US 1557183 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
DE WlTT T. MOATS ATTACHING MEANS Filed Dec. 26; 924
Q Emma Patented Oct. 13, 1925.
DE 'WITT TALMADGE MOATS, OF INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA.
Application filed December 26, 1924. Serial No. 758,224.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, DE Wrr'r T. MOATS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Indianap'olis, in the county of Marion and State of Indiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Attaching Means, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawing.
The present invention relates to means for attaching together plates .and other objects, for example, for attaching the name plate of an automobile to the radiator shell and aims to provide a novel and improved button or device to be secured to or carried by one object or plate to enter an opening or hole in another object or plate for securely fastening said objects or plates together.
A further object of the invention-is the provision of, an attaching button or device of the kind indicated which has a double gripping action to provide for a secure connection and to provide for other advantages as hereinafter more fully set forth.
A further object is the provision of such a button or device made from sheet metal in a novel manner to accomplish several advantages.
With the foregoing and other objects in view, which will be apparent as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the construction and arrangement of parts, as hereinafter described and claimed, it being understood that changes can be made within the scope of what is claimed, without de parting from the spirit of the invention.
.The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, wherein- Figure 1 is an edge view ofthe attaching button or device carried by a name plate in a position to enter a hole provided for said button in a radiator shell, the name plate being shown in edge view and the shell in section.
Fi 2 is a diametrical section of the button s liowing it in position for securing the name plate to the shell.
, Fig. 3 is a rear view of the parts assembled, a portion of the button being broken away.
As illustrated in the drawing the attaching button or device is employed for securing a name plate 7 of an automobile to the shell 8 of the radiator,'although it will be understood that the device can be used for attaching together other parts or objects for which the device is suitable. The shell or object 8 has an opening or hole 90f circular form, surrounded by a cylindrical inturned flange 10. v
The button or device 11 is carried by the name plate 7 or other object to enter the opening 9 and obtain a gripping hold on the flange 10 or periphery of the opening, for securing the plate or object 7 to the shell, plate or object 8.
The button 11 is composed of two parts or disks of thin resilient sheet metal. One disk or member, indicated at 12, is concavo-convex, with its concaved side disposed toward or facing the plate 7, and the other disk or member is disposed between the member 12 and plate 7 and is formed between its edge and center with a frusto-conical portion 13 and the annular abutment 14 at the smaller end of said portion 13 against which abutment the member 12 seats. The member which has the portion 13 has an eyelet portion 15 engaging through a central aperture in the member 12 and clinched around the edge of said aperture for securing the member 12 against the abutment 14 and providing a central aperture 16 in the abutment openinginto the portion 13. The deformed member has a flat annular attaching portion 17 surrounding the larger end of the frustoconical portion 13 to be soldered or otherwise secured to the back surface of the plate or object 7. A flared portion 18 extends from the portion 17 and surrounds the portion 13, but is spaced from the member 12. From the portion 18 extends an annular gripping flange 19 which extends substantially parallel withlthe edge portion 20 of the member 12. The flange 19 is concaveconvex similar to the member 12,50 that the edge portions of both disks or members are turned toward the plate or object 7. The central portions of the disks bemg secured together and to the plate 7 will be rigid, while the edge or marginal portions thereof are free to bend, said edge portions being spaced apart and being located at different distances from the .plate 7. The central ofi'set portion 13 of the corresponding disk provides means for the attachment of the other disk so that by using the two disks a double gripping action is provided when the button enters the opening 9.
The two disks or gripping members are.
slightly larger in diameter than the opening 9, so that when the button is shoved or forced into the opening, the edges of the disks will be sprung toward the plate or object 7, thereby causing the edges of the disks to grip the flange 10 or wall of the opening 9. This will securely fasten the plate 7 to the shell 8, and the removal of the plate 7 from the shell 8 is resisted inasmuch as the disks have a tendency to spring away from the plate 7 and bite or grip the flange 10 to prevent the parts from separating. The double. gripping edges are of advantage, not only to obtain a double gripping action, but to obtain other advantages also. Thus, the disk 12 will have a freer flexing action than the flange 19, as will be apparent, thereby providing two different degrees of gripping action between the button and the flange 10. Furthermore, the disk 12 can be started into the opening 9, thereby centering the plate 7 with reference to the opening 9, before the flange 19 enters said opening, and the name plate can then be turned around its axis to position said plate properly before the second gripping disk is pushed into the opening 9. It will be apparent that the eyelet portion 15 provides a swivel connection between the two disks. Furthermore, by having the two gripping edges the plate 7 can be guided into place more conveniently without the plate being tilted at an angle with the shell or plate 8, and the plate 7 is therefore guided straight into position against the shell or plate 8. In other words, the double gripping edge prevents the button from tilting, when moved into the opening 9.
The construction of the button 11 is also of advanta e in securing the button to the plate or ObJGCt 7. Thus, the aperture 16 can be used for receiving a tapered pin or other member to center the button on the plate 7 with the plate 7 laid face down on a table or other support and the button resting on the back of said plate 7. Furthermore, the aperture 16 can be used for dropping solder therethrough onto the plate 7 to run from the center to the portion 17 and between said portion 17 and plate 7, thereby conveniently soldering the button to the plate 7. The annular attaching portion 17 is of advantage in order to distribute the contacting surfaces of the button and name plate in such a way as to reduce to a minimum the possibility of the enamel or finishing on the name plate being cracked when pushing the name plate into place.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new is 1. The combination with an object to bear against another object beyond the edge of an opening in the secondnamed object, of two resilient members carried by the firstnamed object and arranged to move in succession into said opening and to frictional'ly engage the wall of the opening, each of said and the other member being non-rotatable with reference to said object.
2. The combination with an object to bear against another object beyond the edge of an opening in the secondnamed object, of
resilient gripping members carried by the firstnamed object to enter the opening in succession and frictionally engage the wall of the opening, said members being adapted to be sprung when entering the opening to grip the wall of the opening with a binding action, and the member which enters said opening first being more freely resilient than the other member.
3. The combination with an object to bear against another object beyond the edge of an opening in the secondnamed object, of resilient gripping members carried by the firstnamed object to enter the opening in succession and frictionally engage the wall of the opening, said members being adapted to be sprung when entering the opening to gri the wall of the opening with a binding action, the member which enters said opening first being rotatable with reference to the firstnamed object and being more freely resilient than the other member, and said other member, being non-rotatable with reference to the first named object.
4. The combination with an object to .bear against another object beyond the edge of an opening in the secondnamed object, of two disks, one secured to the firstnamed object and having a central ofi'set portion providing an abutment to which the other disk is secured, said disks being adapted to enter said opening with their edges frictionall engaging the wall of the opening, and eac disk being adapted to be sprung when entering the opening to grip the wall of the opening with a binding action.
5. The combination with an object to bear against another object beyond the edge of an opening in the secondnamed object, of two resilient disks, one disk being secured to the firstnamed object and having a central ofi'set portion providing an abutment, the other disk havmg a swivel connection with said abutment, the edges of the disks being engageable frictionally with the wall of the opening, and each disk being slightly larger than the o ening to be sprung when entering the opemng for gripping the wall of the opening with a binding action.
6. The combination with an ob'ect to bear against another object beyond t e edge of an opening 1n the secondnamed object, of two resilient disks, one disk having an 0&- set central portion, an attaching portion surrounding said portion secured to the first.-
named object, and a resilient marginal flange surrounding the firstnamed portion, said flan e and edge of the other disk being frictiona ly engageable with the wall of the opening when entering the openin the last.- named disk being secured to the rstnamed portion,-and the lastnamed disk and said flange being slightly larger than the opening to be sprung when entering the opening so as to grip the wall of the opening with a binding action.
7. The combination with an ob'ect to bear against another object beyond t e edge of an opening in the secondnamed object, of two resilient disks, one having a central oflset portion providing an abutment, an ann'ular attaching portion surrounding said portion and secured rigidly to the firstnamed object, and a marginal flange surrounding the firstnamed portion, the other disk having a swivel connection withsaid abutment and being more freely' resilient than the first named disk, said flange and lastnamed disk being concavo-convex and slightly larger than the opening to be sprung when entering the opening so as to frictionally grip the wall of the opening with a binding action. a
In testimony whereof I hereunto aflix my signature.
DE WITT TALMADGE MOATS.