US 1559705 A
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1922 3 sheetsshut 1 achat wu* Nov. 3, 1925.
J. W. JACKSON` ROTARY KITCHEN CABINET Filed Doc. 2l,
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Filed Dec. 2l. 1922 5 Sheets-Shut 2 Jjbg f r /1 Z @Holz mm1 Nov. 3 1925. 1,559,705
J. w. JACKSON ROTARY KITCHEN CABINET Fil'e'd Deo. ,21, 1922 5 sheets-shut 's l Y tkozneq y Patented Nov. 3, 1925.7 i
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOHN W. JACKSON, `OIE AUGUSTA, GEORGIA.
ROTARY mrczarnr CABINET.
Application led December 21,11922. Serial No. 608,221.
To all whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN W. JACKSON, a citizen of the United` States of America, and a resident of Augusta, Georgia, have invented certain new and useful Improve- `ments in Rotary Kitchen Cabinets, of which the following is a specification.
This invention is an improvement in cabinets, known generally as kitchen cabinets, and one of the principal objects thereof is to provide a cabinet which is small and compact enough to convenientlyoccupy a place in small apartments, -dining cars, boats, and small kitchens.
Another object of the invention, considered from a structural view-point, is to provide an improved cabinet in which the various materials and (provisions used in the preparation of meals may be stored away in re;eptacles arranged and mounted 1n circular form upon a rotatable airis, so that various receptacles can be brought into convenient access to the person using the cabinet, as he may desire to use the contents of such receptac1e, without the necessity of the person mov1ng about, or reaching high or awkwardly accessible places.
Another object of the invention is to provide a cabinet having rotatably mounted receptacles, and having doors or closures on which retainers for various articles used' in the preparation of meals, may be placed or hung.
- Another object of the invention is to provide a cabinet in which, with respect to certain of the receptacles, access may be had to these receptacles for' the purpose of filling them or removing material from them, without opening the cabinet up, in case it is desired to keep it closed, this object being attained by providing a door at the top of the cabinet with which the upper tier of receptacles may be brought into registration.
A further object of the invention is to provide a cabinet I.of the type disclosed, which is economical of manufacture, readily assembled, and easily accessible for adjustment, replacements or repair.
With these and other Objects in view, which will become more apparent as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the construction, combination, and arrangement of parts hereinafter more fully described and claimed, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings in Which,-
tive of a cabinet constructed in accordance with my "invention,
Figure 2 represents a similar view Iook- Figure 4 represents a vertical sectional` view through the' cabinet.
Figure 5 represents a horizontal sectional view on the line 5--5 of Figure 4.
Flgure 6 represents a fragmentary bottom plan view, and
.Figure 7 represents a detailed sectional -view on the line 7--7 of Figure 4.
Figures 8 and 9 represent respectively, diagrammatic modifications of the arrangement of receptacles and partitions of the lower tier of receptacles.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, it Will be noted by reference to Figures l and 2, that the 'cabinet is preferably made rectangular in shape, the vdoors being placed on two adjacent sides of the cabinet, so that the cabinet. can be conveniently placed in a corner with the remaining ytwo sides of the cabinet close to the intersecting walls ofthe room or space occupied by the cabinet.
/The sides and doors of the cabinet may readily be made of sheet metal. IThe receptacles may likewise be made of sheet metal. This material lends itself readily tofabrication, is economical, and vmay be `readily finished with enamel, or other materials. The top also'may be made of sheet metal, or of cast metal, or wood, either alone or covered with any desired material. v
The sides 1 and 2 of the cabinet are preferably uninterrupted, while the remaining sides 3 and 4 are occupied by doors, as will appear in detail later.
At the upper edges of the sides l, 2v and 4, and on the inner surfaces thereof, ext-ends a strip 5, which braces the cabinet at its upper portion, and to which the top 6 may be secured. The top is preferably removable, and maybe retained in place by means of screws 7 extending through the top and into the strips 5. Other securing devices may be used if desired.
The legs of the cabinet may be formed integrally with the material which forms the sides, by so cutting the material that at the corners of the cabinet downwardly extending flaps are left, the edges of which may be folded in as indicated at 8 (see Figure 6), and thus form rigid supports.
. The lower portionof the cabinet may be strengthened by means of crossed braces 9, which extend between opposite corners of the cabinet and which cross at a central point. These cross braces maybe made of wood or other material, and may rest u pon the upper edgesof the legs of the cabinet, the portions 8 beingv folded in below the .braces The parts of the material forming dition to strengthening the. cabinet, may
serve as a means for supporting receptacle container.
This container includes a .bottomndisk or plate 11, and an intermediate disk or plate 12. A vertical shaft -13 extends through the centers of the disks, and the lower disk may be supported on an enlargement or shoulder 14 carried by the shaft. A sleeve 15 .interposed .betweenthe lower and intermediate disks, and encircling the shaft, may support the intermediate disk 12. At its lower end, the shaft may have a bearing (of suitable type) indicated at 16, in the crossed braces 9, while the upper end of the shaft may have a bearing (of suitable type), indicated atv the rotary 17, in the cover or top 6 of the cabinet.
The upper tier of receptacles 18, are s ubstantially wedge-shaped in general outline,
. tapering from their outer portions towards the center of the tier, and are mounted u on the intermediate disk 12, being retaine in place thereon by an up-turned i'lange 19 at the periphery of the disk. The upper receptacles are so proportioned as to just till the area they are intended to occupy, so that they are readily held in place'by a wedging action against each other,and by being engaged at their outer ends by the up-t-urned lange`19. This construction allows of anyf .of the. receptacles being readily removed when desired for cleaning or repair.
Each of the upper receptacles 18 i's provided with a hinged cover 20 which may be provided with a handle as shown. IThe top 6 of the cabinet is provided with a door 21, and the relationship of the door-opening, and the dimensions of the upper tier of receptacles is such that when the receptacle support is. rotated, the upper receptacles will successively come into registration with the dooropenings. Hence, in order to obtain accessv to the upper receptacles, the door 21 in the top may be raised, and the desired receptacle brought into register with the door-opening, and its cover raised, as indicated in Figure 1. This construction allows for access to the upper receptacles without the necessity of opening the side doorsof the cabinet.
in the shape of alternately [slidable and piv oted receptacles'22, and 23, the slidable re'- ceptacles being in the form. of drawers open at their top, while the pivoted receptacles are substantially tri-angular in shape, and are also open at the'- top.v The spaces for receiving the ,lower receptacles are defined by a pair of parallel transverse partitions 24 extending between the disks 11 and 12, and preferably equi-distant from the vshaft 13, and at right angles to which and extending from them-toward the periphery of the disks are shorter partitions 25. The space between the long partitions 24 may-be occupied by oppositely arranged drawers of considerable length, the spaces 'between the` shorter partitions 25 being occupied by drawers of less length. The remaining tri-4 angu ar spaces are occupied by the hinged' receptacles 23, the hinge pintles 26 thereof 85 extending between the upper and lower disks. These pintles may engage into openings the pintles may thus be Areadily removablev when it is desired to remove thehinged receptacles 23. This structure is indicated in dotted lines in Figure 4. The slidable re'- ceptacles 22, and the hinged receptacles may be provided with handles 27, to afford means JforY conveniently rotating the receptacles, and for. withdrawing them when it is desired to have access to them.
The side' 3 of the cabinet is occupied by a single door 28, and a doubledoor 29. These doors may readily be made of sheet material of the same type of which the sidesoie the cabinet may be formed. The door 2,8 may be hinged at its outer edge to the side of the cabinet' adjacent one corner as indicated at 30, the hinges being formed by Yforming registering eyes in the material at the meeting edges of the door, and the side, and by dropping a suitable pintle throughl these eyes.v The hinges for the other doors which are hinged to thesides of the cabinet may be formed in the same manner. Likewise, the two sections of the double door 29 may be hinged together by forming registering eyes of the material at the meeting edgesof the doors, and dropping a pintle through these eyes. The doors just described are so proportioned as to completelyl enclose the side 3 whenv they are folded in, and the single door 28, and the .outer member of the double door are preferably proportioned to overlap. Turn buttons, or other suitable devices 31 may be used for locking the doors in closed position.
Arranged on the door 28 is a series of substantially triangular shelves 32 for the reception of articles, and on the inner member of the double door may be arranged a series of racks 33 for the reception of cloths 130 `in the lower disk 11, and may be headed at v or other utensils. On the 4outer member of i mounted. TheA shelves 32 are so propor- Vthat space, A wise, the racks tioned in breadth that clearance will be provided between the rotar Areceptacles and the corner adjacent which the door 28 is hinged, so that the shelves may, when the door is closed, readily assA in between the corner and the receptac es, and conveniently occupy as indicated in Figure 5. Like- 33, as indicated in Figure 3, will occupy a space between the rotary receptacles and the side of the cabinet formed b the double door when this door is closed.
he towel rack 34, as indicated in Figure 4,
vmay occupy a space just above the upper tier of-receptacles 18. It is to be noted that these receptacles vslope downwardly slightly at their tops and toward their outer ends, for the purpose, of making their interiors easily accessible` when their lids 2() are raised. A portion of the space thus formed may be occupiedv by the rack 34. i
A bread-board lis slidably retained in guidesl 36 on the under side of the top 6 (see Figure '7 for detail). This board may occupy a portion of the space between the top and the upper series of receptacles, .and may be easily accessible by opening the door-28.
The side 4 of the cabinet is occu ied by a pair lof doors 37 and 38, respective y. hinged at their outer edges to adjacentr corners of the cabinet, in; the manner already described, and preferably overlapping at their inner edges when in closed position. On the in- I ner sides of these doors may be mounted j substantially triangular shelves l shelves 40 may sides are fabricated may,
means whereto the -as to readily occupy of somewhat greater depth than the at 39 and 40, respectively. may have solid walls and bottoms,
be of wire mesh, or other material. These shelves are so proportioned the spaces between the corners to which the doors 37 and -38 are hinged, and the rotary receptacles, as indicated in Figure 5l They are so proportioned, of course, as to clear the rotary reshelves The shelves 39 ceptacles when the doors are .closed or opened. y
The sheets of material from which the posite which the doors 29 and 37 are hinged, overlap as at 41, and a vertical member 42 extend between the cross and the stri the purpose of afor ing a overlappedl edgies may be connected, and further to' a ditionally strengthen the structure.
the top, for
. In manufacturing th cabinet, the' sides and strengthening supports and frame-work may be formed and secured together, then the structure com singV the rotary containersmay be assem led, and this unit placed construction of the lower eliminated,
32, indicated while thel shelves or cabinets-,ma
at the corner op-J within the cabinet. -The doors with their attached shelves and racks, ma then be mounted, and then the top may e put in place, the shaft, of course being properly positioned in its allows of the cabinet being readily assembled, and also allows of easily disassembling it, so that parts may be removed for cleaning or replacement or` repair.
Instead .of the arrangement of receptacles and partitions in the lower ltier, which has heretofore been described, I may, if desired, use either of the arrangements diagram- `matically indicated in Figures 8 and 9, the tier of receptacles, except for the arrangement shown in those figures, bein described. all in the shape of segments of a circle, being geometrically arran ed with res ect to the center of the tier, an The receptacles are indicated at 23', and the hinged pins at 26. vThe partitions 25' are also geometrically arranged with res ect to the center, and occurlone between eac adjacent pair of receptacles. in Figure 9 corresponds substantially with that shown in Fi re 5, except that the shorter of the sli ble receptacles 22 are and the pivoted .receptacles 23, consequently elongated. The pivoted receptacles in this figure are indicated at 23, the partitions arran pivoted receptacles And I mayalso, low receptacles 43 on the bodily near their lower ends, into which receptacles may be placed water to prevent ants, or other insects from getting into the cabinet.`
` In use, the cabinet may ber used either alone, or if desired, a super-structure of be mounted upon it. The foregoing detaile description has been given forY clearness ofv understanding, and
no undue limitations should be deduced' therefrom, but the appended claims should be construed as view of the prior art.
' Having thus described my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is,-
1. A cabinetincluding a housing, aI/shaft revoluble and detachably mounted withln thehousing, a series of receptacles detachably supported upon the shaft, a top detachably mounted on the housing and'formmg a journal for the up er end of the shaft, a door 'arranged'in t e top in'- such position that the*l uppermost receptacles may be brought into registration therewith, and
' doors on the sides of the housing for aifordthe same as has already been n Figure 8, the receptacles are" each being inged.
. The arrangement ed between the adjacent broadly as permissible, m
hinged receptacles mounted between the disks, and a plurality of substantially wedge-shaped receptacles mounted upon the upper-most disk and occupying substantially the entire area thereof, said upper-most disk having a iianged portion engaging the outer edges of the wedge-shaped receptacles for detachably retaining them in place.
3. A series of revoluble receptacles for ay cabinet inclu-ding a shaft, a disk mounted thereon, a plurality of receptacles arranged on the disk and abutting against each other laterally, and co-operating meansbetween the receptacles and the periphery of the disk for detachably retaining the receptacles in place on the disk, preventing'movement of the receptacles radially of the disk but aly lowing their removal axially of the disk.
4. A cabinet including sides formed of sheet material, the material of the sides at y the corner of the -cabinet projecting downyplace on the disk and preventing movement of the receptacles radially thereof, and a removable top on the cabinet overlying the receptacles and allowing of -their removal axially of the.v disk when the top is removed, said shaft being detachably journaled for rotation and support at its upper end in said top.
6. A cabinet including a disk rotatably mounted thereon, a revoluble shaft on which the 'diskis mounted,a plurality of recepta` cles arranged on the disk and abutting against each other laterally, `co-operating means between the receptacles and the disk for detachably retaining the receptacles in place on the disk and preventing movement ofthe receptacles radially thereof, a removable top on the cabinet overlying the receptacles and allowing of their removal axially of the disk when the top is removed, said shaft being detachably journaled for rotation and support in said top lids on the receptacles and a door on the top into registration with which the receptacles may be brought for allowing access to the receptacles without removing the top.
A7. A` cabinet including a housing, a shaft revolubly mounted therein, a lower disk carried by the shaft, an upper disk ,carried by the shaft, partitions arranged between the disks, a, lower tier of receptacles arranged between the disks and partitions, and mov-' able radially of saidy disks, an u'pper tier of receptacles mounted upon the vupper disk, a flange on the upper disk preventing move- ,ment of the upper tier of receptacles radially of said upper disk, and a removable top for. the housing allowing removal of the upper1 tier of receptacles axially of the disk when the top is removed, said shaft being journaled for rotation and support in said top.
In testimony whereof I hereunto afiix my signature.
JOHN w. JacksonL