US 1553959 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept: 15, 1925. 1,553,959
' O. S. FIRKEY S IGNAL FOR AUTOMOBILES Filed Nov. 22, 1923 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 VEN TOR.
' A TTORNEY.
Sept. 15, 1925. I 1,553,959
0. S. PIRKEY SIGNAL FOR AUTOMOBILES Filed Nov. 22, 1923 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 5 0 46 I Q 40 45 W 63$) =2:
f d- W I a o 0 0 j To One Rea-r- Lamp INVENTOR.
Patented. Sept. 15, 1925. Q
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
OLIVER 5. Hanna. or CLEVELAND, omo.
SIGNAL ron AUTOMOBILES.
Application filed November 22, 1923.' Serial No. 676,382.
This invention relates to "improvements in signalsffor,autoinobiles'and the like vehicles having for .lanfobject-toiprovide a combined direction; indicator and sto p "signal which may be readily visible todrivers andothers in front-and in back of the vehicle.
Another ..object is to provide a signal of this character in which the lamps are so mounted as to be clearly visible at unusual distances in theday time aswell as at night.
A further object is to provide a signal of this character 'comprising four pairs or sets of lamps, each pair being arranged upon one side and at the front or rear of the vehicle.
A still further object is to provide asignal of this character soconstructed that replacing of lamps and other parts may be accomplished from within the vehicle.
It is likewise an object to arrange pairs of signal lamps upon the inner face of the wind shield and provide a set of control switches upon the usual instrument board in a position which will permit'of convenient operation of the signal system.
Other objects will be in part obvious and in part pointed out hereinafter.
In order that the invention and its mode of operation may be readily understood by persons skilled in the art, I have in the accompanying illustrative drawings, and in the following detailed description based thereon set out one possible embodiment of the same.
In these drawings:
Fig. 1 is a skeleton plan view showing the arrangement of the front signals upon the wind shield and the rear signals upon the vertical end portion of the automobile top or body.
' Fig. 2 is a detail topplan view of one of the lamp carrying brackets arranged upon a wind shield. 5
Fig. 3 is an elevation of the interior of the wind shield and instrument board showing the signal lamps and switches arranged thereon.
Fig. 4 is a detail elevation of one of the brackets "and the associated parts.
Fi 5 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line of Figure 4; and
Pig. 6 1s a View illustrat ng the circuit of each pair of lamps.
Having more particular reference to the drawings, throughout which similar char:
acters of reference designate similar. parts, I this improved signal may be broadly stated as comprising a set of brackets each carry ing a pair of lamps and adapted to be mount ed upon opposite sides and adjacent each end of a motor vehicle or the like. As illustrated, these lamps and their brackets together are arranged upon the inside of an automobile body and are readily accessible for repairs or removal.
In Figure 1 of the accompanying drawings there is illustrated the general outline of an automobile A having at its front end the usual wind shield W and at the rear end the vertical portion R of the ordinary top or sedan body.' As stated, the wind shield andthe said rear portion of the body each mount two pairs of transversely spaced lamps, each pair being mounted upon a bracket 8 which is provided with horizontal- 1y spaced openings 9 for the reception of a pair of open ended housings or tubular sleeves 10. Positive connection as between grally with the base of this cap is a recessed portion l l which provides for wiring connection to the lamp 15 removably mounted in a socket 16, said socket being carried by a reflector 17. This structure of a housing and the removable lamp carriers and associated parts is common to all of the sleeves or housings and, as is obvious, provides a very simple construction which is highly desirable in that it permits ready removal of said carriers for repairing or replacing broken arts.
As indicated in Figure 2, the bracket member 8 has one end 18 off-set and arranged parallel with the main body portion to provide for attachment to one of the vertical uprights'19 at the op osite ends of the stationary portion inclu ed in thestructure of the usual windshield. It isto be under stood, that if desired, I mayemploy any of the well known clamps to form connection as between the brackets 8 and the uprights 19. In application of these brackets to the rear end portions of the vehicle, suitable openings are formed in the rear portion R for alinenient with the sleeve or housing openings and the brackets are riveted or otherwise fastened in proper relative position.
As illustrated in Figure 4, current conducting wires are brought out of opposite ends of the T head and are then carrierl into the recessed portion of the cap member 13, thus forming a portion .of one side of the circuit for one pair of lamps. A portion of the other side of the circuit of each pair of lamps isformcd by the bracket 8 which carries the sleeves 10.
Due to the arrangement of the lamps 15 at the inner-most end of the tubular sleeves or housings 10 the signal will be clearly visible at all times. a
The arrangement of the wiring connections between the control switch fC and the wind shield carrying brackets is accom' plished through positioning the wires .in back of the instrument board I and consequently there areno exposed wires to cause trouble or inconvenience to the driver. The brackets with the lamps are readily removable and are of such a relative size as to occupy a minimum amount of space.
Manifestly, the construction shown is capable of considerable modification and such modification as may fall Within the scope of my claim, I consider within the spirit of my invention.
An automobile signal comprising an elongated fiat bracket arm having an offset portion at one end, said bracket having a pair of horizontally spaced transverse openings, elongated open ended sleeves having one end set into said transverse openings, 2. cup like cap member telescoping 1nto the other end of each sleeve, a reflector fixed to the inner end of each cup, an electric lamp fixed in each rcflector,- and means for separably connecting the cap members and sleeves.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature.
OLIVER S. PIRKEY.