US 1542699 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
E. R. JONES Acc ss aY June 16, 1925.
EMBALMING Filed Oct. 20, 1924 INVENTOR ATTORNEY Patented June 16, 1925;
i s 1,542,699 PATENT 0mm;
EPHRAIM-R. JONES, OF CORBIN, KENTUCKY:
Application fileclOctober 20, 1924. Serial No. 744,761.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, EPHRAlM R. JoNns,.a citizen of the United States, residing at Corbin, in the county of lVhitley and State of Kentucky, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Embalming Accessories, which the following is-a specification. Y
The invention generallyrelates toembalming accessories and liasfor its object to provide an improved construction, of drain pan for usein facilitating the em- ;balming function in a manner contributing considerably to the ease and eil'iciency of accomplishment thereof and. ,insuring against undesirable soiling and destruction of carpets, rugs and the like by the spilling lVith' the above and other in view that will hereinafter appear, the invention further resides in those novel details of construction, combination and arrangement of parts first fully described 111 the annexed specification, then particularly pointed out.
inthe appended claims, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, in whichr- Figure 1 is a perspective view showing the invention mounted for use,
Figure 2 is a central longitudinal ,sec
tion of the invention mounted for use.
Figure 3 is a side elevation of theinvenQ tion illustrating its seltsupporting feature.
Figurei is an enlarged.fragmentary section taken on the'l1ne44: on Flgure 2, and,
Figure 5 is a detail-cross section illustrating the manner in which an upholstered cushion maybe removably substituted for the drain, pan proper. g
It is the common practice'with embalmers, when operating on a body, to make an incision in the armpit, usually under the right arm and close to the body. The axillary vein isthen raised and a drain tube inserted therein, a rubber tube being connected to the drain tube and to a blood bottle or other receptacle to take oil and impound the blood.
Many diilicultie s arise in the carrying out of this proceduresome of which are mentioned below and others of. which will be obvious upon thought, and it is to provide a means, soon to be described in detaihfor effectively overcoming such difiiculties that I have addressed my efforts with signal success.
Oftenithe blood will not flow the arm pit incision is made and the drain tube and rubber tube operatively inserted. The nat-V most inconvenient, just after the tubehas been disconnected. If preliminary precautions have not been taken rugs and carpet are sure to be soiled or even ruined.
The embalmers laboris commonly carried on in private homes and to guard against emergencies as above outlined it is necessary to spread rubber sheeting or similar means over the floor to protect against such accidental spillings.
Also, itfrequentlyhappens, during the embalming operation, that a body purges, i. 0., blood or blood mixed with other fluid flows excessively from the mouth and nostrils. This fluid naturallyv runs downover the face of the corpse onto the embalming board, and if not properly restrainedponto the floor.
In addition to the above it is often necessary to wash and massage the face and shampoo the head. In cases of accident where the skin of the head andlface is lacerated, excessive bleeding occurs and in creases the difiiculty of providing against spillings.
In carrying out the ideas of my invention I providev a drain pan so constructed and adaptable to use as to be effective in receiv mg and confinmg the flu1ds exudlng, from the body and for providing for the proper carrying off of the fluid so confined. This device is removably mountable upon any approved type of embahmng board, indicated in the drawing by the numeral l, so as to be adaptable to use in the common way,
illustrated in Figure l of the drawings, 1. e., as a head andshoulder support,or as illustrated 111 Figure 3 from which it will be seen that the device is .just as adaptable end rails 23. When used in the most common manner illustrated 111 Figure l the bottom cross rail 3 will be placedagainst any suitable edge or other abutment 4, so that when the lugs-5 with which the rails 2 are provided are properly engaged by the pivoted supporting arms 6, the device will be supported in the position shown for receiving the head, shoulders and upper portion of the bodyof the corpse.
While I have just described the usual-positioning of the device for use it willbe obvious that if the device could be used in that position only it would be useless in cases where abdominal or other body incisions than the usual one in the arm pit were necessary. To render my ,device universally adaptable .I make .it readily removably mountable and provide the side rails Qwith down turned end extensions 7 which serve to engage the embalming table for tilt-support- "ingthe device in the" effective manner illustrated inFigure 3 ofthe'. drawing.
. 'By' providing the open'frame formed by the rails 2 and 3, either. the upholstered cushion 8 or the drain pan 9 may be supported thereby. These two members, constructed as illustrated, are readily removable and in- "terchangeable, the cushion being effective for ordinary supporting purposes and the drain pan combination being particularly effective during the actual embalming:operation. The removable cushion feature is mentioned onlyas incidental to theinventi'onandis illustrated in Figure 5 of the drawin Thedrainpan- 9, which is preferably constructed of porcelain or enamelled metal, has a turned down or cupped end portion.10 which not only provides a neat appearance butfits 'down overthe extended ends 7 and serves effectively to prevent longitudinal displacementof. thepan, and inverted U shaped side flanges 11 which snugly fit over the rails 2 to prevent lateral displacement of the said pan.
The main b0dy.or drain portion ofzthe pan is depressed between the flanges'll from the portion which engages the upper rail 3 to' the portion which engagesthe'lower rail '3, the depressedportion being inclined so. as to.be:about' to 4 deep at the up per end and'about 1 deepat the lower end. (SeeFiguresl and 2.
The lower endjof the pan body terminates in an upwardly projecting back engaging .roll 12'adaptedto engagethe'back of the corpse to prevent. overflow or the trickling .offluid down the said back.
1 This inclined pan bottom is adapted to "effect drainage of fiuid received thereon into "the cross trough 13 formed adjacent the lower end of the pan by depressing the-same about or more. At one end of the trough 13, in one of the sides'of'. the device, a discharge apertu1e"1-l is provided through which communication isihad with the offtakedrain tube 15, connected in the respective rail 2. andtherewith as at '16, and
through'the said tube with the blood bottle or other. receptacle.
'Whemin efi'ecting'the embalming operation, the body is positioned on my improved drain pan as described, .all watersused 1n washing, massaging and shampooing; all
"blood and other fluid exuding from the nose and mouth, is received and temporarily confined in the pan to be delivered through the tube15 to the blood bottle or other receptacle without any attention from the embalmer or danger of inadvertant spilling.
In the usual operation the body is positioned sothat the armpit is over they pan adjacent .the outlet 14. Allthat is-then necessary is to-raisethe vein and open it.
erate. The-drain panis-thus'very effective,
practical and desirable; also neat of 'appearance, sanitary, andvery convenient of use.
'VVhen an. abdominal incision isneccssary, as in cases of 'dropsy and-leakageinto'that cavity, I placethe device-under thebody at that point and make the incision as low down on the side "as possible. The same mannerv of use is employed, in cases of other body incisions. In'this' manner-the device is universallyeffective.
From the foregoing description, taken in connection with the accompanyingdrawing, it is'thought the novel details of construc tion, manner of operation and advantages,
will-be readilyapparent to those skilled in the art. to which it relates.
What I claim is:
1.'.A .device of the class described comprising aframe, a drain pan-removably-mountable on the frame, said drainpan having Eflanges to fitthe frame, an inclined and depressed dram body portion, a cross trough portion intowhich the drain body portion delivers, the said pan having a drain aperture at'one "end" of said trough.
2. An embalmersdrain.pan comprising a depressed and inclined drain body portion terminating at its upper-end with a downturned support portion and pat-itslower end with an upwardly projecting back engaging roll portion,an'd a cross trough por tion into whichthe drain portion delivers,
the saidpan alsofhaving a drain aperture 111 communication 'W1tl1.0116 end of the trough portion.
3. 'A device of the classdescribed comprising a "supporting frame composed of side and end rails, said side rails being extended and down turned at their upper ends, a drain pan removably mountable on the frame, the said pan having inverted U shaped side flanges for fitting overthe side rails o'f'theframe, an inclined and capressed drain body portion terminating at its upper end with a' downturned end and adapted to cup over the extended rail ends and at its lower end with an upwardly projecting back engaging roll portion, a cross trough portion into which the drain portion delivers, the said pan also having a drain aperture in one end of the trough portion, and take-ofl' drain connections in communication with said drain aperture.
' 4. The combination with an embalmers board having an abutment and a pair of supporting links, of a device of the class described comprising a frame adapted to rest against said abutment and having support lugs adapted to be engaged by said supporting links to support the device inclined to the horizontal, a drain pan removably mountable on the frame, said drain pan having flanges to fit the frame, an inclined and depressed drain body portion, a cross trough portion into which the drain body portion delivers, the said pan hav-, ing a drain aperture at one end of said trough.
5. The combination with an embahners board having an abutment and a pair of supporting links, of a device of the class described comprising a supporting frame composed of side and end rails, said side rails being extended and downturned at their upper ends, one of said end rails being adapted to rest against said abutment and said side rails having support lugs adapted to be engaged by said supporting links to support the device inclined to the horizontal, a drain pan removably mountable on the frame, the said pan having inverted U shaped side flanges for fitting over the side rails of the frame, an inclined and depressed drain body portion terminating at its upper, end With a downturned end adapted to cup' over the extended rail ends and at its lower end with an upwardly projecting back engaging roll portion, a crosstrough portion into which the drain portion delivers, the said pan also having a drain aperture in one end of the trough portion, and take-01f drain connections in communication with said drain aperture. g I o EPHR-AIMR. JONES.