US 1551666 A
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Sept. l, 1.925.
' 1,551,666 R.. F. JENSEN ET AL TOY BUILDING Filed March l0. 1922 2 sheets-sheet 1 INVENIoRs Fred S. en5eiz Rayma/2d I Jensen sept. 1, 1925 v 1,551,666
R. F. JENSEN ET AL T'OY BUILDING Filed March l0. 1922 2 sheets-sheet 2 INVENTORS: Hag/mond l'c/nse/z Fig' l! ,Fred ,S .Jrzsefz fao ' so construct the Patented Sept. 1, .1925.k
UNITED manquer. 'JENSEN Aim rama s. JENSEN, op CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
y t Y'iioviaUrLnIivGn Application inea :March io, i922. seriai No. 542,605.
T Q all whom if may concer/1i.'
VBe it linownthat we, RAYMOND F. .JENSEN 'and FRED S. JENSEN, citizens of the United States, residing at Chicago, in thecouiity of Coo-lt and Sta-te of Illinois, have invented 4certain new and useful rfoy Buildings, of
which the following isa specification.
This invention relates to toy buildings, and the general object of the invention is to provide an improved 4knock-down toy building of simple construction which is inexpensive to manufacture, and which can be easily and quickly assembled or disassembled by a child, andV is securely held in position whenassenibled. 4 Another object of our invention is to provide a boX for packing the building when disassembled,so constructed that the box may be used as' afoundation Vof said building, and the lid'of said box maybe used as one wall of the building. l y
A further object of our invention is to building that the members are all flat pieces and so designed that when disassembled and packed they form a compact mass. f f 1 Another object of the invention is to provide an improved stairsA and a novel method i of making` same.
he invention also contemplates a novel rmannerv of correlating the various vsections of thejbuilding and animproved means for securing them together.
Ancillary and advantageous objects of the invention will be understood from the following detailed description.
A. preferred embodiment of this invention is illustrated iii the accompanying drawings, wherein Figure 1 is a perspective view l The two cleats which are adiacent to the of the building in its .assembledposition Fig, 2 is alongitudinal sectional view showing the vbuildingV disassembled and packed' in the boX as a compact mass, thefboxpformingkthe foundation'and support in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a verticaliragmental,sectional view the plane of lines 3-3 of Fig. 1 showingpart of the building in front ele-k ,lvatioir y l 'Figlt is avertic'alsectional view taken in the plane of lines 1 -4 in 3.v Fig. 5 is a fragmental sectional plan view taken in the plane of the lines 5'-5 of Fig. 1. t 'Fig 6 is a detail view showing the gable. Y
Fig. 7 is a detail view showing a` notched spacer used to space and secure the walls at the base of the foundation.
vwhen the cover 'conpniction with the boX- sides to provide recesses or grooves to receive the rear edges Fig. 8 is a detail view. showing one ofthe joists which is attached to thefupright walls and` is used to secure the lower edge of the gable.
Fig. 9 is a detail view showing a joist used to secure the top of the gable, pivotally secured to the partition.
Fig. 10 is a detail view showing one of the ornamental trees which may be secured 'along the back wall of. the building.
Fig.` 411 is a fraginental sectional view showing the sta-irs used in connection with Referring to the drawings, the box which contains the house sections when packed is indicated'by reference numeral 13 and the cover by the numeral 111.'. The preferred manner of associating the" box and .cover` is to provide guides on opposite sides of the boxA which are herein shown in the form of inwardly facing grooves 13a adapted to re#l i 'ceive the opposite edges of the cover. 111.
The cover is of greater dimension from side edgeto side edge than .it is froml front to rear, tli'e latter dimension being approximately equal to or just slightly less than the" distance between the I inner faces Vof the box sides which have the grooves 13a, so that the cove-r maystandin upright position with its lower edge within the boX adjacent to Y the rear wall thereof. In this position the cover serves as the rear wall of the house.
Preferably the box and the coverf are made of wood and the cover is provided with a plurality of reinforcing ribs which are herein shown in the form of wood cleats 14a,
the grain of which runs crosswise of the grain of the wood in the cover so that the cleats serve to prevent warping of the cover.
front and rear edges of the cover are spaced inwardly slightly roni said edges, so that stands upright they serve, in
of the side walls 15 ofthe house. -When an intermediate partition 16 `is to be used in the house twoA cleats'are applied to the ners of the side walls 15 and partition 16 is a groove to receive there- 4 5 between ther rear edge of the partition;
secured to the bottom of the box and holds said side walls and partition in proper position. The cover or rear wall 14 is held against the rear side of the box 13 by the side walls 15 and partition 16 which abut against said cover 14. y
The upper forward corners of the side walls and partition are secured together and braced apart by a gable 19 which is notched as at 20 (Fig. (i) at its lower edge to receive pieces 21 (Fig. 8) that are fixed to the said walls and partition and project forwardly therefrom to simulate joists, said pieces being notched as at 22 at their upper edges so that the gable 19 interlocks therewith and is supported thereon.
The upper edge of the gable is also notched as at 23 adjacent to its middle to receive a latch 24 (Fig. 9) which is pivoted at 25 (Fig. 4) Vto the partition 16 and is notched as at 26 to interlock in the notch in the gable.
A pair of roof sections 27 is supported upon the partition and side walls each of said sections having reinforcing ribs in the form of cleats 28 secured to its under face, the cleats adjacent to the remote edges of the sections being arranged to engage with the upper edges of the side walls 15 to hold the roof sections in place. The adjacent edges of the roof sections rest upon the partition 16, while the rear edges of the said sections abut against the cover 14.
Preferably a detachable connection is provided between certain of the upright walls of the house and the rear wall or cover 14. life have herein sho vn a hook 29 which is pivoted to the partition and detachably engages in a screw eye 30 seated in the wall 14. A chimney7 31 is recessed at its lower end to lit upon the abutting edges of roof sections.
F or purposes of ornamentation devices 32 (Fig. 10) which simulate the upper ends of trees may be mounted at the rear corners of the house. Inthe present instance, we have shown trees each of which is provided with a stem 33 that is arranged to seat in a recess or Vgroove 34 formed by cutting away the upper ends of the reinforcing cleats 14alon the rear wall or cover 14, the cut-away portion coacting with the side walls 15 to provide grooves to receive said stems.
' For a two-story house the side walls 15 Yand partition 16 may have fixed thereon supporting cleats 35 on which floors 86 rest. One of the floors may have a stair case opening 37 therein to which a stairway leads, the lower end of the stairway resting upon the bottom of the box 13 which constitutes the floor of the first story of the-house.
`We have provided stairs of improved conl struction and an improved method of malring the same. The stairs consist of a backing strip or plate 38 which may be of wood and a serrated or corrugated set of steps 39 which may be formed individually or sepa- 1,551,eee
rately, but preferably are cut from a solid block of wood which is then suitably fixed to the backing strip 38. In manufacturing the stairs a backing and step-section of many times the width of the ultimate stairway may be secured together and this unit then severed into sections in planes running transversely of the steps to provide a plurality of stairs, one for use in each house ille claim as our invention:
1. A toy building having, in combination with a box and a cover therefor, the cover beino adapted to stand in an upright position and form the rear wall of the house, side walls arranged to stand upright within the box adjacent to the sides of the box, means for bracing apart the lower edges of the side walls, a gable extending between the front upper corners of said side walls,
means providing a detachable connection between the gable and said walls, and a roof cooperating with said side walls and cover.
2. A toy building comprising upright side walls and an inner partition parallel therewith, a gable extending between said side walls, members attached to said side walls and said partition and having upwardly opening notches, said gable having notches in its lower edge to engage with the notches in said members, and a piece pivoted to the said partition and having a downwardly opening notch arranged to engage the 'upper edge of said gable.
3. A toy building comprising a box having a cover arranged to stand upright at the rear of the box and provide the rear wall of the building, a pair of side walls and an intermediate partition arranged to stand upright within the box, the side walls being closely adjacent to the inner sides of the box, a strip arranged to lie along the bottom of the box and being notched to engage with said side walls and partition to hold them in place, a gable notched at its lower edge to engage parts on the front upper portions of said side walls and partition, a device movably mounted on said partition ,and arranged to engage the upper edge of said gable, and a roof cooperating vwith said gable, side walls and cover, the
said parts being arranged to be compactly piled within the box and be enclosed by the box 'and its cover.
4. In a toy building a pair of upright side walls,4each having a notched member secured thereto, a gable extending between said side walls and being notched to engage and cooperate with said notched members on the side walls to secure the gable and the side walls together, an intermediate wall extending to the top of the gable, and a hinged notched member on said wall near the top of the. gable, the gable being provided with a cooperating notch.
5. A toy building comprising upright Walls and an intermediate partition, said Walls and said partitionk having piecesprojecting forwardly therefrom, a gable resting on said pieces, said pieces and the gable being constructed to interlock, a movable locking piece mounted yon said partition and arranged to engage and secure the upper edge yof said gable, a pair ofroof sections sloping in opposite directions, the adjacent edges of said sections being supported by said partition, and said sections having ribs or cleats secured to their under sides adja cent their remote edges to engage the upper edges of said side Walls. Y
6. A toy building comprising a box having a cover made of Wood, reinforcing cleats secured to the cover with the grain of the cleats running crosswise of the grain of the cover the cover being adapted to extend upright in the box, said cleats providing grooves, and side Walls having their edges engagingy 1n said grooves and their faces parallel to the sides of the box, a' cleat in the box Vto retain the side Walls in position,
'and a roof for the building, the bottom of ing their rear edges engaging in said grooves, a brace extending along the bottom of the box and engaging the lower front corners of the side Walls to hold them in place, and a roof cooperating with said side Walls and cover.
In testimony whereof We have hereunto affixed our signatures.
RAYMOND F. JENSEN. FEED s. JENSEN.