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Publication numberUS1545633 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 14, 1925
Filing dateDec 23, 1924
Priority dateDec 23, 1924
Publication numberUS 1545633 A, US 1545633A, US-A-1545633, US1545633 A, US1545633A
InventorsBender Andrew
Original AssigneeBender Andrew
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Wind and draft motor
US 1545633 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A. BENDER i WIND AND DRAFT MOTOR July 14, 1925.

Filed Dec. 23, 1 24 2 Sheets-Sheet 1' gwvemtoz July 14,. 1925.

. V' A. BELINDER WIND AND DRAFT MOTOR Filed Dec. 23, 1924 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 flndrew Fender.

' ing motion to a. shaft Patented July 14, 1925.

PA-TENTOFFICE;

ANDREWnnunnnprwnsnineronymsrmc'r or COLUMBIA.

t t J wrnnsnn mm. Moron,

mac w namesa e 23,1929 Seria1Ne.757,706

My present inyention has reference to an 7 air engine and has for toproduce a construction whereby outs e alrand drait created therefrom are utilized for nnpart- A furthertob'eet is the provision of an air engine in w ich outside currents of a r are caused to contact with and rotate a pro pellerflhaving Vertically disposed radial blades and to be directed therefrom onto the blades of a propeller of the hel cal type and from thence direetedinto-ea stack 1n whichthene is arranged an axial'fiow propeller designed to be actuated by the cur rents of air created by the draft through the stack, all of :the propellers being sew cured upon a suitable shaft which 1s,;-of course, rotated with the propelTers end which is designed to impart motion to a power shaft. a

A further object is the pro-vislo'n of an air engine in which both outside air and currents ofairdirectedth-rough a stack are utilized for imparting a continuous rnove ment to a" shaft, and in which n ean is provided for directing the] outside air against one of the propellers, means regulnt'ing the amount of air contacting such propeller, and means being also. provided for regulating the speed of the shatt operated by the propellers; v 1,5 ,v H T the ettainmentflof the above broadly stated objects and others which will appeer the nature of the invention is better understood; the improvement further re sides in the novel construction, operative assoeiationend arrangement of parts such as is, d sc osed by't'he drawings. which 21 9 company and which form of th s apply cation and pointed out with, particular ty in the append dcleimsg In the draWingsf- Figure 1 isle side eleyation of my iniprbnement, :with parts'flin secti n.

,Figure 21s an approximately central tics]; longitudinal y'iew through: i'hdiiiliPI' OYGlIlQllh a V Figure 3'isj a sectional View on the line 33 of Figured; i 1 I I Figure" 4: is ease-rational View ontheline 4'ofFigure 1. i

Figure 5 is a fragmentary sectional View substantially similar to 'Figuret but illus trating aslight modification, i "As disclosed by the drawings, 1 inake use of a'suitable base On this base I secure a skeleton frame, the same comprising any desired number of "spaced uprights V2, On thelfr'anie uprights 2, at the outer portions thereof I secure the depending skirt portion {5 of a dome 4. The doin'e round in plan and has a fiat top, provided with a opening thatissurrounded by an outstandingstack 5; v0n the basel there is centrally secured a bearing c rer one o-flth'e conical central ends ofayertically dis oofsed shaft 7. The

second or upperend of t e s haftis journaled in a conical recess in the end of an ustable bearing '8, the saidbearing being preferably in the nature of a threaded element which is screwed through a brace 9 yerselyiin the stack 5, a O the shat 5' nbovethe bearing 6 there is fixed a gearwheel '10 that is in mesh with a;

pinion 11 on one end of adriyen shaft 12.

The shaft 12 is journaled in suitable bearings 13 supported from the base lyand has .onits outereud a pulley 14 for an endlesslbeltthat is designed to be connected to a; suitable machine to be driven. The turning of the shaft 121s regulated by hand ioperated brake mechanism broadly indicated by the numenus, v i

Above the gear 1.0 vthere i fixed 0n the shaft 7 .a :fiy Wheel 16 and abone the fly Wheel .therelis fixed on thesaid shaft 7 the hollow central portion or core 17 of two. rope'l'lers'} The lower propeller has spaced radial blades 18 the planes Of-Which are verti cafl, These'blndes, are secured to the 00118 1:7 and thesebledes may be concave-convex in cros se t on, as illustrated inFigure 01' the same may be .straight,- as disclosed Figure 5 The straight blades, indicated for distinction by, the numeral 18, are arranged at Outward angles which are differently pitched so ,as to. provide a flared 11110113011- for the pocketsfmprovided ,bGtWBQILGEtCh pair Qt -blades. This arrangement is also true with respect to the cross? sectionally rounded blades 18; thatis theiinner ends thereof are farranged trans disposed closer to the tubular core 17 than are the outer ends thereof. In each instance, the lower ends of the blades are secured upon a flange 20 that extends a suitable distance from the sides of the core 17.

The deflector propeller is of a helical type and is broadly indicated by the numeral 20 and is, as previously intimated, formed" on the top of the radial propeller, The

blades 21 of the helical type"propeller'are' extendedfrom ;the core 17 in the same direction but at slightly different angles whereby the lower edges of the adjacent blades 21' are spaced away from each other a greater distance than are the upper ed'ges of the said blades; Also the blades of the deflector propeller 20 are disposed over the pockets, proided between the blades of'the radial propeller so that the Currents of air received between the blades of theradial propellerwill be directed-between each-,pairof blades of the deflector propelle'rto "further assist in the simultaneous turning of both propellers byYthe'currents of air thereagainst.

Secured on the shaft 7 at the portion thereof received within thestack' 5 there is an axia'l'rflow propeller 22. \Thebladesof this propeller rot-ateangularly from the hub thereof and the suction created by the air in its passage through the stack, which is accelerated by the'outsidecurrents of air above the stack creates a suction which materially adds to the efie'ctiveness of the propeller 22 in"assist'ing the radial and helical type propellers in turning the shaft 7. Thus with my, improvement the shaft. Twill be propelled both bythe influenceof outside air a'nd by air suction created through the stacln The parts constituting the improve-- n1ent,a' s above described, may becheaply constructed and assembled, andthe shaft 7 will continue to operate as long asthere is suflici'ent air or wind to operate the several propellers. The turning of the shaft '12,'as previously stated, may be regulatedby' the means 15, but in addition to this, I arrange a in the stack 5 a valve 23 to regulate, and if desired, to wholly close the air passage through the stack, and in this m'annerlikewise regulate the turning of the shaft 7 v y and consequently theturning of the shaft 12'.

The dome has arranged thereover the crown portion 24: of a casing 25. The casingdoes not fully enclose the skeleton frame, but has its lower edge disposed slightly be-l low the radial propeller. Between the crown,

' "and the dome 4 there are anti-frictional bearings-26 toinsure the free turning of the casing" on the device. The crown p01? tion is provided with a vane 27 designed to befinfluenoed by outside currentsof airtof turn the fca'sing to br1n'g"an;,open1n- 28' therein opposite certain of the blades 0 the radial propeller. The air inlet opening 28f may be closed'by a 'slidabledoor 29 ormay throughthe dome, a radial the shaft, a helical type air de ecting pro f be partly closed so that the flow of air to the radial propeller maybe shut off or may be regulated. In certai-ninstancesthe'casing 25 may be dispensed with, but by its employment, it will be noted that a full yol- .-.'.ume ofair; currents will be directed against The cur- 7 stack as also previously intimated, so will be seen that both outside and inside air cur rents, arecausedto influence the blades or '7 yanes of an or the propellers .so' that 1 a {constant and rapidirotary motion isimparted to the shafts 7 and 12', I It is manifest that view of their' s ize, with respect to the. axial'fi'ow'propellei' 22; and also incident to the fact that the'radial propeller is subjected to the "direct" force "of outside air, the 7 combined radial and helical type propellers exert great amount "of a power in rotating the shaft but'this power is materially accelerated by the suction of the air through the stack and the action of such air on theconiparatively smallhorizontal suction propeller 22. a

The improvement 1s, of'cour'se, susceptible to such changes and modifications "as fairly fall within the scopefof what If olai1n and therefore I am not to be limited to" the structural features herein setforth and dis closed by the drawings. I

Having described the invention, I'claim 1. An air engine including a dome sup ported at an elevationand having a stack extending therefroinya vertical shaft haQv-f ing oneend" journaledin the stack a'rrdfprojecting through the doineya vertically 'disposed radial propeller on the shaft,fa helical type'air deflecting propeller on the top of the "radial propeller and" arranged in f the dome, and an axial flow suction propeller onthepartof the shaft in the stajekf f I 29 x11 airiengine including a (lOiIl-fSUP:

ported'at an elevation andhaving a stack;

extending therefrom, a vertioal'shafthavingone end journaled inthe'stack and projectepel e ii peller on thetop of the radiallpropeller fand arranged in the dome, ana'xial flow suction propeller on the part of the shaftii fthe' stack, and means for regulating "the speed I of the propellers. An air ported at an elevation and havinga stfafck extending therefrom, a vertica l shaft "hav ing one end j'ournaled in thestack an'd pr'o. v jecting through the dome, a radial propeller".

engine including-a dome on the shaft, a helical type, air deflecting propeller on the top of the vertical propeller and arranged in the dome, an axial flow suction propeller on the part of the shaft in the stack, means for regulating the speed of the propellers, and means for preventing air currents contacting the radial propeller.

4. A wind engine including a skeleton frame, a dome supported on the top thereof and having a stack extension, a shaft journaled between the bottom of the frame and the stack, a hollow core secured on the stack, vertically disposed blades extending therefrom and providing a radial propeller, angularly arranged horizontally disposed blades extending from the core and disposed over the vertical blades and providing a. deflector propeller which is arranged in the dome, and an axial flow suction propeller fixed on the shaft at the portion thereof in the stack. 7

5. An air engine including a base, a skeleton frame projecting vertically therefrom, adome on the top of the frame having a stack extension, a shaft journaled in bearings between the base and the stack, a fly wheel on the shaft, a core on the shaft above the fly wheel, vertically disposed blades extending from the coreand providing a radial propeller and forming angle airpockets between the blades, horizontally disposed angularly arranged blades extending from the core, arranged over the blades of the radial propeller and providing a helical type deflector propeller which is received in the dome, an axial flow propeller fixed on the shaft in the stack and defining angularly disposed blades.

6. An air engine including a base, a skeleton frame extending therefrom, a dome on the top of the frame having a stack extension, a shaft journaled in bearings on the base and in the dome, a fly wheel on the shaft, a hollow core on the shaft, angularly arranged vertically disposed blades radiating from the core and providing a radial propeller, angularly arranged horizontal disposed blades also radiating from the core and disposed above and between the blades of the radial propeller and providing a de flector propeller, an axial flow propeller thereof and a stack extending from the' dome, a vertically disposed shaft journaled centrally between the bottom of the frame and the stack, and the bearing for the shaft in the stack being adjustable, a. radial propeller carried by the shaft, a helical type propeller disposed over the radial propeller and arranged in the dome, an axial flow propeller on the shaft arranged in the stack, a partly open casing surrounding the frame having a crown disposed over the dome, anti-frictional bearings between the crown and dome, and a vane on the casing.

8. An air engine comprising an upright skeleton frame having a dome at the top thereof and a stack extending from the dome, a vertically disposed shaft journaled centrally between the bottom of the frame and the stack, and the bearing for the shaft in the stack being adjustable, a radial propeller carried by the shaft, a helical type propeller disposed over the radial propeller and arranged in the dome, an axial flow propeller on the shaft arranged in the stack, a partly open casing surrounding the frame having a crown disposed over the dome, anti-frictional bearings between the crown and dome, a vane on the casing, a door fon closing or partly closing the opening in the casing, means for regulating the passage of air through the stack, and means for regulating the speed of the shaft when the latter is turned by the propellers;

In testimony whereof I afiix my signature.

ANDREW BENDER;

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4070131 *Jan 20, 1975Jan 24, 1978Grumman Aerospace CorporationTornado-type wind turbine
US4224528 *May 14, 1979Sep 23, 1980Argo William HSolar thermal and wind energy power source
US4309146 *Mar 12, 1980Jan 5, 1982The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space AdministrationAmplified wind turbine apparatus
US4452562 *May 6, 1983Jun 5, 1984Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.Tornado type wind turbines
US5133637 *Mar 22, 1991Jul 28, 1992Wadsworth William HVertical axis wind turbine generator
US5194754 *Oct 16, 1991Mar 16, 1993Tatuya MikamiHeight difference type aerogenerator
US7214029Jul 1, 2004May 8, 2007Richter Donald LLaminar air turbine
US8128337 *Aug 5, 2009Mar 6, 2012Constantine D PezarisOmnidirectional vertical-axis wind turbine
CN101985916BNov 4, 2010Mar 13, 2013香港应用科技研究院有限公司Wind collecting device
EP0482514A1 *Oct 18, 1991Apr 29, 1992Tatuya MikamiHeight difference type aerogenerator
WO2003056173A1 *Nov 19, 2002Jul 10, 2003Pietro ZanottiVertical axis wind turbine
WO2012076839A2 *Dec 6, 2011Jun 14, 2012Stephen SparkesTurbine arrangement
WO2013020218A1 *Aug 8, 2012Feb 14, 2013Merswokle PaulWind turbine with two sets of blades and method of operation thereof
Classifications
U.S. Classification415/4.4, 415/123, 206/37, 415/909
International ClassificationF03D1/04, F03D3/04
Cooperative ClassificationY02E10/74, F05B2240/131, F03D1/04, Y02E10/728, F03D3/0472, Y10S415/909, F05B2240/9111
European ClassificationF03D3/04E4, F03D1/04