US 1560878 A
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Npv. 1o, 1925. 1,560,818.
J. J. TATUM SYSTEM FOR REPAIRING RAILROAD CARS Filed Deo. 31. 1923 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 I CAR-No. .MAT ERIAL ATEIN.
WANTED v DATE-GUT.
Nov. 10, 1925. i 1,560,878
OCCUPATION J. J. TATUM SYSTEM FOR REPAIRING RAILROAD GARS Filed Dec. 3l. 1923 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 @5l/ly? 7 DAILY REPORT ON EGREGATED FORCES AUTHORIZEIDTO DE. ASSIGNED IXCLUSIVELY TO POT SYTIZM FREIGHT CARO REPAIRED. DATEI I92 KIND OF CARI- TATIN MEN OF AUTHORIZED UNIT NO. NEN OF CONSSTS 0F UNT ACTUALLY woRKING 0N AUTHORIZED NUMBER' 0F MEN CLASS OF CAR FOR. WHICH UNITS AUTHORIZED woRKING *rm-IIn No.0F MEN oN OTHER,
ons. REDUCED ATHAN woran NO. HAN TOUAIS FORn PER' MN Aurnomzzn AcwALLv woRKI N s AbnNT Poom-Ions VAcANT I TOTALS STATE, HERE KIND OF WORK FOR. MEN WORKING ON OTHER. THAN AUTHORIZED WORK T0 GEI-HER. WITH AUTHORITY FOR SAME.
STATE. HERE. INDIVIDUAL. NUMBER AND KIND OF CAR REPAIRED AND TURNED OUT OF SHOP TODAY CARS REPORTETD REPAIEED .SHOULD INCLUDE ONLY CHRS PASSING OVER. TI'I E SPOT Y STEM CORRECT I UNIT FoRlzMAN Nov. To, 1925. 1,560,818
J. J. TATUM SYSTEM FOR HEPAIRING RAILROAD CARS Filed Dec.. 51. 1923 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 DA|LY REPORT ou 5EGREGATED FORGES AuTrmmzED To @E AsslGnED EmwswELY To .SPOT SYSTEM FRETGHT CAR REP/HRS oTATmN DATE vl92 MEN or AuTHomzED umTa Nam-,N or Numan, or -"EMM ACTUALLY woRKme oN AuTHoRvzED CMS CLASS OF GAR. FOR- WHICH UNITS REPAHlED NUMBER 0F MEN AUTHORIZED WORKING AND ou OTHER o o o TOTAL, Noor MEN THAN TUO'JND ,n v; g ri) J ons REDUCED wom For or ms gg g 5,1 g Eg ,i MN TOD/W5 WH'GH op or l.. 50 o no 32o O No, "PUES 0F GMRS' AUTHORZED To DAY CARS 0 e. r- WORKED PER MAN nox OPEN To? REFRIG.
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cADooE `STATE. HERE mno oF woRK FoR MEN AWORKING 0N OTHER. THAN AuTHomzED WORK TOGETHER. wlTH AuTHomTY Fora.v SAME .STATEHERE lNDTvlDu/uJ NUMBERS 0E CARS REPAIRED AND TURNED ou] or .5HOP TODAY 50X OPEN Tor#A REFRTGERATOR.. w-l Q95; um M CARS REPDRTBD REPARLD HOULD )NCLUDE ONLY CARS FHSSING OVER. THE SPOT YSTIH CORRECT CAR. FOR E. MAN
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Patented Nov. 10, 1925.
UNITED STATES JOHN J'. TTUM, 0F BALTIMORE, MARYLAND. l
SYSTEM FOR REPAIRING RAILROAD CARAS.
Application filed December 31, 1923. Serial No. 683,827.
To all whom it may concern.'
Be it known that I, JOHN J. TATUM, a citizen of the United States, residing at Baltimore city, in the State of Maryland, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Systems for Repairing Railroad Cars, of which the following isa specification.
I have designated my system of repairing freight cars as a spot system, and in accordance with my system certain repairs to a car will be performed at designated spots on designated repair tracks in' shops, or in shop yards, whereby heavy or rebuilding re-v pairs are made. Unit organization with spot system is worked lin different ways which are as follows:
1st. When repair tracks or shop tracks are suflicient in length to have placed on each track 18 cars, each track having switch connections on both ends so that cars can be started in on one en d at the stripping spot to be stripped, and then moved from spot to spot at the close of each day over the track to its other end, when it should be completed ready for service, the force on'such track should lbe so worked with the track divided up into 6' spots, each spot sufiicient in length to hold 3 cars, so that all cars can be moved up one spot at the close of each working day until completed. Such system insures completion of repairs to a car within 6 days from the time it entered the first spot to be stripped until it is repaired and returned toservice. See Figures 1, 3, 6.
2nd. When repair tracks Vor shop tracks are not sufficient in length to hold k18 cars then, 18 cars can be spotted on 2 adjacent Vtracks sufficient in length to have 3 spots on each track sufcient in length to hold 3 cars in each spot, or a total of 18 cars on 2 adjacent tracks. Cars placed for repairs on such tracks will be first placed on the stripping spot, which is located on the entering end of the track, and the cars will be moved at the close of each day from spot to spot over one track and down on the other to the end of the adjacent track. 0n such-tracks one unit of force will be worked on 2 tracks in place of one track as above. .See Figures 4, 2,3. Y
3rd. When repair tracks or shopl tracks have a stub end on one end and switch connecting up trackson the opposite end, see Figure 5, there should be a minimum of 6 tracks in such shop or shop yards, and such tracks should hold a minimum of 3 carsI If each one of the 6 tracks willhold 6` Carson each track itwill provide 2 spots on each track Ywith 3 cars in each spot, where 2 units 'of force can be workedy across such shops.
If each one of the 6 tracks will hold 9 cars on each track it will provide 3 spots with 3 cars in each spot, where 3 units of force can be worked across such shop, etc. Such shop will be worked in accordance with Figures a, 3, 5. f
Each unit of force worked will be assigned to certain track or tracks in a shop or shop yard and Worked in I 1, 4, 5, 2, 3.
At the first spotA of each unit of force there will be placed a bulletin board as Vshown in Figure 2 bearing the names of the unit'foreman in charge and the assistant unit foreman, and will show the kind of workman' assigned to the unit foreman in charge by the shop foreman.
There are two .columns provided on thi bulletin board, one to show the number of each kind of,V workmen composing the unit,
and the other will be filled in with chalk spots, the cars being conventionally shown.
Figure 2 is a front elevation of sign boards for designated types of cars. s
Figure 3 is anV elevation of a'spot sign board.
Figure 4 is a view similar to Figure 1 designed to be used with an open end track.
Figure 5 is a View similar to, Figure 1 with the system shown for use in connection with a stub end shop, or track.
Figure 6 is a front elevation of an indication card to be attached to the car.
Figures 7 and 8 are views of a daily report form. s
On the side of the corner of each car will be placed a bulletin as lshown in Figure 6, which is painted black on one side and bright red on the opposite side. lThe black side will show the date vthe car was placed on accordance with Figures i l view of repair tracks, or shop tracks, divided intoy -the first spot for repairs in shop or "on shop .4
tracks, and the fda'te it Will be completely repaired and 'returned to service. The bright red side Will shoW the Words in White letters, Material Wanted. rIhis side fof :the bulletin is placed out When material cannot be obtained to repair cars Wi'th vand-to vshow the car is passing through the spot system needing material to repair it `Which could not-be obtained. Y
Cars of the same kind and class When possible should be Worked through 'the spots of each unit to insure maximum output so as to unify the Work and material all Apossible on cars being repaired by each lunit. Repairing 'car-s in this manner Will insure more satisfactory output and better Work than if cars of a mixed class and kind are alloWed 'to pass through the spots together of each unit.
At shops Where more than one 'kind of cars are being repaired 'the units repairing each kind of cars should be segregated Ito themselves as much as possible,for example: lf a shop is repairing both 'house cars and open top cars, on' one side of the shop should 'be Worked open 'top cars and on vvthe other side 'of the shop house cars. This Will prove more satisfactory than 'to 4miX lcars indiscriminately, as it Will vbetter separate the force and material used to repair vthe painted the color by Which the spot Will be knoWn as required by Figure '3.
Work to be done at station .spots l0a matt .s3/stem of freight .car repairs.
Station spot A (to be 4designated in red). Work to be doneffstripping. car for repairs by removing all defective lparts that Y are to be renewed .or repaired.
Station spot BJ w(to lbe designated in White). Work to he fdoneRepair trucks, underframe, draft .gear,]and attachments.
,Station spot C ',(to be designated in blue). lT'Vork to be done-Steel cars- Fitting and lacing up -allparts toy place for riveters, including floors, .cross ridge sheets, side hoppers, longitudinal hoods, doors, etc. House cars-Repairing and Afitting to .place all framing above nnderfname preparatory to application .of siding, and .apply inside lining, floor .andbevel strips.
Station spot D (to :be .designated in green). fork to be done-All steel'fcars- Rivet up .parts of car above :underframeand apply one coat of vrpaint vafter yquitting time of first shift. Wood cars-Apply siding .or side plants, fascia, roof, running. board, metal strips to bottom of .car siding, and first coat Lof pai-'nt after quittingtime ofr-first shift., i
Station spot E (to be ydesignated in yellow). Work to be done.-Apply all 4safety appliances, hang and adjust doors, repair airbrake 'and Ahand brake equipment, and apply second coat of paint after quitting time Vofirst shift.
StationA s pot F (to be designated in black). Work to be done-Final inspection of cars, test and adjust brakes, stencil and ship cars.
Note Metal `strips :applied -at the bottom of siding and metal roofs 'shown applied iat spot D may be applied at spot"ljl.
Advantages to be had for. `both -employer and employes by Working unit lorganization and spot system of Work in the car depart-l ment and Why they both prefer Working the unit organization Vand spot -system 'of repairing cars over that of other systems that have been made use of `are 'as folloWs 'The possible velimination of all "general, doubtful, and imaginary grievances, 'such as have heretofore existed :between management and Workmen. Should grievances occur With 'this organization they `are Anecessarily restricted and confined to *the Working spots of each uni`t," as the responsibility of both uni't foreman and "assistant foreman is -so defined, as Well as the Workmans, the elimination of general, doubtful, 'and imaginary grievances is possible.
The further object of unit organization and sp'ot system of Work is for the special purpose of providing the most pleasing and likeable conditions under Which men Vcare to Work, and to insure their 'happiness and comfort 'by reducing to Ia minimum diificult and laborious methods of doing Work over that noW existing vWith 'other systems. lThis is done b y definitely locating the men Aat a spot Ato 4perform one kind 'of Work only, and by providing for them 'at `each :spot to Which they are assigned thenecessary tools to perform the Work they are todo, Vand VJthe proper kind and supply of Vmaterial needed for use placed at 'the spot Where needed.
This enables the Workman to Work With more comfort, vim, and satisfaction, than When .he is required Ato* do various kinds ofWork requiring different kinds of tools, facilities and material.
It further insures the Workman `giving his employer his maximum production of output each day with a reasonable effort of vlabor on his part, so that at the close of the day after his .days Work is done his employer Will be satisfied with his production, and the Workman Will not be Worried vor 'tired outfbe'cause of having "been required yto Work hard all day With improper facilities, improper too'l's and an inadequate supply .of material, resulting in an unsatisfactory days Work to himself' as Well as to his employer.
'Unit organization andspot system prolil vides safety, cleanliness and happiness for men'- to work in, as defective parts of cars are removedfrom the cars at designated spots, and such defective materiall is disposed of by the proper workmen as promptly as it is removed from the cars, which insures cleanliness in each spot throughout that part of the plant the workman is required to work in.
Unit organization and spot system insures for the employer the following:
Happiness and satisfactionv among his Workmen with a maximum production of output from each man each day and a minimum loss of material due to damage and waste, and it further provides a production from each man commensurate with the wages paid him. A l
It further provides supervision that is both pleasing to the workman and productive to the employer, because when advice is needed by themen it is promptly obtainable, making conditions under which the employee is working satisfactory.
It provides lmaximum safety for the workman, because his work is done at a designated spot where the required facilities and material are placed, making it unnecessary for him to collect his own material and tools from scattered points in the plant, which may subject him to all the hazardness that might exist on the entire property.
It provides for maximum conservation of material because material suitable for work to be done at each spot is removed from the car and reused at the spot where it is removed, or when new material is needed it is placed at the spot for use by designated material men.
It provides a maximum production from each Workman for the reason that he is stationed at a specied spot where material and facilities needed are furnished for him to make use of.
Unit organization and spot system encourage the employer to provide steady employment for his employees for 'the reason that it makes production cheaper than can be obtained through any other means, and provides for the happiness ofl his employs, because they are better able to produce satisfactorily, thus encouraging the employer to provide steady employment for his men.
Daily reports will be made by unit foreman to car foremen on Form Figure 7.
Daily reports will be made by car foreman to superintendent car department on Form Figure 8.
What I claim is: f y
1. A system for performing a series-of operations on cars which consists'in providing trackage space for the cars, a space adjacent to the cars divided into spots or zones of different colors designating the particular character of operations in each spot or Zone, placing a bulletin board'in each `zone-as the same color as its zone, indicating-on saidboard repairs to be done in said zone, and `then placing the necessary material in each Zone. i
2. A system for repairing cars which `consists in arranging a number of carA tracks parallel with each other and of sufli'cient parallel `with each other and of suiicient length to store thereon a predetermined number of cars, each track having switch connections at both ends so that the cars can be started in on one `end of thetracks and then moved progressively froin'o'ne position to another on its track at the close of each day until it reaches the other end of the track at which. point the caris'ready for service, dividing the space adjacent the tracks into spots or zones designating each of said zones to indicate the character of work to be done in each zone. f
4. The system of repairing cars which consists in stripping the cars for repair by removing all defective parts, then. moving the car to another position and repair trucks, underframes, draft gears and attachments,
then move car to another position andrepair and fit to place-all framing above underframe preparatory to applicationof siding, and apply inside lining floor and bevelV strips, then move car to another position and apply siding or side iianks, facia, roof, running boards, metal strips to bottom of car siding, and apply lirst coat of paint, then move car -to another position, apply all safety appliance, hang and adjust doors, repair air brake and hand brake equipment, apply second coat of paint, then shift car to another position and inspect and test cars and equipment and stencil and ship cars. l
In testimony whereof I affix mysignature.
JOHN J. TATUM.