US 1560997 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Y L L E K F Nqv. 10, 1925- MEDICAL AND SURGICAL APRON Filed Jan. 8, 1925 2 Sheets-Sheet l Nov. 10, 1925- J. F. KELLY MEDICAL AND SURGICAL APRON Patented Nov. 10, 19
air-ran: stains PATENT QFWTZEF JAME$ F. KELLY, 0F MONESSEN, PENNSYLVANIA.
MEDICAL AND SURGICAL APRON.
Application filed January To (1 "iv/20m it may concern:
Be it known that l, Janus F. KELLY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Monessen, in the county of Vl estmoreland and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in filledlcal and Surgical Aprons, of which the followingis specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.
This invention relates to apparel used by surgeonsin performing operations or malt: ing examinations, and the object .of the in:- vention is to providea medicai and surgical apron to be used to cover the respiratory orga-ns during operations and examinations by physicians, surgeons, attendants, nurses, etc.
@ne of the; objects of the invention is to provide an article of apparel: of this character which is. adapted to be fastened to: the forehead, extend downover the face and over the shoulders, and which is provided; with relatively short sleeves, that portion of the article which extends over the face being provided with a transparent face plate either in the form of an ordinary pane of glass or a magnifying glass.
A further object is to provide a device of this character so constructed that relatively long sleeves or extensions of the short sleeves on the article may be attached thereto, and further to so construct the article that an extension may be applied to the lower margin of the cape or coat formed by the article so that an extension piece of fabric may be detachably engaged therewith .to make a gown or full apron effect.
A still further object is to provide a device of this character which may be held securely to the body and yet will cover the entire front of the face and the upper portion of the body without impeding the free movement of the physician or surgeon.
My invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein Figure 1 is a perspective view showing my device in applied position;
Figure 2 is a perspective view showing the inside of the device;
Figure 3 is a section on the line 33 of Figure 2;
Figure 4: is a perspective view of the frame for the glass;
Figure 5 is a fragmentary view of the apron showing the cut-out for theglass;
Figure 6 is a perspective view of the glass pane;
8 1925. Serial No. 1,225.
Figure 7 is a view of the inside of frame 5 Figure 8 iszi view showing the frames purged with each other;
that my device comprises an apron 1'0 which maybe made of rubber or cloth or any other suitable textile fabric which is capable of being kept in sanitary condition. This piece of textile fabric is narrower at its upper endthat at its lower and is of suili nt length so: as to extend from. the forehead to the waistline. At the forehead there is attaohed to this piece of cloth. a piece of rubber one inch wide, designated 11, which is vulcanized to the rubber fabric or sewed if other fabric is used, which rubbenband extends around the head. One end of this rubber band is provided with a socket mem ber 12 and the other is provided with a stud member 13, the stud member being insertible within the socket member to hold the band closed. Any other suitable fastening devices for this purpose may be used.
The apron 10 extends downward from the forehead over the nose and lower portion of the face and down to approximately the waist or to a point below the waistline. At its lower margin this coat or apron is formed with a rubber band I l adapted to go around the waist and provided. with fasteners, preferably such as the fasteners 12 and 13, for holding the band closed around the waist. At the shoulders the piece of fabric 10 has attached to it sleeve sections 15, which sleeves extend down the arm for about six inches. This short sleeve has on its lower margin a plurality of glove fasterner members, and an extension sleeve 16 is provided with coacting fastener members so that the extension sleeve 16 may be attached to the short sleeve 15 sothat the extension sleeve may run to the wrist.
Inserted in the mask portion of the apron, that is that portion of the apron which covers the face, is a pane of glass 17. For the accommodation of this pane of glass the piece of rubber or cloth is cut out and the margin of the opening is reinforced by a rubber or textile frame, as it may be termed, consisting of the outer and inner frame members 18 and 19 formed of textile fabric and stitched to the rubber or textile fabric of the apron so as to provide a rectangular pocket within which the pane of glass 17 may be inserted. These members 1? and 18 are apertured for the passage of screws or rivets 20 which pass through apertures in the glass so as to hold the glass firmly in place. here the apron is made of textile fabric the upper member 18 is left unattached to the upper member 19 so as to per mit the insertion of the glass 17, but Where the article is made of rubber entirely and the frame is made of rubber this need not be done, as in this case the frame may be stretched over the glass so as to permit the insertion of the plate glass. Preferably, though not necessarily, this glass pane 17 will have the character of a magnifying glass, and whether it is a magnifying lens or plain glass the lower edge of the glass will be cut away, as at 21, to fit over the nose and the frame will be cut out or otherwise formed so as to fit over the nose. The lower margin of the apron 10 is provided with snap fastener members 22 which engage with coacting snap fastener members 23 on an apron extension 24; which is adapted to be attached, as shown in Figure 9, to the apron 10 and extend down to the ankles of the physician, if desired.
It will be seen that my device affords a facial apron which may be very conveniently applied, which does not in any way interfere with the manipulation, which entirely covers the upper portion of the body, and which is capable of having a skirt applied thereto or a sleeve extension applied thereto and which is preferably provided with a small power magnifying glass. It will be understood that it may be made of difi'erent kinds of sanitary fabric such as white rubber, and that the details might be varied in many respects without departing from the spirit of the invention as defined in the claim.
An article of the character described comprising a backless apron of textile fabric, the apron below its upperend being formed with sleeve sections through which the arms 01 the wearer may be disposed, the apron above the upper ends of these sleeve sections being gradually reduced in width and being formed to fit over the forehead and having a band at its upper end whereby it may be held upon the head, the apron immediately in front of that portion extending over the eyes of the wearer being formed with an observation opening, and a glass pane covering said opening.
In testimony whereof I hereunto affix my signature.
JAMES F. KELLY.