US 1555115 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Sept. 29, 1925.
fesant PATENT OFFICE.
JOHN L. HAND, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
Application led November 14, 1924, Serial No. 749,867; l
To all whom/t may concern.' y
Be it known that I, JOI-IN L. HAND, a citizen of the United States, residing at Philadelphia, in the county of Philadelphia and 6 State of Pennsylvania, have invented a. certain new and useful Knockdown Receptacle, of which the following is a specification.
This invention broadly stated relates to receptacles Vor containersand has more es- 10 pecial relation to knock-down waste-paper baskets, shopping bags, containers for candies, favors and other articles.
The leading object of the present invention is to provide a knock-down receptacle of the character stated of simple and ineX- pensive construction which may be readily formed from paper, card-board, leather, fibre or other desired material of thin, light structure.
'A further object of the present invention is to provide a knocklown receptacle formed of a single piece or blank and consisting essentially of a tapered body and a crimped and closed end or ends, vthe latter by reason of its peculiar formation greatly strengthening and providing rigidity to the receptacle roper. A still further object of the present in vention resides in the provision of novel means for securing the end assembly whereby the receptacle may be manufactured, shipped and dispensed over the counter in fiat form so that the customer may carry the same home in flat form and thereafter readily and in a moments time secure formation of a waste-paper basket, or other receptacle or container.
A still further object of the presentinvention resides in the provisionof novel collapsible means for securing lreinforcement of the open top of the receptacle..
With these and other objects in view, the invention consists of the novel construction hereinafter described and finally claimed.
The nature, characteristic features and scope of the invention will be-*more fully understood from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings forming part hereof, and in which:
Fig. l, represents a view of a waste-paper basket in knock-down or flat position, parts being broken away for clearer illustration.
Fig. 2, is an edge view of Fig. l.
Fig. 3, is a fragmentary view in section taken upon the line S-of Fig. l.
Fig. t, is asimilar view taken upon the line H of Fig. l.
Fig. 5, is a view in elevation of the basket inferected position.
Fig. y6, is a view of the underside of Fig. 5, and Fig. is a view in section taken upon the line 7 7 ofFig. G. l
For the purpose of illustrating my invention I have shown in the accompanying drawings one form thereof which is at present preferred by me, since the same has been found in practice to give satisfactory and reliable results, yalthough it is to be understood that the various instrumentalities of vwhich my invention consists can be variously arranged and organized and that my invention is not limited t0 the precise arrangement and organization of the instrumentalities as herein shown and described.
According `to the present invention it is desired to manufactura ship and sell in knock-down form areceptacle or container .which may be conveniently carried home in Yof theinvention, and'assuming for illustrative purposes that a waste-paper basket is to be formed, yI take fiat stock as paper, cardboard, leather, fibre or other thin material Suitable for the purpose and cut therefrom blanks 10 of substantially oblong' shape. Adjacent that portion of a blank which is to form the basket bottom I provide entirely thereacross a Zig-zag line of creases 11, see Figs. l and 4. From the lower edge l2 of 5 the blank 10, in a vertical manne-r I provide aseries of creases alternately creased in reverse direction which-extend to within a short distance of the Yreceptacle top and which intersect the said zig-zag line of creases 11. 'I`hose creases alternately creased in reverse direction below the zig-Zag line of creases are designated 13 and those creases alternately creased in reverse direction above the Zig-zag line of creases are designated lll. Adjacent the lower edge 12 of blank 10 and in parallelism with the same I provide a line of perfor-ations 16 entirely across the blank. rIhe perforations are arranged in pairs with a pair of perforations between adjacent vertical creases 13. The upper edge 15 of the blank may be folded inwardly as shown in Fig. 1, may be folded outwardly, or may be left in unfolded position as fancy may'dictate. The blank may be colored or decorated in any manner desired as is well understood in the art of basket making. rEhe .next step in the manufacture of the basket consists in folding the opposite vertical edges of the blank to meeting or overlapping position as at 17 and securing same together, as for instance by glue, thus providing a relatively flat yet tube-like structure as seen in Fig. 2. A drawing string 18, cord or the like, is inserted through the apertures 16 and the ends tied in a loose knot as at 19, see Fig. 1. At the upper part of and within the tube thus formed, there is introduced collapsible reinforcing means of any desired form. As an illustration I have shown a ring 20 of wire pivotally secured to the inner portion of the tube by means of a keeper 21, of leather, paper or other material. )This ring 20 is calculated to lie flat-wise between the tube sides as shown in Fig. 1. The above described article, thus manufactured, is sold in such knock-down or collapsed position and is carried home by the purchaser in this condition. rI`he purchaser is called upon to make but two simple movements to assemble the parts as a waste-paper basket 10. First the two ends of the drawing string are pulled firmly by the purchaser thus upsetting and drawing together along the creases 18 the entire portion of the article below the Zig-Zag creases 11 and about which creases the said lower portion thereof moves pivot-like to a position within the article. In this position a plurality of radially disposed ribs 22 are provided at the basket bottom and an additional knot is now tied in the cord to maintain said parts together. During this operation the intermediate portion of the article, or that part upon which the creases 14 are present, has been automatically drawn in along said creases 11i to provide av flaring or tapered effect or shape, best seen in Fig. 5.
In o-rder to stiifen and shape the basket top,
the purchaser has merely to swing ring 2() about its pivot point to horizontal position.
While for illustrative purposes I have shown and described a waste-paper basket, obviously the invention is applicable to other containers or receptacles as `a shopping-bag, container for candies, favors and the like.
In the latter case it may be desirable to close both ends of the receptacle, in which instance a duplicate of the above described creased parts and drawing string are employed at each end. Obviously the ring 2O is not employed in that case.
`What I claim is:
1. A knock-down receptacle formed of a one-piece blank of relatively pliable material, the body of said blank being doubled over upon itself and its edges secured to form a tube, the walls of which are. alternately creased in reverse direction throughout the major portion of its extent and being further creased in Zig-Zag fashion adjacent at least one end thereof, which zig-zag creases intersect the first mentioned creases and means for expanding the tube and for upsetting the same adjacent said zig-Zag creases to close the tube and to give a flaring shape to said receptacle.
2. A knock-down receptacle formed of a one-piece blank of relatively pliable material, the body of said blank being doubled over upon itself and its edges secured to form a tube, the walls of which are alternately creased in reverse `direction throughout the major portion of its extent and being further creased in. Zig-zag fashion adjacent at least one end thereof, which zig-Zag creases intersect the first mentioned creases, and means including al drawing string for expanding the tube and for upsetting the same adjacent said Zig-Zag creases to close the tube and to give a flaring shape to said receptacle.
3. A knock-down receptacle formed of a one-piece blank of relatively pliable material, the body of said blank being doubled over upon itself and its edges secured to form a tube, the walls of which are alternately creased in reverse direction throughout the major portion of its extent and being further creased in Zig-Zag fashion adjacent at least one end thereof, which Zig- Zag creases intersect the first mentioned creases, means for expanding the tube and for upsetting the same adjacent said zigzag creases to close the tube and to give aI flaring shape to said receptacle, aand collapsible means for reinforcing the open end of the receptacle.
4. A knock-down waste-paper basket formed of a one-piece blank of relatively pliable material, the body of said blank being doubled over upon itself and its edges secured to form a tube the walls of which are alternately creased in reverse direction from its bottom to within a short Adistance of its top and being further creased in Zig-Zag fashion adjacent its bottom, which Zig-Zag creases intersect the first mentioned creases, means including a drawing string forexpanding the tube and for upsetting the same below said Zig-zag creases to close the basket bottom and to give a flaring shape to the least one end of said tube, which Zig-zag basket and collapsible means for reinforcing creases intercept the first mentioned creases, the basket top. and means for expanding the tube and for 5. A knock-down receptacle of relatively upsetting the same adjacent said Zig-zag 5 pliable material, Which material is doubled creases to close the tube and properly shape 15 over upon itself and its edges secured tosaid receptacle. gether to form a tube, the Walls of which In testimony whereof, I have hereunto are creased throughout the major portion of signed my name. the extent of said tube said Walls being fur- 10 ther creased in zigzag fashion adjacent at JOHN L. HAND.