Nonfreezing watering trough
US 1553739 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 15, 1925.
A. HELDEN NONFREEZING WATERING THOUGH Filed June 9, 1924 Q @A W W gravante@ @htm/nag PATENT OFFICE. t
NoNrnEEzrNG vsrn'rnnmofl TRoUGH.
` i. Application filedy .Tune 9,
To all whom t may'conce-rn:
Be it known that I, ARTHUR'BELDEN, a citizen of the United States,and"a resident of I-I-arvard, inthe county of VClay and State of Nebraska, have invented -certain newand useful Improvements inv Nonfreezing lVatere ing Troughs', of which the following is a specification.
'This invention relates toa stock watering trough y,which is yan improvement on that shown inmy Patent No.v 1,446,493 and PatentkNo. 1,497,202, and has for its pri-` mary object to yproduce a` device of such a construction that the water therein will not freeze during severe weather and willautomatically maintain a constant level v'in thedrinking portion of the trough. l
Another .object is to provide means to prevent -the water in the deviceV from becoming contaminatedwithk mud, refuse, sticks v or the like, which usually takesplface whenever an open trough is allowed to remain as such ina barn-yard 'for' any length of time. Y p Otherobjects and advantages will appear asthe description proceeds.V i Y.
To this endl my invention consists, providing a" main reservoir. into which the `water enter'sQbeing regulated by anyV Suitable automatic means. yThis supply isr pref# erably located aJm-anner toreduce freezing danger to a minimum, such kas by entering from the lower side thereof, which utilizes the natural heat of the earth. Communir eating with thisY reservoir is a drinking trough of suitable construction, whichy trough is provided with a circulation system which will keep thetemperatu're of the water therein above the freezing temperature.v 'Additional means are provided to prevent the circulation system from clogging, which will be more specifically described hereinafter.
In the drawings I have illustrated one embodimentof the lportion of .my invention which has been chosen forillustration only, as required by law, but it is Vunderstood that I dov not wish to be limited to the construction, combination or arrangement of parts show n, as obviously various changes and modifications will occur to those skilled in the art, and `still fall within the scope of the claims:V
yIn these drawings- Figure l is alsectional elevation showing i924. serial no. nasse.
i the relation of 'the parts to the frost preventing medium.
Fig. 2 is a plan of one form of my device.
Fig. 3 is an end elevation of the drinking.
Fig. 4 is an end elevation of t-he water bottle, or'heat reservoir.
In the embodiment illustrated, I provide a. reservoir having water supply pipes ene tering atV the bottom preferab'lly passing underground below the frost penetration line to the source'of supply. Suitable means are provided to automatically regulate the iiow of water to the reservoir, as by means of Aa float valveV operating in the usual manner.
A drinking trough communicates with the reservoir, said communicating opening below the waterlevel in order that fioating refuse will not'ibe conducted into the drinkling` portion. This drinking portion is also provided with a circulation system which vmay' include a coil of `pipes o-r the like,
used, it has been foundsatisfactory to eX- f tend suchf'pipes around the reservoir, the whole to'b'e packed to a suitable depth with fresh stable manurek which will Warm the .water inv the" circulation system, Whichbecause of the known principles 0f the thermosiphon, will keep the water in the drinking portion above the freezing temperature. Obviously the water jin the reservoir will also be warmed to a `-certain extent by the direct contact of the heating medium with the walls thereof. If a portion of this circulation system is enlarged to form. a water bottle, or the like, it will be found to hold the heat in a more efficient manner. It has ing a water supply pipe 2, entering at the side nearvthe bottom thereof. the entrance to the reservoir being covered by a suitable the reservoir and behind the latter, termi? valve 3, including a float valve 4, or the like, and a lever pivoted on a fulerum 6 and supplied with a float 7, in the usual manner to regulate the Vwater supply according to the desired level of fthe water.
An opening 8, is providedin the reservoir Vintermediate the normal level of water and thev bottom of the trough, for the purpose above stated, said opening communicating by means of pipe 8n with a. water bottle 10a. This portionmay be of any desired shape, which will undoubtedly vary according to circumstances.
The circulation ksystem as illustrated, has been found to be satisfactory and includes a hollow member 10 extending backwardly from the drinking portion on each side of nating in an enlarged water bottle, or heat reservoir 10% The linlet end 11, of this system is located below the outlet 12, in order that the convection current of the heated fluidL may rise and pass outwardly through the opening 12, into the trough, the cooler iiuid passing. through opening 11, into lthe system and the' cycle of heat` ing repeat-ed. Obviously this Ycirculiatioln Y system maybe greatly varied and I .have illustrated this form merely because of its Y simplicity. Y Y
I have shown a bai-lie o-rrscreen 13 located between the walls of the drinking portion of the trough, preferably extending to the bottom of the trough. and held in position by lugs 17 and 18 on the bottom and sides of the drinking tank respectively', said baflle Vbeing' provided with a series of perforations 14. 1 A sediment cup 15 secured to the lower part of the .baiiie '13 rests on or} near the bottom of the drinking tank 9, Vso that 'by removing the baliie or screen 13, all flotsam may be removed with it and the jetsam by lthe sediment cup 15. y
I have shown a cover 16,'hingedly con-k nected to the rear wall of the drinking portion, but any suitable means of attachment may be substituted therefore, or if found desirable the kcover may be eliminated. I have likewise illustrated a removable cover 17, onk the reservoir portion, but likewise', other arrangement of these parts may be found desirable.
I claim: 1' l l y 1, Apdrinking device including a drinking bowl, a reservoir provided with automatic feed, a 'heat circulating system hav- ,ing a hollow member provided with tubular connections between the top and bottom of said hollow member and the drinking bowl, tubular connections between the heat circulating system and the reservoir, the heating system being imbedded in stable manure. j
2. A ydrinking device including a reservoir having automatic feed, a. drinking bowl, a heat circulating system comprising a hollow member, tubular connections between the top and bottom of Vthe drinking bowl and the hollow member and a tubular connection between the hollow member iand `the reservoir the hollow member and circulating system being imbedded in stable manure. f
'3. A drinking device including an automatic'feed and valve chamber, a drinking fbowl, a' heated v waiter dirculating system comprising a hollow memberinclined tothe Y horizontal, tubes connecting said hollow member with said drinking bowl, the inlet end of the tube of the circulating systeni supplying water to the drinking bowl being covered by a screen, a supply pipe connecting the valve chamberwith the circula-ting system, the valve chamberand substantially all of the circulating system being embedded in manure.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature.