|Publication number||US1541903 A|
|Publication date||Jun 16, 1925|
|Filing date||Apr 25, 1924|
|Priority date||Apr 25, 1924|
|Publication number||US 1541903 A, US 1541903A, US-A-1541903, US1541903 A, US1541903A|
|Original Assignee||Raymond Brothers Impact Pulver|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (16), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 16, 1925.
J. CRITES MEANS FOR PULVERIZING, FEEDING, AND BURNING FUEL Filed April 25, 1924 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 ,L 4 wi: l
June 16, 1925.
J. CRITES MEANS FOR PLVERIZING, FEEDING, AND BURNING FUEL 2 sheetsh-Sheet 2 Filed April 25, 1924 Patented June 1s, 1925.
i i i 1,541,903 UNITED STATES PATENT ori-lci-.L`
JOE CRITES, `OF EVANSTON, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR T ARAYMOND BROTHERS IMPACT PULVERIZER CO., OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A. CORPORATION OF ILLINOIS.
MEANS Foa PULvERIzINo, FEEDING, iaUmvING FUEL.A
Application led April 25, 1924. Serial No. 708,908.
To all whom t may concern.'
Be it known that I, Jon CRITES, a citizen of the United States, residing at Evanston, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois,
have invented certain`new and useful Improvements in Means for Pulverizing, Feeding, and Burning F'uel, -of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to means for pullU .verizingg feeding and burning fuel, and particularly to a means of this type in which the fuel is pulverized by a suitable mill land fed directly to a furnace or to a plurality of furnaces.
It is the principal object of my invention to provide a new and improved arrangement of parts for pulverizing fuel, conducting the fuel toa furnace through a p-ipe upon a stream of a'ir, and then bringing back for 20 delivery again to the pipe any surplus of fuel and air.
It is another object of my invention to provide a construction of this type in which the surplus fuel brought back is delivered in 25 position to pass again through the feeding mechanism .of the mill so as to be subject to regulation in the same manner as is the fresh fuel fed to fthe mill.
It is another object of my invention to provide anew and improved form and arrangement ofregulation means for a pulveriz'ing milLof the impact type, and still another object to improve pulverizing and feeding mechanism in sundry details hereinafter pointed out.
The preferred mean-s by Which vI have accomplished my several objects are illustrated in the accompanying Vdrawings and are hereinafter specifically described. That Which I be-lieve to be new and desire to cover b-y this application is set forthin the claims.
In the drawing Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a pulverizing and connected up with a series of furnaces so as to embody my improved construction.
Fig. 2 isa central vertical section through the mill of Fig. l.
,50 Figs. 3 and 4 are views similar to Fig. 1,
but showing modified tions.
Referring now to Figs.` 1 and 2, in which corresponding parts are indicated by the 'forms of constructype adapted to l25 With the pipe 28 for mill, shown more or less diagrammatically,
after described, through pipes 14 branching from a main conduit 15, reductions being provided in the size of the conduit 15 at the points 16, 17 and 18 for forcing into the revl vspec-tive furnaces the desired portions of the fuel coming through the conduit 15.` The rear end of the condu'it 1-5 is connected with a fan-chamber 19 forming part of the pulverizing mill unit, the chamber 19 being connected with t-he beater chamber 20 of the mill, by means of a conical extension 21. A feeding chamber chamber 20, being provided with a hopper 23 to Which fuel is delivered from any suitable source through a pipe 24. A collector 25, or separator, as it is sometimes called, is also located above the hopper 23, the device 25 being preferably of the cyclone collector separate the pulverized material from the air of a stream delivered thereto through a pipe 26, and being adapted t o deliver such pulverized material to the hopper 23 through a pipe 27, While the air ispermitted to pass out through a pipe 28. An air inlet device 29 of any approved type is connected ata point above the collector admitting the desired amount of atmospheric air. The rear end of the pipe 26, in the construction shown, is connected with the forward end of the conduitl beyond the last one of the three furnaces shown, so as to carry back to the 4collector 25 the surplus air and fuel not entering the furnace 13;
Referring now particularly to Fig. 2 for a descriptionof the pulverizing mill, 30 indicates a slide valve mission of fuel from the hopper 23 to the feeding chamber 22. A pocketed feed Wheel 31 is mounted upon a' shaft 32 Within the feeding chamber 22, means being provided as hereinafter'described -for rotating the feed Wheel in clockwise direction in Fig. 2. For regulating the amount. of material fed to the wheel 31, I haveprovided a flap 33 pivot-ally mounted adjacent to the Wheel 31, the position of the Hap being regulated by a rod or link 34 pivotally connected with the flap i and held inA adjusted position by a pin 35.
Within the beater chamber 2O I have pro- 22 communicates with the for regulating the advided a plurality of swin hammers or beaters 36 pivota ly mounte upon a shaft 37 extending longitudinally t rough the mill and being supported 'by bearings 38; The shaft 37 is connected by means of a coupling 39 of any suitable type, with the shaft 40 of an electric motor 41 for driving the shaft 37 at the desired high speed of rotation for carrying the beaters 36 about the chamber 20, as is well understood in mills of this type. Y
lWithin the tapered extension 21 of the chamber 20 I have provided a regulating device `comprising radially adjustable plates 42 carried around by the shaft 37 so as to cooperate with a tapered sleeve 43 for controlling the escape of the pulverized material from the chamber 20 to the fan chamber 19. Within the chamber 19, I have provided a fan comprising blades 44 adapted to rotate with the shaft 37 and adapted, upon such rotation, to cause a current of air to pass upwardly through the conduit 15. The entrance of air into the mill is controlled by a slide 45 adjacent to the fan chamber 19,' and by a damper 46 in the pipe 28, the damper 46 being adapted to be adjusted toward and from a baiiie plate 47 within the pipe 28.
For driving the feed wheel 31, I have provided a train of mechanism comprising a shaft 48, connected by means 4of a belt 49 and pulleys 50 and 51 with the shaft 37 for rotation thereby. A second shaft 52 is connected by means of a worm 53 and a worm gear 54 with the Shaft 48, so as to be driven by the shaft 48 at a greatly reduced speed of rotation. As is best shown in Fig. 1, the shaft 52 is provided with a plate 55 serving as a crank head for reciprocating a link 56, which in turn is connected with a bell crank lever 57 carrying a pawl 58 in po'sition to engage the teeth of a ratchet wheel 59 on the outer end of the shaft 32 for driving the shaft in clockwise direction in Fig. 1 for giving the desired rotation to the feed wheel 31.- l
In operation, fuel to be pulverized is to be fed tothe hopper 23, from which in turn it is fed in measured quantities by the feed wheel 31 to the pulverizing chamber 20, the
amount of lfuel fed being dependent, of p course, upon the rate of rotation'of the shaft 32, as it is driven by the pawl or dog 58. With the fan 44 rotating at ahigh speed, a current of air is forced out through the conduit 15, serving to reduce the ain pressure within the .chamber 20 and conse# quently within the pipe 28- so as to cause a current of air to flow downwardly through the pipe 28, a portion of such air being drawn from the collector 25, and the remainder being drawn in through the air entrance device 29. If it is deemed desirable, additional air also .may be admitted to the `fan chamber 19 at the slide plate 45. As
is well understood in devices of this type, with a current of air being drawn through the mill and forced out through the conduit 15 and with the fuel. being pulverized by impact of the hammers or beaters 36, and also by the action of the regulating device 42, the stream of air passing upwardly through the conduit 15 carries with it by flotation thereon a quantity of the pulverized fuel. The amount of pulverized fuel to be forced out -through the conduit l5 is controlled by the regulation of the speed of the feed wheel 31, as is well understood in connection with devices of this character.
The stream of air and fuel passing outwardly through the conduit 15 is divided and a portion thereof forced downwardly through each of the pipes 14 in succession to one of the furnaces for consumption. The surplus air and fuel is forced back to the mill through the pipe 26, 'the air and fuel being separated from each other within the collector 25, the fuel being delivered .to the hopper 23 and the air being drawn back into the mill through the pipe 28, as above described. f
As is shown in Fig. 1, each of the pipes 14 is provided with a valve 60 of any suitable type so as to provide for the use of one, two or three of the furnaces, as may be desired.
As will be readily understood, as the beater chamber 20 becomes filled more or less with partially pulverized fuel, the passage for the air through the chamber 20 be comes more or less restricted, with the result that the air pressure Within the-fan chamber 19 is reduced. To express the idea in a different manner, as the chamber 20 becomes filled with fuel, the force of the suction produced by the fan 44 within the fan lchamber 19 and the extension 21 is increased.
In order to utilize this increase in the force of suction within the fan chamber 19 for assisting in controlling the feed of material to thev mill, I have connected a pipe 61 with the fan chamber 19 upon the suction side of the fan 44, the outer end of the pipe 61 beingl connected with a casing 62, rovided with a flexible diaphragm 63 which will be drawn upwardly by the force of the suction. A solenoid 64 is provided above the pawl 58, the core of the solenoid being connected by a link 65 with the pawl 58 in such a manner that when the solenoid is energized the pawl 58 will be lifted out of engagement withv the ratchet wheel 59. The solenoidv 64 is connected by a circuit 66 with any suitable source of electrical energy, the circuit 66 comprising a switch 67 connected by means of a link 68 with the diaphragm 63. The arrangement is thus seen to besuch that when the pressure within titl the chamber 19 is sufficiently reduced for drawing the diaphragm 63 u wardly to such an extent as to cause a closure of the switch 67, the solenoid 64 is energized for drawing the pawl 58 upwardly for discontinuing the effective operation of the feed Wheel 31. It is thus apparent that when the amount of fuel within the chamber is abnormally increased, the regulating means comprising the diaphragm 63 and the solenoid 6-t serves to prevent further feed of the fuel to the chamber 20 until the pressure within the, chamber 19 is increased due t-o a reduction of the force of the suction within the chamber by reason of a partial clearing of the unpulverized fuel from the chamber 20.
'lhe construction illustrated in Fig. 3 is similar t0 that above described, except that the separator or collector is eliminated, and the surplus air and fuel from the conduit 15 are carried back by a pipe 69 directly to the mill, in the construction shown opening directly into the pipe through which the air supply enters the beater chamber,
The construction of Fig. i differs from that shown in Fig. 1 in that the surplus air and fuel in this construction are conducted by a return pipe 71 directly to the fan chamber 19, the chamber 19 being provided With a side extension 72 for that purpose, the extension TQ being connected by means of a pipe 73 with the casing 62 for controlling the operation of the feeding mechanism.
While I prefer to use theconstruction as illustrated in the drawings, and as above described, it will be understood that I do not. desire to limit myself to the use of the detailed forms of construction precisely as set forth, except so far as t-he'same may be specifically claimed, 'inasmuch as it is evident that changes may well be made in the construction without departing from the spirit of my invention. t
'1. A system of the class described, comprising a pulverizing,r mill, a conduit leadingr directly from the mill to a furnace for carrying pulverized fuel to the furnace by air flotation, means for conductingr back to the mill the surplus air and fuel, and `means controlled by the air pressure in the mill for regulatingT the feed of fuel to the mill.
2. A system of the class described comprising a chai'ubcr, pulverizing means in said chamber, means for feeding fuel to said chamber, a'plurality of furnaces, a conduit leading from the chamber to said furnaces, means for creating a draft of air through the chamber and conduit for carrying the pnlverized fuel from the chamber to the furnaces, cooperating means for conducting back to the mouth of the conduit the surplus air and fuel, and means controlled by the air pressure in the chamber for regulating the feed of fuel to the chamber.
3. A system of the class described comprising a chamber, pulverizingnicans in said chamber, means for feeding a measured amount of fuel to said chamber, a furnace, a conduit leading from the chamber to said furnace, a fan inthe chamber for creating a draftof air through the chamber and conduit, a continuation of said conduit. leading from the furnace b ack to the feeding and measuring' means for delivering thereto the surplus fuel, and means controlled by the air pressure in the 'chamber as reduced by the suction of said fan for regulating the operation of the feeding .mechanism 4. A system of the class described comprising a pulvcrizing mill, a furnace., a conduit leading direztly from the mill to the furnace for carrying the pulverized fuel to the furnace by air flotation, and means for separating the surplus air and the surplus fuel coming from the conduit and delivering the same. in separated condition to the mill. Y
A system of the class described, comprising a pulverizing mill, a furnace, a conduit leading directly from the mill to the furnace for carrying the pnlverized fuel to the furnace by air flotation, a separator, means for conducting to the separator the surplus air and fuel from the conduit, and means for delivering the fuel from the separator to the mill.
6. A system of the class described, coniprising a pulverizing mill, a furnace, a conduit leading directly from the mill to the furnace for carrying the pulverized fuel to the furnace by air flotation, a separator, means for conducting to the separator the surplus air andl fuel from `the conduit, means for delivering the fuel from the separator to the fuel entrance of the mill, and means for delivering the surplus air from the1 separator to the air entrance of the mil 7. A system of the4 class described comprising a chamber, pulverizing means in said chamber, a"hopper above said cham ber, means for measuring and feeding fuel from said hopper to said chamber, a furnace, a conduit leading from the chamber to said furnace, a fan for creating a draft of air through said chamber and said conduit for delivering the pulverized fuel to the furnace, and means for separating the surplus air and fuel coming from the conduit and .delivering the fuel to the hopper and the air to the chamber.
8. A system of the class described l,comprising a chamber, pulverizing means in said chamber, a hopper above said chamber, means for measuring and feeding fuel from said hopper to said chamber, a furfor regulatin nace, a conduit leading from the chamber. -to said furnace, a fan for creating a draft of air through said chamber and said conduit for delivering the puiverized -fuel to the furnace a separator, means for con# ducting to theseparator the surplus air and."
fuel from the conduit, means for delivering the fuel from the separator to the hopper, and means for delivering the air from the 'separator to the chamber.
9. A system of the class 5ml, com- `air toiiow through the chamber forfdelivering the ulverized fuel therefrom, and
means contro led by the air pressure as reducedi b the suction of the fan `for regu"- lating t eoperation of the feeding means.
11. A system of the class described, comprisilug a chamber,` means for feeding fuel to said chamber,means adaptedI 'by impact to pulverizetheafuel. in said chamber, a fan 1n an extension ofthechamber; adapted byl suction tol cause a.v current-,off air to iow through the for delivering the pul. verized'fuel therefrom .and adapted to inl crease .the force of the suction 'the cham# `ber when the amount `.of .unpulverized Afuel inthe chamber- A is increased, and means controlled b the increased force of the suction in t` chamberto reduce the 'amount of fuel fed tothe chamber.
12'. A system of the class described,comi
prisin a chamber, means forfeeding fuel to sai chamber, means adapted by impact to pulverizethe fuel in said chamber, afan adapted by suction to causa 'ai-.current -Vof irto flow through the chamber for deliveringv the pulverized fuel therefrom and adapted to increase the force. of the suction in the chamber when the amount of impulverized fuel in the chamber isinCreaSed, a pressure controlled device connected with said chamber so as to be actuated by the" air pressure in the chamber, an electric switch operated by said device, a solenoid, a circuit comprising said switch connecting said solenoid with a source of electrical energy,A and means controlled by the solenoid .for regulating theoperation of the lfeeding means.l f
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2427903 *||May 3, 1944||Sep 23, 1947||Comb Eng Co Inc||System for regulating the density of air-fuel mixture supplied by airswept pulverizing mills|
|US2428422 *||Apr 19, 1944||Oct 7, 1947||Babcock & Wilcox Co||Apparatus for maintaining a controlled recirculation of carrier medium through an air-swept pulverizer|
|US2439721 *||Apr 22, 1941||Apr 13, 1948||Bailey Meter Co||Control system for feeding fuel to furnaces|
|US2580581 *||Apr 1, 1946||Jan 1, 1952||Kennedy Van Saun Mfg & Enginee||Method and apparatus for handling finely divided materials|
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|US4059310 *||Jul 16, 1973||Nov 22, 1977||Outboard Marine Corporation||Apparatus and method for uniform powder feed|
|US4413934 *||Jul 20, 1981||Nov 8, 1983||Exxon Research And Engineering Co.||Manifold to uniformly distribute a solid-liquid slurry|
|US4497122 *||Feb 25, 1982||Feb 5, 1985||Fuller Company||Rotary coal feeder and dryer|
|US4531461 *||Mar 12, 1984||Jul 30, 1985||T.A.S., Inc.||Solid fuel pulverizing and burning system and method and pulverizer and burner therefor|
|US4531862 *||May 12, 1983||Jul 30, 1985||Exxon Research And Engineering Co.||Manifold to uniformly distribute a solid-liquid slurry|
|US4690338 *||Mar 8, 1985||Sep 1, 1987||T.A.S., Inc.||Solid fuel pulverizer for pulverized fuel burning system|
|US4749133 *||Apr 6, 1983||Jun 7, 1988||T.A.S., Inc.||Apparatus for the pulverization and burning of solid fuels|
|WO1983004085A1 *||Apr 11, 1983||Nov 24, 1983||T.A.S., Inc.||Pulverized solid fuel burning apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||110/106, 241/34, 110/101.00C, 406/106, 236/1.00D, 60/39.464|
|Cooperative Classification||F23K2203/008, F23K3/00|