|Publication number||US1565681 A|
|Publication date||Dec 15, 1925|
|Filing date||May 4, 1925|
|Priority date||May 4, 1925|
|Publication number||US 1565681 A, US 1565681A, US-A-1565681, US1565681 A, US1565681A|
|Original Assignee||Kristen Sonderby|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
* K. SONDERBY WEL L CASING Filed May 4, 1925 2 Sheets-Sheet l K715112211 Sunderhg 1 gwuentoz Dec. 15, 1925. 1,565,681 v K. 'SONDERBY WELL CAS ING Filed Kay 4, 1925 2 Sheets- Sheet 2 El. 4 Krista'l-L fiun eig Patented Dec. 15, 1925.
UNITED STATES KRISTEN SONDERBY, OF ROCKFORD, ILLINOIS.
Application filed May 4, 1925.
To all whom it may conccm:
Be it known that I, KRIsTEN SONDERBY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Rockford, in the county of Vinnebago and 6 State of Illinois, have invented certain. new
and useful Improvements in ell Casings,
of. which the following is a specification.
The present invention relates to well casings, and more particularly to sectional casm s.
in object of this invention is to provide a well casing which may be moulded or cast in special forms built for that purpose, the sections being locked together when they are placed in position.
Another object of this invention is to provide a well casing which due to the various locking devices cannot be collapsed by the slipping of the earth therearound or from other causes.
A further object of this invention is to provide a device with an enlarged base ring which when inserted in the well opening will permit the various sections to be lowered into position without difiiculty.
A still further object of this invention is to provide a device of this character which has locking members holding the various sections against lateral movement and the locking members may be used as steps for the purpose of descending or ascending the well.
The above and various other objects and advantages of this invention will in part i6 be described in and in part be understood from the following detailed description of the present preferred embodiment, the same being illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein:
m Fig. 1 is a transverse view taken vertically through substantially the middle of the device and showing in detail the interior construction.
Fig. 2 is a transverse view taken substan- LB tially on the line 22 of Fig. 1 looking downwardly.
Fig. 3 is a transverse view taken through the device on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2.
i6 Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a well casing constructed according to this invention,
part of the casing being cut away to permit illustration of the top of the casing.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the base of the well casing.
Serial No. 27,940.
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of one of the sections of the casing.
Fig. 7 is a perspective view of one of the keys or looking members, and
Fig. 8 is a perspective view of one of the key steps.
Referring to the drawings, 10 designates the earth orground in which it is desired to sink the well. An opening 11 is dug in the usual manner, and in this opening the bottom or base ring 12 of the casing is placed. The ring 12 is provided with a flaringbase portion as shown at 13 so that the wall or casing 14. will stand away from or in spaced relation to the walls of the opening 11. WVhile it is realized that in a short time the earth will soon fall against the outer walls of the casing, nevertheless during the process of the construction of the well the earth will stand away long enough to insert the various sections 15 which are placed one upon another until the top of the opening is reached.
The base 12 is provided with a pair of opposing sections 16 which are preferably about one-half the height of the sections 15. The half-sections 16 are secured to the base ring 12 and are preferably cast therewith. In the top of the half-sections 16, and in the top of the base 12 there is provided a tenon 17 which is adapted to fit into a corresponding groove 18 in the bottom of the section 15. At one end of the half sections 16 there is a tenon 19 and at the opposite endthere is provided a groove 20, and the section 15 is also provided with a similar tenon 19 and groove 20 at opposite ends thereof, so that the section 15 may be slid into position, the tenon 19 of section 15 fitting into the groove 20 of the half section 16, and the groove 20 of the section 15 receiving the tenon 19 of the half section 16.
The circumference of the casing is made full keyway is thus formed, and into this opening a key 22 is inserted to lock the sections 15 against lateral or vertical movement.
Vith the provision of two t nons and two grooves in each section and a plurality of half keyways in the ends of the sections 1.3 there is no possibility of the diiierent sections becoming dislodged by the inoienient of the earth surrounding the casing once the keys 2 are placed in position. In alternate keyways 21 there may be inserted, in lieu of the keys 22 whichare flush with the inner and outer walls of the casing, a key step 23, the inner portion of which extends into the well opening. A plurality of rungs 24 may be cast on the inner portion of one series of the sections so as to provide means by which a person may hold himself securely while descending or ascending the interior of the casing.
In order to place the well casing herein disclosed into its proper position I'QQllllQS no unusual degree of skill, and as the various sections are only one-quarter of the circumference of the casing each individual section 15 is not of excessive weight and therefore does not require special apparatus to place it in position. The opening 11 is first'dng in the usual manner, and is (it satficient size to receive the base. ring 12. As the base ring 12 flares out at the bottom the opening 11 will correspondingly be larger than the circumference of the i. ising proper. Having placed the base or bottom ring 12 in position a section 15 is lowered into the opening between the two halt sections 16. This section 15 when in position extends substantially one-halt of its height above the two half sections 16. Proceeding in this manner the opposite quarter tions 15 will lie in the same plane with each other. lVhen the top of the opening 11 is reached two halt-sections 16 are placed in opposite quarter sections of the circumter ence, and thus there is presented a smooth top. Vith the placement of each section 15 the keys 22 are inserted in the keyways 21, and if desired the keysteps 23 may be placed in alternate keyways 21 along one side oi the casing and on the inside thereof in order to provide steps to descend or ascend the well.
It is, of course, understood that various changes and modifications may be made in the details of construction and design of the above specifically described embodiment of the invention without departing from the spirit thereof, such changes and modifications being restricted only by the scope of the following claims:
hat is claimed is:
1. A well casing comprising a base, a plurality of interlocking sections upon said base, means for locking said sections together to form an integral unit, and a plurality of steps secured to a predetermined number of said locking means to permit ingress or egress of the casing.
2. A well casing comprising a base, a plurality of sections positioned upon said base in staggered relation to each other, tenons on one edge of said sections, tenons on one end of said sections, said sections having grooves at opposite edges and opposite ends to receive said tenons, and locle ing means for locking saidsections together as a unit, said locking means when in position being adapted to prevent both lateral and vertical movement oi said sec tions.
3. A well casing comprising a flaring base, segmental interlocking sections upon said base, each of said sections having at opposite ends a halt keyway, the half keyways of one section being adapted to register with the half keyway of the adjacent section so as to form a complete keyway, and a plurality of keys for said keyways, said keys being adapted to lock said sections against lateral and vertical movement.
4:. A well casing comprising a circular downwardly flaring base, a plurality of iiiterlocking sections upon said base, tenons positioned upon one edge of said sections, said sections having grooves at opposite edges to receive said tenons, tenons on said sections at one end thereof, said sections having grooves at opposite ends thereof to receive said tenons, means for locking said sections together against lateral and vertical movement, and steps upon a predetermined number of said locking means.
5. A well casing comprising a base, a pair of interlocking half sections secured to said base, a plurality of whole interlocking sec tions, locking means for locking each of said sections together against lateral and vertical movement, steps mounted upon a predetermined number of said locking means, and a plurality of rungs secured to the inner side of said sections.
6. A well casing comprising an outwardly flaring ring, a pair of half sections upon said ring, said half sections being mounted upon said ring in spaced relation to each other, a plurality of interfitting whole sections, said sections having a half keyway at opposite ends thereof, said half keyways of one section being adapted to register with the half keyways of the adjacent section and forming a whole keyway, a key for said keyway for locking said sections together and upon said ring.
7. A well casing comprising a base, a pair of half segmental sections secured to said base, said sections having a mortice at one end and a tenon at the opposite end, a tenon secured to said base between said sections, a tenon on said sections at the upper surface thereof, a pair of Whole sections adapted to fit between said half sections, said whole sections having a tenon at one end and a mortice at the opposite end registering with the tenon and mortice of said half sections, said Whole sections also having a mortice at the bottom thereof for receiving the tenon on said base, said half sections having a half keyway in the opposite ends thereof, said Whole sections having a plurality of half keyways in the opposite ends thereof, said half keyways in said half aections registering with said half keyways in said whole sections and forming a \VhOlG keyway, and a key adapted to fit into said keyway for holding said sections together and prevent lateral and vertical movement thereof.
8. A well casing comprising a base, a pair of upstanding sections mounted on said base at opposite sides thereof, a plurality of tenoned and grooved sections adapted to fit upon said base and said upstanding sections, means for locking said sections together against lateral and vertical movement, steps secured to said locking means, and
rungs secured to said sections to provide a ladder Within the casing.
9. A Well casing comprising. a base, a pair of upstanding tenoned and grooved sections mounted on said base at opposite sides thereof, tenoned and grooved sections adapted to fit upon said base and between said upstanding sections, each of said sections having keyways at opposite ends thereof, and a plurality of keys adapted to fit into said keyways, for holding said sections against lateral and vertical movement.
10. A well casing comprising a base, a pair of upstanding tenoned and grooved sections mounted on said base, a plurality of tenoned and grooved sections adapted to fit upon said base and said upstanding sections, each of said sections having keyways at opposite ends thereof, locking keys adapted to fit into said keyways, steps mounted upon a predetermined number of said keys, and a plurality of rungs secured at determined intervals on the inside of said sections.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4121390 *||May 27, 1977||Oct 24, 1978||Moduloc Concrete Products (London) Ltd.||Pre-cast units for sewer construction|
|U.S. Classification||52/184, 52/125.4, 182/90|
|International Classification||E03B3/20, E03B3/00|