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Publication numberUS1567855 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 29, 1925
Filing dateNov 24, 1924
Priority dateNov 24, 1924
Also published asUS1675418
Publication numberUS 1567855 A, US 1567855A, US-A-1567855, US1567855 A, US1567855A
InventorsEllsworth Edward N, Meany Daniel N
Original AssigneeElectric Fireplace Mfg Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electric fireplace
US 1567855 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

De@ 29, i925, pi

' D. N. MEANY ET AL ELECTRI C FIREPLACE Filed Nov. 24, 1924 2 Sheets-Sheet l @ecco 29j E925.,

D. N. MEANY ET AL ELECTRI C FIREPLACE sheets-sheet 2 Filed NOV. 24, 1924 Patented Dec.` 29, 1925.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

DANIEL N.' MEANY AND EDWARD N. ELLSWORTH, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNORS TO ELECTIC FIREPLACE MANUFACTURING COMPANY, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A

CORPORATION OF ILLINOIS.

ELECTRIC FIREPLACE.

Application i'iled November 24, 1924. Serial No. 751,773.

To all whom z't may concern:

Be it lknown. that we, DANTEL N. MEANY and EDWARD N. ELLswon'rH, both citizens of the United States, residing at Chicago, in t-he county of Cook land State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Electric Fireplaces, of which the following is a specication.

This invention relates to a grate designed and adapted to be electrically illuminated in such a way as to simulate the appearance of a grate of live coals in association with a heater so disposed as to be practically concealedvfrom view beneath the fireplace for the purpose of disseminating heat which will not only serve to warm the room wherein the grate is located but will further serve to enhance the illusion of actual fire created by the appearance of the illuminated fuel within the grate.

The invention is directed to the construction and arrangement of the wire mesh for supporting the fuel; to the means provided for assuring easy access to the interior of the grate without disturbing the fuel; to the method of constructing and combining of the sections of the grate structure; to the wiring arrangement for conducting current to the heating and illuminating elements g to the mounting. for the hot air fans whlch serve to imparta flickering effect to the artificial'fue-l; and to the device as a ,whole and td the individual parts thereof.

ln the drawings: 4

Figure 1 is aperspective view of the grate as a whole;

Fig. 2 is a cross sectional view showing the interior of the grate and the heater below the grate; I

Fig. 3 is a top or plan view of the grate showing the fuel removed andthe. wlre mesh fuel support partially broken away; and

Fig. 4 is a sectional elevation of the grate looking toward the rear.

The grate structure comprises an openwork front 10 having a lower rail 11, an

upper rail 12, vertical grate bars 13, and.

standards 14, which latter terminate in legs 1 5 which serve to elevate the grate propery The front above the level of the hearth. may be of any ornamentalfinish or design, and being detachable from the remainder of the structure, may be readlly removed therewalls with the front.

from to permit fronts of various designs to be associated with the grate structure of standard construction.'

The grate body further comprises end walls 16 having outstanding lugs 17 in their front edges through which are entered bolts 18 which serve to removably connect the end Similarly the end walls, near their rear edges, are provided with outstanding lugs 19 which register with lugs 2() on the back wall 21 to which the ends are secured by the provision of bolts 22 or in any other suitable manner.

flhe rear wall is provided with legs 23 which, in conjunction with the legs 15, serve to support and elevate the grate to the desired level. The rear wall along its lower edge his provided with an inturned flange or mesh being continuous and bent to substantially the right an'gle relation shown. The rear upper ed e of the mesh partition is bent or lappe to form a hook` 30 which embraces a rear upper cross rod 31. The lower end of the mesh issimilarly bent or lapped to form a hook 32 which embraces a front lower cross rod 33. In addition to the rods 31 and 33, an intermediate upper rod 3a is provided which furnishes additional support for the mesh holding it against sagging under the load of the artificial fuel which is poured into the space intermediate the mesh and the front and also on top of the mesh to give the appearance of a grate full of coal.

The artificial fuel is composed of irregular fragments .of transparent or translucent material such as colored glass or the like, which serves to transmit and reflect the light from beneath to simulate the effect of a glowing grate of coals. The rear wall is provided with a plurality of light sockets *L which receive bulbs 36, and each of the sockets is, furthermore, provided with a f0rwardly extending bracket 37 upturned and pointed at its forward end 38 to furnish a pivotal mounting for a fan 39, the blades of which are impinged upon and rotated by the heated air arising from the bulb beneath. The fans are preferably composed of polished metal which reflects the light and imparts a flickering effect in simulation of flames from the glowing coals.

The rear wall preferably in its center is provided with a hand hole 40 which is closed by a door 41, which arrangement permits the insertion of the hand from the rear to remove or replace a defective bulb, or otherwise manipulate the lighting apparatus without the necessity for disturbing the body of fuel upon and in front of the mesh partition. Beneath the floor 27, and suspended therefrom, is an elongated reector 42. the walls of which are angled along a horizontally extending bend. The reflector is providedl with end walls 43 of substantially rectangular shape with their forward edges protruding beyond and in front of the rear walls of the reflector.

Lying within the bend or angle of the reflector is an elongated resistance element 44 of any suitable or approved form, the ends of which are entered into and carried by a pair of inwardly projecting brackets 44L to which are secured the ends of current wires 45 and 46, respectively. rlhe brackets are secured to the end walls of the reflector, and the reflector as a Whole is suspended from the bottom plate of the grate by hangers 47. The reflector is located beneath the bottom plate and well to' the rear of the grate, so that it will be well concealed from view, and when in use, will reflect both heat and light forwardly from beneath the grate at a point well chosen to guard against the dissemination of the heat in a rearward direction, with the result that the heat and vlight thus reflected will appear to be derived room. The wire 45 leads upwardly through a fitting 48 in the bottom wall of the grate and connects with one of the terminals of a heater switch 49 having a finger lever 50 which extends through a slot 5l in the proximate end wall to afford easy and convenient manipulation of the switch.

To the oppositeA end wall is secured a lighting switch 51l similarly operated by a finger lever 52. The current is supplied through wires 53 and 54, the former of which constitutes one of the constituents of the lighting circuit and leads to the inside terminals 55 of the proximate light socket.

Lacasse The opposite terminal 56 connects with a return circuit wire 57 leading back to the lighting Switch 5l.

The more distant light bulb is supplied by outgoing and return leads of wire 58 and 59 which connect with the terminals 60 and 61 of the distant light socket, the lights being thus arranged in series.. The heating lead of wire 54 connects with a wire 46 which passes through a fitting 62 in the bottom plate 27, and the heating circuit is completed by the provision of a return wire 63 leading from the heating switch to`the terminal 60. This arrangement permits either the heater or lights to be operated individually or in unison with one another, so that the grate can be used either as a heater or merely for decorative effect or for both purposes, as occasion may arise. This will be found of great advantage in warm weather when it is desired to dispense with the heating effect but at the same time preserve the pleasant and attractive illuminating effect of an open fire.

The arrangement is one which permits the parts composing the grate to be readily assembled or disassembled, and permits easy manipulation ofthe lighting and heating elements without disturbance of the fuel bed. lllhe parts composing the grate can be cheaply manufactured from either stamped or cast metal, and -when in use the grate will closely simulate the beauty and warmth of a natural fire.'

We claim:

l. In an electric replace, the combination of a grate structure consisting of a back, end walls, and a grated front, an electric bulb secured to and projecting forwardly from the back, a mesh partition of angled formation extending forwardly from the back and down turned behind the grated front to afford a front space for the reception of artificlal fuel, the rear and bottom edges of the mesh partition being backwardly turned to provide hooks, upper and lower rods entered through the end walls and extending through said hooks, and a layer of artificial fuel on top of and in front of said mesh partition, substantially as described.

2. ln an electric fireplace, the combination of a grate structure consisting of a back, end walls, and a grated front, an electric bulb secured to and projecting forwardly from the back, a mesh partition of angled formation extending forwardly from the back and down turned behind the grated front to afford a front space for the reception of artificvial fuel, the rear and bottom edges of the mesh partition being backwardly turned to provide hooks, upper and lower rods entered through the end walls and extending through said hooks, a layer of artificial fuel on top of and in front of said mesh partition, and a fan pivoted above the electric bulb and adapted to be rotated by heated air arising lll Lacasse therefrom to produce a flickering effect, substantially as described.

3. In an electric fireplace, the combination of a grate structure consistingof a back, end walls, and a grated front, an electric bulb secured to and projecting forwardly from the back, a mesh partition of angled formation extending forwardly from the back and down turned behind the grated front to afford a front space for the reception of artificial fuel, the rear and bottom edges of the m'esh partition being backwardly turned to provide hooks, upper and lower rods entered through the walls and extending through said hooks, a layer of artificial fuel on top of and in front of said mesh partition, a pivot rod fixedly mounted with respect to the bulb and having its free end upturned to afford a pivot mounting, and a fan swivelled upon said pivotal mountlng and adapted to be rotated by heated air arisin from Asaid bulb to produce a flickering effe-ict, substantially as described.

4, In .an electric fireplace, the combination of a grate structure consisting of aback, end walls and a grated front, an electric bulb within the grate structure, a mesh partition of angled formation extending forwardly from the back and down turned behind the gratedl front to afford a front space for the reception of artificial fuel, upper and lower rods entered through the end walls and-secured to the rear and bottom edges of the mesh partition, and a la er of artificial fuel onvtop of and in front o said mesh partition, substantially as described.

5. In an electric fireplace, the combination of a grate structure consisting of a back, end walls and a grated front, an electric bulb within the grate structure, a mesh partition of angled formation extending forwardly from the back and down turned behind the grated front to afford a front space for the reception of artificial fuel, upper and lower rods entered through the end walls and se# cured to the rear and bottom edges of the mesh partition, and a layer of artificial fuel on top of and in front of said mesh partition, and a fan pivoted above the electric bulb and adapted to be rotated by heated air arising therefrom to produce a flickering effeet, substantially as described.

6.'In an electric fireplace, the combination of a grate structure consisting of a back, end walls and a grated front, an electric bulb secured to and projecting forwardly from the back, a mesh partition of angled formation extending forwardly from the back and. down turned behind the grated front to afford a front space for the reception of artificial fuel, upper and lower rods entered through the end walls and secured to the rear and bottomedges of the mesh partition, a layer of artificial `fuel on top of and in frontof said mesh partition, a pivot rod fixedly mounted with respect tothe bulb and having its free end upturned to afford a pivot mounting, and a fan swiveled upon said pivot and adapted to be rotated by heated air arising from said bulb to produce a flickering effect, substantially 'as described.

DANIEL N. MEANY.

EDWARD N. ELLSWORTH.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4233348 *Apr 4, 1979Nov 11, 1980Corry N ACeramics
US4234780 *May 12, 1978Nov 18, 1980Mccarthy Gregory MResting place for reptiles in captivity
US4931014 *Dec 27, 1988Jun 5, 1990Scott Edward JBeveled glass candle holder
US6053165 *Jan 13, 1999Apr 25, 2000Heat-N-Glo Fireplace Products, Inc.Simulated electric glowing embers for gas fireplaces
Classifications
U.S. Classification40/428, 392/348, 472/65
International ClassificationF24C7/00
Cooperative ClassificationF24C7/004
European ClassificationF24C7/00A2