US 1559086 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
D. J. GOLDEN ATHLETIC SHOE .Oct. 27, 1925- Filed May 22 1924' Patented a. 27. 1925.
UNITED STATES DANIEL J. GOLDEN OF BROCKTQN, MASSACHUSETTS.
Application filed May 22,
To'all whom a may concern I Be it knownthat I, DANIEL J. GOLDEN, citizen of the United States, residing at Brockton, in the county of Plymouth and Stateqof Massachusetts, have invented new and useful Improvements in Athletic Shoes, of which the following is aspecification.
This invention relates to a shoe having ground-engaging cleats projecting from the tread face of the outer sole. The object of the invention is to provide improved means for connecting the cleats with the outer sole in such manner as to stably support the cleats and prevent them from tipping without interfering with the flexibility of the sole, the nature of the connecting means be- I ing such that the cleats may be readily detached from the sole, and are free from liability of being accidentally detached. This object is attained by the improved construction hereinafter described and claimed.
Of the accompan ing drawings forming a part of this speci cation,-
Figure 1 is a bottom view of a portion of a shoe as it appears before the cleats are connected with the outsole.
Fi ure 2 is a view similar to Figure 1 shlowing the cleats connected with the outso e.
Figure 3 is a section on line 3-3 of Figure 2.
Figure 4 is an enlarged sectional View showing one of the cleats.
Figure 5 is an enlarged sectional view showing a portion of the outsole.
Figure 6 is a section on line 66 of Figure 4.
Figure 7 is an enlargement of a portion of Figure 3.
Figure 8 is an enlarged sectional view showing a modification.
Figure 9 is a view similar to Figure 5, showing a modification.
The same reference characters indicate the same parts in all of the figures. i
The outsole. 12 of an athletic shoe is provided with a plurality of orifices 13 extending through the sole from side to side. In the orifices are inserted metal sockets-or bushings 14 which are internally screwthreaded, and are provided with annular flanges or heads 15 seated on the tread face of the sole. The flanges are united to the sole by fastenings, such as rivets 16 extend- 1924. Serial No. 715,093.
ing through the flanges by Figure 5.
The cleats 17 may be of any desired external form, and are here shown as truncated pyramids. Each cleat has an enand sole, as shown larged base 'face 18 and is provided with a shank having a screw threaded portion projectingfrom the base face and adapted to engage a socket 14, as shown by Figure 7.
The cleats are preferably of molded vul-- canized fiber or other moldable and somewhat compressible material, each cleat being preferably molded upon its shank and interlocked therewith so that the cleat cannot turn on the shank. The preferred form of the shank is that shown by Figures 4 and 6, the shank including a major portion 19 having a head 20 and ears 21 all embedded in the cleat, and a screw threaded minor portion 22 projecting from the base face 18.
The cleat is adapted to be manually turned to screw the shank portion 22 into a socket 14. This operation is continued until the base face of the cleat is firmly seated on the flange 15 of a socket, the compressibility of the material of the cleat permitting the base face 18 to conform closely to the flange 15 and to the heads of the rivets 16, and be indented by said heads, so that the cleat and its shank are free from liability to be accidentally turned in a direction unscrewing the shank from the socket.
I prefer to impart a concave base face 18 as shown by Figure 4. The intersection'of the concave face with the side faces of the cleat forms an acute angled margin 24 adapted, by the compressibility of the cleat material, to be somewhat distorted as shown by Figure 7, and frictionally engage the surface on which the cleat is seated and thus additionally oppose the accidental turning of the cleat.
The flanges 15 and their fastenings 16 impartrigidity to the portions of the sole covered by the flanges, so that the cleats are stably supported on the sole. The flexibility of the sole is practically unimpaired by the flanges because they are independentof each other and are spaced apart.
In case the cleat is made of lifts of sole leather 'as indicated by Figure'8, the shank may be separable from the cleat and may include a ma'or portion 25 inserted in an orifice form .for its reception in the cleat,
form t to the V a head 26 seated on the outer end of the cleat and adapted to be engaged by a screw driver, and a threaded portion 27 projecting from the base face 18 and adapted to engage a socket 14.
If desired, the flange 15 may be seated on the inner face of the sole as shown by Figure 9, although I prefer to seat the flanges on the tread face.
An athletic shoe having orifices extending through its outsole, internally threaded metal sockets inserted in said orifices and provided with annular flanges of greater diameter than the sockets and seated on a face of the sole around the sockets, rivets uniting the flanges in the sole and thereby rotating engagement with the projecting heads of the rivets.
In testimony whereof I have affixed my signature.
DANIEL J. GOLDEN