US 1564752 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
5 l D II M n m M MD E, m c m m B R m W m M e D m A W 5 nm Q": 1. w m J E n X i" F E A Dec. 8, 1925- EWMILK upon the resiliency orelastici Patented Dec. 8, 1925.
UNITED STATES EARL A. BROWN, OF NORTH WOODSIDE, MARYLAND.
Application filed September 19, 1925. Serial No. 57,396.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that EARL A. BROWN, citizen of the United States of America, residing North Woodside, in the county of Montgomery and State of Maryland, has invented certain new and useful Improvements in Order Cards, of which the following is a specification.
This invention is a novel order-card or ticket adapted to be used in the ordering of additional merchandise from the urveyor o r deliverer of same, and is especially designed for the ordering of milk, butter, eggs, cream or other dairy products. The invention relates to that class of order-card or ticket which is adapted to be inserted in the mouth of an empty milk or cream bottle, there to await the deliverer ofsuch supplies.
A number of varieties of cards or tickets of this class have been designed in past years but have failed of being successful for a number of reasons; the greater class of such cards bein designed to frictionally engage the sides 0 the mouth of the bottle. Without such frictional engagement the cards or tickets either fell into the bottle, there becoming soiled and illegible, diflicult and even impossible to remove; or were blown away by the wind and lost. To provide such frictional en agement the ordercard was provided wit a lower portion of greater width than the interior diameter of the mouth of the bottle, the card being formed of relatively resilient or elastic material. To osition the card or ticket within the bottle t is aforementioned wider ortion was compressed and then inserted 111 the bottle mouth; reliance being had of such compressed portion to expand an provide frictional enga ement with the sides of the mouth of t e bottle. If this compression be too great the card becomes cracked, fails of expansion and may either drop within the bottle or be blown away and lost.
A typical form of this ty e of order card is illustrated in the Unit States Patent to Bailey, Number 813,764 dated February 27th, 1906; the card disclosed therein being designed to provide frictional engagement after such compression In cards or tickets designed heretofore, frictional enga ement is t e essential fea ture to insure t e secure positioning of such cards within the bottle mouth. This frictional engagement is objectionable. In the great majority of instances empty bottles left for the deliverer of milk, so-called the milkman, are in a damp, moist, or wet condition. An order-card engaging frictionally the sides of said bottle will absorb the moisture therefrom; will become weakened and easily torn; soiled and illegible. In wintry or freezing weather a card engaging thesides of the mouthof a bottle and absorbing moisture therefrom will freeze thereto and will become soiled and further injured upon removal.
It is a major urpose of the present invention to provi e an improved order-card or ticket adapted to be inserted into the. mouth of a bottle which will not frictionally enga e the sides thereof; which cannot'fall within the bottle; which cannot be blown away and lost; which willnot become soiled; and which may, if desired, rovide an accurate and permanent recor over the signature of the user for the book keeping or accounting department of the purveying .compan of such additional orders. Fun
ther ob ects of the invention will be hereinafter set forth.
The accompanying drawing illustrates one practical order-card or ticket embodying the invention which will be described in detail to enable others to understand and use the same, but the invention is not considered restricted to the specific construction shown in the drawings, and reference is therefore had to the claims for summa ries of the essentials of the invention and of the novel features of construction and novel combinations of parts for all of' which protection is desired.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a view in perspective of the upper portion of a milk or cream bottle showing an improved order-card or ticket therein.
Figure 2 is avertical sectional view through the upper portion of a milk or cream bottle illustrating in elevation an improved order-card positioned therein.
Figure 3 is a view in elevation of an order-card or ticket embodying the invensuitable material, comprises an upper portion 1 and a lower portion 2 adapted to be inserted into the mouth M of the bottleB. The upper portion of the ticket is of greater width than the lower portion overhanging the same to provide shoulders 1 which rest upon the upper edge of the bottle when the order-card is in position therein, thus preventing the card from falling within the bottle.
The lower portion of the ticket, while as aforesaid of less width than the upper portion, is of greater length than the said upper portion; theratio between the two portions being such that the lower portion will present a greater surface area and be correspondingly of greater weight than the u per portion. This ratio of area and weiglit will result in the center of gravity ofthe order-card or ticket being on a horizontal plane below the line of division between the upper and ldwer portions of the ticket as de ned by the shoulders 1 -1, as illustrated by the line m-w in Figure 2 of the drawings.
The order-card or ticket is so desi ned that, when positioned within the mout of a bottle, the horizontal plane of its center of gravity will be substantially below the upper edge of the bottle; the center of gravity of the ticket thus falling within the bottle.
Experiments have proven that with a ticket distance below the upper edgeof the bottle,
the order-cards, when positioned are se- -curely seated and difiicult to dislodge.
The width of the lower portion of the ticket should be such as to permit the ready insertion of "the card in the mouth of the bottle. If desired the lowermost corners of the card may be beveled as indicated at 2 to facilitate such insertion. To file the cards as upon a s indle or to permit the house-wife, with whom several cards might be left for future use, to hang such cards as u on a convenient nail or hook each order-card or ticket might be provided with an aperture 2 of suitable size adjacent the bottom thereof.
Suitable printed matter might be laced upon the ticket, as for example, on t e one side, the name of the dairy or purveyin firm and directions for the use of Sue tickets. On the other side of the orderecard or ticket proper spaces might be provided for the ordering of the "arious desired commodities.
In the preferred form of the invention as illustrated in Figure 3 of the drawings;
seated in pro er position.
enemas pure aser, the date, the order, and the cost' of such order might be printed upon the lower portion of said ticket. The ticket might, if desired be scored 01' perforated along a line 1 coinciding with the shoulders 1 -4 for a purpose to be hereinafter more fully described.
' After the order-card or ticket has been received by the milkman and the extra order noted thereon has been filled; the milkman leaves such cards at the offices of his company where proper charges are made customers having occasion to use such order-cards.
With rinted matter of the aforesaid preferred f drm, the urveying company may file away such cards as a record and means of checking and rectifyin any errors or disputes that may arise. I desired the lower portion of the ticket might be detached along the line of perforations 1 the said lower portion per se being of a more convenient shape for filing purposes. It will be noted, that with such preferred form of printed matter the lower portion of each ticket contains, in addition to the signature of the ordering customer, complete data relative each extra order.
In the form of the order-card or ticket illustrated in Figure 4, the order-card is provided with an auxiliary upper portion l separable from the remainder of the card as by the line of perforations 1. It will be noted that this auxiliary portion carries identical printed matter with the upper portion proper, so that the house-wife or user of the card may detach such auxiliary portion and thus keep a duplicate record of each extra order. As inthe preferred form, the horizontal plane of the center of ravity of the ticket is below the plane of theine of division between said up r and lower tions as defined by the s oulders 1-1.
If, through varying sizes of bottles it should be found that in some instances the lower portion of a standard-sized order-card or ticket be of greater width than the interior diameter of the mouth of the bottle and it be necessary to compress said ortion of the card .to position same within t 9 hottle mouth; it is to be noted that such compression will in'no wa alter-thefact that the center of gravity of t e ticket will fall within the bottle, and the card will be securely There has t us been described an improved order-card or ticket of novel construction, adapted to be inserted in the mouth of a milk or cream bottle which can not be dislodged except by manual removal; a ticket which can not fall within the bottle; which will not become soiled or illegible; and 330 which may if desired form an accurate part bein adapted to extend within a container and eing of less width than the mouth of the container, the head of the card forming shoulders overhanging the lower portion, the card resting on said shoulders and being adapted to span and project beyond both sides of the orifice in the container.
2. A T-shaped order-card consisting of a lower portion forming the stem of the T of less width and greater surface area than the head of the T, the lower portion of the card bein adapted to extend within a container and icing of less width than the mouth of the container, an aperture adjacent the bottom of the said lower portion the lowermost corners of said portion being cut-away, the head of the card forming shoulders overhanging the lower portion, the card resting on said shoulders and being adapted to span I a and project beyond both sides on the orifice in the container.
3. A T-shaped order-card consisting of a lower portion forming the stem of the T of less width than the head of the T, the lower portion of the card being adapted to extend within a container and being of less width than the mouth of the container, the head of the card forming shoulders overhangin the lower portion, the card resting on said s 'oulders and being adapted to span and project beyond both sides of the mouth of the contamer, the center of gravity of the card falling within the lower portion of the card on a plane below the plane of theoverhanging shoulders.
In testimony whereof he afiixes his signature.
EARL A. BROWN.