US 1568859 A
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" G. ROSAS ARTIFICIAL FLOWER Filed July 22, 1925 Patented Jan. 5, 1926.
UNITED STATES PATENT. OFFICE.
GUADALUPE noses, or Los ANGELBS, CALIFORNIA.
Application filed. July 22, 1925. Serial No. 45,219.
l which the following is specification.
My invention is in artificial flowers and the method of making including the making of leaves floral and other similar ornamental and useful articles.
My invention as it pertains to the article is designed to effect a construction by which the petals or the leaves may be readily shaped to form and will retain the construction in which they are secured together or shaped. My invention more particularly comprises the making of artificial flowers from fabrics such as ribbons and securing the ribbon properly shaped in a permanent 7 position to simulate the petals of flowers or together.
of the wire.
leaves and retain these in their associated position one with the other to form an artificial flower.
More particularly my invention pertains to the utilizing of ribbon having a binding of wire on one or both edges, the wire being crimped or twisted both togetherto form the petals and to give them rigidity. The individual petals have a finished outer edge with the wire preferably woven in the ribbon-and thereby-causing each petal tohave more or less of a naturalappearance in accordance withthe irregular twists and kinks In my method of making artificial flowers for the small petals I may take the ribbon and remove the wire from one edge or if I bind the wire on to the ribbon secure it only to one edge which may then be crimped into somewhat the shape of the petals; and coil the ribbon so formed spirally, building up succeeding rows of petals and stitching If desired the crimping of the wire and forming of the petals may be made as I proceed.
In making another type of petal the ribbon which either has wire woven in both edges or stitched to both edges is given a double twist and the wire removed from one side between the twists. These twists are then shaped to form petals with the wire on the outer edge. In this type of petal the wi e may be left on th edg s bu be ng formed on one edge gives a softer appearance.
Leaves may be simulated by folding a ribbon having wire on both edges back on itself, stitching two of the adjoining wires together to simulate the stem of the leaf and then spreading the outer wires shaped to edge of the leaf.
The flower so made up may be given a substantial mounting by using several circles of ribbon with wire on the edge such wire forming a stiifening.
My invention as to the article and method of manufacture will be more readily understood from the following description and drawings in which;
Figure 1 is a front view of a flower and group of leaves illustrating two types of petals and the manner of making.
Fig. 2-is a back View of Fig. l on a reduced scale.
Fig. 3 is a view showing the manner of making the crimped type of petals.
Fig. 4; is aview showing the manner of making the twisted type of petals.
Fig. 5 is a section indicating a ribbon with wire woven or stitched into both edges.
Fig. 6 is a section of the ribbon of Fig. 5, iven a single twist in the operation of ma ring the twisted type of petal.
Fig. 7 is a view similar to Fig. 6, showing the double twist preparatory to making the double twist petals.
The manner of making the'diiferent types of petals for flowers will be first described, dealing first with the crimped petals. These are indicated in the manner in which they would show, by the numeral 1 and are formed by utilizing a strip of ribbon 2 having wires 3 woven or stitched in the edges as indicated in Fig. 5. These ribbons with the wire in both edges may be purchased and some are colored with deeper shades on one side than on the other.. The side with th ribbon occupying mainly a fiat position into a helical coil as indicated by the dotted line in Fig. 1 with the arrow heads indicating a coiling in a clockwise direction from the center outwardly. As the ribbon is thus coiled the individual petals formed by the crimp of the wire are stitched together and stitched to a center backing piece of suitable material. \Vhen the flower is of sufficient diameter that larger petals should be used, which are preferably made of the twisted type, the construction is completed in the manner hereafter described.
The twisted type of petals are constructed substantially as follows:
In this case it is preferable to use a ribbon as indicated in Fig. 5 with the wires 3 woven or stitched in both edges. The ribbon is then given a single twist indicated by the numeral 6 in Fig. 6 and then a double twist indicated by 7 in Fig. 7. This double twist has the deep shade and the delicate shade on the opposite sides. If a stiff type of petal is desired the ribbon so twisted is formed into petals by bending loops in the wire, or if a soft type of petal is required the wire may be completely withdrawn from the base edge of the ribbon by making slight cuts and pulling the wire out. In order to secure a stiff twist and a soft type of flower, the wires may be clipped at each side of the double twist and at about the position indicated by the ntuneral S. The wire would then be withdrawn from the base part 9 of each petal section of the ribbon.
These twisted petals indicated by the numeral 10 are wound into a spiral coil preferably with the petals overlapping as indicated at 11 in Fig. 4.. The individual petals formed by adjacent sections of the ribbon are stitched together and the different layers of the petals formed by the spiral coil are stitched together and to a backing piece of suitable material if desired.
The complete artificial flower so made up is preferably finished off at the back with ribbon to simulate the epicalyx and calyx indicated respectively by the numerals 12 and 13 in Fig. 2. These are formed by coiling the ribbon into a circle with the wire forming the different circumferences 14 and 15 the whole formation being stitched together and stitched to the flower portion formed by the petals. An artificial device to simulate the andrcecium and gyncecium of the flower is stitched into the center as indicated by the numeral 16 in Fig. 1 or may be placed therein before the petals are coiled.
The leaves 17 are formed by folding the ribbon with the wire on both edges backwardly on itself'so that the wire 18 is continuous around the leaf and the wire 19 on the other edge is stitched together after being folded on itself to simulate the stem of the flower as indicated at 20 in Fig. 2 or the stem wires may be partially cut and withdrawn from the edge. This construction of leaf gives a somewhat stifii' stem construction simulating the petiole or leaf stalk of the natural leaf. The leaves and the flower may be connected by artificial stems of any suitable character as indicated by the numeral 21.
Flower buds indicated generally by the numeral 22 are made in substantially the same manner as above described except that it is desirable. to form the petals with the double twist. wire and instead of making a flat spiral the bud is constructed with a helical type of spiral and secured to a suitable cone-shaped fabric simulating the epicalyx and calyx.
it is obvious that my method of making flowers and leaves by utilizing ribbon with wires on one or both edges may be utilized to make very many types of flowers with a great variety of colorings. Also in certain types of flowers it may be desirable to have only one type of petal that is either the crimp or the twisted and that these may be made with the wire on one or both edges in accordance with the design whether a stiff appearing flower or a soft type is desired.
.In some cases it is desirable to have the wire only on the base of the petals in order to give a rigid type of base and a soft petal edge. This is particularly desirable for buds or a lily type of flower.
My manner of utilizing wire edged ribbon as above described for forming flowers and leaves may be modified to make other ornamental designs, for instance, varied colored butterflies, moths and other insects could be simulated as well as the plumage of birds. Other modifications of my invention will also be obvious which come within the scope thereof.
Having described my invention, what I claim is:
1. An artificial flower formed of ribbon having wire on the edge thereof, the wire and ribbon being bent and crimpcd to simulate petals.
2. An artificial flower made of ribbon having a wire on the edge, the wire and ribbon being bent and crimped to simulate petals coiled into a spiral and stitched together to simulate two or more layers of petals.
An artificial flower made of ribbon having a wire on one edge, the ribbon having a double twist and being bent into a shape to simulate petals.
&. An artificial flower formed of ribbon having a wire on both edges, having a double twist, the wire on one edge being bent to simulate the outer edge of petals.
5. An artificial flower as claimed in claim 1, in which the ribbon and wire are coiled into a spiral to form one or more layers of petals.
6. The method of making artificial flowlll5 ers comprising bending and crimping a ribbon having a wire on one edge into shapes simulating petals, coiling the ribbon so formed into coils and sewing together to form an artificial flower.
7 The method of making artificial flowers as claimed in claim 6, in which spiral. coils are formed into one or more layers.
8. The method of making artificial flowers, comprising crimping a ribbon having wires on both edges so that the wire on one edge simulates the tip edge of the petals and the wire on the other edge the base edge of the petals and coiling and stitching the ribbon so formed.
9. The method of making artificial flowers as claimed in claim 8, comprising in addition stitching a number of coils together to simulate a whole flower.
10. The method of making artificial flowers, comprising double twisting a ribbon having a wire on one edge, bending the wire to form a stiflening for a petal and coil ing the ribbon to simulate a flower.
11. The method of making artificial flowers, comprising double twisting a ribbon having wire on both edges, removing the wire between the twists on one of the edges and twisting the wire on the other edge to simulate the edge of a petal and forming the ribbon so twisted into a flower.
12. In the method of making an artificial flower, making a leaf from ribbon having a wire on-one edge, stitching the ribbon along the other edge to simulate a leaf stalk.
13. In the method of making an artificial flower, making a leaf from ribbon having a wire on both edges, folding the wire on one edge and stitching together to simulate a leaf stalk.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification.