flangeportion extending from said delivery-element, a coin-box forming part of said flange-portion, a Coin-depositing opening in the top ot' said casing-member, a post rotatably disposed in the top of said casingmeinoer, a coin-supporting disc mounted upon said post, said disc being provided With oppositely extending Wings and open portions intermediate of said Wings, for opening' and closing` said coin-depositing opening, a gear also mounted upon said post, and means carried by said delivery-elenient for actua-ting said gear to cause said coinsupporting dise to open and close said coin depositing opening.

l0. In a coin-controlled machine, a casing-member provided with Va merchandisedelivery means, and provided also with a top, a delivery-element oscillatorily disposed upon said top, and provided with means for conducting merchandise to the delivery-means of .said casing-member, a stop-lug carried by said delivery-element, a spring-detent in engagement With said stop-lug for looking said delivery element against movement, said spring-detent being adapted to be raised outl of the path of movement of said stop-lug by engagement with said spring-detent of a deposited coin, a flange-portion extending from said delivery-element, a` coin-box 'forming part of,

said tlangeportion, a coin-depositing opening in the top of said casing-member, a post rotatably disposed in the top ot' said easingmember, a coin-supporting disc' mounted upon said post, said disc being provided with oppositely extending Wings and open portions intermediate ot said Wings, ior opening and closing said coin-depositing,I opening, a gear also mounted upon said post, and a spring-controlled detent carried by said delivery-element for actuating said gear to cause said eoin-supporting dise to open and close said coin-depositing open-v ing.

1l. In a coin-eontrolled machine, a casing-member provided with a coin-depositing opening, a delivery-element oscillatorily mounted with relation to' said casing member, a coin-operated detent for locking said delivery-element, a coin-supporting` means disposedl beneath said opening, and a pawl .co-operating With said coin-supporting means to permit, primarily, a single `delivery operation of the delivery-element, and, secondarily, a greater number ot delivery operations oil the delivery-element.

12. In a Coin-controlled machine, a easing-member provided with ay coin-depositii'ig opening7 a delivery-element oscillatorily mounted with relation to Said Casing` inemloer, a. Coin-operated detent for locking' said deliver f-element, a coin-supporting disc rotatably supported beneath said opening, said dise having oppositely dieposed Wings,

and open portions intermediate ot said Wings, and a pavvlco-operating with said discrto permit, primarily, a single delivery operation of the delivery-element, and, secondarily, a greater number of delivery operations or' the delivery-element.

ROBERT FELTON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2639465 *Jan 12, 1949May 26, 1953Westinghouse Electric CorpAutomatic multiple cavity molding with dielectric preheat
US5443179 *Feb 24, 1994Aug 22, 1995Processed Plastic CompanyGumball banks
US7175046 *Jun 21, 2004Feb 13, 2007Shen-Hao YaoMerchandise output device of a vending machine
Classifications
U.S. Classification194/256, 221/265
International ClassificationG07F11/02, G07F11/44
Cooperative ClassificationG07F11/44
European ClassificationG07F11/44