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Publication numberUS1542000 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 16, 1925
Filing dateJul 5, 1924
Priority dateJul 5, 1924
Publication numberUS 1542000 A, US 1542000A, US-A-1542000, US1542000 A, US1542000A
InventorsParsons Burt L
Original AssigneeParsons Burt L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Headpiece
US 1542000 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

B. L. PARSQNS HEADPIECE Filed July 5, 192AL ATTORNEYS Patented .lune 16, 1925.

l ranno@ PATENT orrren.

UNITED "STATES naar L. reasons, encantaria. new YORK. f Y 1 HEADPIECE.

Appli-cationy vfiled .July 5, 1924. Serial No. 7%,190

`To all whom t may concern:

`lle known that l, Buur L. PARSONS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State `of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Headpieces, of which the following is afull, clear, and exact description.

This invention relates to head pieces and has for an object to provide an improved head `piece in the nature of a hat or cap which, while -providing shade for theeyes, may be adjusted selectively to prevent or allow free circulation ot the air from the r exterior of the head piece into the crown;

which will have the appearance of an ordinary head piece when worn in non-ventilating condition; and with which thecrown may becompletely separated from the band so that the band maybe worn Vseparately as an eye shade and at the saine time obtain the advantage of going bareheaded. A further object is to provide an improved head piece for accomplishing the above objects which will be attractive in appearance, simple and durable in construction, which `may be quickly and easily adjusted into either ventilating or non-Ventilating conditionand Various parent from the following description of an embodiment of the invention, and the novel features will be particularly pointed out hereinafter in claims.

ln theaccoinpanying drawing Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a cap constructed in accordance with the invention, with the parts in their nonventilating or normal relation; n

Fig. 2 is a similar elevation of the saine with the crown spaced from the band so as to provide for the free circulation of air from the exterior ofthe cap into the crown through space between the crown and band;-

Fig. Sis an inside elevation ofa portion of the cap showing on a larger scale, the collapsible connections between the crown and. Y band, the parts being 1n the collapsed posi-V, i tion;`

Fi. 4L the` erection being taken substantially along` the line A-/l of Fig. 3; and j Fig. is an inside elevation of the parts shown in Fig. 3 when in their extended or ventilating relative positions. j

In the illustrated.embodiment of the inis a sectionalelevation of the same,

part l which is adapted to surround` the` head, and the band .part carries the usual sun shade or vifzor part 2 for shading the eyes of the wearer. A `crown part 3 of the shape and style usually employed in caps 1s superposed upon and connected to the band partA by` collapsible connections ar,- ranged around the band at spaced intervals.

VThe collapsible connections each comprise` a stamping lof sheet instal having integral edge A tongues 5 which, when ,the stamping` is placed againstthe inner face of the band proper, may be attached rto the band by pinching the tongues into the same, the tongues during the pinching being turned back upon a `face of the stamping as illustra-ted. The stamping is also provided with a pair of integral edge tongues 6 which are turned over toward one another upon the outer face of the stamping and in ,spaced relation to the outer face, so as to` form with the outer face of the stamping, a pair of open opposed guide grooves which extend in a direction between the crown and band. A U-shaped spring wire 7 is secured at its cross arm 8 to the crown part, so that the free `arms 7 thereof will depend from the inner face of the crown part. The free ends of the arms are normally divergent and have, at different points in their lengths,

suitable changes in direction 9 and l0, and

these free arms are sprung together and and 5. n Whenthe crown part abuts against the upper edge of the bandas shown in Figs. l, 3 and el., the changes in direction 10 of the arms will be just below the `guides so that the crown part will'be yieldingij,7 held' against the band. i

W'hen` the crown is pulled outwardly into the position shown in Figs. 2 and 5, `in which its lower edge is spaced from the upper edge of the band, the depending arms will be sprung together and the points in change of direction 9 will be just above the grooves so as to yieldingly `hold the crown in its upper spaced relation to the band. j `The Vfree ends of the arms may be turned or oisetlaterally as at-lQ, so as toA l as to extend upwardly within the band and conceal the connections between the crown and band. The crown and fore piece may also be provided with cooperating snap fastening elements l5, so that the forward end of the crown may be secured to the fore piece or detached therefrom as usual in cap constructions. rl`he U-shaped wire T may be secured at the cross arm 8 to the crown part in any suitable manner such as by stitching it thereto, but preferably it is attac-hed to the crown part by threading the free arms downwardly through an upwardly and inward turned flange 16 of the crown part, after which the upper end lof the flange may be secured,'such as bystitching, to the body of the crown part, which effectively anchors the U-shaped wire in proper position.

In the use of the cap with the crown part collapsed upon the band part, it will have the appearance of an ordinary cap which is shown in Fig. l. lhen it is het or one desires to ventilate the crown part, it is merely necessary to pull the crown part outwardly to the limit normally permitted by the collapsible connections, and during this movement, the spring arms will be sprung together and move from the position shown in Fig. 3 into the position shown in Fig. 5. The points in change of direction 9 of the spring` arms will then, in resting upon the upper ends of the grooves, yieldingly hold the crown part in elevated or spaced relation with respect to the band part.

The cap may be worn as usual with either the forward part connected to the fore piece as shown, or separated therefrom, as desired. Airlfrom the exterior of the cap may freely enter the crown through the spaces between the crown part and band part, the connections offering little obstruction to the spacing thus provided, and this ventilation is not only advantageous for its effect upon the scalp and hair, but it also assists in keeping the head of the wearer cool. To close the cap into its normal position shown in Fig. l, it is merely necessary to press the crown part toward the band part, the free arms of the tgl-shaped wire springing` apart as the crown part approaches the band part until the points in change of direction l0 engage beneath the tongues G and yieldingly hold the crown part in abutting relation with the band part.

It frequently happens that a person desires to go bareheaded but, at the same time, desires some shade or protection for the Ieyes and face. One may, if desired, coinpletely disconnect the crown part from the band part, in which case the band part may.Y be worn as an ordinary eye shade so as te provide the desired portection for the eyes and face and at the same time leave the scalp exposed. To disconnect the crown part from the band part, it is merely neces-- sary to spring the free arms of the lJ-shapcd wire together so as to disengage them from the grooves formed by the tongues G, whereupon the crown part will be entirely released from the band part. The forward part of the crown may be severed from the fore piece by opening the snap connection l5. The crown part may be realtached to the band part by springing the arms together and into the grooves formed by the tongues G.

It will, therefore, be obvious that a head aiece constructed in this manner may be worn either in ventilating or non-ventilating condition and changed from either condition to the other in an instant in a very simple and practical manner and, when desired, the crown may be readily and quickly detached from or applied to the band part so that the band part with its fore piece may be worn separately as an eye shade whenever desired. Such a head piece is always comfortable and attractive in appearance.

It will be obvious that various changes in the details, which have been herein described and illustrated in order to explain the nat-ure of the invention and one embodiment of the same, may be made by those skilled in the art within the principle and scope of the invention as expressed in the appended claims.

I claim:

l. A head piece comprising a band part, a separate crown part, and resiliently yieldable collapsible connections between the parts at spaced intervals around the band for selectively and yieldingly holding the parts either spaced apart to permit free circulation of air from the exterior of the head piece directly into the crown through the spaces between the connections, or together to close said spaces.

2. A head piece comprising a band part, a separate crown part, and resiliently yieldable collapsible connections between the parts at spaced intervals around the band for selectively and yieldingly holding the parts either spaced apart to permit free circulation of air from the exterior of the head piece directly into the crown through the spaces between the connections, or together to close said spaces, said connections being operable to permit complete separation of said parts.

8. In a head piece, a band part, a crown part, and collapsible connections between the parts at spaced intervals around the band for holding the parts selectively either spaced apart or together, said connections comprising` a member secured to one of said parts and having grooves extending in a direction between said parts, and a second GII . band for helc'lingtlie parts selectively either spaced apart ortogetlier, -saidconnec-tions comprising -a member secured to one ofsaid parte and having grooves extending 'in a direction between said parts, and asecond member secured to the other et said parts and having a pair ofresilie-nt stretches running in said grooves, said stretches having changes in direction -atV different points in theirn Vlength coopera-ting Withthe grooves to hold the stretches at different adjustedpositions of 4the grooves, uthe `stretches having lateral oii'sets therein cooperating with the otherI member to limit the separation of the parts.

5. In a head piece, a band part, a crown part, and collapsible connections between the parts at spaced intervals around the band for holding the parts selectively either spaced apart or together, said connections comprising a member secured to one of said parts and having grooves extending in a direction between said parts, and a second member secured to the other of said parts and having a pair of resilient stretches running in said grooves, said stretches having changes in direction at diferent points in their length cooperating with the grooves to hold the stretches at ditferent adjusted positions in the grooves, the stretches having lateral oisets therein cooperating with the other member to limit the separation of the parts, the grooves having sufficient clearance :tor the stretches to permit disengagement of the latter from the grooves by springing them laterally therein.

6. n a head piece, a band part, a crown part, and collapsible connections between the parts at spaced intervals around the band for holding the parts selectively either spaced apart or together, said connections comprising a member secured to one of said parts and having grooves extending in a direction beween said parts, a U'shaped wire secured at its base to the other of said parts with its arms diverging when free and sprung `into said grooves, said arms having corresponding but opposite changes in direction at dii'ferent points in theirplengths 'for engagement with the grooves to hold the arms at different adjusted positions in the grooves and thus space the said parts or holdrthem together.

7. In a head piece, a band part, a crown part, and collapsible connections between the parts at spaced intervals around the band tor holding the parts selectively either spaced` apart or together, `said connections comprising a memberseeured to one of said parts and having grooves extending in a direction between said parts, a `'UY-shaped wire secured at itsbase to the other of said parts with 'its arms diverging when free and sprung in-tosaid grooves, said arms having corresponding but opposite changes in direction at diierent points in their lengths for engagement with the grooves to hold the arms at different adjusted. posit-ions in the grooves andk thus space the said parts or .hold them together, the free Yends or the arms being turned laterally to normally prevent complete separation or said parts.

8. In a head piece, a band part,"a crown part, `and collapsible .connections between the parts .at spaced intervals ,around the band Vlor holding the parts selectively either spacedapart .or together, said .connections comprising a member secured to one of `said parts and having opposing open grooves extending in a direction between said parts, a U-shaped wire secured at its base` to the other of said parts with its arms diverging when free and sprung into said grooves,

`said arms having corresponding but opposite changes 1n direction at different points in their lengths for engagement with the grooves to hold the arms at different adjust-- ed positions in the grooves and thus space the said parts or hold them together, the free ends of the arms being turned later- Vally to normally prevent complete separation of said part-s, said parts being completely separable by springing the arms laterally in the grooves to disengage them therefrom.

Y 9. In a head piece, a band part, a cro-wn part, and collapsible connections between the parts at spaced intervals around the band for holdin@ the parts selectively either spaced apart or together, said connections comprising a metal stamping secured to one of said parts by integral teeth which are clinched into said part, said stamping having integral tongues extending in spaced relation with a face of the stamping to form guides ruiming in a direction between said parts, and a wire member secured to the other of said parts and having a plurality of resilient stretches running in said guides and permitting separation or approach of said parts, said stretches having changes in direction at diierent `points in their length for coopera-tion with the grooves to hold said parts either in separated or abutting relation.

l0. In a head piece,a band part, a crown part, and collapsible connections between the parts at spaced intervals around the band for holding the parts selectively either spaced apart or together, said connections comprising a metal stainping secured to one of said parts by integral teeth which are clinched into said part, said stamping having integral tongues extending in spaced relation with a face of the stamping to forni guides running in a direction between said parts, and a wire member secured to the other of said parts and having a pluu rality or' resilient stretches running in said guides and permitting separation or approach of said parts, said stretches having changes in direction at different points in their length for cooperation with the grooves to hold said parts either in separated or abutting relation, said stretches having lateral osets to cooperate with said stamping in normally limiting separation of said parts.

ll. In a head piece, a band part, a crown part, and collapsible connections between the parts at spaced intervals around the band for holding the parts selectively either spaced apart or together, said connections comprising a metal stamping secured to one of said parts by integral teeth which are clinched into said part, said stamping having integral tongues extending in spaced relation with a :tacel of the stamping to form open guides running in a direction between said parts, and a wire member secured to the other of said parts and having a plurality of resilient stretches running in said guides and permitting separation or approach of said parts, said stretches having changes in direction at dilerent points in their length for cooperation with the grooves to hold said parts either in separated or abutting relation, said grooves having sufficient lateral clearance to permit disengagement of said stretches therefrom by springing them laterally therein.

In wit-ness whereof, I hereunto subscribe my signature.

BURT L. PARSONS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3009162 *Nov 4, 1957Nov 21, 1961Hori MasaichiBalloon cap
US3030632 *Jun 8, 1959Apr 24, 1962Shelton Joseph OArticle of headwear
US4765338 *Dec 29, 1982Aug 23, 1988Turner Richard WReuseable heat transfer devices for the scalp
US4955089 *Feb 13, 1989Sep 11, 1990Jeremy H. BealeTwo-piece hard hat
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/171.1, 2/195.5
International ClassificationA42C5/04, A42C5/00
Cooperative ClassificationA42C5/04
European ClassificationA42C5/04