US 1555848 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 6, 1925-' A. HUNAU ET AL- ROULETTE TOY Filed A ril 19. 1923 IN E TOR! m km A TTORNE Y Patented Get. 6, 19255.
UNITED STATES 1,555,848 PATENT OFFICEQ ADOLPH HUNAU AND PAUL HAMMALIAN, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNORS TO H. & H. CALCULATING CORPORATION, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK;
Application filed April 19, 1923'. Serial No. 633,072.
To all whom it may concern.
Be it known that we, AnoLrH HUNAU and PAUL HAMMALIAN, citizens of the United States, and residents of New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Roulette Toys, of which the following is a specification.
' This invention relates to games of chance or that class of devices in which an interesting divertisement is produced, almost illimitable in its variations, by spinning a disc provided with variantly numbered cups into which are received one or more spheres, wholly free and unconfined except by the surrounding casing.
The object of the invention is to provide a relatively small, portable game within the confines of a casing, through the transparent cover of which the action of the moving parts can be seen and the results attained thereby.
'A further purpose is in the provision of an adaptation of the old and well known game known as throwing dice, but in a more compact pleasing form than where nu- Ineral carrying cubes are used.
Another aim is to produce a game entire ly dependent upon pure chance and free from any opportunity to be dishonestly m-anipulated by unscrupulous operators.
These several aims, objects and purposes are accomplished by the novel design, construction and arrangement of parts hereafter described and illustrated in the accom'- panying drawing, forminga consequential part of this disclosure, and in which Figure 1 is a plan view of a game apparatus made in accordance with the invention.
Figure 2 is a side elevational view of a modified form of the same, largely in section to disclose the construction.
Figure 3 is a transverse sectional view taken on line 3-3 of Figure 1.
As shown in the drawing the device consists of a casing or frame approximating the appearance of a watch case, being circular with convexly rounded edges and composed of a lower section having a flat bottom 10 blending into a curved side wall 11.
The upper section includes the correspondingly curved side wall 12, having at its bottom dge 13 an inset flanged ring 14 suited to tightly engage within the edge 15 of a lower member, th'eseedges forming a tightv and secure joint, frictionally engaged in such manner as to prevent disruption after assembling.
The upper edge of the element 12 c011 tains a bevelled annular recess 16 in which is sprung a tightfitting transparent cover 17 preferably made of material not readily fractured, as celluloid, the same presenting a level flat disc having a central opening 18.
As shown in Figure 2, a stud 19 is rigidly fixed in the center of the bottom plate 10 to extend well within the casing,.the upper end of the stud being drilled to tightly receive a headed pin 20, acting as av seat for ananti-friction ball 21, slightly less in diam eter than the stud 1 9.
Rotatably mounted on the stud is an annulus 22, its .bore reaching above'the stud "to enclose the ball 21, and'formed. with a stop shoulder 23 ust clearing the underside of the transparent cover 17, aknurled knob 24 extending from the shoulder through the opening 18 sufficiently to be conveniently grasped for manipulative purposes.
The lower end ofthe annulus 22 is flared outwardly, its expanded base 25 containing a screw-threaded opening 26 to receive a screw 27, bored to freely rotate on the stud 19 and having an enlarged head 28- Clamped between the head 28 and base 25 is a thin metallic disc 29 having an upward- 1y curved periphery 30 just clear of the innor surface of the element 11, below the flange 14.
Formed in the disc 29 are a series of six equally spaced pockets or concave depressions 31, arranged in a circle concentric to 1 the axis of the post or stud 19 and visible through the cover plate 17 these pockets being marked by circular spots varying in number from one to six in irregular relation in the manner of the spots on dice cubes,
Loosely contained in the casing are two plain spheres or balls 32 of an appropriate size to settle in the pockets 29, these balls being thrown out b centrifugal force, upon rapidly rotating the disc by twirling the knob 24: and distributed by hazard again in the pockets, the balls being constrained to enter the path of the revolving pockets by the outwardly curved base inwardly curved edge 30 of the disc and are further acted u on by contact with bafiies 33 formed inward y from the edge 30.
In the preferred type of construction, a hollow stem 34 is secured in the casing between the edges 13 and 15, this stem enclosing a coiled, compression spring 35 encircling a slidable pin 36 having at its inner end a fixed disc or head 37 and being secured at its outer end in a hub 38, slidable in the hollow stem and provided with an operating head 39 which upon being pressed inwardly causes contact of the disc 37 with the edge of the spinning disc, acting as a brake.
In this form of game the casing and its cover are of the same description, except that in place of the post 19, the casing bottom 10 is integrally formed to present a hollow cylindrical shell 40, its closed end 41 eztending nearly to the plane-of the cover 1 Seated on the end ll is an anti-friction ball 42 enclosed in a reversed cylindrical cup 4 1 knurled upon its exterior which extends through the opening- 18 in the manner of the knob 24. The lower edge of the cup is outturned to form a flange 4L4 disposed directly below the coverplate 17 and then flared outwardly, as at e5,v to blend into a disc 46 having upturned peripheral edges 47 in which are baffie or detent element 33 adapted to intercept the balls 32 and divert them into any of the several pockets 31 haphazardly;
It'is to be noted that the spinning disc in this case is of one piece construction, readily made by dies as used in press operations, thus reducing the cost of manufacture, and it will be conceded that other minor changes not requiring exercise of inventive ability may be resorted to within the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.
Having thus described embodiments of the invention, together with the manner of its operation, what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. A game comprising a circular casing having rounded side walls, a transparent cover,'a disc revoluble in said casing, means for manually rotating said disc, a ball bearing for said disc, a pair of balls loosely contained in said casing between the cover and said disc, said balls being acted upon by centrifugal force upon the rapid rotation of the disc, ball retaining depressions in said disc, and means on said disc for diverting the balls into the circle of depressions.
2. A game comprising a circular casing having solid bottoman'd side walls, a transparent cover containing a central opening,
a stud fixed in said bottom, an annulus rotatable on said stud,vsaid annulus having a shoulder adjacent the cover preventing it from rising, a knob on the shoulder extending through the opening in said cover,.a disc fixed to the base of said annulus, a pair of balls loosely contained in said casing between the cover and said disc, said balls be ing acted upon by centrifugal force upon the rapid rotation of the disc, ball retaining depressions in said disc, andmeans on said disc for diverting the balls into the circle of depressions.
3. A game comprising a circular casing having rounded side walls, a transparent plate set in the upper side of said casing, a
disc revoluble in said casing, a twirling knob associated with said disc, said knob extending through the cover plate, pockets arranged in concentric clrcle in said disc, each pocket carrying spots representing one of the faces of a disc cube, and a pair of balls loosely contained in the casing.
4. A game comprising an enclosed casing, a post rigid therein, an annulus rotatable on said post, a plug of hard material fixed in the top of said .post, a ball resting on said plug, said ball being contained in the bore of said annulus, a disc fixed to said annulus, means for rotating said annulus, pockets in said disc, and balls free to move in said casing.
5. A game comprising an enclosed casing having a transparent cover, a disc revoluble therein, said disc having pockets, balls fully contained in said casing adapted to enter the pockets, and a brake for retarding said disc.
6. A game comprising an enclosed casing having a transparent cover, a disc revoluble therein, said disc having pockets, balls fully contained in said casing adapted to enter the pockets, baiiies in the raised peripheral edge of said disc, and means for directing the balls into the path of the pockets.
7. A game comprising an enclosed casing having a transparent cover, a disc revoluble therein, said disc having a stem extending through said cover and containing a row of numbered pockets, balls freely contained in said casing, means on said disc for diverting the balls into the path of the pockets, an anti-friction bearing for said disc, means for interrupting the rotation of said balls ad jacent the edge of said disc, and means for retarding therotation of said disc.
Signed at New York in the county of New York and State of New Your this 31st day of March A. D. 1923.
ADOLPH HUNAU: PAUL HAMMALIAN.