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Publication numberUS1554524 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 22, 1925
Filing dateNov 28, 1924
Priority dateNov 28, 1924
Publication numberUS 1554524 A, US 1554524A, US-A-1554524, US1554524 A, US1554524A
InventorsBenneville Rhoads Jesse
Original AssigneeBenneville Rhoads Jesse
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Illuminating device
US 1554524 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1,554,524 J. a. RHOADS xhwumawme DEVICE Filed Nov. 1924 INVENTOR ATTORNEY Patented Sept. 22, 1925.

, stares ;mssn nimunnvmmrnrronns, :or JLA :aonnA, "G AIiIFO RQNTA.

y i 'dILLUMINAT-I NG :DEVIGEL 1 ,Applieationrfiled uwezabenza ieze. :iseriajin'ogtsaeeo.

To all whom it may concern:

Be .it [known that .I, ,Jnssn Bait-N VILLE RHoADs, acitizen of the -UnitedStates, and

i aresident of La :Jolla,i-in the county .of San Diego and. State, of California, havelinve'nted new. and useful Imp rovements 1n Illuminating Devices, of which the -o11wing .is a specification.

i .The 1 present invention. relatesto illuminate .ing devices and pertains more particularly to a COlHblIlGCl GEIDdlB, and ,favour, suitable for dinner parties and :the like.

The princip al object of the invention; is to provide illuminating devices which ar eiboth practical and ornamental, and which having served their purpose as an illuminant will appear sufficiently attractive or artistic as to .warrant their-beingfkept as souvenirs.

Another object of-the lnventionas toprovide a -candle -,device which :is lartistic .and;

ornamental before \use, interesting and attractive during use, and. ,peculiarlyattrac tiveafter use. g

Another object. of-thexinvention :is .to pro- .vide .more colorful or subdued lighting efrfectsthan. canprdinarilyhe. obtained byethe: ,useof .ordinary :candles ,on a-dinner table.

Another object of the invention is'to ;pro-

vide a candle which will be slow burning andesafemand whieh'yvillrnotwspread melted wax.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a combined candle and souvenir or favor, which is very attractive, and which maybe manufactured of low cost material at moderate manufacturing cost.

Many other objects and advantages of the invention will appear hereinafter and will be better understood because of the order in which they occur.

I have illustrated by the accompanying drawings two typical embodiments of my in vention.

In the said drawings,

Figure 1, is a perspective view of one embodiment of my invention as it appears before being lighted.

Figure 2, is a vertical mid section thereof.

Figure 3, is a view analogous to Fig. 1, showing the device as it appears after it has been used for a time.

Figure 4, is a perspective view of another embodiment of the invention. 7

In carrying out my invention in all of its embodiments, I provide a vertical candle or candle shaft 6, having the usual wic'l;

(Said candle is in an respects -Jan1pperailive candle; it being shown ;as comparatively large in the drawings .to' provide ,for practical illumination.

IIniFigs. .1, 2, ..ancl. 3, a suitably .,cut:,.single wall 10, or lwlaX ,iswrapped. around. the. lower end of the "shaft in abutment with .an- ,nular l enlargement. The result is that the shaft and. :the walllO .forinaica lla .lily in which;.the 'lily pistilis a candle. The wall .;10 should 1be-'of..a. suitably st-rong,,wax .com-

position and may i be. delicately tinted toibe .typmalnofany specie of .li'ly. 1114,

two wal1s,,12 and l3.are..employed-tofor1n {two [rows of [flower petals; lfportions of rt he "wall :being removedaat l2, .t,o provide the vseparate ,petals. The embodiment, shown. in Fig. .4 is conventionally typical-of ya-tulip and should bemolored accordingly. aOther flowers, such as .roses, ,j onqnils, fjaekin pulypits, and the like i may the .made in 5 similar manner. The petals should be formed when wthe wax is ,warm and-comparatively" soft,

and, still capable ofIbein-g" handled @insheet @O f-acourse the max wall -10 is translucent 1 andshould be vcolore d-to ure senib1e :theijflower to bewrepresented The ,pistil .or canidle shaft should yellow 1 to ,indicate pollen.

,ZBrefer-ahly the petals ,should rshow .,a tendency tobend outward'and shouldbe shaped accordingly so that when they are heated they will wiltand fold over in a manner typical. of a wilting flower. In the'case of the tulip, the petals are coaxially arranged, and all petals will tend to receive about the same amount of heat. In the case of the lily, the rear portion will receive more heat and will melt more readily. The angle at which the petals are disposed, relative to the vertical, and the proximity to the candle shaft, predetermines the characteristic wilting of the flower. Almost any desired effect, noticeable in the case of a wilting flower, may be obtained by proper proportions of the factors mentioned.

In the operation of the flower-like devices, the candle burns particularly steadily because of the fact that the annular petalforming wall is a shield from drafts. The baseholds the candle shaft perfectly erect, and eflicient and steady combustion of the melted wax ensues. As the shaft is consumed and the flame goes lower, it comes in closer proximity to the wall. All during the burni g of the candle the wall. is sub tionrelative to the verticalshaft. The total effect is quite typical of a wilted lily, and

the unit is internally illuminated the. flameand glows with a soft and particularly 1 pleasing glow. There is practically nontencaught by the annular wall. Should a por tion of theipetal melt andfall inwardly it the device, having served its purposevas a candle at a dinner or the like, is naturally saved and cherished by a guest as a son venir. I V p In the case of the tulip, although not so shown in the drawings, there is a tendency for the petals to wiltquite evenly,since they .are evenly disposed around the candle, and

the latter will .burnquite steadily because it is protected from drafts. One of the most.

.striking features of the flower candle is that dency for melted waxio fall; exceptv it be will. be caught within the space enclosed by jthe petals. 4

, n win-be apparent new that all the are cles' described herein are artistic, ornamen f ta], interesting and attractive; they-are self supporting, economical to manufacture, ef nficient 'in combustion as candles, and while burning remain always truly vertical.

, While I have shownand described spec fic embodimentsfof invention I do, notlimit .myself to any specific construction, or arrangement of parts, or shapes, or character, or color or nature of the material used, ex-

V cept'as setiforth in the appended claims, and

I may depart from the specific construction,

arrangement of parts and other points mentioned as I desire, or as occasion seems to require, without enlarging the scope of my invention within the appended claims.

I la

1; In a device of the class described, a

central candle, and upwardly extending translucent sheet-like members arranged 111 an annular series about said candles; said members formed of substantially the same material as the candle.

2. In a device of the class described, an

, inverted substantially bell-like structure composed of a slowly combustible material, an integral central shaft within said structure, and a wick in said shaft.

3. Ina deviceof the class described, a candle, and sheets of wax grouped around .said candle in a substantially bell-like inverted structure.

'4. In a device of the class described, a

V candle. resembling the pistil of a flower, and a wax member wrapped around sald candle to resemble the corolla of a flower. V 5, In adevice of the class described, a candle resembling the pistil of a flower, and wax petals grouped aroundsaidc'an'dle to resemble the corolla ofa flower.

' 6.'In anfarticle, of manufacture, an arti- Lficial flower composed of wax and in which the pistil of the. flower is an operative candle."

J; BENNEVIBLE RHOADS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2461822 *Oct 18, 1945Feb 15, 1949Hussey Mary CCandle
US2974509 *Aug 27, 1958Mar 14, 1961Penke Aladar JCandle
US3088302 *Mar 26, 1957May 7, 1963Koch Frederick ACandles
US4014088 *Jan 27, 1976Mar 29, 1977Oshier Jack AMethod of making decorative articles
US6511313 *Jul 27, 2000Jan 28, 2003Oren LivneCandle with falling sections
US6733280 *Nov 1, 2002May 11, 2004Oren LivneGift item candle with falling sections
US20080143127 *Dec 15, 2006Jun 19, 2008Charles KlangosSifting Shovel
Classifications
U.S. Classification431/125, 431/288, 428/24, 431/126
International ClassificationF21S13/00, C11C5/00, F21S13/12
Cooperative ClassificationC11C5/008, F21S13/12
European ClassificationF21S13/12, C11C5/00F