US 1560973 A
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Nov.-10, 192s: 1,560,973
J. J. cHRgm FOUNTAIN sn'usa Filed Nov. 21. 1922 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Fig.1
Nov. 10, 1925- JLJ. cHE'RoN FOUNTAIN anusa Filed Nov. 21. 1922 2 sneaks-sheet 2 Patented Nov. 10, 1925.
UNITED STATES- JULES JEAN cannon, or PARIS, FRANCE.
Application filed November 21, 1922. serial No. 602,438.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Joins JEAN Cannon, citizen of the French Republic, residing at Paris, in the Republic of France, have invented new and useful Improvements in Fountain Brushes, of which the following is a specification.
The present invention has for its object a fountain brush, characterized in that it is constituted by removable brush portions secured to a head either by a system of pressing or clamping, or simply by tightening. Holes are provided in order to give passage to the water which enters the head through the handle of the latter. A special swinging device permits of moving the head aside in order to use the handle as an ordinary nozzle.
The water which flows between the bristles of the brush permits of accomplishing therewith a simultaneous washing and brushing of the objects to be cleaned;
In the accompanying drawing which shows by way of example various methods of carrying out the invention:
Fig. 1 represents in lengthwise axial section, the brush which is the object of the invention. In dot-and-dash lines is indicated the position in which the head may be swung when the apparatus is used as an ordinarynozzle.
Fig. 2 is a side View, on a smaller scale, of the trigger which serves to control the swinging movement of the head relatively to the handle.
Fig. 3 is an inverted plan'view of the brush, the brush portions being supposed to be removed. I a
Fig. 4c shows the system of adjusting the head by means of a push rod.
Fig. 5 shows a modified form of the device for securing the brush portions of the brush upon the head.
Fig. 6 shows a modified form in which instead of separate brush portions there is only a single removable element.
As shown in the drawing, the brush is formed of a head 1 which has on the one hand a central cavity 2 wherein is effected through the orifices 3 the inlet of water and on the other hand various recesses 4- in which are disposed the brush portions formed of bristles, cut pieces of india rubber, or any other material. These brush portions are made by pressing the bristles parts into ferrules 6, preferthe recesses 41 are held in place by the disc or plate 7 secured to the head by the look-- ing bolt 8. This disc is provided with the orifices required for the passage of the brush ortions as well I as with the holes 9 where y the water entering into the cavity 2 is caused to flow outwards, towards the bristles of the brush. These water jets are directed towards the points of the bristles so as to constantly clean" them.
The water is brought into the cavity 2 by the nozzle 10 which bears through the intermediary of the packing member 11 upon the inlet 3 of the head 1. located at the end of the handle 12 and is connected with the head 1 by means of the following device: The head 1 is provided with two cheeks 13. Upon these checks is pivoted at 1d one end of a bell-crank lever 15 forming a fork which is mounted so as to swing at 16 relatively to a lug 16 carried by the nozzle 10. The other end of the bellcrank lever is actuated by a control rod 17 A collar 18 sliding on the handle 12 is pivoted at 19 between the two cheeks 13 of the head and it is constantly acted upon by a spring X) which presses at its other end upon a flange 21 on the nozzle. The rod 17 ends 1n a trigger 22 (Fig. 2) pivoted at 23 to the handle 12. This handle carries a handle portion 2a and a coupling part 25 for attaching the water hose.
It is observed that with this apparatus the head 1 of the brush will always tend to make contact by its orifice 3 with the end of the nozzle 10, this being due to the action of the spring 20; and thus the water entering the head will leave it through the holes 9. Ifit is desired to use the apparatus as an ordinary hose, the trigger 22 is pulled. The rod 17 being thus actuated will roclr the bell-crank 15 on the point 16, and this will cause the other end of the lever to act at the points 14 upon the cheeks 13 of the head; the latter now drops and the orifice of nozzle 10 is uncovered. It is observed that in this movement, by reason of the form and the position of the bellrcrank lever 15, the lowering of the head is effected at the same time that the head is moved somewhat away from the front of the nozzle; the collar 18 acted upon at 19 by the cheeks 13 slides This nozzle is upon the handle and compresses the spring 20. The device now occupies the position shown in the dot-and-dashlines in the draw ing.
If the trigger 22 is released, the spring 20 which has just been coinpressedwill now eXpand and will act on the sliding collar 18 so as to bring back, by areverse move ment, the dQVlCB to the position shown in full lines in Fig. 1, in which the orifice u of the head 1 presses through the inter- Inediary oi the packing member 1.1 upon the end of the nozzle 10; the water entering through said nozzle will now proceed wit out leakage at the joint into the cavity In- Fig. i'lS represented a modified form of the control of the'swinging movement of the head; wherein'the rod 26 instead ofhead-1,the interior of the boss forming the cavity 52, whilst the socket 28 has a hole 30 for the delivery of water.
In Fig. 6 is represented a brush comprising a single removable element 2-31. The india rubber or the bristles of which the brush is made are held upon a core by a binding of iron wire 33, and are then inserted into the head 1 and secured by the bolt 8. T he head is still provided with the cavity 2 wherein the water enters through the orifice 3; the core is provi-ded' with holes 5) tor the outflow oi" the water along the bristles or the brush.
In all these figures, 8a is a rubber ring which serves to protect the objects to be cleaned from being struck by the metal part of the brush.
Various constructional modifications in detail can obviously be made in the apparatus described without departing from the invention.
Having now described my invention, what I claimas new and desireto secure by Letters Patent is:
l. A. fountain brush comprising a hollow head, a hollow handle through which water may be supplied and adapted to communicate with the hollow head, brushing ele ments secured to the hollow head, a ring member slid-ably mounted on the handle and upon which the hollow head is pivotally mounted, a spring acting on said ring member, for pressing the hollow head against the discharge end of the handle, an operating rod and a bell crank lever which is pivoted on the handle and pix-*otallyconnected to the'operating rod and hollow head.
2. A fountain brush comprising a hollow head having an outlet opening, a hollow handle through which water may be sup plied and adapted to communicate with the hollow head,- an annular recess formed in the head about the outlet opening, bristles set in said recess, a perforated plate covering said outlet opening, the periphery of said plate being beveled and serving to clamp the bristles lnsaldrecess, and means for said bristles, andineans for rem'ovably securing said plate to the hollow head.
In testimony whereof I have signed in name to this SPQClfiCEttlOIL JULES JEAN CHERON.