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Publication numberUS1562083 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 17, 1925
Filing dateMar 21, 1924
Priority dateMar 21, 1924
Publication numberUS 1562083 A, US 1562083A, US-A-1562083, US1562083 A, US1562083A
InventorsFranklin Evans William
Original AssigneeHarry Levering Evans
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tool
US 1562083 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 17, 1925' 1,562,083

. w. F. EVANS TOOL Filed March 21, 1924 Patented Nov. 17, 1925.

UNITED STATES.

PATENT OFFICE.

WILLIAI FRANKLIN EVANS, OF SCHENECTADY, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO HARRY LEVEBING EVANS, OI NEW YORK, N. Y. i

. moor.

Applicationfiled larch 21, 1924. Serial No. 700,760.

To all whom it may camera:

Be it known that I, WILLIAMF. Evans,

a citizen of the United States, residing at Schenectady, in the county of Schenectady and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Tools, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to tools and more particularly to a combination wrench and pliers, and its objects are to provide a tool of simple and durable construction which may be used for ulling or removing nails, cotter-pins, and li e parts, or as a wire cutter and adjustable pi e-wrench.

' These objects and ot ier advantageous ends which will be described hereinafter, I attain in the following manner, reference being had to the accompanying drawings in which a Figure 1 is a side elevation partly broken away of a tool constructed in accordance with my invention,

Fi 2 an edge view of the tool looking to the right, and

Fi 3 a perspective view of the gripping mem r which forms a part of my invention.

Referring to the drawin 1 indicates my improved tool which consists of a pair of levers 2 and 3 adjustably pivoted at 4 and having handles 5 and 6 on one end and gripping aws 7 and 8 on the other end. Lever 2 is preferably of solid cross-section and lever 3 of U cross-section so as to embrace lever 2 in the manner shown and being preferably composed of a comparatively thin sheet metal.

The adjustable pivot 4 consists of arcuate notches 9 in lever 2, having entrance openings 10 of less width than the diameters of the notches, and a pin 11 attached to the lever 3 and fitting within the notches and having its opposite sides 12 reduced or cut away to the size of the entrance openings. To adjust lever 2, lever 3 is turned until pin 11 slips out of notch 9 through its opening 10. The pin is then placed in either of the other notches 9 by retracing the step for its removal. v

Gri pin jaw 7 consists of an extension 13 curved and roughened on its outer side 14 and provided wlth a gripping end15 and a gripping inner side 16. Gripping jaw 8 consists of a gripping member 17 secured at 18 between the sides of the U-lever 3 and provided with a gripping end 19 and a gripping side 20 corresponding to the gripping end and side of jaw 7. The gripping side 20 is continued along the edge of the sides of lever 3 as shown at 21. The grippin parts 15, 16, 19, 20, and 21 are roughened in any suitable manner, preferably as shown, so that the ends 15 and 19 will grip a nail, cotter-pin, or like parts without cuttin or barring the same, and the sides 16 and 20 will readily grip a pipe or other cylindrical part. The ends 15 and 19 are preferably arranged so that a plane passing between the ends will pass in the dlrection of pivot 4 and will intersect a plane passing betweenthe sides 16 and 20.

Lever 3 is rovided with a pair of alined notches 22 a apted to coact with one of the notches 9 to serve as cutters for cutting wire etc.

To remove a nail 23, a cotter-pin, or like parts, from a body 24 which may be a board, nut, shaft, bolt, etc., the nail is grip ed between ends 15 and 19 as shown in ig. 1. The surface 14 of the tool is then fulcrumed on body 24 and the nail withdrawn therefrom. To grip a pipe or other cylindrical part between the sides 16 and 20, the levers are adjusted so that the pi e fits between the sides.- The tool is then rmly gripped by the hand and turned, the teeth of the sides cuttin into the with t e tool.

With atoolsuch as above set forth extension 13 is fulcrumed on the body for removing nails, cotter-pins, and like parts, and is utilized to serve as a pipe wrench.

One of the distinctive features of my invention resides in the specific arrangement of the gripping parts 15, 16, 19, 20, and 21 with reference to the longitudinal plane of the handle portions of the'levers 2 and 3, the handle portions of said levers being normally in substantially parallel relation, it being noted that the gripping parts 16 and 20, 21 are arranged at substantially right angles to the longitudinal plane of the handle members, while the gripping parts 15 and 19 are arranged substantially at an an le of 45 degrees to said handle members an said first-named gripping parts, this construction being produced by the substantially semicircular formation of the gripping jaw 7 and the arrangement of the jaw 8 with reference to the lever 3 when mounted in pipe and causing it to turn connection therewith. It will also be noted that the gripping jaws are located in one side of a plane extending longitudmally through the shanks of the levers III the pivotal connection thereof. By reason of the specific construction of the tool herein shown and described. the pulling of nails and similar devices gripped between ,the faces and 19, as seen in Fig. 1 of the drawing, is materially facilitated under comparatively slight manual power by virtue of the leverage obtained, as will be apparent; while in the use of the tool as a pipe wrench, after the jaws have been set on a pipe under slight gripping pressure-applied. to the handle members 5 and 6, the

entire pressure or ower for turning the pipe, or other body, is applied to the handle member 6 and again by virtue of the leverage attained, governed by the. specific location of the notches 9 in the lever 2 and the location of the pin 11in the lever 3, and also by reason of the power and strength produced at the pivotal connection of the levers 2 and 3. At this time, attention is also directed to the fact that by reason of the construction of the notches 9 and the shank of. the pin 11, the accidental detachment of the levers 2 and 3 is obviated. While I have described my invention as taking a particular form, it will be understood that the various parts may be changed without departing from the spirit thereof, and hence I do not limit myself to the precise construction set forth, but consider that I am at liberty to make such changes and alterations as fairly come within the scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is 1. A tool of the class described comprising two independently formed levers, means for detachably coupling said levers together to form pivotal connection for said levers, said levers being provided at one end vportion thereof with gripping jaws, the othr end portions of the levers extending beyond the pivotal connection thereof and normally in substantially parallel relation when the 'jaws thereof are in juxtaposition, and the gripping jaws of said levers being divided into'two gripping faces, one of the faces of veach jaw being arranged at substantially right angles to the longitudinal plane of said levers, and the other of said faces being arranged at an angle of substantially forty-five degrees to the first-named faces and the longitudinal plane of the levers.

2. A tool of the class described comprising two independently formed levers, means for detachably coupling said levers together to form pivotal connection for said levers, said levers bein provided at one end portion thereof wit gripping jaws, the other end portions of the levers extending beyond the pivotal connection thereof and normally in substantially parallel relation when the jaws thereof are in juxtaposition, and the gripping jaws of said levers being divided into two gripping faces, one of the faces of each jaw being arranged at substantially right angles to the longitudinal plane of said levers, the other of said faces being arranged atan angle of substantially forty five degrees to the first-named faces and the longitudinal plane of the lovers, and one of said levers being of channel formation to receive the other of said levers.

3. A tool provided with relatively movable jaw members, said jaw members being provided with angularly disposed gripping faces, one of the faces of each of said jaw members extending substantially at right angles to the handle portion of the tool, and the other faces of said jawsmembers being disposed at an angle of approximately forty-five degrees to the first-named faces and the handle portion of the tool.

4. A tool of the class described composed of two independently formed levers, one of said levers being of channel formation to receive the other of said levers, means for detachably and pivotally connecting said levers, one end portion of the first-named lever bein offset and fashioned to form a gripping aw having a roughened convex face andincluding a face disposed at an angle to the convex face, the other of said jaws being substantially semicircular in form at one end portion thereof and fashioned to form gripping faces disposed at an angle to each other, one of the gripping faces of each of said levers being arranged substantially at right angles to the shank portions of said levers, and the other of said gripping faces being arranged at an angle of approximately forty-five degrees to the first-named faces and said shanks.

5. A tool of the class described composed of two independently formed levers, one of said levers being of channel formation to receive the other of said levers, means for detachably and pivotally connecting said levers, one end portion of the first-named lever being offset and fashioned to form a gripping jaw having a roughened convex face and including a face disposed at an angle to the convex face, the other of said jaws being substantially semicircularin form at one end portion thereof and fashioned to form gripping faces disposed at an angle to each other, one of the gripping faces of each of said levers being arranged substantially at right angles to the shank portions of said levers and the other of said gripping faces being arranged at an angle of approximately forty-five degrees to the firstnamed faces and said shanks, and said gripping faces of the separate levers being no i located at one side of a plane extending longitudinally through the shanks of said levers and the pivotal connection thereof.

6. A tool of the class described, composed of two independently formed levers, one of said levers being of channel formation to receive the other of said levers, means for detachably and pivotally connecting said levers, one end portion ofthe first-named lever being offset and fashioned to form a gripping jaw having a roughened convex face and including a face disposed at an angle to the convex face, the other of said jaws being substantially semicircular in form at one end portion thereof and fashioned to form gripping faces disposed at an angle to each other, one of the grippin faces of each of said levers being arranged substantially at right angles to the shank portions of said levers and the other of said ipping faces being arranged 'at an arige of approximately forty-five degrees to the named faces and said shanks, and the grip-- ping partially formed by a body formed independent of said lever and secured thereto.

7. A tool of the class described comprising faces of the first-named lever being two independently formed levers, one of said levers being fashioned from comparatively thin sheet metal to form of the handle and shank portion thereof a channel to receive the other of said levers, the jaw end portion of the first-named lever being oflset upwardly and outwardly to fo'ri'n a jaw incinbcr, a jaw block mounted between the separate plates of said jaw member to form at the jaw end portion of said levertwo gripping faces disposed at an angle to each other, the other of said levers bein provided at one end portion therewith wit 1 an upwardly and downwardly curved jaw member having two. 7 gripping faces disposed at an angle to each other, one of the gripping said jaw members being arranged at substantiall right angles to the longitudinal plane .of the shank of said levers, and the other gripping faces of said levers being ,arranged at an angle to said first-named faces and the longitudinal plane of the "shanks of said levers.-

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification.

WILLIAM FRANKLIN EVANS.

faces of each of-

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2593164 *Nov 12, 1946Apr 15, 1952Mcadoo Harold LPliers for round work
US2628519 *Feb 15, 1949Feb 17, 1953Hand Wilfred CNail straightening pliers
US2693730 *Mar 17, 1954Nov 9, 1954Ayers Carl PTwo-piece sheet metal wrench
US6293171 *Oct 22, 1998Sep 25, 2001Avaya Technology Corp.Apparatus and method for stripping wire
Classifications
U.S. Classification81/413, 81/426, 81/427.5, 7/131
International ClassificationB25C11/02, B25C11/00
Cooperative ClassificationB25C11/02
European ClassificationB25C11/02