US 1557023 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 13,1925- H. T. CHINN DOLL Filed June 10, 1924 Fig: 4/ 8 ET nozutoz Patented Oct. 13, 1925.
UNITED STATES HOWARD T. CHINN, 0F ATASCADEBO, CALIFORNIA.
Application filed June 10, 1924.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Dr. HOWARD T. CHINN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Atascadero, in the county of San Luis Obispo and State of California, have invented a new and useful Doll, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to toys and more particularly to dolls of the mechanical type.
The object of the invention is to provide a doll which on the turning of a button will represent fright, the hair being caused to rise up on the head and the head to turn slightly giving it an expression of fear.
Another object of the invention is to provide actuating mechanism for the head of such nature as to render the turning of the head and theraising of the hair as nearly life like as possible thus increasing the interesting and amusing features of the toy.
Another object is to so construct the doll and the head actuating mechanism that the parts will not be likely to get out of order and which will not be noticeable, the only portion thereof in view being the operating button. 1
Another object is to so construct and house the actuating mechanism as to effectually protect it from injury even though the doll be more or less carelessly handled thereby adapting it for use by small children.
WVith the foregoing and other objects 1n view which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed, it being understood that changes in the precise embodiment of the invention herein disclosed may be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of the invention. In the accompanying drawings Figure 1 represents a front elevation of a doll constructed in accordance with this in vention with the head and hair shown in raised position in dotted lines and in normal lowered position in full lines;
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section through the lower portion of the doll taken on the line 33 of Fig. 2; and
Fig. A is a horizontal section taken on the line 4- 1 of Fig. 3.
In the embodiment illustrated the body 1 of the doll which is preferably constructed Serial No. 719,163.
of wood, papier-mach or other suitable material is here shown polygonal in cross sec tion with a chamber2 formed in its lower portion from the upper end of which leads a longitudinal bore 3 opening centrally of the upper end of said body at the neck portion thereof and which is designed for a purpose presently to be described. V 7' This body 1 is equipped with rigid legs 4 having flat feet 5 to adapt the doll to-stand alone and ithas fixed arms 6 here shown extending downwardly at an oblique angle. V
A head 7 is mounted on a tube 8 which extends longitudinally throngh the head and is fixed thereto so that the head will move with the tube. This tube 8 extends downward through the bore 3 into the chamber EZ of the body and is loosely mounted in said bore for longitudinal reciprocation.
A plunger 9 is fixed to the lower end of the tube8 and is equipped on its lower face wlth radiating lugs 10 any desired number of Wl11Cl1 may be employed, four being here shown and which are designed to cooperate with a cam 11 mounted on a rod 12 which extends transversely through the lower portion of the body and is journaled in suitable bushings mounted in the opposed walls of the chamber 2. One end of the rod 12 projects beyond the outer face of the body and is equipped with an operating button 13 here shownheld in placeby two lock nuts.
A. coiled spring 15 encircles the tube 3 above the plunger 9 and bears at one end against said plunger and at its other end against a shoulder 2 formed at the upper end of a recess 2 which communicates with the chamber 2 and surrounds the tube 3. This coiled spring exerts its tension to nor mally force the plunger downward and thereby hold the head 7 in normal lowered position. A wire 16 extends longitudinally through the tube Sand is secured a-t its lower end to the rod 12 and at its upper end to a wig 17 arranged over the top of the head 7 and which constitutes the hair for the doll. A flexible connector 18 unites the wig 17 with the wire 16 and is designed to be drawn down into the tube 3 when the head 7 is raised to dotted line position as shown in Fig. 1. This raising of the head causes the hair to raise and extend laterally outward, being sufliciently stiff for this purpose and thus giving the appearance of fear.
The head 7 is polygonal in crosssection being preferably four faced and may be decorated in any desired manner being preferably provided on each of its fiat faces with the representation of a human face as shown in Fig. 1, with the eyes turned in the manner shown to express fright.
The cam 11 which is fixed to turn with ingof button 13 will rotate tube 7 a quarter turn and cause the head to rise and then drop back into position at each quarter turn thereby presenting a new face each time.- 7 7 From the above descriptionit will be obvious that -a doll constructed as herein shown and described will be simple and strong having no parts which will be readily brokenor get out of order.
The bottom of chamber Q'has a removable closure 19 in which the legs 4 are mounted and which is removable to permit the. assembling of the parts of the actuating mechanism, which after being once placed in position are housed by inserting the bottom member 19 and securing it in position against removal by children, the oints being preferably painted over to avoid the discovery that this bottom may be removed.
While the invention is shown embodied in a doll obviously it may be used in a toy ofany other configuration having a movable part operable by the turning of a button which actuates a spring retracted projectable member.
I claim 1. A toy of the class described comprising a hollow body having an opening in one wall communicating with the interior, a rotatable rod extending through said body and having an operating member on one end. a spring retracted tube extending through the opening in said body, a head fixed to said tube, cooperating means on said tube and rod operable on .theturning of said rod to project said tube against the tension of the spring and to turn the tube and the head carried thereby, and means carried by the body connected with said rod' projection prising projections on said member and a rotary cam located in the path of said projections whereby the projections are engaged by the cam for moving said member outward and turning it.
3. A toy of the class described comprising a hollow bodyhaving a bore leading from the interior of the body, a tube mounted to reciprocate in said bore and having a head xed to its outer end and a plunger carried by its inner end, a spring mounted to normally retract said plunger, and cam means mounted to-project the plunger against the tension of the spring whereby said headis caused to be raised andlowered.
4. A toy of the class describedcomprising a hollow body having a bore leading from the interior of the body, a tube mounted to reciprocate in said boreand having a head fixed to its outer end and a plunger carried by its inner end, a spring mounted to normally retract said plunger, cam means mounted to project the plunger against the tension of the sprin whereby said headis caused to be raise and lowered, a wig loosely mounted on said head, a rod con-v nected with said wig and extending through said tube and anchored in said body whereby the raising and lowering of the head will raise and lower the wig relatively to the head. o 7V 5. A toy of the class described comprising a hollow body having an opening in one wall communicating with the interior, a rotatable rod extendingthrough said body and having an operating member at one end, a tube extending through said opening into said body, a head carried by theouter end of said tube and a plunger by its inner end, a-coiled spring to normally retract said head, said tube opening through the top of said head, a wig loosely mounted on sai d head over said tube, a wire extending through said tube and'connectingsaid wig with said rod, and cam meanscarried by said rod to engage said plunger to project the head against the tension of the spring whereby the wig is drawn into the tube and the hair caused to rise up on the head.
6. A toyof the class described comprising a body having a bore extending therethrough, a tube mounted torotate'and reciprocate in said bore and having a head fixed a body, atube mounted to turn and-'reciprocate in said body andhaving a head fixed to'its outer end, a spring mounted to nor-' mally retract the tube, a rotary shaft mounted in said body in a plane at right angles to said tube, and cooperating means carried by said shaft and tube engageable on the turning of the shaft whereby the tube is reciprocated and turned simultaneously thereby causing the head to turn and raise simultaneously.
8. A toy of the class described comprising a body, a tube mounted to turn and reciprocate in said body and having a head fixed to its outer end, a spring mounted to normally retract the tube, a. rotary shaft mounted in said body at planes at right angles to said tube, a cam carried by said shaft, and lugs carried by said tube in the path of said cam whereby the turning of the shaft Will cause the cam to engage the lugs and simultaneously turn and raise the tube.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my oWn, I- have hereunto affixed my signature in the presence of two Witnesses.
DR. HOWARD T. CHINN.