|Publication number||US1544391 A|
|Publication date||Jun 30, 1925|
|Filing date||Jul 12, 1923|
|Priority date||Jul 12, 1923|
|Publication number||US 1544391 A, US 1544391A, US-A-1544391, US1544391 A, US1544391A|
|Inventors||Walter P Budd, Vernon J Harward|
|Original Assignee||Walter P Budd, Vernon J Harward|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (17), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
`une 30, 1925-.
V. J. HARWARD ET AL ROOFING CLIP Filed July l2, 1923 y with individual s Patented June 30, 1925.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
'VERNON J'. EAWABD WALTER P. BUDD, 0F DURHAM, NORTH CABQLINA.
Application led July 12,
To all whom t may concern:y
f-ounty of Durham and State of North Carolina, have invented certain new anduse ful Improvements in Roofing Clips, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements in roofing clips.
The primary object of this invention is the provision of va roong clip which 1s particularly well adapted for use in connection with the laying of indvidualshingles on a roofing structure, embodying means whereby the shingles may be -uniformly lald and spaced and held effectively in place upon the roof against liability of easy disarran ement therefrom.
A rther object of this invention is the provision of a roofing clip which 'may used in connection with the laying of 1nd1- vidual shingles, embodying novel .'means whereby adjacent shingles may baccurately spaced and secured together upon aroof structure.
A further object of this invention is the provision of a 'roofing clip of the above mentioned character, which embodies im-4 provements set forth in our copending application, serial No. 651,184 filed July 12, 1923.
Other objects and advantages of this invention will be apparent during the course of the following detailed description.`
In the accompanying drawing, forming av part of this spefication,l and lwherein similar reference characters designate corresponding parts throughout the several views:
Figure 1 is a fragmentary plan view of a roof, showing a art of the same covered ingles uniformly exposed and spaced by means of the improved roof,- inclip. Y v` igure 2 is a fragmentary longitudmal cross sectional view taken through'the roofing structure, showing the improved cooperation of the clips with the shingles of the roofing structure.
Figure 3 is a fragmentary cross sectional view, taken through upper and lower shingles adjacent a connection of an 1mproved clip therewith.
Figure 4: is a rspective view of the preferred form of improved roofing clip.
ljoined to ther, having" no s ace 1923. Serial No. 651,183.
Figure 5 is a modified form of the'im'- proved roofing clip.
- In the drawlng, wherein for the purpose of illustration are shown preferred and .modified forms of this inventionthe letter A may generally designate the referred form of improved roofing clip, w 'ch may be used in connection with the laying of* individual shingles B upon a roof F. In lieu of the preferred form of clip A, a modified form of clip I-Ima-y be used.
Referring briefly to the method of laying individual shingles upon a roof, a lower tier of shingles 10 are'laid longitudinally along the eaves of the roof, said. tier of shingles being but one third the length of the ordinary shingle. A second tier of shingles 11 are laid in superposed relation upon this tier 10, said tier of shingles 11 being two` thirds ofthe length of an ordinary shingle. The upper tier of shingles 12 are placed on top of the tier 11, at the eave of the roof. In laying roofing of these individual shingles B, the shingles must be spaced from each other to allow'for expansion and contractemperature. his space between shingles of standard size is ordinarily one-half inch, but in the actual laying of the shingles upon a roof, workmen are prone to be negligent, and very frequently the shin les are tween them, wi the consequence t at theyy buckle. The superposed tiers of shingles rearwardly ofthe eaves tier 12, as illustrated in Figure 1, are placed so thatv the shingles are exposed for a short distanceto the weather, which in the 4case of a standard size shingle of 8 inches by 12%= inches, is Ausually a four inch exposure. It is extremely difficult to lay the superposed tiers of shingles yaccurately and in line to present a nished roof having a proper u'niform appearance. A
Referring to the improved clip A, the
xsame has been provided to facilitate laying of individual shingles B, and to insure that the same will be properly spaced from each other and properl exposed for the required distance.A This cip A vis preferablyconstructed of sheet metal, providing a lT- shaped body portion 15, which includes a shank 16 at the upper end of which the laterally extending'l attaching wings 17 and 18 'tion of the shingles incident to variations'in 4 are rovided. At the top narginal edge 20 of t e clipv attaching portion 15, and on the extending 1n a plane at right angles to the ments.
Vplane of the attaching portion 15, and being of a depth -equal t o the depth of a shingle B. At its :'free end and, of course, remote from the wings 17 and 18, the shank portion Y16 of the attaching body 15 is preferably arcuated, as at 22, above the shank 216, and has a retaining tab 23 bent upwardly over the shank 16, which at its free end 25 is directed downwardly toward the plane of the body 16, and substantially at an acute angle thereto. The attaching Wings 17 and 18 are preferably provided with openings 28 and 29 res ectively therethrough, which are adapted) to receive nails or like securing ele- The openings 28 and 29 continue in an upwardly extending reduced slot portion 30 towardthe marginal edge 20 of the body portion 15; said openings and the slots in said win s in effect extending longitudinally Win para el relation with the shank 15, the
same being provided with the novel retaining tab 23 for purposes, which are set. forth in our copending ,-application, Serial No. 651,184, filed July 12, 1923;
Referring to the application of the improved clip A, upon the roof F, the lower-A 4most clips over the eaves of the roof are placed upon the tier of roofing 11, and the tier 12 of the shingles B are then `properly placed over the eave of the roof, and in such relation as to provide spaces 35 therebetween. The retaining tabs 23 'of the lowermost row of clips A, receive the thickness of the shingles B comprising the tier 12. The next transverse row of cleats. A are placed upwardly of the shingles B of the wermost tier 12, so that the front portion 22 of said clips are placed about four inches above the lowermostrow of clips. These clipsv are placedv with the tab or flange 21 resting within the slot 35 between adjacent `shingles B, to close the slot'beneath the superposed shingles. The attaching wings 17 and 18 are placed over and secured tor adjacent shingles B. The tiers of shingles B above the eave tier 12 are then placed across the roof, and the clips A attached as they are placed .to place adjacent shingles B for the roper spacing 35. It will be noted that inci ent to the provision of the/tabs 23, the proper exposure of all -shingles .B is effected to present a uniform appearance.` The space 35 'betweenall ofthe shingles is the same, as this spacing is determined by the width `of the spacing flange 21; After the clip A has beersiedplaced upon a shingle, and the super shingle" 1sl received in the retaining ta 23 thereof, the roofer, by hitting the l retainingtab23 will cause the same to enposition the'same. No additionalv nailing of the individual shinglesvis required in the use of the clip A than is required for the present method of roofing. The clip A `serves an additional and important function in that the spacing flange 21 thereof effectively closes the slot orspace between adjacent shingles, so that snow and ice and other foreign elements cannot be blown beneath the superposed shingles. The vclips additionally make the shingles self aligning and facilitate the laying of the roof.
Referring to `the modified form of clip H, the same is preferably formed of wire, and
bent intermediate its ends to provide theA laterally extending looped wing portions 40 and 41 having the transversely elongated openings 42 thereini Parallel arm portions 43 and 44* extend from the loops 40 and 41 and at their free ends are upwardly turned, as at 45 and 46. respectively, over the arms 43 and 44; the upturned ends 45 and-46 providing retainin portions which are downwardly turne as at 47,' in acute angular relation with respect to the run of the arms 43 and 4 4, and which in elfect provides a structure which willA perform-the function defined in lour pcopending application abovey referred to. v
Various changes in the shape, size and arrangement of parts may be made to the forms of clips herein shown and described; v i I l without departing from theg spirit of the in-y clip adapted to act as a yspacer for 'the application of individual shingles to a roof. said clip being formed ofsheet material and comprising an attaching portion adapted tov bridge space between side edges of adjacent vshingles and extend transversely across upper adjacent side. portions of the shingles,
and lower tongues extending from vthe attaching' portion intermediate the width thereof, the upper tongue being bent to extend in a planefat right angles to the plane of the attaching portion and adapted to be disposed between the adjacent shingles and act as a spacer for the ad'acentshinglesthe lower tongue'extending om the attachingportion in the planethereof and having its. 'l
free end portion bent wardly disposed lower end of a to vprovide lan uportion for engaging the ingle overlying the said adjacent shingles and limiting -downward movement of the last mentioned shingle.
2. As an article of manufacture, a roofing clip comprising a body portionv having a depending spacing flange extending downwardly therefrom transversely thereof and of less width than the width of said body portion, said body portion having openings transversely formed therein outwardly of the ends of said spacing portion.
3. As an article of manufacture, a roofing tab formed of sheet metal comprising a substantially T-shaped `attaching portion which includes a shank and laterally extending apertured wings at the top thereof, said at- 'taching portion at the top marginal edge of said attaching wings, the shank portion of said attaching portion having at the lower end thereof an upturned and overly bent retaining tab.
VERNON J. HARWARD.. WALTER P. BUDD.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2641204 *||Jan 21, 1949||Jun 9, 1953||Young Homer C||Roofing retainer|
|US2828701 *||Jul 28, 1955||Apr 1, 1958||Charles Wright Mac Millan||Shingle hold down clip|
|US4314433 *||Nov 7, 1979||Feb 9, 1982||Monier Colourtile Pty. Ltd.||Roof tile fixing clip|
|US7040061||Sep 2, 2003||May 9, 2006||Solatube International, Inc.||Tubular skylight with dome flashing and protective corrugation|
|US7168211||Aug 5, 2004||Jan 30, 2007||Solatube International, Inc.||Tubular skylight with dome flashing and protective waffle pattern corrugation|
|US7444790 *||Sep 7, 2001||Nov 4, 2008||Nu-Lok Roofing Systems Pty, Ltd.||Weather strips|
|US8006456 *||Jun 10, 2008||Aug 30, 2011||Robert Dallas Green||Elevated retainer for roofing tiles|
|US8151534 *||Aug 26, 2011||Apr 10, 2012||Robert Dallas Green||Elevated retainer for roofing tiles|
|US8312685 *||Apr 30, 2009||Nov 20, 2012||Gibbs Alden T||System for roofs and the like|
|US20040148898 *||Sep 7, 2001||Aug 5, 2004||Hick Robert Mainland||Weather strips|
|US20050044808 *||Aug 5, 2004||Mar 3, 2005||Prenn Joseph W.||Tubular skylight with dome flashing and protective waffle pattern corrugation|
|US20050188629 *||May 2, 2005||Sep 1, 2005||Solatube International, Inc.||Tubular skylight with dome flashing and protective corrugation|
|US20050252111 *||Jul 21, 2005||Nov 17, 2005||Solatube International||Tubular skylight with dome flashing and protective waffle pattern corrugation|
|US20060026907 *||Aug 4, 2004||Feb 9, 2006||Jeremy Gilstrap||Adjustable heavy girder tiedown|
|US20080236087 *||Jun 6, 2008||Oct 2, 2008||Nu-Lok Roofing Systems Pty Ltd.||Weather strips|
|US20090272062 *||Apr 30, 2009||Nov 5, 2009||Gibbs Alden T||system for roofs and the like|
|EP0683285A1 *||May 17, 1995||Nov 22, 1995||Redland Dakprodukten B.V.||Ridge tile hook|
|Cooperative Classification||E04D2001/3491, E04D2001/3482, E04D2001/3458, E04D1/34, E04D2001/3414, E04D2001/3411|