|Publication number||US1564948 A|
|Publication date||Dec 8, 1925|
|Filing date||Mar 6, 1924|
|Priority date||Mar 6, 1924|
|Publication number||US 1564948 A, US 1564948A, US-A-1564948, US1564948 A, US1564948A|
|Inventors||Copeman Lloyd G|
|Original Assignee||Copeman Lloyd G|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 8, 1925- L. G4 COPEMAN REFRIGERATOR DOOR Filed March 6, 1924 Wwf 61H01 nu,
Patented Dec. 8, 1925.
UNITED STATES LLOYD G. COPEMAN, 0F FLINT, MICHIGAN.
Application :Hl-ed March 6, 1924'. Serial No. 697,215.
To all whom 'it may concern:
Be it known'that I, LLOYD G. CornMAN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Flint, in the county of Genesee and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Refrigerator Doors, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to refrigerator doors and has for its object a refrigerator door which has a large part or all of the door made of a molded heat-insulating material. This heat-insulating material is made of ingredients which are calculated to give it a high insulating value as distinguished from metals and stonework which have a relatively high heat conductivity.
In the drawings:
Fig. l is a cross section of the moulded door constructed of heat-insulating material.
Fig. 2 is a cross section of my preferred form of the invention in which the outside of the door is preferably constructed of a wooden panel.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary section of still another modified form in which the outside panel is cast stone.
Fig. 4 is still 'another modification showing how the wooden panel and the insulating material may be united by a casting operation.
In my prior application No. 623,045, I have shown and described a door in which the preferred form of construction is provided with a hollow insulating tile on the inside.` A large measure of the insulation in such prior construction is secured from the dead air space in the tile, the tile itself being made offa stone work material which has a/fairly good conductivity for heat.
It is the object of the present invention to provide a door lining member which is constructed of relativel high insulating material and consequent y requires noV hollow space to provide dead air insulation.
This ives a more solid, more compact construction but one which is fully as li ht for the reason that the material out of w ich it is made is of very much lower speciic gravity. l'
I employ a plastic material having high heat-insulating properties, such for instance, as kieselguhr or infusorilyearth. I take,
say, a pound of ordinary glue and mix it with'21/ pounds of water; then I add this to ground or powdered kieselguhr or infusorial earth and mix enough of the water and glue into it to make the same thoroughly plastic so that it can be moulded. I then fill a mould with the material and mould either a complete door such as shown in Fig. l, or a thick door lining such as shown in Fig. 2, with metal bushings a moulded directly into the lining member. These are tapped and this permits the wooden outer panel to be secured to the heavy lining by means of the screws Z2. t
Another way is to use an angle iron strip c which is provided with perforations d. This is secured to the inside of the wooden panel by screws e. This wooden panel may then be placed in the mould andthe thick door lining may be moulded right over the inside face of the panel and the angle iron This unites the lining directly to the wooden panel.
Still another form is shown in Fig. 3, where the insulating lining is moulded with the tapped bushings a and then a separately cast stone panel may be secured to the insullating lining by the screws f.
Another heat insulating composition which Iemploy is one which is made lof 75% magnesium-oxide, 15% ground cork, 10% ground flint; this is mixed with liquid magnesium-chloride of the specific gravity of 22 Baume, enough of this magnesium chloridebeing added to thef100% ingredients named to make plastic and mouldable.
Stillanother composition which I may employ is a mixture of granulated cork and asphaltum. The asphaltum is heated as thin as possible and then mixed with such amount of ground cork as seems desirable. Of course, the more cork that is put in the less willbe the specificfgravity;
It Willbe obvious that various other suitable compositions of matter can be employed to accomdplish my object, which is to construct a oor of a mouldable heat-insulating material.
What I claim is:
1. A. door, having an outer panel and an inner lining comprising a solid block of the same ,thoroughly moulded heat insulating material secured t0 composition possessing a high heat-insulatthe panel and serving as the sole means of in efficiency compared with ordinary artihent insulation for the door structure. ficlal stone, and having the further capacity 10 2. A. door for refrigerators or the likel of being mouldable into a. self-supporting 5 comprising al structure in which at least a artificial stone block.
part of the door comprises a moulded, self- In testimony whereof I affix my signature. supporting block constructed of a special LLOYD G. COPEMAN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4554196 *||Oct 24, 1983||Nov 19, 1985||Meeker Brian L||Hardened portion of a fibrous product and a method for producing the same|
|US4727701 *||Nov 7, 1985||Mar 1, 1988||Figari Andres G||Building panel|
|U.S. Classification||52/596, 52/787.11, 52/704, 109/82|