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Publication numberUS1561427 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 10, 1925
Filing dateOct 23, 1922
Priority dateOct 23, 1922
Publication numberUS 1561427 A, US 1561427A, US-A-1561427, US1561427 A, US1561427A
InventorsCarl T Forsberg
Original AssigneeCarl T Forsberg
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method and means for marking castings
US 1561427 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

.Nov. 10,1925

C. T. FORSBERG METHOD AND MEANS FOR MARKING CASTINGS Filed Oct. 23. 1922 INVENTOR BY W15 ATTORNEY Patented Nov. 10, 1925.

-cam. 'r. ronsnmio, or MOUNTAIN vInw,'N1:w JERSEY.

mmnon AND mEANs son MARKING oasrmes,

Application filed October 23, 1922. Serial No. 596,433. I

To all whom it may concern:.

Be it known that I, CARL T. Fonsnnno, a citizen of the United States, and residing at Mountain View, county of Passaic, State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Methods and Means for Marking Castings, of which the following is'a specification. D

This invention relates to improvements in marking castings for identification in such a manner that the mark can not be removed without destroying the usefulness of the casting so marked. A method of marking castings in such a manner is particularly desirable forautomobile motors and chassis to prevent the re-marking of stolen automobiles.

In the drawings in which similar characters of reference indicate similar parts throughout various views,

Fig. I represents a View of a portion of a machine casting marked by a method embodying the invention.

Fig. II is an enlarged elevation of one of the characters.

Fig. III is a side View of Fig. II.

Fig. IV is an elevation of Fig. II as indicated by arrows thereon. in

Fig. V is a sectional View through a portion of a moulding flask and casting showing the marking characters in position therein.

To obtain an indelible mark on a casting, I form characters 2 of sheet metal of a color different from that of the casting, and

of a higher melting point; these characters are assembled on gauge bars 3, which fit into dovetail shaped notches 8 cut into the top and bottom sides of said characters. The gauge bars 3 are preferably shaped to form semi-circular channels and consist of the same material as the characters. To form a number or word, the characters 2 composing the same are arranged in proper order on whole mark so assembled is set into the mould 7 for casting; the ends 6 of characters I 2 are pressed slightly 'below surface 9 into the sand forming the mould. The downwardly bent ends of bars 3 penetratin deep nto the mould, form an anchor for t e assembled mark against movementby the incoming molten metal. To permit penetration of the molten metal into all parts of the characters, the latter are perforated as shown at 11 Fig. III in a parallel direction to the gauge bars 3. The completed mark is shown in Fig. I in which a part of the metal cast around the mark is removed. It will be noticed that the characters protrude above the surface of the casting; this part may be removed by grinding if desired, to allow the different color of the characters to show clearly against the surface of the casting.

Ifthe casting is a thin one, the characters I sembling the original mark in style without easy detection.

The strength of the casting is not affected by the marking and the'mark is easily assembled for any word or number.

The following metals are proposed for use in marking the following castings, as these metals have higher melting points and in general, different colors than those of the corresponding castings.

For I aluminum castings-Copper characters.

For brass castingsSteel or wrought iron characters.

For iron castings-Wrought iron or tungsten steel characters with a percentage of copper for coloring.

The characters, gaugebars and spacing pieces can be produced in advance of their use and assembled to form series of numhere. The labor of placing such preformed marks in the moulds is negligible compared with the resent method of stamping. numbers one gure at a time by a mechanic.

7 The marking of automobiles by this method,.and the marking of the engine is selfevident drawing.

In marking structural parts such as from the above description and the chassis, a hole is out where the member is least weakened, thereby, as at the neutral axis in the web of channel shaped members. The hole is made to be large enough to receive a number unit identical with that used on the engine; this number is held in position in a pad of metal cast into the hole described above. For a thickness of steel frame for example, we would have a casting in thickness with characters extending completely through it; this casting would project ,4 in front and 1 in rear of the steel of the frame and would be larger than the hole in the frame, by about 3," in both directions, so as to over-lap at the front and back, all around the edges of the hole, thus securing a mechanical or welded bond firmly anchoring the casting containing the number in place.

The casting of marks of this kind may be done easily by the aluminothermic process.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new is:

l. The method of marking castings, which consists of embedding characters formed of sheet metal in said casting, so that the edge of said sheet metal appears on the surface of said casting, and the faces of said sheet metal are embedded in said casting.

2. The method of marking castings, which consists of placing an assembled marking means into a mould for a casting, and by casting molten metal into said mould, so that said metal completely encloses said marking means except its face, and fills all spaces in and between the characters of said marking means.

3. Means to produce a' mark on a casting consisting of preformed material infusible at the melting temperature of said casting and composed of separate characters, adapted to be anchored in the mould for said casting, and to be surrounded and penetrated by the metal of said casting.

4. Means to produce a mark on a casting adapted to be placed into the mould for said casting and consisting of single characters, a bar forming means to hold said characters in alignment on said bar, and means to anchor each character separately in said casting.

5. Means to produce a mark on a casting consisting of separate preformed characters adapted to be assembled into a word, numher or code, and means on each character to anchor it within the metal of said castin 6. Means to produce a mark on a casting, said means consisting of separate characters adapted to be assembled into a word, number or code. A mould to form said casting, means to hold said characters in alignment with each other, and means to hold said characters in said mould while said casting is being formed.

7. The method of marking castings which consists in the combination with the body of a metallic casting of a plurality of metallic characters embedded therein, having a higher melting point than said casting, said characters being formed of relatively thin metal extending edgewise deeply into said casting.

CARL T. FORSBERG.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3643358 *Jul 25, 1968Feb 22, 1972Lawrence D MorderosianIdentification structure
US4161830 *Dec 12, 1977Jul 24, 1979CaliderDevice for identifying ingots or castings
US4900637 *Oct 7, 1988Feb 13, 1990Aluminum Company Of AmericaTag for labeling an article cast from molten material, method therefore and article
US5106700 *May 10, 1990Apr 21, 1992Outboard Marine CorporationCasting with polished raised logo and method of manufacture
US8846216Jun 19, 2007Sep 30, 2014Siemens AktiengesellschaftCast piece and method for producing same
US20100035084 *Jun 19, 2007Feb 11, 2010Rene JabadoMethod for producing a cast piece
US20110195271 *Aug 11, 2011Apple Inc.Cast Metal Parts With Cosmetic Surfaces And Methods Of Making Same
DE102006030365B3 *Jun 27, 2006Dec 6, 2007Siemens AgVerfahren zum Herstellen eines Gussteiles
EP0363791A1 *Oct 3, 1989Apr 18, 1990Aluminum Company Of AmericaA method of labeling an article cast from molten material, tag therefor and article.
WO2008000660A1Jun 19, 2007Jan 3, 2008Siemens AktiengesellschaftMethod for producing a cast piece
Classifications
U.S. Classification164/111, 164/4.1, 40/629, 249/103
International ClassificationB22C11/00
Cooperative ClassificationB22C11/00
European ClassificationB22C11/00