US 1543980 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 30, 1925.
l ,543.989 R. F. BLOOD CABINET Filed Aug. 25. 1922 I 2' sheets-sheet 1 i I Il I S I l 4 7- J5 Imm Il' A. Sii
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R. F. BLOOD June 30, 1925.
Filed Aug. 25. 1922 2 sheets-sheet 2 E EB F Eiland Patented June 30, 1925.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.-
BOY F. BLOOD, OF ROCHESTER, 'NEW YORK.
Application filed August 25,1922. Serial No.- 584,331.
. To all 'whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ROY F. BLOOD, a citizen of the United States, residing at Rochester, in the county of Monroe and State of New York, have invented certain l new and useful Improvements in Cabinets,
` the provision of a compact, symmetrical,
A provision of a cabinet of the above de-` and artistic cabinet, for use in connection with light housekeeping, having the several compartments thereof so arranged as to provide a highly convenient and desirable association of compartments for receiving the necessary articlesand `food supplies incident to light housekeeping.
A further object of the invention 'is the provision of a cabinet which is designed in such manner as to presentan artistic appearance when the same is folded and closed, whereby the exterior of the same when folded will give no hint of its act-ual use or contents. v
A further object of the invention is the scribed character, which includes a novel compartment for receiving a heater, such as gas rangeythe parts of which are so cooperatively associated as to provide anarrangement of maximum utility.
Other' objects and advantages will of course be apparent during the course of the following detailed description.
In the accompanying drawings wherein similar reference characters designate corresponding parts throughout the several views,
Figure 1 is a perspective view ofthe improved cabinet, showi'ng the various doors and closure membersthereof in open position, whereby the entire cabinet is arranged for use. o
Figure 2 is a 'fragmentary sectional view of the improved cabinet showing certain details of the same asthey would appear when the cabinet is not in use.
.Figure 3 is a front elevation of the improved cabinet in open position.
Figure 4 is a cross sectional view taken substantially on the line 4 4 of Figure 3, showing the details as they would be relatively associated when the cabinet is opened.
In the drawings, wherein for the purpose of illustration is shown the preferred embodiment of my invention, the letter A designates the improved cabinet includin the side walls 10 and 11, rear wall 12 o the same height as the side walls 10 and 11 and a bottom or base 13. It is preferred that the cabinet A be construct-edof wood, of good grade, although sheet metal or other material may be used with minor alterations to the form shown in the drawings. A shelf-like partition member 14 is positioned interiorly of the cabinet, just below the top marginal edges 15 of the cabinet A in order to subdivide the cabinet A into an upper compartment 16 and a relatively large lower compartment 17; the latter compartment 17 being further subdivided into chambers, and the like, in manner which will be subsequently set forth.
Referring to the upper compartment construction of the cabinet A, the same includes a front wall member 20 which is hingedly connected, as by members 17a, to the forward marginal edge of the partltion member 14, so that the same may be swung into vertical position substantially as lllustrated in Figure 2, to serve as a front wall or panel for the upper compartment 16. Ball-spring catch arrangements 23 are preferably provided upon the lateral margins of the member 2O in order to cooperatein suitable sockets 24 provided upon the 1ns1de of the side walls 10 and 11 of the cabinet A,
and whereby the member 2O may be maintained in secure vertical position when serving as a panel for the compartment 16. However, when it is desired to use the compartment 16, the member 20 may be swung downwardly and is supported in substantially yhorizontal osition by contact of the lower marginal e ge thereof with the front marginal edge of the partition member 14, as is illustrated in Figure 4 of the drawings.
A closure member 26 is provided as part of the upper compartment 16, the same being pivoted or hinged as by members 27 to the rear wall member 12 of cabinet A. The closure member 26 swin upwardly in order that access may be ha to the upper compartment 16 directly from the top of the cabinet A. A foldable bracket arrangement 28 is provided upon the interior surfaces of the closure member 26 and the side Wall 10, in order to support the closure member 26 in vertical position, substantially as is illustrated in Figures 1 and 4 of the drawings. It is referred that the closure member 26 inclu e a lid portion 30 having an aperture 31 of rectangular formation transversely through the center part thereof, and a plate or relatively flat member 32 secured to the vouter surface of the lid portion30 and immediately over the opening 31, to provide a depression of the opening 31 extending inwardly from the inside surface 33 of the 11d portion 30. This depression 31 is provided with a relatively flat member 35 hingedly connected as by members 36 to a longitudinal edge of the lid portion 30, adjacent the depressions 31; said member 35 bein so swiiigable as to be entirely' disposed within the Vdepression 31 when folded into substantially parallel relation with the closure member or cover 26. When the closure member 26 is closed upon the top marginal edges 15 of thecabinet walls, the member serves no function whatsoever, and is retained in folded position within the depression 31, as by a swinging lock member 38 enga ing the free end thereof. However, when t e cover 26 isopen or in vertical position, it may be desirable to utilize a shelf in'connection with the compartment 16.' To this end a swinging bracket 40 has been provided, pivoted as at 41 to the inside of the member 32, and
of course, within the de ression 31, adapted to engage the inside of t e member 35 at 42, in order to maintain the same in substantially horizontal position, as is illustrated in Figures l, 3, and 4 of the drawings, to serve the purpose of a shelf. This swinging bracket 40 folds compactly within the depression 31 when the shelf 35 is also folded upon the closure member 26. A
In use, the upper compartment 16, .is adapted for'contamin a heater arrangement, su'ch as an electric stove or as range, the interior surfaces of the portions comprising said compartment 16 being treated in any appropriate manner to make the same fireproof. The heater will, of course, rest upon the partition 14, and when the panel wall 20 is folded into horizontal position to serve the purpose of a shelf, access may readily be had to the heater in the compartment 16. In connection with the heater, when cooking, it may be desirable to stand hot pots, pans or other containers into proximity to theheater device. Forthis purpose, the swinging shelf 35 has been provided, which may be of )metallic construction. In order to provide a secure arrangement of the upper compartment 16 when closed, suitable dowel pins may be provided upon the inside surface of the lid portion 30, adapted for reception in socket 'openings 46 'in the outer marginal edge of 'the swinging panel '20, this arran ement being effective only when the pane is in vertical position and the closure member 26 shut upon the cabinet A.
Referring to the construction of the lower.
members 53 to thelinside surfaces of the4 cabinet side walls 10 and 11. The doors 50 and 51 bear a definite relation to the hingedly connected panel member 2O of the upper compartment 16, in that when the panel I member 20l serves as a wall in vertical position for the upper compartment 16, the doors 50 and 51 may be swung to and fro for opening the compartment 17 as desired. However, it is to be noted that the member 2O cannot serve as a shelf, in horizontal position, unless the closure doors 50 and 51 are opened to full extent, substantially at Iright angles to their respective sides 10 and 11. Thus, when the panel member 20 is in horizontal position, substantially as\illustrated in Figures 1 and 4 of the drawings, the lateral edges of said member 20 contact the t inside marginal edges of the doors 50 and 51, in order that said doors() and 51 are retained wide open for access to the lowerV compartment 17.
lll() y Any suitable arrangement of the, coml partment17 for receiving culinary articles and food stuffs may be provided. However, it is preferred that the arrangement illustrated in the drawings be constructed in the lower compartment` 17 since thereby a very \compact arrangement is provided. To this end, drawer members 55 and 56 have been provided, immediately below the partition member 14, which are slidable outwardly through thebpening in the lower compartment 17 ,L
as defined by the swinging doors 50 and 51. In order to mount the drawers 55 and 56 in compact manner, Suitable grooves 57 have been provided inthe outer surfaces of the sides thereof, adapted for reception in the 'guide strips 58, which are provided upon the inside surfaces ofthe cabinet-side walls 10v and 1,1, and upon the side surfaces of an intermediate strip 59 provided between the sliding drawers 55 fand 56. A.These drawers 55 and 5 6 may, of coursefbe provided for the reception of knives, forks and other culinary utensils.' A plurality of horizontal shelves 60, 61 and 62 may be provided in the compartment 17, -in orderto provide a plurality of separate compartments below the sliding l drawers 55 and 56, extending the entire width of the cabinet A, being provided for receiving dishes and ifood Supplies.
The compartment 17 immediately below the shelf 62 is sub-divided into relatively small chambers 64 and 65, by a horizontal partition 67; said chambers being provided for receiving pots and other culinary containers.
Immediately below the shelf 62 and within the chamber 64, a meat chopping or bread board 70 may be provided, slidably retained therein by the guide pieces 71.
It is preferred that the inside surfaces ofthe closure doors 50 and 51 be provided with suitable brackets for receiving culinary articles. The partitions 60, 61 and 62 and, in fact, the entire arrangement within the lower compartment 17 may be so arranged as to provide for entrance of the bracket devices upon the swinging doors 50 and 51, when the cabinet A is closed. It is preferred that a 'shelf bracket arrangement 7 5l be' provided upon the upper inside surface of the door 50 for receiving spice-containers and the like, which are retained upon the shelf member by a cross bar 76. The space immediately below the braclt member 75 may be utilized for hanging clippers, frying pans and the like. The bracket arrangement 77 upon the inside of the other door 51 is relatively large, and may include a plurality of shelves 7 8 each having a cross bar 79 associated' therewith, and whereby bottles, lour and sugar containers, and food supply packages may be appropriately arranged,
From the foregoing description, it can be seen that a portable cabinet has been provided, of very compact arrangement, adapted for receivii'ig` culinary utensils and food supplies, in such manner Aas to provide for the most effective useof sai cabinet. When in use, there is no liability of the doors 50 and 5l swinging partly closed. ln fact, no inconvenience is given the user whatsoever, since when the cabinet A is opened all necessary containers and articles are at hand and in order.
Changes in details may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention; but,
1. A cabinet of the class described including side, rear and bottom walls, a partition member subdividing the interior of said cabinet member into upper and lower compartments, doors connected to the side walls of said cabinet for the lower compartment therein, a member pivotally connected tol the forward edge of said partition member adapted for-swinging thereon to be selective-l ly positioned in vertical manner tol provide a front panel wall for said upper vcompartment, or for swinging into horizontal position to serve as a shelf for. saidupper compartment, the lower compartment xdoors when the pivoted member is in horizontal position being open and held in fixed relation by engagement against the edges of said pivoted member, a closure member pivoted to an edge of said cabinet for'use in connection with the upper compartment including a lid having a substantially rectangular opening centrally thereon; and a cover plate on the exterior surface of said lid portion over the opening therein in order to provide a depression inwardly of the inside surface of said closure member, a swinging member pivoted uponan edge of the depression in said closure member, and a swinging bracket upon the closure member within the depression and adapted to engage and support said swinging member to act as a horizontal she/lf when the closure member is open, said bracket and shelf adapted for folding in compact manner entirely within the lid d epressions when the closure member is disposed over the cabinet for closing the upper compartment. i
y 2. A cabinet of the character described comprising a body having side, rear and bottom walls, a partition between the side walls dividing tl c body into a lower compartment and an upper compartment, said compartments open at the front of the cabinet, doors hingedly connected to the side wallsfor swinging into closing relation 'to' the open front of the lower compartment and engaging the iront face of said' partition when the said doors are closed, and a closure panel for the open front of the upper coinpartment liingedly connected to said partition directly above the tops of said doors, when the doors are closed, and adapted to be swung downwardly to a. horizontal shelf forming position when the doors for the lower compartmentare wide open and when in the shelf forming position extending between and with its lateral edges engaging the rear edges of the said doors, and retaining the said doors in a wide open position.
3. A cabinet of the character described comprising a body having a compartment therein open at its top, a closure for the o pen top pivoted to the body for vertical swing- `ing movement into and out of a closed position and having a substantially rectangular opening pro-vided centrally therein, a cover plate for the. opening secured upon the outer face of said closure and formin of the opening a pocket leading from t e inner face of said cover, a shelf member hingedly connected with said closure at the, upper edge of said pocket and adapted to fit entirely within the pocket when in a lowered inoperative position and a bracket pivotally mounted in said pocket and adapted to be swung outwardly beneath the shelf member to retain the shelf member in an elevated